Heat Related Illness
Heat Exhaustion
• Water Depletion
• Salt Depletion
Heat Stroke
• Hyperthermia
• Prolonged exposure to...
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Heat related illness handout

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Handout for heat related illness presentation

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Heat related illness handout

  1. 1. Heat Related Illness Heat Exhaustion • Water Depletion • Salt Depletion Heat Stroke • Hyperthermia • Prolonged exposure to high temperatures • Usually in combination with dehydration • Temperature > 40.6 °C • Not sweating? • Confusion • S&S  Confusion  Dark-colored urine  Dizziness  Fainting  Fatigue  Headache  Muscle cramps  Nausea  Pale skin  Profuse sweating  Rapid heartbeat S&S • Confusion • Dark-colored urine • Dizziness • Fainting • Fatigue • Headache • Muscle cramps • Nausea • Pale skin • Profuse sweating • Rapid heartbeat Heat Safety  Drink at least 2 litres of water every 2-3 hours  Add a little more salt to meals in summer to replace salt lost in sweat  Slow down and rest in very hot weather conditions  Get plenty of sleep and rest at night  When you feel unwell tell your supervisor Treatment of heat-related illness  Immediately get out of the heat  Rest  Air-conditioned room or cool, shady place.  Drink plenty of fluid  Remove any tight or unnecessary clothing  Cool shower, bath or spray  Other cooling measures such as fans Further reading Lipman GS, Eifling KP, Ellis MA, Gaudio FG, Otten EM, Grissom CK; Wilderness Medical Society. Wilderness Medical Society practice guidelines for the prevention and treatment of heat-related illness. Wilderness Environ Med. 2013 Dec;24(4):351-61. PMID: 24140191

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