Canada Lesson


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Introductory lesson on Canada for middle school students.

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Canada Lesson

  1. 1. Create a KWL chart for Canada (like the one below) on the back of the Canada Map in your pods bucket. Complete the first two columns answering what you know and want to know about Canada.
  2. 2. Canada is divided into 10 provinces and 3 territories Ne n undla wfo d Nova Scot ia Alberta Saskatchewan Island dward E rince P New Brunswick Queb ec British Manitoba Co l u m b Ontario ia
  3. 3. A province is a political boundary that divides Canada into 10 different regions (like states). Canada also has 3 territories in the North.
  4. 4. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy. This means Canadians recognize The Queen as their Head of State. The Governor General, Adrienne Clarkson, carries out Her Majesty’s duties in Canada. The Prime Minister is the Head of Government. Together, they make up the Executive Branch of the Government. Queen Elizabeth II Adrienne Clarkson Jean Chetien Click on the pictures to learn more about the Role and Responsibilities of each leader.
  5. 5. Role and Responsibilities • Appoints the Governor General to carry out the Crown’s duties in Canada • Is Canada's official head of state through which the entire authority of the government is set in motion and in whose name laws are enacted
  6. 6. • • • • Role and Responsibilities Is appointed by the Queen and carries out the Queen’s duties on a daily basis in Canada Ensures that Canada always has a Prime Minister Is Commander in Chief of Military Forces Promotes national unity and moral leadership by encouraging Canadians to be proud of their country by working together to build strong communities
  7. 7. Role and Responsibilities • Leader of the party with the most support in Parliament and serves as Head of Government • Chooses a Cabinet that runs Canada’s Federal Government • Meets with Premiers of the provinces to discuss the best way to share money and what is best for the people of that province • Responsible for the decisions about what the government does, and when and how the government should do it • Lives in the capital city of Ottawa, Ontario in the Prime Minister’s house (similar to our White House)
  8. 8. With its great natural resources, skilled labor force, and modern capital plant Canada enjoys solid economic prospects. Canada has changed from being a rural, agricultural society to being primarily industrial and urban.
  9. 9. Canada’s economy is related to producing goods and services. This is done through importing and exporting goods. What is the difference between imports and exports?
  10. 10. Which country does Canada import most of its goods from?
  11. 11. Frui s getable e t s an d V Aircraft Plastics cle or Vehi Mot Office Machinery s
  12. 12. Where does Canada export most of its goods to?
  13. 13. Corn Metals Wheat Lumber Newsprint
  14. 14. The Bank of Canada is responsible for the design and distribution of Canadian bank notes. Canadian bills are called “notes.” The Bank of Canada must be prepared to supply financial institutions with enough bank notes to satisfy public demand.
  15. 15. Instead of using notes to represent One and Two Dollars, coins are used instead. They are referred to as a “Loonie” for one dollar, and a “Twoonie” for two dollars. The Loonie was designed to replace the country's supply of one-dollar bills, which was costing the Government of Canada over $16.6 million to replace each year. The thin paper dollars had only a one-year life span, while the coins were each expected to last as long as twenty years. Loonie Twoonie
  16. 16. Canadian Flag Maple leaf Canadian Coat of Armor Maple Tree
  17. 17. Create a Venn Diagram which compares, contrasts, and relates Canada to the USA.