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24.  Industrialization and Imperialism
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24. Industrialization and Imperialism

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  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • I. The Shift to Land Empires in Asia
    European Colonial Territories Before and After 1800
  • 3.
    • I. The Shift to Land Empires in Asia
    • A. Prototype: The Dutch Advance on Java Dutch
    • Initially pay tribute to ruler of Mataram
    • Take part in political rivalry
    • Intervene in succession wars
    • By 1750, dominate
    •  
    The Stages of Dutch Expansion in Java
  • 4.
    • I. The Shift to Land Empires in Asia
    • C. The Consolidation of British Rule Mughal decline gives British opportunity
    • Presidencies
    • Capitals: Madras, Bombay, Calcutta
    • Rest of India indirectly ruled  
    The Growth of the British Empire in India, From the 1750s to 1858
  • 5.
    • I. The Shift to Land Empires in Asia
    • D. Early Colonial Society in India and Java Asian societies left in place
    • Europeans a dominant class
    • Males marry indigenous women
    •  
  • 6.
    • I. The Shift to Land Empires in Asia E. Social Reform in the Colonies British forced to take direct control
    • 1770s, famine in Bengal
    • British East India Company
    • Accountable to British government
    • Indians excluded from administration
    •  
    • Evangelical religion
    • Social reform
    • End to slave trade
    • End to sati sought
    • Watershed
    • Attempt to reshape colonial society
  • 7.
    • II. Industrial Rivalries and the Partition of the World, 1870-1914
    •  
    • A. Unequal Combat: Colonial Wars and the Apex of European Imperialism Mass-produced weapons
    • Machine gun
    •  
    • Railroads, steam ships
    •  
    The Partition of Southeast Asia and the Pacific, to 1914
  • 8.
    • II. Industrial Rivalries and the Partition of the World, 1870-1914
    • continued
    •  
    The Partition of Africa between c. 1870 and 1914
  • 9.
    • III. Patterns of Dominance: Continuity and Change "Tropical dependencies"
    • Africa, Asia, South Pacific
    • Europeans rule indigenous peoples
    •  
    • Settler colonies
    • "White Dominions"
    • e.g. Canada, Australia
    • Inhabitants mostly Europeans
    •  
    • Second type
    • e.g. Algeria, Kenya, Southern Rhodesia
    • Large numbers of Europeans
    • Large indigenous numbers
    • Increase over time
    • Increasing conflict
    •  
    • A. Colonial Regimes and Social Hierarchies in the Tropical Dependencies Cultural influence
    • English language education
    • Missionaries run schools
  • 10.
    • III. Patterns of Dominance: Continuity and Change  
    • B. Changing Social Relations Between Colonizers and the Colonized European communities grow
    • Increasing segregation
    •  
    • Ideas of white supremacy
    • C. Shifts in Methods of Economic Extraction Drive to increase production, lower costs
    • Many colonies become dependent
    •  
    • Railways, roads built to serve extraction
    • D. Settler Colonies in South Africa and the Pacific Relations varied
    • Disease decimates in some cases
    • Some native peoples Westernized
    • Some more resistant
  • 11.
    • III. Patterns of Dominance: Continuity and Change
    • E. South Africa Afrikaners
    • Enslave Khoikhoi
    •  
    • British rule
    • Attempt to end slavery
    • Afrikaners resist
    • Move inland: Great Trek
    • Conflict with Bantu
    • British more involved
    • Afrikaners form republics
    • Discovery of diamonds and gold
    • Boer wars (1899-1902)
  • 12.
    • III. Patterns of Dominance: Continuity and Change
    • F. Pacific Tragedies
    • New Zealand 1790s, first Europeans
    • Alcoholism, prostitution spread
    • Maoris adopt firearms
    • 1850s, change
    • British farmers, herders arrive
    • Maoris pushed into interior
    • Adopt European culture
    •  
    • Hawaii James Cook
    • Prince Kamehameha
    • Westernization
    • 1810, rules Hawaiian kingdom
    • Disease devastates population
    • Shift
    • Asian workers American settlers
    • Push for annexation
    • Weak rulers pushed out
    • 1893, last ruler deposed
    • 1898, annexed by United States

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