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The Great Twentieth-Century Hole Or, what the Digital Humanities Miss

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The Great Twentieth-Century Hole Or, what the Digital Humanities Miss. …

The Great Twentieth-Century Hole Or, what the Digital Humanities Miss.

Paper looking at lack of representation of 20th Century Digital Humanities

Presentation for Digital Humanities Benelux, June 2014

Published in: Education, Technology

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  • 1. The Great Twentieth-Century Hole Or, what the Digital Humanities Miss Alastair Dunning, @alastairdunning The European Library, National Library of the Netherlands DH Benelux, June 2014 http://slidesha.re/1nZb1Ai http://www.slideshare.net/alastairdunning/the-great-twentiethcentury-hole-or-what-the-digital-humanities-miss
  • 2. Some background: I’m part of the Europeana Newspapers project; access to 20th century newspapers is one of the problems http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/tel4/newspapers
  • 3. Source: http://pro.europeana.eu/documents/900548/eac4c7ef-dd8a-4dfe-a243-815a5d62e34d Copyright also an issue for Europeana Number of objects linked to from Europeana by decade in 20th /21st century (Last column boosted by crowdsourced contributions, I think)
  • 4. Eric Nortman, True Blood, Copyright Unknown http://fc07.deviantart.net/fs70/f/2011 /037/4/1/true_blood__eric_nortman_ _by_redfl0wer-d38xfwg.jpg
  • 5. Chiave,, CulturaItaliaMuseiD-Italia http://europeana.eu/portal/record/2048011/Athena_Plus_ProvidedCHO_CulturaItaliaMuseiD _Italia_oai_culturaitalia_it_museiditalia_work_43799.html
  • 6. http://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus /image/AS0000194FB20.html
  • 7. Digital Humanities Projects by Date of Corpus - Classification Used •Classical Era •Post Classical / Medieval •Renassiance •18th Century •19th Century •1900-1950 •1950 onwards http://wellcomeimage s.org/indexplus/image /L0025731.html
  • 8. • King's College London Department of Digital Humanities • Dutch Royal Academy, Huygens Institute, The Hague • Maryland Institute of Technology in the Humanities, University of Maryland • Center for Digital Research in the Humanities, University of Nebraska • Centre for Literary and Linguistic Computing, University of Newcastle, Australia • HRI Digital, University of Sheffield • Cologne Center for eHumanities, University of Cologne • Centre for Digital Humanities Research, Australian National University 8 Digital Humanities Centres 253 Digital Humanities Projects
  • 9. Caveats with the Sample •Project is far from being the only unit of representation of the Digital Humanities •These are self-defined DH Centres; much more common in larger / Northern Europe / North Americas country •Also exist plenty of non-DH that have a digital aspect but only with a particular discipline focus that overlaps with digital •Countries with more sophisticated funding mechanisms can provide more targeted support for DH - the influence of the ODH in the US and JISC in the UK is apparent. •Concept of DH is not structured. A DH centre in Germany can have a very different focus to one in Taiwan; many academic groups focussing on digital uses in a single subject to not use the term DH •Of those where DH centres exist, not all of them have full lists of projects •My own language skills made a difference; Google translate can only take you so far Bearing all this in mind …..
  • 10. Data available at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1Obzf_n7vkB- WwVXMH1XzouTSGwX89Glq2_WbhECDUQs/pubhtml 253 projects samples from 8 DH Centres
  • 11. Data available at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1Obzf_n7vkB- WwVXMH1XzouTSGwX89Glq2_WbhECDUQs/pubhtml
  • 12. Projects at Nebraska often finish before 1923. Every Week http://everyweek.unl.edu/search
  • 13. Projects at Nebraska often finish before 1923. The William F Cody Archive http://www.codyarchive.org/
  • 14. Data available at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1Obzf_n7vkB- WwVXMH1XzouTSGwX89Glq2_WbhECDUQs/pubhtml
  • 15. 20th -century MITH projects are focussed on very small number of performances Beckett Directs Beckett http://mith.umd.edu/beckett/
  • 16. 20th -century MITH projects are focussed on very small number of performances Music Theatre Online http://mith.umd.edu/mto/
  • 17. Data available at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1Obzf_n7vkB- WwVXMH1XzouTSGwX89Glq2_WbhECDUQs/pubhtml
  • 18. Cologne projects in 20th -century nearly all based on linguistics – The Movima Inverse
  • 19. Cologne projects in 20th -century nearly all based on linguistics – Tone and Intonation in Vietnamese
  • 20. No large-scale data-driven projects on the following Walt Disney, Michel Foucault, The advertising strategies of the Coca-Cola company, the rise and developments of the feminist movement, Picasso, Shostakovich, Stravinsky, the formation of United Nations, Vladimir Nabokov, the rise and fall of the university in the 20th century, Ingmar Bergman, the Battle of Dunkirk, Pearl Harbour, television in the twentieth century, the bombings at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, 1968 uprisings, Bretton Woods, Algerian independence, the Korean War (check), Doris Lessing, Italo Calvino, Malcolm X, the development of the European Union, twelve tone classical music, the Olympic Games, The World Cup.(or if there are, they are not easily findable)
  • 21. http://www.netlab.dk/
  • 22. http://www.hathitrust.org/htrc http://www.hathitrust.org/
  • 23. Europeana Cloud developing a more sophisticated tech architecutre for Europeana and its aggregators - http://pro.europeana.eu /web/europeana-cloud Extending Europeana Labs to create Europeana Research to tackle some of these issues -labs.europeana.eu
  • 24. http://wellcomeimages.org/indexplus /image/AS0000194FB20.html
  • 25. The Great Twentieth-Century Hole Or, what the Digital Humanities Miss Alastair Dunning, @alastairdunning Thank you ! https://www.flickr.com/photos /revilla/515536280/sizes/l