20 августа Эстония отмечает государственный праздник — День восстановления независимости. Поводом послужили драматические события в августе 1991 года, когда в Советском Союзе произошла попытка государственного переворота, что привело к восстановлению независимости трех балтийских государств — Эстонии, Латвии и Литвы.
Mardipäev on täninielavrahvakalendritähtpäev. Eeskättteameseda mardisantide ringijooksmisetõttu. Veel 20. sajandialgusesjooksidmartipigemnoormehedjaselletõttu on pühaseostatudnäiteksnoortemeesteinitsiatsioonigaehkvastuvõtugameestekogukonda. Tüüpilisedolidtumedasseriietatud mardid, kelletulektõikaasaviljaõnne. Varem on see olnudpäev, mil tulimõistatadajamidapeetihingedeajagakokkukuuluvaks – hinged tulidkoju, mardipäevlõpetashingedeaja.
One of the oldest Christian holiday dedicatedto the birth of Jesus Christ and events related to Chistmas. The epiphany is celebrated with festivities and gift exchanges.
On Valentine´s day called after Saint Valentine people used to give their dear friends and beloved ones special presents:flowers, heart-shaped postcards with hand-written love poetry or texts in them, called Valentines. Lovers give each other gifts and spend romantic evening together.
The Republic of Estonia was founded on February 24, 1918 whenthe Salvation Committee declared the independence of theRepublic of Estonia. This date was celebrated as the Day ofIndependence until the Soviet occupation of Estonia in 1940 and in1989, the red flag of Soviet Estonia was replaced by the blue-black-white Estonian national flag on Toompea and since that timethe Independence Day has been celebrated as a public holidayagain.
Shrove Tuesday isthe deadlinefor moving, whichdepends on the dateof Easter. Easter isconsidered the firstSunday followingthe first full moon after thevernal equinox or solstice.This day people celebrateas „farewell to winter“.
On ShroveTuesday theSong Festivaland otherWinter Joyactivities inopen air takeplace all overthe country.
The focus of the celebrations ranges from general celebration of respect, appreciation and love towardswomen to a celebration for womenseconomic, political and
Men give women flowers and gifts which symbolize love and respect to them.
On the 14th of March1801 Kristjan JaakPeterson was born. He iswidely regarded as thefather of Estonianliterature and poetry. Hiscontributions to theEstonian national andcultural identity cannotbe underestimated.
April, 1 is not a nationalholiday, but it´s widelyrecognized andcelebrated in Estonia asthe day when manypeople play jokes andtricks with their friends.
Friday of Holy Week, which is dedicatedto the remembrance of Jesus death on the Cross, Descent from the Cross and the burial of his body.
It is the oldest Christian festival, the most important holiday of the liturgical year. Established in honor of the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
Boiled eggs are traditionally servedat breakfast.Roast lamb, which is the main dishat Jewish Passover, is thetraditional meat for the main mealon Easter Day.Simnel cake is baked for tea.
Mothers Day is a celebration honoring mothers and celebratingmotherhood, maternal bonds, and the influence ofmothers in society.
The Estonian national flag consists of three horizontal bands of blue, black and white. The blue color symbolizes the sky, the black - is a land and white - the color of purity and hope.
A national day of mourning is a day markedby mourning and memorial activities observed among the majority of a countrys populace. They are designated by that nation‘s government. Such days include those marking the death or funeral of a renowned individual or individuals from that country or elsewhere, or the anniversary of such a death or deaths.
June, 23 is the Day of Estonian victory in theWar of Independence (1918-1920), in which the young republic defended the right to independence in battle with the German Landeswehr and the Bolsheviks.
Celebration of the summer solstice - a pagan holiday, the shortest night of the year invarious forms celebrated throughout Europe. Thecommon features of the celebrations the folding of the fires, divination.
August 20 marks Estonia nationalholiday - Day of Restoration of Independence. The charges stemmed from the dramaticevents of August 1991, when in the Soviet Union was a coup attempt that led to therestoration of independence of the three Baltic states - Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
European Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Stalinism and Nazism - Europe- wide day of remembrance of victimsof Stalinism and the totalitarian ideologies of National Socialism, celebrated on August23, the date of signing of the secret additional protocol to the Treaty on the Non- Aggression between Germany and the Soviet Union.
September 1 - holiday of the New Academic year, especially for students, teachers and staff. Traditionally on this dayin schools are ceremonial line, dedicated to the academicyear. With great solemnity, met at the school first graders.
From 1990 teachers in Estonia have more free days . Older students play teachers and school managers and replace them atwork. Many students give teachers gifts and flowers. У меня нет фотографий наших учителей во врема поздравления , а хотелось бы именно наших учителей запечатлить в презентации.
All Souls Day is celebrated every year on November 2, followed by All Saints Day. In contrast to the All Saints Day, it´s, first of all, remembrance of deceased loved ones. On this day in differentcountries On this day in different countries people used to go to the cemetery and clear graves, bring flowers, light candles and even have some meal there.
St. Martins Day or St. Martins Day of Souls is still traditional folk date. In particular, we know this by“mardisantide” running around. In the 20th century “Mardipäev” was celebrated as the result of young men associated with the sacred initiations or the acceptance of men in the community. Typical ”mardid” were dressed in the darkclothes, they come over as the mark of happiness. Previously, it was a day when souls were coming back home.
"Fathers Day" in Estonia is celebrated since 1992 - on the second Sunday of November. Estonian Kindergartens prepare thematic events, childrenmake homemade cards with fathers portraits and give them gifts. In schoolschildren make concerts for their daddies.
Estonians “Kadripäev” is old and rich traditional date of return of happiness. For over a hundred years“kadrisantid” masked and talented children and young men walk and play jokes on Estonian streets .
Christmas period begins on December 24 with the Vigil of Christmas and ends on Sunday after the Epiphany, celebrated January 6. This period is devoted to one of the main great holidays - Christmas. December 24, characterized in such astronomical phenomenon as the shortest day and the longest night.
Christians celebrate Christmas Day as the anniversary of the birth of Jesus of Nazareth, a spiritual leader whoseteachings form the basis of their religion. Popular customsinclude exchanging gifts, attending church, sharing meals with family and friends and, of course, waiting for Santa Claus to arrive.
Boxing Day is a bank or public holiday that occurs on 26 December. Many people stay at home with their families.