SCADA Operating on Trains for Egyptian Railways
• Supervisors:
      * Prof.Dr. Mohammad Essam Khalifa.
            (Dean of Faculty of Computer and Information Science -...
Agenda
•   Background            •   Hardware Model
•   Problem definition    •   Interface Circuit
•   Objective         ...
Introduction
• What is SCADA ?
  – stands for Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition
  – Usually refers to centralized s...
Introduction: Railways

• The Railways are controlled by many control
  towers along the trains’ paths, which control
  th...
Background
• Each of Control Towers has:
      Large Control Panel.
Background
• Each of Control Towers has:
      Relays
Railways Background
• Each of Control Towers has:
    CTC - Centralized Traffic Control.
Background
  Control Tower

                                          Control Tower

         Control Panel



           ...
Problem definition
   Large control panel, which Requires
    Continuous costly maintenance.

   Hard to control and man...
Objective
• Provide a computerized control system for
  Egyptian railway stations replacing the huge
  control panel by a ...
Computerized Railway control System Benefits

  Easy management
  More clear customizable details
  Improved alarm syst...
System Architecture


                     Peripheral
                  Interface Circuit   Hardware Model




Controller
...
Definition
The controller module has the centralized control
of the model, interface circuit and the
demonstrator module, ...
Role & Features
1) Control the railway components

2) Show the current state of railway components

3) The ability to chan...
Hardware Model




6/26/2009
Why Model ?
The real environment isn't available for testing
Proof the concept taking in consideration the real
 world p...
Hardware Model Components:
Relays
connected to the elements to be controlled

Peripheral control interface :
It receives...
Peripheral control interface
           Why Microcontroller ?
Easy to design and use
Low design time
Low cost
Reprogra...
Circuit Schematic




6/26/2009
Control Process
                           Controller software


                                                 ID: a   ...
Demo
Definition
• SCOOTER Demonstrator shows how station
  components (Relays, Semaphores, Tracks, and
  Crosses) work in diffe...
Role
Measure the capabilities of the controller module
and how it can work in complex environment and in
different situati...
Features
1) Simple User Friendly interface, Simple
   control using Mouse.
2) Allow Zoom in and out, Simple Moving from on...
Demo
Definition
Design Tool is a CAD program designed specifically
for the needs of model railways such Stations,
Lines, Tracks...
Features
1. Create New/Open/Save Station.

2. Add/Edit/Delete Railway.

3. Add/Edit/Delete straight Tracks, Crosses and
  ...
Demo
References
• Engineer: Ahmed abd-Elhamed (the manager of signals
  engineering in Egyptian railways Association)
• 8051 Mi...
Thank You
Scooter Seminar
Scooter Seminar
Scooter Seminar
Scooter Seminar
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Scooter Seminar

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Mohammed Saudi Computer Systems Department Mob: 0102342024
email: m_s3odi@yahoo.com



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  • SCADA is a term yotlak 3ala system b features mo3yna
  • Control mechanism
  • El panel byeb2a 3aleha kol el 5toot wel trains ellyfel mante2a deEl control process btbda2 b panel di
  • El relays elly btet7akem fel ta7welat welsemaphors w bta5od esharetha men el panel
  • Used to communicate between towers
  • El problems ellyfinezam el 7aly eh ?
  • Infra structure here means relay-basedProvide a simplified control mechanism I mean en el target bta3na mesh ennanbny system from scratch but ….
  • Once it became computerized we have all computerized systems features :Implementation of this project done in4 parts
  • Scooter Seminar

    1. 1. SCADA Operating on Trains for Egyptian Railways
    2. 2. • Supervisors: * Prof.Dr. Mohammad Essam Khalifa. (Dean of Faculty of Computer and Information Science - Ain Shams University) * Dr. Hossam Faheem. * TA. Karim Emara. • Group Members: Abdalla Hassan AbdelRaheem Scientific Computing Mohammed Adel Mohammed Information Systems Mohammed Saudi AbdelSamad Computer Systems Mohammed Yehia Kamel Gawish Computer Sciences Shady Ahmed El-Melegy Computer Systems
    3. 3. Agenda • Background • Hardware Model • Problem definition • Interface Circuit • Objective • Design Tool • SCADA • References • System Architecture • Controller • Demonstrator
    4. 4. Introduction • What is SCADA ? – stands for Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition – Usually refers to centralized systems which monitor and control entire sites, or complexes of systems spread out over large areas • Components of SCADA system : – HMI – RTU (Remote Terminal Unit) – Controller Unit (PLCs)
    5. 5. Introduction: Railways • The Railways are controlled by many control towers along the trains’ paths, which control the semaphores, crosses ,…etc in a specific area
    6. 6. Background • Each of Control Towers has:  Large Control Panel.
    7. 7. Background • Each of Control Towers has:  Relays
    8. 8. Railways Background • Each of Control Towers has:  CTC - Centralized Traffic Control.
    9. 9. Background Control Tower Control Tower Control Panel Control Panel C T C Relays C T C Relays
    10. 10. Problem definition  Large control panel, which Requires Continuous costly maintenance.  Hard to control and manage.  Requires a number of operators to manage.  Poor details.
    11. 11. Objective • Provide a computerized control system for Egyptian railway stations replacing the huge control panel by a PC without changing the infrastructure . X Control Panel Relays
    12. 12. Computerized Railway control System Benefits Easy management More clear customizable details Improved alarm system notification
    13. 13. System Architecture Peripheral Interface Circuit Hardware Model Controller Demonstrator
    14. 14. Definition The controller module has the centralized control of the model, interface circuit and the demonstrator module, reflecting the changes that occur in them
    15. 15. Role & Features 1) Control the railway components 2) Show the current state of railway components 3) The ability to change the view of the displayed portion of the map 4) Alerts of the non-responding components of the railway 5) Displays information about some components
    16. 16. Hardware Model 6/26/2009
    17. 17. Why Model ? The real environment isn't available for testing Proof the concept taking in consideration the real world parameters to be controlled 6/26/2009
    18. 18. Hardware Model Components: Relays connected to the elements to be controlled Peripheral control interface : It receives the command serially from the controller software, understand it and direct it to the desired element to control it. We Chose the Microcontroller as Peripheral control interface . 6/26/2009
    19. 19. Peripheral control interface Why Microcontroller ? Easy to design and use Low design time Low cost Reprogrammable 6/26/2009
    20. 20. Circuit Schematic 6/26/2009
    21. 21. Control Process Controller software ID: a Value:1 ID =a Value = 1 Semaphore a mapped P1 Po to port 2 pin 3 8051 uC P3 P2 6/26/2009
    22. 22. Demo
    23. 23. Definition • SCOOTER Demonstrator shows how station components (Relays, Semaphores, Tracks, and Crosses) work in different situations. • Train movement mechanisms are beyond the scope of Demonstrator.
    24. 24. Role Measure the capabilities of the controller module and how it can work in complex environment and in different situations
    25. 25. Features 1) Simple User Friendly interface, Simple control using Mouse. 2) Allow Zoom in and out, Simple Moving from one station to another. 3) Set train trips based on trains database. 4) SCOOTER Demonstrator gives ability to change default behavior of Relays, Semaphores, Tracks and Crosses or demonstrate their default behavior.
    26. 26. Demo
    27. 27. Definition Design Tool is a CAD program designed specifically for the needs of model railways such Stations, Lines, Tracks, Crosses, Curves and Semaphores.
    28. 28. Features 1. Create New/Open/Save Station. 2. Add/Edit/Delete Railway. 3. Add/Edit/Delete straight Tracks, Crosses and Curves. 4. Customize Track orientation. 5. Change Track Place.
    29. 29. Demo
    30. 30. References • Engineer: Ahmed abd-Elhamed (the manager of signals engineering in Egyptian railways Association) • 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems,(Mazidi). • Field survey • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Control_system • http://www.atp.ruhr- unibochum.de/DynLAB/dynlabmodules/Examples/Wh atIsControl/WaterLevel6.html • http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Embedded_Control_Syst ems_Design/Processors#Choice_of_hardware
    31. 31. Thank You

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