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  • 1. Act after thinking BY OUR SEXUAL HEALTH… * BY:     Daniel Alejandro Garzón Giraldo Cristian Andrés Hincapié Hurtado Heidy Vanessa Marín Villegas José Daniel Orozco TEACHER: Alba Inés Giraldo 9-c
  • 2. Since the beginning of mankind viruses have found ways to survive in the human body. This work we do intend to sensitize people about the damage they are doing, to lead a disorganized sexual life, microorganisms affect our lives in different ways, some have lower risks, but affect a smaller proportion to our body, whereas others cause great bodily harm. This research is done to make us aware that we do not acquire these diseases could be prevented and that if we do not damage our physical integrity. Let us be aware and protect ourselves against sexually transmitted diseases. Introduction...
  • 3. General purpose... Create awareness in the population, about the damage that is triggered for themselves, carrying sexually disorganized.
  • 4. Specific objectives... Specific objectives: # Expand our knowledge about the risks of sexually disorganized. # Learn to protect ourselves from sexually transmitted diseases that can ruin our lives. # Deepen protection theme to disease # Sensitize all mostly young people to beware of the problems we are exposed # To become a focus for people and so achieve our growth not only intellectual but to other people
  • 5. Chancroid... Causes Chancroid is a bacterial infection caused by an organism called Haemophilus ducreyi. It is a disease that is disseminated primarily in developing nations and third world countries. Uncircumcised men are 3 times higher risk for contracting chancroid from an infected partner. In addition, chancroid is a risk factor for contracting HIV. Symptoms
  • 6. After an incubation period that lasts from 1 day to 2 weeks, chancroid begins as a small bump that becomes an ulcer within a day after his appearance. Some features of the ulcer are: Size very variable (from three millimeters to five centimeters wide) Pain Defined edges very sharp Irregular or ragged borders Base material covered with a gray or yellowish-gray Base that bleeds easily if you are injured or scratched About half of infected men have only one ulcer, whereas affected women often have four or more ulcers, which appear in specific body parts. The body parts most affected in men (from most common to least common) are:
  • 7. Foreskin Groove behind the head of the penis (coronal sulcus) Body of penis Head of the penis (glans) Penis opening (urethral meatus) Scrotum In women, the most common place is in the labia. May be submitted "Kissing ulcers" which appear on opposite surfaces of the labia. Other possible areas include the labia minora, perianal area and inner thighs. The most common symptoms in women include painful urination and intercourse. The initial ulcer may be confused with a chancre, the typical sore of primary syphilis . About half of those infected with an enlarged inguinal lymph nodes, the nodes located between the legs and lower abdomen. Half of those who have swelling of the inguinal lymph nodes reach the point where the nodes break through the skin as draining abscesses. The swollen lymph nodes and abscesses are commonly known as buboes.
  • 8. Treatment The infection is treated with appropriate antibiotics including azithromycin, ceftriaxone, ciprofloxacin and erythromycin. Large lymph node swellings need drainage either by needle or surgery.
  • 9. Gonorrhea... Causes Gonorrhea is one of the most common infectious bacterial diseases and is most frequently transmitted during sexual intercourse, including both oral sex anal sex. Gonorrhea is a notifiable disease and all governments require the reporting of gonorrhea cases diagnosed at the health authorities, National Health Board (State Board of Health), which allows for adequate monitoring of patients and their sexual contacts. Gonorrhea is spread very easily and can be contracted during oral, vaginal or anal sex. The bacteria can infect the throat, producing a severe sore throat (gonococcal pharyngitis), the vagina, causing irritation with drainage (vaginitis), or the anus and rectum, which causes a proctitis. In addition, the organisms may spread up the female reproductive tract, through the cervix and uterus to the fallopian tubes, which are the tubes that carry the egg from the ovaries to the uterus.
  • 10. Gonorrhea is almost always spread through sexual intercourse, whether oral, anal or vaginal sex. Do not have to ejaculate to have the disease from spreading or contracting. Women are much more likely to get gonorrhea of man, that man of women. Gonorrhea can be passed to an eye with a hand or other body part moistened with infected fluids. If a pregnant woman has gonorrhea can pass the germ in the eyes of her baby during childbirth, which can cause serious eye infections. Symptoms You can have gonorrhea without having any symptoms. When they do have symptoms, they can take from 1 to 30 days to develop after infection (the average is 3 to 5 days). With symptoms or without symptoms, as they can pass the germ to others. Symptoms of gonorrhea include: Unusual discharge from the vagina Burning sensation when urinating Pain in abdomen Fever Pain during sex Sensation of dryness, soreness and roughness in the throat (when you have gonorrhea in the throat)
  • 11. Pain, discharge and bleeding from the anus (if you have gonorrhea in the anus) Redness, itching or discharge from eyes (when you have gonorrhea in the eye) Treatment There are two aspects to consider in treating a sexually transmitted disease, especially if it is a disease that spreads as easily as in the case of gonorrhea. The first is to cure the affected person and the second aspect is the location and examination of all other sexual contacts and its treatment to prevent further spread of the disease. Mandatory reporting of the disease remained, until recently, the number of cases of gonorrhea at a low level, but the incidence is rising again. Although penicillin is effective against gonorrhea, there has been an increase in the number of strains of gonorrhea resistant to penicillin, that is unresponsive to treatment with this drug. For this reason, gonorrhea is now treated with a large number of new and very potent antibiotics. The common prescription is one of the following:
  • 12. Ceftriaxone, 125 mg (milligrams) injection into muscle, single dose Cefixime, 400 mg orally, single dose Ciprofloxacin, 500 mg orally, single dose Ofloxacin, 400 mg orally, single dose Spectinomycin, 2 g intramuscularly, single dose Acetyl cefuroxime, 1 g orally single dose Cefpodoxime proxetil 200 mg orally single dose Enoxacin, 400 mg orally, single dose Erythromycin 500 mg orally four times daily for a week It is very important that the patient see a doctor for a follow-up to seven days to recheck cultures and confirm the cure of the infection, especially in women with no symptoms associated with infection (asymptomatic disease).
  • 13. Syphilis... Causes Syphilis is an infectious disease caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum, which penetrates broken skin or mucous membranes. Its transmission occurs most often through sexual contact and can also be transmitted to the fetus during any stage of pregnancy. This disease has spread in the United States and mainly affects sexually active adults between 20 and 29 years of age. Symptoms Symptoms of the disease depend on stage. Also, a large number of people affected may have no symptoms.
  • 14. Primary syphilis: Cankers (usually unit but may be multiple) painless sores on the genitals, rectum or mouth Enlarged lymph nodes near the ulcer area Syphilis Secondary Skin rash, usually on the whole body with flat and elevated patches that spread even to the palms and soles. Extensive lymph node enlargement. Mucous patches (painless silvery ulcerations of mucous membranes, especially in the mouth and genitals). Condyloma lato, papules coalescing to form a gray and white plate, usually in areas of folds like the groin, genitals, armpits and under breasts. Hair loss (alopecia). General symptoms like fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, and persistent pain in bones and passengers.
  • 15. Tertiary syphilis: Destructive lesions that infiltrate the skin, bone or liver (syphilis rubbery). Cardiovascular syphilis, which causes inflammation of the aorta (aortitis) and may be associated with aortic aneurysms. Central nervous system disorders that involve meninges, brain, spinal cord and visual or auditory system. Treatment The primary goal of treatment is to eliminate the infection with appropriate antibiotic therapy. Penicillin is the drug of choice, although people are allergic to it can be used as alternative antibiotic doxycycline. Penicillin may be supplied to a muscle or intravenously, depending on the stage of disease which must notify public health authorities, to assist in the identification and treatment of potentially infected sexual partners. After appropriate antibiotic therapy, blood tests are generally complementary (RPR) to assess the adequacy of treatment
  • 16. AIDS (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)... AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) Causes The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) causes AIDS. The virus attacks the immune system and leaves the body vulnerable to a variety of potentially fatal diseases and cancers. The bacteria, yeasts, parasites and viruses that ordinarily do not cause serious disease in people with normally functioning immune system can cause fatal illnesses in people with AIDS. HIV has been found in saliva, tears, nervous system tissue, blood, semen (including pre-seminal fluid), vaginal fluid and breast milk. However, only been found the spread to others through blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk. The transmission of the virus occurs: During sexual contact, including oral, vaginal or anal sex. Via blood transfusions (now extremely rare in the U.S.) or needle sharing. From mother to child. A pregnant woman can transmit the virus to her fetus through shared blood circulation or a nursing mother can transmit it to your baby through milk. There are other less common methods of transmission as an accidental needle injury, artificial insemination with donated semen, and through a donated organ. HIV infection is not spread by casual contact such as hugging, by touching items previously touched by someone infected with the virus, during participation in sports or by mosquitoes. Symptoms The symptoms of AIDS are primarily the result of infections that are not normally develop in individuals with healthy immune systems. These are called opportunistic infections. HIV destroys the immune system of patients with AIDS and are very susceptible to these opportunistic infections. Common symptoms include fever, sweats (particularly at night), swollen glands, chills, weakness and weight loss. Treatment Until now, there is no cure for AIDS. However, several treatments are available that can slow the progression of the disease for many years and improve the quality of life of those who have developed symptoms. Antiviral therapy suppresses the replication of HIV in the body. A combination of several antiretroviral agents, known as Anti-Retroviral Therapy highly active (HAART, by its initials in English) has been very effective in reducing the number of HIV particles in the bloodstream (measured with a test called viral load) This may help the immune system to recover in time and improve T-cell counts Although this is not a cure for HIV and persons being treated with HAART with reduced levels of HIV can still transmit the virus to others through sex or sharing needles, the treatment is very promising. > cambiar   P roponer una traducción mejor Tus sugerencias nos servirán para mejorar la calidad de las traducciones en futuras actualizaciones de nuestro sistema. AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) Causes The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) causes AIDS. The virus attacks the immune system and leaves the body vulnerable to a variety of potentially fatal diseases and cancers. The bacteria, yeasts, parasites and viruses that ordinarily do not cause serious disease in people with normally functioning immune system can cause fatal illnesses in people with AIDS. HIV has been found in saliva, tears, nervous system tissue, blood, semen (including pre-seminal fluid), vaginal fluid and breast milk. However, only been found the spread to others through blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk. The transmission of the virus occurs: During sexual contact, including oral, vaginal or anal sex. Via blood transfusions (now extremely rare in the U.S.) or needle sharing. From mother to child. A pregnant woman can transmit the virus to her fetus through shared blood circulation or a nursing mother can transmit it to your baby through milk. There are other less common methods of transmission as an accidental needle injury, artificial insemination with donated semen, and through a donated organ. HIV infection is not spread by casual contact such as hugging, by touching items previously touched by someone infected with the virus, during participation in sports or by mosquitoes. Symptoms The symptoms of AIDS are primarily the result of infections that are not normally develop in individuals with healthy immune systems. These are called opportunistic infections. HIV destroys the immune system of patients with AIDS and are very susceptible to these opportunistic infections. Common symptoms include fever, sweats (particularly at night), swollen glands, chills, weakness and weight loss. Treatment Until now, there is no cure for AIDS. However, several treatments are available that can slow the progression of the disease for many years and improve the quality of life of those who have developed symptoms. Antiviral therapy suppresses the replication of HIV in the body. A combination of several antiretroviral agents, known as Anti-Retroviral Therapy highly active (HAART, by its initials in English) has been very effective in reducing the number of HIV particles in the bloodstream (measured with a test called viral load) This may help the immune system to recover in time and improve T-cell counts Although this is not a cure for HIV and persons being treated with HAART with reduced levels of HIV can still transmit the virus to others through sex or sharing needles, the treatment is very promising. > cambiar   P roponer una traducción mejor Tus sugerencias nos servirán para mejorar la calidad de las traducciones en futuras actualizaciones de nuestro sistema. AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) Causes The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) causes AIDS. The virus attacks the immune system and leaves the body vulnerable to a variety of potentially fatal diseases and cancers. The bacteria, yeasts, parasites and viruses that ordinarily do not cause serious disease in people with normally functioning immune system can cause fatal illnesses in people with AIDS. HIV has been found in saliva, tears, nervous system tissue, blood, semen (including pre-seminal fluid), vaginal fluid and breast milk. However, only been found the spread to others through blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk. The transmission of the virus occurs: During sexual contact, including oral, vaginal or anal sex. Via blood transfusions (now extremely rare in the U.S.) or needle sharing. From mother to child. A pregnant woman can transmit the virus to her fetus through shared blood circulation or a nursing mother can transmit it to your baby through milk. There are other less common methods of transmission as an accidental needle injury, artificial insemination with donated semen, and through a donated organ. HIV infection is not spread by casual contact such as hugging, by touching items previously touched by someone infected with the virus, during participation in sports or by mosquitoes. Symptoms The symptoms of AIDS are primarily the result of infections that are not normally develop in individuals with healthy immune systems. These are called opportunistic infections. HIV destroys the immune system of patients with AIDS and are very susceptible to these opportunistic infections. Common symptoms include fever, sweats (particularly at night), swollen glands, chills, weakness and weight loss. Treatment Until now, there is no cure for AIDS. However, several treatments are available that can slow the progression of the disease for many years and improve the quality of life of those who have developed symptoms. Antiviral therapy suppresses the replication of HIV in the body. A combination of several antiretroviral agents, known as Anti-Retroviral Therapy highly active (HAART, by its initials in English) has been very effective in reducing the number of HIV particles in the bloodstream (measured with a test called viral load) This may help the immune system to recover in time and improve T-cell counts Although this is not a cure for HIV and persons being treated with HAART with reduced levels of HIV can still transmit the virus to others through sex or sharing needles, the treatment is very promising. > cambiar   P roponer una traducción mejor Tus sugerencias nos servirán para mejorar la calidad de las traducciones en futuras actualizaciones de nuestro sistema. AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) Causes The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) causes AIDS. The virus attacks the immune system and leaves the body vulnerable to a variety of potentially fatal diseases and cancers. The bacteria, yeasts, parasites and viruses that ordinarily do not cause serious disease in people with normally functioning immune system can cause fatal illnesses in people with AIDS. HIV has been found in saliva, tears, nervous system tissue, blood, semen (including pre-seminal fluid), vaginal fluid and breast milk. However, only been found the spread to others through blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk. The transmission of the virus occurs: During sexual contact, including oral, vaginal or anal sex. Via blood transfusions (now extremely rare in the U.S.) or needle sharing. From mother to child. A pregnant woman can transmit the virus to her fetus through shared blood circulation or a nursing mother can transmit it to your baby through milk. There are other less common methods of transmission as an accidental needle injury, artificial insemination with donated semen, and through a donated organ. HIV infection is not spread by casual contact such as hugging, by touching items previously touched by someone infected with the virus, during participation in sports or by mosquitoes. Symptoms The symptoms of AIDS are primarily the result of infections that are not normally develop in individuals with healthy immune systems. These are called opportunistic infections. HIV destroys the immune system of patients with AIDS and are very susceptible to these opportunistic infections. Common symptoms include fever, sweats (particularly at night), swollen glands, chills, weakness and weight loss. Treatment Until now, there is no cure for AIDS. However, several treatments are available that can slow the progression of the disease for many years and improve the quality of life of those who have developed symptoms. Antiviral therapy suppresses the replication of HIV in the body. A combination of several antiretroviral agents, known as Anti-Retroviral Therapy highly active (HAART, by its initials in English) has been very effective in reducing the number of HIV particles in the bloodstream (measured with a test called viral load) This may help the immune system to recover in time and improve T-cell counts Although this is not a cure for HIV and persons being treated with HAART with reduced levels of HIV can still transmit the virus to others through sex or sharing needles, the treatment is very promising. > cambiar   P roponer una traducción mejor Tus sugerencias nos servirán para mejorar la calidad de las traducciones en futuras actualizaciones de nuestro sistema. AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) Causes The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) causes AIDS. The virus attacks the immune system and leaves the body vulnerable to a variety of potentially fatal diseases and cancers. The bacteria, yeasts, parasites and viruses that ordinarily do not cause serious disease in people with normally functioning immune system can cause fatal illnesses in people with AIDS. HIV has been found in saliva, tears, nervous system tissue, blood, semen (including pre-seminal fluid), vaginal fluid and breast milk. However, only been found the spread to others through blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk. The transmission of the virus occurs:
  • 17. During sexual contact, including oral, vaginal or anal sex. Via blood transfusions (now extremely rare in the U.S.) or needle sharing. From mother to child. A pregnant woman can transmit the virus to her fetus through shared blood circulation or a nursing mother can transmit it to your baby through milk. There are other less common methods of transmission as an accidental needle injury, artificial insemination with donated semen, and through a donated organ. HIV infection is not spread by casual contact such as hugging, by touching items previously touched by someone infected with the virus, during participation in sports or by mosquitoes. Symptoms The symptoms of AIDS are primarily the result of infections that are not normally develop in individuals with healthy immune systems. These are called opportunistic infections. HIV destroys the immune system of patients with AIDS and are very susceptible to these opportunistic infections. Common symptoms include fever, sweats (particularly at night), swollen glands, chills, weakness and weight loss.
  • 18. Treatment Until now, there is no cure for AIDS. However, several treatments are available that can slow the progression of the disease for many years and improve the quality of life of those who have developed symptoms. Antiviral therapy suppresses the replication of HIV in the body. A combination of several antiretroviral agents, known as Anti-Retroviral Therapy highly active (HAART, by its initials in English) has been very effective in reducing the number of HIV particles in the bloodstream (measured with a test called viral load) This may help the immune system to recover in time and improve T-cell counts Although this is not a cure for HIV and persons being treated with HAART with reduced levels of HIV can still transmit the virus to others through sex or sharing needles, the treatment is very promising.
  • 19. Scabies... Cause Scabies is a mite (tiny insect) that burrows into the skin. The scabies mite can move about 1 inch per minute under the skin. When a female mite gets into a person's skin to lay their eggs there is a rash that causes itching. Anyone can get scabies. There are probably millions of people with scabies. However, people who have more sexual partners are at higher risk of contracting scabies. Scabies are often but not always, through sexual contact. It can also be spread through close personal contact or by using sheets, washed clothes or towels of an infected person. Symptoms Itching, especially at night Thin lines in the skin similar to the stroke of a pen Rash Abrasion of the skin from scratching and digging
  • 20. The goal of treatment is to eliminate infection, but no known home remedy that can effectively counter it. Creams and lotions made by the doctor should be applied throughout the body. At times, all family members, as well as sexual partners of the infected person must be under treatment, even if no symptoms. Many of these formulas are available in the market, the cream Elimite (permethrin) used most often. When it comes to complicated cases, you can use an oral antibiotic called ivermectin. Itching may persist after starting treatment, but disappear completely if you follow your doctor's instructions to the letter. The stinging sensation can be soothed by wetting the affected part, applying calamine lotion. Additionally, your doctor may recommend an oral antihistamine.
  • 21. Herpes... Herpes (oral and genital) Cause Herpes is a sexually transmitted diseases more common in the U.S. It is an infection caused by two different but closely related viruses. Both are very easy to get, have similar symptoms and can occur in different parts of the body. When the infection is in the mouth is called oral herpes. When you are in or near the sexual organs, it is called genital herpes. Direct skin contact with skin can transmit herpes. This includes touching, kissing and sexual contact (vaginal, anal and oral). Moist areas of the mouth, throat, anus, vulva, vagina and eyes very easily become infected. The skin may become infected if it is cut, irritated, sunburned, with a rash or other injuries. Herpes can be passed from one person to another, or part of one's body to another. If a person has a cold mouth sores can transmit the virus during oral sex and cause genital herpes. Herpes is spread more easily when there are open sores. Can also be passed before they come to form blisters. It spreads less easily when the blisters have healed, the scabs have fallen and the skin has returned to normal. It is highly unlikely that herpes is transmitted through toilet seats, swimming pools, bathtubs, whirlpools or wet towels.
  • 22. An infected mother can pass the virus to her baby during or after childbirth. Symptoms Oral herpes usually appears on the lips or inside the mouth, in the form of cold sores (small blisters). Oral herpes can be transmitted through contact, for example, during kissing or oral sex. It is sufficient that there be direct contact for a short time before the virus is transmitted. Cold sores are common in young children. Oral herpes in adults is usually only a reactivation of an infection of childhood. Cold sores are annoying but harmless in children and adults, but can be dangerous to a newborn. Often, genital herpes causes no symptoms. Many people carry the virus in the body but the symptoms did not first appear until an individual becomes infected again. When you have symptoms, they may begin 2 to 20 days after the virus has entered the body or may take longer. The first appearance of symptoms during the first infection of genital herpes is called "herpes" primary. At first they may have a tingling or itching in the genital area. There may be vaginal discharge, feeling of pressure in the abdomen and pain in the buttocks, legs and groin area. In the area near the spot where the virus entered the body are little red bumps - in the labia, clitoris, vagina, vulva, cervix, anus, thighs or buttocks.
  • 23. These bumps turn into blisters or open sores. Between 24 and 72 hours after the small blisters appear, they can burst and leave painful sores. These injuries can become infected. Other symptoms of primary herpes may include: Itching Burning sensation of pain if urine passes over the sores Inability to urinate for swelling because there are many wounds Bloody vaginal discharge Lymph nodes swollen and tender to touch in the groin, throat and under the arms (the swelling can last up to 6 weeks) Body Aches Headache Fever Nausea Feeling of decay Feeling pain, as with influenza The symptoms usually disappear within 3 weeks or even faster if you are treated with medication. Usually has a scab on the wounds and they heal without scarring. But even after they disappear, the virus stays in the body. You can reactivate and cause sores again days or years later. Usually symptoms are worse during primary herpes and become lighter with each new reactivation of herpes.
  • 24. Treatment Genital herpes can not be cured, but treatment can improve symptoms. The drugs quickly decrease pain and discomfort associated with an outbreak and can shorten healing time. Currently four agents prescribed included oral acyclovir (Zovirax), famciclovir (Famvir), penciclovir (Denavir) and valacyclovir (Valtrex). It has been shown that these medications accelerate healing and resolution of symptoms in the former than in recurrent episodes of genital infections with HSV-1 and HSV-2, however, these drugs do not cure the herpes infection but suppressed symptoms. You can use daily suppressive therapy if needed and has been shown to reduce the frequency of recurrence among patients with frequent genital herpes. For maximum benefit during recurrences therapy should be started as soon as the tingling, burning, or itching begins or as soon as you notice blisters. Possible side effects of these drugs are: nausea and vomiting, pruritus, headache, fatigue, tremor, and rarely seizures.
  • 25. In some cases may require intravenous acyclovir for severe herpes infections that often compromise the brain, eyes and lungs. These complications typically develop in immunocompromised individuals. Foscarnet (Foscavir), a powerful antiviral agent, is the first choice for treatment of herpes strains that have become resistant to acyclovir and similar drugs. If administered intravenously can have severe toxic effects as reversible impairment of kidney function or induction of seizures. Because of these serious side effects, foscarnet is reserved for severe herpes infections and resistant. As with other antiviral drugs, it does not cure herpes. Warm baths can soothe the pain associated with genital lesions and also recommended gentle cleansing with soap and water. You can use a topical or oral antibiotics if a secondary infection of skin lesions with bacteria.
  • 26. Chlamydial urethritis male... Chlamydial urethritis, male Causes Chlamydial urethritis is caused by a type of microorganism that lives as a parasite in human cells and has properties of both viruses and bacteria. Chlamydia can cause nonspecific urethritis with discharge from the penis and swollen testes. Symptoms may be similar to gonorrhea infection, but persist after treatment for this condition. Chlamydia and gonorrhea often occur together. Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease in the United States and abroad. About 5 of every 10,000 men are affected annually and risk factors include, multiple sexual partners and sexual contact without condoms.
  • 27. Different strains of chlamydia cause genital, eye, lymph nodes and respiratory diseases. Chlamydia is the most common cause of blindness worldwide. A child born to a woman with cervical infection by Chlamydia can acquire an acute eye or lung infection. Symptoms Difficulty urinating Painful urination Burning sensation during urination Discharge from penis Testicular tenderness Swelling and redness of the opening of the urethra at the tip of the penis Treatment Antibiotic therapy with doxycycline (100 mg twice daily for 7 days) or azithromycin (1 g in a single dose) is used to treat chlamydial infections and patients with allergies may take ofloxacin or erythromycin base. Both sexual partners should be treated for both gonorrhea and chlamydia in order to prevent mutual contagion. Even when no symptoms, the sexual partner should be treated to prevent transmission of infection. Also, they both partners should be tested for syphilis.
  • 28. Molluscum contagiosum... Causes Molluscum contagiosum is caused by a virus belonging to the family of the Poxvirus Molluscum Contagiosum Molluscum contagiosum virus called Molluscum contagiosum is a skin infection caused by a virus. It is mild and easily treated. Molluscum contagiosum is spread from person to person through direct skin contact with skin, including through sexual intercourse (anal, vaginal and oral). It is possible that molluscum contagiosum is transmitted through clothing or towels. The bumps can range from a body part to another by scratching. Symptoms The skin lesion commonly has the following qualities: Small (2 to 5 mm in diameter) Dimple in the center of the lesion Initially firm, flesh-colored, pearl-like and round Later lesions become softer, gray and may drain
  • 29. Central core or plug of white, cheese-like or waxy Painless Single or multiple (usually multiple) Common location in children: the face, trunk and extremities Common site in adults: genitals, abdomen and inner thigh Treatment In people with normal immune systems, the illness usually desaparace own over a period ranging from several months to several years. Injuries can be higher in people with AIDS or other conditions that affect the immune system. Individual lesions can be surgically removed by scraping, de-coring the lesion, freezing, or through needle electrosurgery. Surgical removal of individual lesions may result in scarring. Medications, such as those used to remove warts, may serve to remove these lesions.
  • 30. Trichomoniasis... Causes Trichomoniasis is caused by Trichomonas vaginalis, unicellular protozoan parasite that uses tail whip to push through the mucus of the vagina and urethra. This sexually transmitted disease occurs worldwide. Symptoms of the disease are quite different in men and women. In men, the infection often has no symptoms, is asymptomatic and disappears spontaneously within a few weeks. Symptomatic men may experience mild urethral itching or discharge, mild burning after urination or ejaculation and sometimes may develop prostatitis or epididymitis infection. Women have a vaginal discharge frothy white or yellowish-green, foul-smelling. The volume of the discharge can be considerable. It can cause itching of the lips and inner thighs, and lips may swell. The information on the incidence and presence of trichomoniasis is not as complete as gonorrhea and syphilis. The figures indicate an infection that is frequently and more than half of women with gonorrhea also have trichomonas.
  • 31. Often, people with a diagnosed sexually transmitted disease, have one or more sexually transmitted infections. Symptoms In women: Discomfort during intercourse Vaginal itching Profuse vaginal discharge, yellow-green, frothy, foul or strong odor (smelly) Swelling of the lips or itching in the vulva Itching of the inner thighs In men Burning sensation after urination or ejaculation Itching in the urethra Slight discharge from urethra Treatment It is prescribed antibiotics to cure the infection and metronidazole is the most commonly used.
  • 32. It is important to avoid alcoholic beverages during the course of treatment and for 48 hours after finishing antibiotics. Alcohol mixed with metronidazole can cause nausea and vomiting. Also, avoid sex until treatment is completed. Sexual partners should be considered infected and should receive treatment at the same time, even if no symptoms.
  • 33. Chlamydia... CHLAMYDIA Causes Chlamydia is now the leading cause of sexually transmitted diseases are reported in the United States, an estimated four million new cases occur each year. This disease is caused by the bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis. This bacterium can infect the lining of the cervix, anus, urethra and eyes. Chlamydia is spread by contact in two ways vaginal or anal intercourse. It can also spread from one woman to her fetus during pregnancy or spread to her baby during birth. Symptoms Usually, people with Chlamydia have no symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they can start as soon as five days after sexual contact with an infected person. If you have symptoms, women with chlamydia may experience painful urination or vaginal discharge also.
  • 34. Untreated Chlamydia is a serious risk to health, especially for women. In women, Chlamydia infections usually begin in the cervix. If untreated, Chlamydia can spread to the fallopian tubes to the ovaries or resulting in pelvic inflammatory disease or PID. The PID is the leading cause of infertility. PID causes scarring and blocked fallopian tubes. Blocked fallopian can prevent fertilized eggs from reaching the uterus and cause pregnancy outside the womb. This condition that threatens life usually requires surgery and can lead to death. Symptoms of PID may include: Bleeding between menstrual periods; Vaginal bleeding after sexual contact; Abdominal pain; Painful intercourse Low-grade fever, or Frequent urge to urinate more than usual. If a pregnant woman with chlamydia is not treated, your baby has a 20 percent chance of developing pneumonia and a 50 percent chance of developing conjunctivitis which is an inflammation of the eyes that sight-threatening. Chlamydia can lead to premature births or low birth weight.
  • 35. At the same time as it can infect the newborn, chlamydial infections can cause heavy bleeding before delivery and this bleeding can be associated with premature births, spontaneous abortions and fetal death in the womb. When men have symptoms, they may include: Suppuration or broadcast or milky water from the penis, or Pain or burning sensation when urinating. Chlamydia can cause sterility in men. If the bacteria spreads from the urethra to the testicles causes a condition called epididymitis. If untreated epididymitis causes pain in the testicles and infertility. In women and men, Chlamydia can affect the rectum and cause itching, bleeding, mucous and diarrhea issue. It can also cause redness, itching and oozing of the eyes if they become infected. Treatment Only he who gives you health care provider can diagnose chlamydia. Laboratory tests to detect chlamydia are easily performed.
  • 36. Most chlamydial infections are effectively treated with antibiotics administered in a single dose or seven days of treatment. Antibiotics kill the chlamydia bacteria. Your doctor can help you decide which treatment is best for you and your sexual partners. It is best to treat both partners simultaneously.
  • 37. gonococcal pharyngitis... Causes Gonococcal pharyngitis is a sexually transmitted disease acquired through oral sex with an infected partner. In the majority of throat infections caused by gonococci have no symptoms (asymptomatic). When there is discomfort, usually mild and generalized symptoms do not occur unless it evolves towards a gonococcemia disseminated (spread infection throughout the bloodstream). Untreated gonorrhea may spread to other parts of the body, causing inflammation of the testicles or prostate in men and pelvic inflammatory disease in women.
  • 38. Symptoms Sore throat Difficulty swallowing Fever Swollen, tender lymph nodes in the neck Other symptoms that may be associated with this disease: Neck pain Runny nose Nasal congestion Muscle pain Joint stiffness Headache Altered taste Treatment There are two aspects in the treatment of sexually transmitted disease, especially if it is a disease as easily spread as gonorrhea. The first is to cure the affected person, while the second is to locate and test all other sexual contacts and treat them to prevent further spread of the disease.
  • 39. For this reason, it has instituted mandatory reporting of the disease, it has had, until recently, the number of cases of gonorrhea at a low level. However, the incidence is rising again. From about the Vietnam War, began to observe in the United States the emergence of strains of gonorrhea resistant to penicillins and tetracyclines, which have been increasing in recent years. For this reason, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, for its acronym in English) have recommended a new standardized treatment regimen. Instead of the standard penicillin treatment, gonorrhea is now treated with newer antibiotics. This treatment regimen includes any of the following antibiotics: INJECTIONS Ceftriaxone IM (injected into a muscle) Spectinomycin, IM ORAL (by mouth) single dose Cefixime
  • 40. Ciprofloxacin Ofloxacin Cefuroxime axetil Cefpodoxime proxetil Enoxacin ORAL, multiple dose Erythromycin Besides treatment for gonorrhea, patients are usually treated at the same time for chlamydia. This is difficult to diagnose and often both diseases are contracted together. It is important to follow-up visit at 7 days after treatment to recheck cultures and confirm the cure of the infection.

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