Creative commons for Collecting institutions

1,462 views

Published on

Jessica Coates, Creative Commons Clinic, looks at ways cultural institutions can use creative commons to license online resources.

Published in: News & Politics, Technology
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,462
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
13
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
19
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Creative commons for Collecting institutions

  1. 1. Introduction to Creative Commons for collecting institutions Jessica Coates Creative Commons Clinic September 2009 CRICOS No. 00213J Carpeted commons by Glutnix, http://www.flickr.com/photos/glutnix/2079709803/in/pool-ccswagcontest07 available under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 licence, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en
  2. 2. Digital technologies have revolutionised how creative works are made, distributed, and used. CRICOS No. 00213J From ‘Creative Commons in Our Schools’ by markwooley available at http://www.slideshare.net/markwoolley/creative-commons-in-our-schools/ under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial 2.5 licence.
  3. 3. AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J " Copyright ", Randall Munroe, http://xkcd.org/14/ , Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial 2.5 license
  4. 4. <ul><li>Creative Commons </li></ul><ul><li>aims to make creative material more useable by providing free licences that creators can use to give certain permissions in advance </li></ul>AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J
  5. 5. CC is designed to… <ul><li>provide standardised licences </li></ul><ul><li>that facilitate sharing </li></ul><ul><li>are flexible </li></ul><ul><li>are easy to use and understand (for people and machines) and </li></ul><ul><li>that apply in the same way anywhere in the world. </li></ul>AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J
  6. 6. CC Myths <ul><li>CC is not: </li></ul><ul><li>anti-copyright – just another rights management tool </li></ul><ul><li>the public domain – just giving certain permission in advance </li></ul><ul><li>anti-commercial – can charge for first use, commercial uses, “premium” service, or embed advertising </li></ul><ul><li>right for every situation – entirely voluntary, and won’t be best solution for all creators </li></ul>AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J Free, as in beer by Unhindered by Talent available at http://www.flickr.com/photos/nicmcphee/2345633527/ under a Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.0 licence
  7. 7. Licence Elements <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attribution – attribute the author </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Noncommercial – no commercial use </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No Derivative Works – no remixing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ShareAlike – remix only if you let others remix </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J
  8. 8. <ul><li>Attribution </li></ul>Attribution-ShareAlike AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J Attribution-Noncommercial Attribution-NoDerivatives Attribution-Noncommercial-ShareAlike Attribution-Noncommercial-NoDerivatives
  9. 9. Each licence has AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J deed button legal code metadata
  10. 10. Licence Use <ul><li>In the first year 1 million works, now 180 million </li></ul><ul><li>Over 100 million images on Flickr alone </li></ul><ul><li>Most have Noncommercial limitation – won't usually be a problem </li></ul><ul><li>Moving towards more liberal licences </li></ul>AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative Use of licence elements – June 2006 CRICOS No. 00213J
  11. 11. CC and cultural institutions CRICOS No. 00213J Carpeted commons by Glutnix, http://www.flickr.com/photos/glutnix/2079709803/in/pool-ccswagcontest07 available under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 licence, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en
  12. 12. CC is useful … <ul><ul><li>As a resource </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As a donor option </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As a licensing tool </li></ul></ul>AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J
  13. 13. CC as a resource <ul><li>Find material to use </li></ul><ul><li>Simplify copyright decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Clarify legal rights and responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce costs </li></ul><ul><li>Streamline processes </li></ul><ul><li>Access new/innovative material </li></ul><ul><li>More legal re-use allowed than library exceptions </li></ul>AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J
  14. 14. Finding CC material AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J http://creativecommons.org.au/infopacks/findingmaterial
  15. 15. Australian newspapers online <ul><li>Launched by the NLA, with partners, Aug 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>547,430 pages and 6M articles available for full-text search </li></ul>AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J Crowd-sourcing text corrections – 1,300 volunteers have corrected 3.4 million lines from 160,000 pages
  16. 16. Australian newspapers online AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J
  17. 17. Before using CC material <ul><li>Check that you’re following the licence (ask for extra permission if you need it)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure your use isn’t ‘derogatory’ </li></ul><ul><li>Are there any other rights you need? </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t forget to attribute </li></ul><ul><li>Use common sense </li></ul>AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J
  18. 18. CC as a donor option <ul><li>Internal rights management </li></ul><ul><li>Legal certainty </li></ul><ul><li>Standardisation </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility for donor </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility for library </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility for users </li></ul><ul><li>Buy in for donors </li></ul>AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J
  19. 19. Click and Flick <ul><li>individuals to contribute to PictureAustralia by adding to Flickr groups </li></ul><ul><li>encourages CC licensing </li></ul><ul><li>55,000 photos contributed since 2006 </li></ul>AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative :/ - http://www.flickr.com/photos/angelltsang/30211494/ Antzpantz - http://www.flickr.com/photos/antzpantz/177067581/in/pool-69431001@N00/ Broken Simulacra -http://www.flickr.com/photos/broken_simulacra/91355505/ Creative Commons licensing “encourages content contributors to think in terms of a librarian keeping in mind the public benefit of providing maximum access to content as part of Australia’s national collection.” – Fiona Hooton, Picture Australia
  20. 20. Model <ul><li>Dual licensing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>one licence for institution (standard agreement) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>one licence determining how material can be made available to public </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can make CC licensing optional or compulsory, all licences or only some, with public domain or all rights reserved. </li></ul>AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J
  21. 21. Before accepting CC material <ul><li>Check you have all the rights you need </li></ul><ul><li>Check users have all the rights you intend them to have </li></ul><ul><li>Check donors understand the licence </li></ul><ul><li>Check other rights are being respected (indigenous etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Set attribution standards </li></ul><ul><li>Use common sense </li></ul>AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J
  22. 22. CC as a licensing tool <ul><li>Facilitate sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Community engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Increase reach and reputation </li></ul><ul><li>Access new business models </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage collaboration and innovation </li></ul>AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J
  23. 23. Licences AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative
  24. 24. Licences AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative
  25. 25. <ul><li>You can apply to anything - short works, long works, previews/excerpts, data, drafts, source material, catalogue info, ‘junk’ </li></ul><ul><li>You can publish anywhere – online, offline, own site, popular services, blogs, wikis, remix communities, businesses, peer-to-peer, bittorrent </li></ul><ul><li>Look for 'low hanging fruit' – material you created, new collections, collections with single owner, public domain material (don't use CC)‏ </li></ul>AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J Doesn’t have to be all or nothing
  26. 26. Powerhouse Museum CRICOS No. 00213J <ul><li>released 1500 public domain photographs to Flickr Commons </li></ul><ul><li>‘Play’ worksheets available under CC BY-NC </li></ul><ul><li>encouraged CC for ‘photo of the day’ </li></ul><ul><li>collection descriptions and data under CC </li></ul>Woman holding decorated bicycle, Phillips Glass Plate Negative Collection, Powerhouse Museum, www.powerhousemuseum.com/ collection/database/collection=Phillips_Glass_Plate_Negative <ul><li>20x increased visitation </li></ul><ul><li>crowd-sourced metadata </li></ul><ul><li>unexpected discoveries (eg locations)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>partnerships (eg ABC)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>reduced costs for Australian community (eg </li></ul><ul><li>schools) </li></ul><ul><li>didn’t hurt sales </li></ul>promotional + other benefits = net +ve $
  27. 27. PHM benefits CRICOS No. 00213J Powerhouse Museum collection record http://www.powerhousemuseum.com/dmsblog/index.php/2009/04/27/another-opac-discovery-the-gambey-dip-circle-and-the-value-of-minimal-tombstone-data/ “ If your organisation is still having doubts about the value of making available un-edited, un-verified, ageing tombstone data then it is worth showing examples like these.” - Seb Chan
  28. 28. Before using CC licences <ul><li>Who do you want to use the material, and when? eg global </li></ul><ul><li>Are you choosing the right licence? eg do you want them to be able to change your material? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have the rights to license the material? are you using anyone else’s material? </li></ul><ul><li>Are you sure? can't change your mind </li></ul>AUSTRALIA part of the Creative Commons international initiative CRICOS No. 00213J
  29. 29. Thanks <ul><li>creativecommons.org </li></ul><ul><li>wiki.creativecommons.org/casestudies </li></ul><ul><li>creativecommons.org.au </li></ul><ul><li>info@creativecommons.org.au </li></ul>CRICOS No. 00213J This slide show is licensed under a Creative Commons Australia Attribution licence. For more information see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/au/. Images in the slideshow are licensed as marked. Carpeted commons by Glutnix, http://www.flickr.com/photos/glutnix/2079709803/in/pool-ccswagcontest07 available under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 licence, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en

×