Europeana in a Research Context

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Options for the Europeana cultural heritage digital service can have a closer links with the research community

Options for the Europeana cultural heritage digital service can have a closer links with the research community

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  • 1. Europeana in a research context Alastair Dunning, @alastairdunning The European Library / Europeana Foundation Mining Digital Repositories Conference National Library of Netherlands, April 2014
  • 2. Oxyrhynchus Papyrus No. 20 Fragment of Homer's The Iliad, 2nd century Common Era British Library, London Image via Wikimedia Commons
  • 3. Metadata record for Oxyrhynchus Papyrus No. 20 (numbered 742) from British Library, London
  • 4. Metadata record for Oxyrhynchus Papyrus No. 20 from University of Oxford
  • 5. Tool for transcribing Oxyrhynchus Papyrus from Ancient Lives project
  • 6. Tool for measuring Oxyrhynchus Papyrus from Ancient Lives project
  • 7. Discussion Forum Oxyrhynchus Papyri from Ancient Lives project
  • 8. Images Hi-res TIFF – British Library JPEG – University of Oxford Full-text Multiple transcriptions – Ancient Lives Project Metadata Version 1 – British Library Version 2– University of Oxford Version 3 – Ancient Lives Unstructured Commentary Ancient Lives Project
  • 9. The richness of this information is created by many parties, but it sits in different places, took many projects to make happen and still is not fully connected.
  • 10. Europeana as a data brain, helping connect disparate datasets Rather than Europeana as end-user facing portal
  • 11. 2005 A letter to the European Commission from 6 Heads of State (from France, Poland, Germany, Italy, Spain and Hungary) suggests the creation of a European digital library. 2007 The European Digital Library Network - EDLnet - begins to create a prototype, funded by i2010. 2008 Europeana's prototype is launched on 20 November. 2009 Europeana's collection reaches 5 million items. 2010 A European Parliament report approved in February asks for more content and funding for Europeana. It is unanimously approved. 2012 Europeana releases all metadata under a CC0 waiver, making it freely available for re-use. Europeana’s collection reaches 25 million items. 2013 Europeana continues to further its position as a catalyst for innovation and digital enterprise in support of the Digital Agenda of Europe - one of the pillars of the EU’s Europe 2020 strategy
  • 12. How does Europeana get its content?  Through its aggregation structure, Europeana represents 2,300 organisations across Europe  From 150 Aggregators • Promoting national aggregation structures • More efficient than working with every individual content provider • Helps to achieve international standardisation  End-user generated content • Crowd-sourcing projects such as Europeana 1914-1918 and Europeana 1989
  • 13. Who submits data to Europeana? Domain Aggregators National initiatives Audiovisual collections National Aggregators Regional Aggregators Archives Thematic collections Libraries e.g. Musées Lausannois e.g. Culture Grid, Culture.fr e.g. The European Library e.g. APEX e.g. EUScreen, European Film Gateway e.g. Judaica Europeana, Europeana Fashion
  • 14. The evolution is to Europeana Cloud : a infrastructure for aggregators and data providers.  This would allow members of Europeana Cloud to: 1.Upload metadata 2.Define who can use that metadata and in what ways (download, annotate, delete) 3.Give third parties access via APIs 4. Capability for sharing content also feasible
  • 15. Development of Europeana as portal not platform Cloud infrastructure sits at heart of this “Portals are for visiting, platforms are for building on”
  • 16. Europeana Labs as a platform for the creative industries Europeana Research as a platform for humanities, social sciences
  • 17. Europeana Research will not be a single discovery portal; however at it will offer researchers access to APIs and downloadable to „raw data‟ stored in Europeana Cloud Third parties can build their own specific tools using these APIs or downloadable data
  • 18. Europeana Research will give access to data that can only be used in a non-commercial context Europeana Research will have open APIs to allow bi-directional access (read, write) to metadata in Europeana Cloud (dependent on permissions)
  • 19. Pilot Study 1: Tool to search through Europeana (and other content) related to philosophy of logic http://greenlearningnetw ork.com/axiom/
  • 20. Pilot Study 2: Musicologists‟ tool to annotate early music manuscripts from disparate sources (Work in Progress)
  • 21. Other Possibilities Service and end-user tool to allow for transcription of multiple documents aggregated from multiple sources Service to allow for extraction of geographic or other terms from aggregation of services Aggregation of text documents for download for text mining
  • 22. Text Mining Opportunties Aggregation of corpora of primary sources, with harmonized licencing Versioning corpora of primary sources Enrichment of corpora via third-party tools Brokerage of in-copyright material for non-commerical usage ? (Primary and secondary sources) Ability to upload algorithms / software ?
  • 23. Cons Lack of maturity in research community in building APIs Time taken for tool development Quality and extent of underlying data still essential Still needs engagement with research communities / tools builders Pros Europeana leverages its aggregation network to provide single access point to data Tools can be built to help specific questions for researchers Responsibility for sustainability and outreach are distributed Works very well for time-limited projects Europeana licencing framework provides standards for access to data
  • 24. Thank you Alastair Dunning, @alastairdunning