Breaking the Waves

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Presentation for JISC / British Library Discovery Summit of 2013. Focusses on Europeana and The European Library and their work in exposing metadata

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Breaking the Waves

  1. 1. Breaking the Waves Alastair Dunning(The European Library / Europeana) Discovery Summit London, Feb 2013 @alastairdunning
  2. 2. “There is a tsunami of data that is crashing onto the beaches of the civilized world. This is a tidal wave of unrelated, growing data formed in bits and bytes, coming in an unorganized, uncontrolled, incoherent cacophony of foam…. we see graphic designers and government officials, all getting their shoes wet and slowly submerging in the dense trough of stuff…. they walk stupidly into the water, smiling—a falsesmile of confidence and control. The tsunami is a wall of data—data produced at a greater and greater speed … in amounts that double, it seems, with each sunset ....
  3. 3. ... [Thankfully]Google mastered the technical art of the search.” http://intdev.stc.org/2012/02/question-information-quest-inform/
  4. 4. But Europeana’s Trusted data fromaims are different European cultural heritage
  5. 5. Before that - a quick aside
  6. 6. Europeana - Europe’s cultural heritage portal • 26m (Feb 2013) metadata records from 2,200 European galleries, museums, archives and libraries • Books, newspapers, journals, letters, diaries, archival papers... Paintings, maps, drawings, photographs… Music, spoken word, radio broadcasts… • Only links to digitised content • 31 languages • Started in 2007 • Based in National Library of Netherlands
  7. 7. The European Library (TEL) Europe’s library aggregator • Centrally indexes 115m bibliographic records, plus 16m digital links • 48 National Libraries of Europe • Plus 19 research libraries • Links to digitised content and bibliographic records at libraries • Started in 1990s - ‘Mother’ of Europeana. Now aggregates content for Europeana • Also hosted in National Library of Netherlands
  8. 8. National Museums Aggregator Libraries Film & Sound NationalAggregator Europeana Archaeological Heritage Other Archives Cultural Heritage
  9. 9. National ATHENA The Aggregator European Library Euro. Film Gateway CultureGrid (UK) Europeana CARARE ApeNet Other Aggregators
  10. 10. National ATHENA The Aggregator European Library Euro. Film Gateway CultureGrid (UK) Europeana CARARE ApeNet Other Aggregators
  11. 11. Italian Spanish National Libraries National Library French National Library German National Library British Library and another43 national libraries National The Aggregator European Library 19 research libraries and RLUK Culture Grid (UK) Europeana
  12. 12. End of aside
  13. 13. The obvious way of exposing data: Europeana Portal
  14. 14. More contemporary dissemination: Europeana API
  15. 15. More contemporary dissemination: Europeana Linked Open Data
  16. 16. More contemporary dissemination: Europeana SPARQL Endpoint(experimental / temporary URL in 2013)
  17. 17. Linked Data & aggregation of data for others - sourceand quality of data is paramount
  18. 18. Europeana and TEL are testing thewaters of resource discovery
  19. 19. Are we making progress?And what is impeding progress ?
  20. 20. The European Library to release >115m bibliographic records to be released as CC0 this year (2013)API and Linked Datato be published this Working with RLUKyear (2013) as well to release members’ metadata as linked data
  21. 21. 22m+ metadatarecords released asCC0 by Europeanac.2,200 institutions
  22. 22. Some of largestcultural datasets in the world Hooray !
  23. 23. but ...
  24. 24. Cool URIs
  25. 25. 97% of links resolve properly
  26. 26. 660,000 (c.3%) ofrecords have broken links
  27. 27. Licencing
  28. 28. 64% of records do not come with clearlicensing about the content
  29. 29. a good example
  30. 30. Current licence distribution in Europeana (end of 2012)Europeana has launched a rights labelling campaign to improve this
  31. 31. and even when metadata is technically wellformed ... it might not help user discovery
  32. 32. Quality ofmetadata ?
  33. 33. User path ?This example leads to the user to a copyrightmessage in German, thenthen the jpeg without any metadata
  34. 34. Lack of context ?Again, the user is led to a jpg without anyexplanation of the image
  35. 35. Multiplerecords for one item
  36. 36. The perils ofbasic search
  37. 37. And of coursesemantic differences
  38. 38. Much of this is‘basics’ - licencing, permanent URIs,quality of metadata intelligent URIs
  39. 39. More complex issues such as semantics andclustering of records and relevancy ... ... are being addressed by the Europeana Data Model
  40. 40. no point aggregating if you can’t reuse
  41. 41. for europeana and TEL, finding re(users) is critical
  42. 42. Europeana API: 77 prototypes based on Europeana data
  43. 43. Multimedia HTML5 Music Player
  44. 44. Stackathon - Artwork Audio Annotations
  45. 45. API Implementation by Royal Museum for Central Africa
  46. 46. API Implementation by Digital New Zealand
  47. 47. Europeana exposes content to HistoryPin,Wikipedia, Pinterest, among others
  48. 48. How do I get involved?
  49. 49. TextCulture Grid - UK Aggregator
  50. 50. The European Library - Europe’s library aggregator
  51. 51. Europeana NetworkOpen forum for cultural heritage community
  52. 52. Following the guidelines form the DiscoveryProgramme will also help
  53. 53. Adopting open licencing Optimising data for reuse Ensuring data currency and accuracy Clear and documented APIs
  54. 54. So rather thanCanute holding back the waves ...
  55. 55. HMS Discovery charting new waters. Thank you !
  56. 56. Screenshots / Image CreditsSlide 1 - http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/onlineex/vicpopmus/t/zoomify87477.htmlSlide 4 - http://www.googleartproject.com/en-gb/collection/freer-gallery-of-art-smithsonian/artwork/waves-at-matsushima-tawaraya-sotatsu/326469/Slide 5 - http://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/browse/canuteSlide 8 - http://digitalcollections.tcd.ie/home/index.php?DRIS_ID=MS1209_131 "Slide 21 - http://www.flickr.com/photos/visulogik/99768766/Slide 22 - http://www.flickr.com/photos/ogil/25304809/Slide 28-30 - http://www.flickr.com/photos/andreiz/1089900128/Slide 31-32 - http://www.flickr.com/photos/ztephen/3923577405/Slide 36 - http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/tel4/search?query=canuteSlide 37 - Start at http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/tel4/record/2000082153642Slide 38 - Start at http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/tel4/record/1000128081500?Slide 40 - http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/tel4/search?query=the%20ruler%20of%20the%20seaSlide 41 -http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/tel4/record/2000085282188?query=canuteSlide 42 - http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/tel4/record/2000068816371Slides 45,46 - http://www.flickr.com/photos/marcusq/3032678489/Slide 47 - http://www.flickr.com/photos/epsiplatform/5579883591Slide 60 - http://www.freezeframe.ac.uk/collection/photos-british-arctic-expedition-1875-76/ls99-3-9?mode=giant

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