What is Behaviorism? Who is behind the Behaviorism? How can the Behaviorism be used in a classroom? How will I use the Behaviorism in my classroom?
Behaviorism is the prediction and control of human behavior using positive or negative reinforcement. Behaviorism believes that man and animal learn to behave solely through a system of positive and negative rewards.
The belief is that if you want a child/student to produce a desirable behavior, reward them for it, and the behavior will be repeated. If you respond negatively to a behavior than that behavior will stop.
(1849-1936) Famous for experiments with dogs. He provided dogs with food every time he rang a bell, eventually the dogs would start to salivate at the sound of the bell with no food being given. Process is called classic conditioning.
(1904-1990) Did experiments on pigeons and taught them to dance by using positive reinforcement. Skinner believes human behavior was based on stimulus-response theory. Observed when children made attempts at sounds, parents would smile and reinforce them. Eventually children learn to talk through parents reinforcement.
Teacher’s often use behaviorism in classroom management. When student’s behave well they get candy, when they disrupt the class, they get time-out. Students learn that behaving well produces a reward while being disruptive will produce a punishment.
Many software programs already use behaviorism. Many children’s games produce a positive sound and/or visual every time a student does something right. In contrast, many will make a harsh sound and/or visual if something is done wrong.
Reward students with candy and/or stickers when behaving well. Discipline students with time-out when behaving badly. Reward students for good grades with special snacks or extra play time.
I believe that behaviorism has many positive uses in the classroom, one being classroom management. Behaviorism doesn’t necessarily need negative reinforcement but rather only positive. I think it’s best to reward students for positive actions.