Maya, Aztec, & Inca


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Maya, Aztec, & Inca

  1. 1. MAYA 1- 300 BCE to 900 CE
  2. 2. 2-Descendants of ancient Asian nomads who crossed the Bering Strait 30,000 years ago
  3. 3. 3-Settled most of southern Mexico
  4. 4. 4-Domesticated native plants such as corn and beans
  5. 5. 5-Religion was polytheistic (worshipped more than 1 god) Mayan god of Rain
  6. 6. 7-Built large pyramids which are sill around today 8-Developed advanced mathematical formulas
  7. 7. 9-Mayan Empire abruptly ended around 900 CE for unknown reasons What do you think could have happened?
  8. 8. Did you know that the Mayans loved sports?
  9. 9. AZTECS 1-1100 CE to 1525 CE 2-Aztecs are also known as the Mexica
  10. 10. 3-Settled in central Mexico and founded the city of Tenochtitlan (now called Mexico City)
  11. 11. 4-Social structure included an emperor, noble class, merchant class, labor class, and slaves How does this compare to the Maya?
  12. 12. 5-Cultivated cotton, metals and gems What can we assume about Aztec culture?
  13. 13. 6-The capitol city Tenochtitlan ruled over small cities called city-states Describe the Aztec city
  14. 14. 7-The Aztecs of Tenochtitlan forced the citystates to worship their god
  15. 15. 8-The Aztec Empire eventually failed due to uprisings in the city-states and a final defeat by Spain. What do you see in this image?
  16. 16. INCA 1-400 CE to 1533 CE
  17. 17. 2-Came across the Bering Strait 10,000 years ago and settled in Peru
  18. 18. 3-Capital city was Cuzco -Early Inca were fishermen and farmers
  19. 19. 5-Social structure consisted of the Inca (emperor), royalty, wealthy nobles, and the ayllu (which was the rest of the people)
  20. 20. 6-Religion was polytheistic (worshipped more than 1 god) Inca Sun god
  21. 21. 7-Known for pottery, masonry, and road building What is the significance of road building?
  22. 22. 8-Inca Empire eventually failed due to civil war between two Inca brothers and a final defeat by Spain in 1533
  23. 23. Have you seen this movie? It features Incan jewelry, pottery, and masonry, roads, and more!
  24. 24. 1-What empire was located in Peru, South America? INCA 1-The Aztec were also called what? MEXICA 2-What was the Capitol city of the Aztec Empire? TENOCHTITLAN 3-What country defeated the Aztecs and the Incas? SPAIN 4-What was the capitol city of the Incan Empire? CUZCO 5-Term which means “worships more than 1 god” POLYTHEISTIC
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