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Sustainability

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Contains some copyright materials. For educational use.

Contains some copyright materials. For educational use.


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  • 1. 中三級通識科 單元六︰能源科技與環境 主題 2 ︰環境與可持續發展 ( 環境保護 )‏ Credit: Chih-Hao Tsai at Chih-Hao Tsai's Technology Page - OpenOffice.org Impress Templates http://technology.chtsai.org/impress/ for the OpenOffice.org Impress template Wide Screen (2006-05-07)‏
  • 2. Credit: Yahoo! 新聞 – 星島日報 – 節約用電 何止要三分鐘 http://hk.news.yahoo.com/060806/60/1r0ft.html Friends of the Earth (HK) – 別讓教室成溫室 請支持知慳惜電運動 http://www.foe.org.hk/welcome/gettc.asp?id_path=1,%207,%2028,%20150,%203155,%203239 大量消耗能源的生活型態 香港部分市民一面抱怨電費昂貴,一面卻在家中浪費大量電力,把冷氣開到要家人額外添衣的冷度,房間客廳無論有沒有人都長期燈火通明,增加大量不必要的電費開支,製造大量不必要的環境污染。 ‏ 例子︰ 學生在大熱天要求開空調,卻不願脫下毛衣。 ‏
  • 3. Credit: hardCOREware.net - XBOX 360 vs PS3 (and Wii) - Power Consumption Report http://www.hardcoreware.net/reviews/review-356-1.htm
  • 4. Credit: hardCOREware.net - XBOX 360 vs PS3 (and Wii) - Power Consumption Report http://www.hardcoreware.net/reviews/review-356-1.htm
  • 5. Credit: hardCOREware.net - XBOX 360 vs PS3 (and Wii) - Power Consumption Report http://www.hardcoreware.net/reviews/review-356-1.htm
  • 6. Credit: hardCOREware.net - XBOX 360 vs PS3 (and Wii) - Power Consumption Report http://www.hardcoreware.net/reviews/review-356-1.htm 綠色力量 - 學界減排二氧化碳行動 http://www.greenpower.org.hk/gp/pressrelease/pr_download/121008_21actions.doc 遊戲機一般耗電量 [ 瓩.小時 (kWh)] PC: 0.198 kwh x 5h = ~1kwh = ~ HK$0.9 = ~ 1.43lbs CO2 Wii: 0.0178 kwh x 5h = ~0.1kwh = ~ HK$0.09 = ~ 0.143lbs CO2 Xbox 360: 0.185kwh x 5h = ~1kwh = ~ HK$0.9 = ~ 1.43lbs CO2 PS3: 0.193kwh x 5h = ~1kwh = ~ HK$0.9 = ~ 1.43lbs CO2 1 度電= 1000 瓦.小時 (WH) = 1 瓩.小時 (kWh) 1 度電= HK $ 0.9 1 度電產生 1.43 磅二氧化碳 「香港人的人均排放二氧化碳量是 每年 6.5 公噸」 ,即是說打機大約佔全年耗電量的 4% (522 磅 = 0.261 公噸 ) 。
  • 7. Credit: 香港節能網 - 能源標籤 - 綠色的選擇 http://www.emsd.gov.hk/emsd/e_download/pee/Leaflet_for_Consumer.pdf
  • 8. Credit: 香港節能網 - 能源標籤 - 綠色的選擇 http://www.emsd.gov.hk/emsd/e_download/pee/Leaflet_for_Consumer.pdf
  • 9. Credit: stock.xchng – Light Bulb (by vorax)‏ http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1026359 stock.xchng – Black suns 3 (by cotti)‏ http://www.sxc.hu/photo/916744 節約能源 / 用水‏ Credit: stock.xchng – Domestic Water Wastage (by CraigPJ)‏ http://www.sxc.hu/photo/852669
  • 10. Credit: BBC News - TV 'sleep' button stands accused http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4620350.stm 每年英國人的電視及其他小電器在待用狀態時耗的電力,等同兩間發電廠生產的電力。共 7TWh ,排出 800 000 噸二氧化碳。 ‏ 排放的二氧化碳等同 1 百 40 萬班的長途航班 作個比喻︰即使全部格拉斯哥人口來回格拉斯哥和紐約,還比睡眠狀態下排放的二氧化碳少。 ( 格拉斯哥人口︰ 629, 501) ‏
  • 11. Credit: Rocky Mountain Institute - E04-17, Home Energy Brief #7, Electronics http://www.rmi.org/images/other/Energy/E04-17_HEB7Electronics.pdf
  • 12. Credit: Rocky Mounta Institute - D04-04, Lightfair: Economics of Daylighting and Occupant Productivity http://www.rmi.org/images/other/GDS/D04-04_EconOfDaylight.pdf Rocky Mountain Institute - E03-13, Designing a Sustainable Energy Future—Integrating Negawatts with Diverse Supplies at Least Cost http://www.rmi.org/images/other/Energy/E03-13_DsnSusEnrgyFuture.pdf 有效使用天然資源︰日光
  • 13. Credit: 可持續發展 - 甚麼是可持續發展 http://www.susdev.gov.hk/html/b5/sd/index.htm 廢物‏
  • 14. Credit: 環境保護署 - 都市固體廢物管理政策大綱 (2005-2014) - 第二章 問題 - 必須採取果斷行動 http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/msw/htm_tc/ch02/main.htm 環境保護署 - 都市固體廢物管理政策大綱 (2005-2014) - 第三章 方針 - 減少棄置廢物,節省付費 http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/msw/htm_tc/ch03/main.htm 廢物‏管理
  • 15. Credit: Google Book Search - The Sustainability Advantage: Seven Business Case Benefits of a Triple Bottom Line http://books.google.com/books?id=SQ6BhCQh728C Willard, B. (2002). The sustainability advantage: seven business case benefits of a triple bottom line. Gabriola Island, B.C.: New Society. 減少不必要的消費‏
  • 16. Credit: Flickr - You are what you eat (by jhmostyn)‏ http://www.flickr.com/photos/jhmostyn/137329700/ Flickr - vegetarian wonton soup (by massdistraction)‏ http://www.flickr.com/photos/sharynmorrow/2442113990/ ‏ 即棄例子
  • 17. Credit: Flickr - I'm not a plastic bag (by diongillard)‏ http://www.flickr.com/photos/diongillard/2451966246/ 環保購物‏
  • 18. Credit: 環境保護署 - 都市固體廢物管理政策大綱 (2005-2014) - 第二章 問題 - 必須採取果斷行動 http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/msw/htm_tc/ch02/main.htm 環境保護署 - 都市固體廢物管理政策大綱 (2005-2014) - 第四章 治理問題的策略 http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/msw/htm_tc/ch04/main.htm 廢物‏分類
  • 19. Credit: Rocky Mountain Institute - Personal Vehicle Emissions http://www.rmi.org/sitepages/pid598.php Rocky Mountain Institute - Mass Transit Emissions http://www.rmi.org/sitepages/pid599.php 個人 vs. 公共交通系統
  • 20. Credit: 環境保護署 - 都市固體廢物管理政策大綱 (2005-2014) - 第二章 問題 - 必須採取果斷行動 http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/msw/htm_tc/ch02/main.htm 環境保護署 - 都市固體廢物管理政策大綱 (2005-2014) - 第四章 治理問題的策略 http://www.epd.gov.hk/epd/msw/htm_tc/ch04/main.htm 公共交通系統
  • 21. Credit: Rocky Mountain Institute - Advanced Energy Efficiency, Lecture 3: Transportation http://www.rmi.org/images/PDFs/Energy/E07-04_Stanford_3Transport.pdf 燒油 = 燒錢
  • 22. Credit: Community bicycle program. (n.d.). Wikipedia. Retrieved September 24, 2008, from Answers.com Web site: http://www.answers.com/topic/community-bicycle-program 環保運輸工具
  • 23. Credit: Google 地圖 - 西裕街至天水圍 http://maps.google.com.hk/maps?f=d&saddr=Sai+Yu+St&daddr=%E5%A4%A9%E6%B0%B4%E5%9C%8D&hl=zh-TW&geocode=FSpvVgEd1ujLBg%3B&mra=ls&dirflg=w&sll=22.447048,114.018259&sspn=0.027646,0.038624&ie=UTF8&ll=22.451807,114.014225&spn=0.027645,0.038624&z=15
  • 24. Credit: stock.xchng –Levitation 5 (by bizior ) ‏ http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1031938 在個人生活方面,你可以想出任何有效率地使用能源的方法嗎? 1) 起居飲食 ( 前排 ) 2) 消費娛樂 ( 中排 ) 3) 校園生活 ( 後排 )
  • 25. Credit: Rocky Mountain Institute - RMI's Approach to Energy http://www.rmi.org/sitepages/pid116.php Rocky Mountain Institute - E05-16, Energy End-Use Efficiency http://www.rmi.org/images/other/Energy/E05-16_EnergyEndUseEff.pdf A Watt Saved is a Watt Earned/Demand-Side Management 節省等於生產更多 Credit: Rocky Mountain Institute - D02-15, An Introduction to Green Building—Part 1: Resource Efficiency http://www.rmi.org/images/other/GDS/D02-15_ResearchEff.pdf
  • 26. Credit: stock.xchng – Question mark 3 (by hisks )‏ http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1102205 Rocky Mountain Institute - RMI's Approach to Energy http://www.rmi.org/sitepages/pid116.php What Exists is Possible 地上有 $20 元,你會撿起它嗎? 有效率科技、設計的確存在 Tunnel Through the Cost Barrier 效率不會減少回報,反而回報比不做多。
  • 27. Credit: Rocky Mountain Institute - RMI's Approach to Energy http://www.rmi.org/sitepages/pid116.php Centameter http://www.centameter.com.au/ End-Use/Least-Cost Thinking 金錢掛帥 – 用戶要的是服務,不是能源;能推動他們的是服務的售價,而不是能源。
  • 28. Credit: Rocky Mountain Institute - RMI's Approach to Energy http://www.rmi.org/sitepages/pid116.php Credit: Ming Pao Daily News - 屋邨設施試驗太陽能供電 Wisesearch - DOCUMENT ID: 200704070040104 Ming Pao Daily News - 多部門選錯電費計劃浪費 388 萬公帑 廉署機電署用電嚴重超支 Wisesearch - DOCUMENT ID: 200811270040051 Systems Thinking 宏觀來看,做事要有連繫。別只解決眼前問題,將它轉移或引發新問題。
  • 29. Credit: 明報通識網 – 屋村設施試驗太陽能供電 文章日期: 2007 年 4 月 7 日 http://life.mingpao.com/cfm/dailynews3.cfm?File=20070407/nalgh/ghb1.txt 屋村設施試驗太陽能供電 房署以藍田村為試點,在兩幢樓宇及有蓋行人通道頂安裝太陽能發電板,為走廊燈、升降機、水泵等公用設施供電,預計供電量佔大廈公用設施的 5 %,每年可為政府節省 4 萬多元電費,但器材投資卻要 300 萬元,即最少 70 年才能回本 。房署回應投資回本無期時說,今次是「做善事」,減少空氣污染。 ‏
  • 30. Credit: 博客來網路書店 - 四倍數-資源使用減半,人民福祉加倍 http://www.books.com.tw/exep/prod/booksfile.php?item=0010078360 博客來網路書店 - 從搖籃到搖籃 綠色經濟的設計提案 http://www.books.com.tw/exep/prod/booksfile.php?item=0010390045 《四倍數-資源使用減半,人民福祉加倍 (Factor Four) 》 Amory B. Lovins William A. McDonough 《從搖籃到搖籃 綠色經濟的設計提案 (Cradle to Cradle) 》 Credit: The Economist - The frugal cornucopian http://www.economist.com/science/tq/displaystory.cfm?story_id=11999219 Rocky Mountain Institute – Staff List http://www.rmi.org/sitepages/pid56.php William A. McDonough, FAIA http://www.mcdonough.com/
  • 31. Credit: 可持續發展 - 甚麼是可持續發展 http://www.susdev.gov.hk/html/b5/sd/index.htm 可持續發展 「既能滿足我們現今的需求,又不損害子孫後代能滿足他們的需求的發展模式。」(《我們的共同未來》, 1987 年) ‏
  • 32. Credit: 可持續發展 - 甚麼是可持續發展 http://www.susdev.gov.hk/html/b5/sd/index.htm stock.xchng - The Peak on a clear day, Hong (by joanho)‏ http://www.sxc.hu/photo/319896/
    • 香港的可持續發展
    • 在追求經濟富裕、生活改善的同時,減少污染和浪費;
    • 在滿足我們自己各種需要與期望的同時,不損害子孫後代的福祉;
    • 減少對鄰近區域造成環保負擔,協力保護共同擁有的資源
    • (《一九九九年施政報告》)
  • 33. Credit: Rocky Mountain Institute - RMI for Kids - Energy and How We Use It http://www.rmi.org/sitepages/pid301.php Rocky Mountain Institute - RMI for Kids - Energy Actions http://www.rmi.org/sitepages/pid305.php 改善空氣︰可再生能源