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Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report
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Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti sangha- Oxfam Report

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  • 1. Project completion report Aila Response Program 2009 South 24 Parganas District. Submitted to OXFAM India Submitted by Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti Sangha 1
  • 2. 1. Key Information Name of Project West Bengal Cyclone Aila Response program 2009 Project ID Project Period 1st June 2009 to 31st August 2009 Reporting Period Contact Person Sk. Nazrul Islam Address Indranarayanpur Nazrul Smriti Sangha, 8/2 Khanpur Road Kolkata 47 2. Project details 2.1. Goal and Objective of the project: To contribute to decreased mortality and morbidity arising from Cyclone Aila. To provide immediate support to decrease public health risks to 10,000 affected households through provision of • Water and sanitation facilities, • Public health services • Temporary shelter materials 2.2. Project Background/Context A severe natural calamity i.e. dreadful cyclone known as “Aila” clubbed with heavy rain fall hit sundarban and other parts of Bengal at 9.30 AM on 24th of may. Raised sea / tidal river water caused by the storm affected thousands of villages of Sundarbans. Damages were mostly done due to collapse of the embankment. Saline water from the river and sea entered villages and washed off habitation within few hours. The damages caused by the wind and air are as under 1. 90 – 95 % of the houses were mud built. Most of them were collapsed or washed off. Houses lost fully or partly, family took shelter in the high ground, mostly in the school building. 2. The villagers were living on road and as monsoon rain started they are staying in miserable condition. 2
  • 3. 3. Loss of the livestock was enormous, most of the families could not bring their livestock with them during the run. Goat, poultry, ducks etc. are nearly too extinct form the affected area as only few which survived also dying in diseases. 4. The Rabi crop is totally damaged, As long as saline water would prevail, no crops can be grown. There would be total shortage of food stuff & vegetables as river saline water swamp the fields. 5. All Pan borojs (Battle vines) were either collapsed or washed away. 6. The scarcity of food was enormous. All the stored food were washed off so starvation is the only way other than external food supply. 7. Fodder was also not available for the survived cattles. 8. The pond’s and other water harvesting structures lost their utility as saline water contaminated. Pond water turned saline causing great casualties of aquatic animals, particularly the fresh water fishes. Rotten fishes also making the water more unhygienic. 9. Village roads were having 3 – 6 inches deep clay. 10. School buildings were brick built, but the floor was not cemented. The saline water turned the floor into paddy fields with clay. 11. Crocodile entered the villages with saline water as reported. 12. The fishermen lost their nets and boats. The table below gives the details of casualties in the district. No. of No. of house affected Life Name of GP village Fully Partly lost Pathar Pratima 38 16964 12897 12 Mathurapur II 3l 2906 5730 0 Namkahana 15 4170 6350 2 Gosaba 50 25946 23456 40 Basanti 67 11558 14565 16 2.3. Project Location The project was designed for the two worst hit blocks of South 24 Paraganas the panchayats and villages selected in these two blocks are given in the table below 3
  • 4. Block Panchayat Village Namkahana Mausuni Baliara Kusumtala Haripur Uttar Chandanpiri Dakshin Chandanpiri Dakshin Chandranagar Haripur Narayanpur Durga nagar Iswaripur Pathar Pratima G Plot Uttar Sitarampur Dakshin Sitarampur Buraburir tat Indrapur Gobordhanpur 3. Implementation strategy Project components • Beneficiary Identification and Registration. • Identification, orientation and management of volunteers. • Effective distribution of relief materials (shelters, Hygiene Kits etc.) • Public Health Promotion activity and coordination of hygiene awareness campaign • Follow-up visits to ensure that beneficiaries are properly utilizing the materials. • Coordination with local Govt., Panchayats or any other stakeholders. Activities designed • Coordination with local stakeholders and key persons. • Identification and Registration of affected families. • Identification and orientation of volunteers • Distribution of NFI kits • Follow-up visits to ensure that beneficiaries are properly utilizing the materials • Public Health Promotion activities thorough PHP volunteers • Dewatering and cleaning of ponds. • Emergency latrine construction. • Village cleaning • Tube well repairing 4
  • 5. Steps followed for the PHP • Identification and orientation of 60 PHP Volunteers. • Public Health Promotion activity for the affected family is going on the guidance of PHP of Oxfam India. • Inter-Personal Communication and house to house follow-up visits • Establishment of ORS Booths and distribution • Community Meetings • Schools activities • Awareness Campaigns 4. Beneficiaries The project targeted around 8000 households in four Panchayats of Namkhana and Pathar Pratima blocks. Among the total target families 5500 are from Namkhana block and rest 2500 from Pathar Pratima Block. Beneficiaries were selected after a detailed survey. Survey was carried out to asses and identifies the affected families. Only the affected families are treated as direct beneficiaries. The whole program was mostly designed for the primary beneficiaries. Though the program also carried out activities which helped other not so affected families i.e. secondary beneficiaries. Village cleaning, pond cleaning, Pond dewatering, tube well repairing, emergency latrine are such activities from which secondary beneficiaries got benefited. The table below gives details of the primary beneficiaries. Block Name of GPs Total Household Total target household Sl. 1 Mausuni Namkhana 2947 1612 2 Haripur Namkhana 5095 3117 3 Narayanpur Namkhana 827 827 4 G-Plot Pathar Pratima 3058 2430 11900 7986 The table below gives the details of families benefited from each activity and also estimated number of secondary beneficiaries is given. In case of emergency latrine and pond cleaning the owner of the land was treated as the primary beneficiaries and in case of tube well and village cleaning the rest of the families in the village who are not selected for NFI kit distribution are treated as secondary beneficiaries. 5
  • 6. Activity Number of primary Number of secondary Total beneficiary families beneficiary families Public Health Promotion 7986 4004 11990 NFI Kit Distribution 7986 0 7986 Pond dewatering and 165 3513 3678 cleaning Emergency latrine 40 462 502 construction Tube well repairing 3306 0 3306 Village cleaning 7986 4004 11990 Village representatives were selected in the beginning of the project. From each GP one such representatives were selected and they were involved in all stages of planning. Community meetings were organised and most of the critical decisions used to be taken from these meetings only. The participants list used to be prepared in the community meetings. The involvement of women in the planning and implementation was ensured trough sensitisation of the community in the meetings. All the places of emergency latrine was decided by the women members. Village cleaning is mostly done by the women. They took the leadership in the village cleaning. IPC for the PHP activity is mostly done through women. For this reason only INSS employed mostly women volunteers. 5. Project Progress: This section of the report elaborates the details of the each activity – progress, achievement, challenges faced, numbers, families benefited etc. 5.1. Pond Dewatering and Cleaning Due to the devastating storm Aila, ponds were contaminated with saline water and it lost the utility for household and farm use. So, it was needed to dewater so it can store the fresh rainwater and resume usage. Diesel driven pump sets are used for drying and simultaneously the cleaning operations carried out by the villagers. All the ponds were 6
  • 7. covered with leaves, straws and wooden parts of the tree. Those materials are cleaned manually. According to the guidance of PHE team of Oxfam India community meetings were organised to select some ponds in each village for dewatering and cleaning. By resolution and MoU with the pond owners and Panchayet Pradhan it was decided that the treated ponds (a specific number) would be used by nearby community members. By this process total 165 ponds were dewatered and cleaned for restoration of household water usage. Name of Village Name of GP No. of ponds No. Village wise dewatered Beneficiaries cost Haripur Haripur 12 1105 18496.90 Uttar Chandan 18 1545 27585.60 Piri Dakshin 15 1530 20247.50 Chandan Piri Dakshin 0 0 0 Chandra Nagar Durga Nagar Narayanpur 15 2500 26703.00 Iswaripur 14 2125 23849.00 Baliara Mousuni 17 2235 36471.25 Kusumtala 9 1295 22238.75 Uttar G-Plot 20 1530 52259.00 Sitarampur Dakshin 7 460 20870.00 Sitarampur Indrapur 29 3455 65311.00 Gobordhanpur 3 175 5160.00 Buraburir tat 6 435 10285.00 Total 165 18390 329477 Initial plan was to dewater 80 ponds in the area of operation with the approved budget. After completion of the initial plan, it was found that an amount is still unutilized from the budget and more ponds can be dewatered for full utilization of the approved budget. INSS discussed with Oxfam India and it was permitted to dewater more ponds. Finally, the target changed into 150 ponds but then also INSS could utilize its dewatering budget for dewatering of 165 ponds. This activity was mainly aimed towards the women as they used to travel long distance for fetching water for household use. The cleaning and dewatering of the ponds helped 7
  • 8. them to save lot of hazards and time to fetch water. That is why also women took part in the cleaning and dewatering process with the huge generosity. Nearly 70% female member participated in dewatering and cleaning programme. The whole planning and implementation was done with the involvement and participation of the people. Families learned how to dewater and clean ponds during the work. They are now confident to carry out the activity by their own. They also realized the needs of dewatering for their own use and methodology of pond cleaning. The challenges faced by the workforce to complete the activity are as under: • Transportation of machines from one pond to another pond. • There were more number of ponds highly salinated and hence villagers demanding more ponds to be dewatered but project could not respond all the demands. 5.2. Village Cleaning After the calamity of Aila all the villages were got polluted due to prolonged inundation as the most of the vegetative matter got decomposed. It used to smell and infectious and carrier of many diseases. Many places were water logged so stagnated water gave birth to many mosquitos. Cleaning of the locality was essential and villagers were also realised that. All the 13 villages were cleaned to restore hygienic condition. Community participated to clean their villages as a campaign. Female participation was 70%. They worked with local tools, racks and pot made with bamboo. During the cleaning programme local market, health centre, Schools, roads etc were also cleaned. The table below gives the details of the activity. Village Panchayat Days required Total Total mandays to clean participants Durga nagar Narayanpur 4 35 112 Iswaripur Narayanpur 4 25 100 Baliara Mousuni 3 63 129 Kusumtala Mousuni 3 31 71 Haripur Haripur 6 25 140 D. Chandanpiri Haripur 4 25 100 8
  • 9. U. Chandanpiri Haripur 4 25 100 Dakshin Haripur 2 24 48 Chandra nagar Gobordhanpur G-Plot 3 20 37 Buraburirtat G-Plot 5 25 65 D.Sitarampur G-Plot 6 50 140 U.Sitarampur G-Plot 9 58 202 Indrapur G-Plot 5 50 200.5 Total 58 456 1444.5 In the village meeting this is the issue that has been mostly raised by the women and they took part in tis activity with high enthusiasm. Female members of the affected villages felt the need of cleanliness of their village and they decided to participate the village cleaning programme with the male participants. The percentage of female participation was 70%. The table below gives the details of the workforce involved in the activity. Village Panchayat Total participants Male Female Durga nagar Narayanpur 35 9 26 Iswaripur Narayanpur 25 3 22 Baliara Mousuni 63 6 57 Kusumtala Mousuni 31 6 25 Haripur Haripur 25 25 0 D. Chandanpiri Haripur 25 25 0 U. Chandanpiri Haripur 25 25 0 Dakshin Chandra nagar Haripur 24 24 0 Gobordhanpur G-Plot 20 12 8 Buraburir tat G-Plot 25 10 15 D.Sitarampur G-Plot 50 9 41 U.Sitarampur G-Plot 58 39 19 Indrapur G-Plot 50 34 16 As the whole activity and the planning was done by the villagers and instruments are also arranged by them. They are now well equipped to carry out such program by their own. Only guidance during the day of the cleaning was given by the project staffs. Community people learnt the key message ‘Our village, we have duties to clean it.” They learnt that if they cleaned their villages properly, there would be a little bit chance of contamination of their surroundings and their health would be safe. 9
  • 10. After a massive devastation with Aila there were more and more garbages in each village to be cleaned. Oxfam- INSS tried to clean all the garbages from the roadside, health centres, schools, local market etc to provide safe surroundings to live and it was so challenging task. But there was more areas need to be cleaned to avoid spread of diseases. 5.3. Temporary Latrine Construction: Due to catastrophic situation by Aila community people got displaced from their houses and forced to stay on the highland places, i.e. roadside, riverbanks, high schools, flood centres cum FP schools etc. They needed temporary latrines. With an assessment three Gram Panchayats i.e. a) G-Plot, b) Mousuni and c) Narayanpur were selected to establish temporary latrine construction. The target was 40 units i.e. 80 no. of latrines. Community meetings were organised and the places for construction were identified. Community people actively participated to establish all latrines. The table below gives the details of the installed latrine. Name of Name of the No of units No of HH Total no User the GP Village /latrines benefited women committee constructed using at Displaced each unit Mousuni Baliara 12 83 276 Formed Mousuni Kusumtala 18 137 651 Formed Narayan Iswaripur 10 87 391 Formed Pur G-Plot U.Sitarampur 4 25 56 Formed G-Plot D.Sitarampur 28 130 280 Formed G-Plot Indrapur 8 40 94 Formed Total 80 502 1748 It was planned that each unit would be formed with two latrines. One was for ladies and the other for gents members of the community. After completion of each unit of latrine 10
  • 11. user groups were formed with female members and decided that only ladies and children would use all units. Above decision indicates that how well the gender perspective has been incorporated to implement this activity. After completion of each unit of latrines user committee was formed with female members of the community and they and their children were only using latrines. Construction of latrines was a new process to the community people. At first, a supervisor for latrine construction from each village was demonstrated on the process of latrine construction by Oxfam PHE team. Oxfam PHE team was also present on the first day of starting the latrine construction to guide the participants for constructing the units of latrines with a proper manner. All the user committees were also given a lesson on how they would use latrines and maintain hygiene. With a proper guidance and demonstration all the participants of latrine construction learned the methodology of temporary latrine construction and the female beneficiaries and children learned the process of using it. Afterwards they will be able to construct such kind latrine for maintaining health and hygiene. There were two kinds of challenges in latrine construction. One was before latrine construction and the other was after the construction. Before the construction it was found that the community people showed less interest to such a kind of latrine construction. Identification of location to construct the units of latrine was so difficult in the community meetings. Most of the people did not agree to give land for establishing such a kind of latrine. They had then a wrong idea about the construction. After constructing one or two latrine in each identified villages, situation changed and the demands of latrine construction rose so high among the community. Second problem was - project had a limited provision of latrines and also the transportation of the material was big challenge. Lot of time was spent to transport the materials to the construction place. On the other hand more number of such latrines were required. 11
  • 12. 5.4. Tube-well repairing: For the severe devastation by Aila, most of the tube-wells of Sundarbans got contaminated with saline water. Safe drinking water and using for other family purpose i.e. bathing, washing and for livestock was a big problem of the area. Repairing of the tube wells were the urgent need of the area and also of the community. Tube wells were identified and mechanics from community people involved in tube well repairing activities. Only the cases of minor repairing were handled with the project. Initial survey and community identified the tube wells which can be restored by minor interventions. The details of the tube wells repaired Gram Panchayet wise are as under Name of Gram Panchayet No.of tube-wells No.of people benefited Narayanpur 13 1350 Haripur 31 9304 Mousuni 17 3455 G-Plot 17 2425 Total 78 16534 This is the most demanding activity for the women as the drinking water collection is the task of the women. So restoration of tubewells has benefited the women most. One day training on tube-well repairing and maintenance was given to two participants from each of 13 villages. They were recommended by local Panchayats and INSS for the same. They were given tube well repairing tool kits to maintain tube wells of their localities for future. It was learned that a minor input could produce a big result. After repairing tube wells the use of quality and quantity of drinking water increased. The tube well repairing training and involvation in repairing activity gave the participants knowledge on repairing and maintenance of tube well for future. Transportation of materials for tube well repairing was very difficult. 12
  • 13. 5.5. NFI Kits Distribution: Due to a severe cyclone Aila a big part of Sundarban was damaged. Lakhs of people become shelter less, no food to live. The project made an assessment and decided to support the victims. It was observed that other agencies both Govt. and humanitarian agencies also engaged in the relief work. Most of the humanitarian agencies and Govt. support the victims with food items. So, Oxfam-INSS decided to give Non Food Item (NFI) to the cyclone affected people. It was also decided which items to be given maintaining conditions of public health and hygiene. It was decided that the entire distribution activities would be by two phases. Before distribution a detailed plan was prepared discussing with Oxfam-India. According to the plan distribution volunteers was selected and preposition activity was done on the day before the distribution day. On the distribution day PHP volunteers also engaged to share with each beneficiary about the using methods of each items. It was found that each distribution activity was completed within two or three hours with a proper guidance of Oxfam-India and heartiest cooperation of volunteers. Details of the families that received NFI kits are given as under Benefici Benefici NFI kits Kits for Total ICDS Total ary ary distribu displaced/ Name of target Kits Househ Covere Covere ted for poor GPs Benefici Distribu S old d( 1st d( 2nd School/ family(3rd ary ted l. Phase) Phase) ICDS phase) 1 Mausuni 2947 1612 1612 1612 19 344 3 Haripur 5095 3117 3117 3117 23 Narayan 17 7 pur 827 827 827 827 5 9 G-Plot 3058 2430 2430 2430 12 406 11900 7986 7986 7986 29 47 750 Each NFI kits for each family containing following items: 1st Pahse(12th June- 18th 2nd Phase ( 17th July to 3rd Phase June’09) 22nd July’09) Bucket with lid- 2 Impregnated Mosquito Net- Bathing soap- 4 pcs Mug -2 2 Aqua Tab- 120 pcs 13
  • 14. Tarpaulin – 1 Sanitary napkins- 1bag Sanitary cloth- 1 bag Ground Sheet- 1 Aqua tab – 180 pcs Aqua Tab – 60 pcs Bathing soap-4 pcs Ropes – 1 pcs ( 20 mtre) Bathing Soap- 2 Washing soap -2 It was planned that Oxfam-INSS would provide NFI kits to the targeted beneficiaries surveyed by INSS. During distribution some kits were also given to schools and ICDS on request and Oxfam India-INSS felt the need of distribution some kits containing bag, gum-boot, and umbrella to Anganwari workers of Namkhana Block and some kits containing Bucket, mug, soap to FP Schools and ICDS. It was decided for the cause of maintaining hygiene of school students. After completion of 2nd phase distribution, a 3rd phase distribution was added due to information regarding some unutilized fund on the same purpose from Oxfam India. It was planned that the target beneficiary would be only 750 families from displaced and poor. Female distribution volunteers also participated in the activity. It was found that female members of each family were maintaining their health and hygiene using NFI kits with a proper way and thus, they were helping to prevent Diarrhoea and malaria. One day training was given to distribution volunteers for maintaining distribution activity with proper manner. The entire distribution programme was a lesson to all participants. Oxfam India showed how to prepare for distribution, how to manage the entire programme and how to control over the crowd. All volunteers built up their capacity and able to provide services for future. The entire distribution programme was a great challenge to Oxfam-INSS. All the villages were in the remotest corner of Sundarban. So, transportation of distribution items was so 14
  • 15. difficult. All volunteers were new and they always needed guidance from Oxfam-INSS. Controlling over the crowd of beneficiary during the distribution was also so challenging. 5.6. PHP activity: After the devastating storm Aila, many diseases started to hamper the lives of the affected people, Diarrhoea broke down in most of the Aila affected areas, to prevent human being from these adverse effects, the Public Health Promotion (PHP) activity’s initiative was taken. PHP activity is definitely a very essential part of the program, PHP volunteers’ identification and their training programs were done to serve the purpose. There are total 60 volunteers in this activity. The table below gives the details of the sub activities. Sub activity Number Families benefited/participated HH Visit 7986 7986 Village Campaigning 27 3728 ORS Booth 88 Nearly 8000 families Banner 390 Nearly 70000 families Community Meeting 1603 19236 participants User Committee for 40 280 Latrine The PHP volunteers started door to door visits, to sensitize people about sanitation, the use of Non Food Items (NFI) materials provided to them, which are mainly meant for sanitation. Campaigns were organized with children and women to promote knowledge about sanitation. Many games related to sanitations were played with all the children and women. Speech of respectable persons was invited, street plays, puppet show, recitation and drawing events were organised. ORS booths were installed in the affected areas. Families affected by any digestive track problem used to visit those booths and ORS and proper guidance of the usage of the ORS used to be provided from these booths. This activity could stop the outbreak of Diarrhoea. 15
  • 16. Demonstrations of different sanitation and hygienic issues were given to the villagers by the PHP volunteers during the household visit. The usage of NFI items was also discussed. This helped people to understand how to be protected from all the diseases. Then again the school children were advised about some more sanitary uses, like how to wash their hands, cut their nails etc. The children learned all these from the different games related to sanitation. School teachers also took part in these programs. FGD or Focus Group Discussion and daily Group Discussion were organised, to promote and exercise the knowledge. Hoardings and banners were displayed in different high footfall areas of the villages. The user committees for each emergency latrine was formed and sensitised. They also received trainings about the proper maintenance of the latrines. Women volunteers were more acceptable by the society as there was need of door to door visits and they had to go for the same. In the whole PHP activity, PHP volunteers were mainly female. Trainings were given to the PHP volunteers about sanitation and use of the distributed kits and ORS. Then the PHP volunteers demonstrated all those matters to villagers in time of NFI kits distribution, in ORS booths, in door to door visits and whenever the village people needed that. There were lots of thing leaned from the PHP program, about the entire issue of sanitation, hand washing, use of aqua tabs, use of sanitary napkins by women, use of latrines and it’s maintenance etc. The village people came to know about these issues of sanitation and happily carrying those as the lessons are preventing them from diseases. Challenges faced Challenges which were really faced is about the use of aqua tabs, people disliked the taste of water after using aqua tabs, it was really hard to make them understand about the utility of aqua tabs, but finally the PHP volunteers were able to make them understand, and now most of the villagers are practiced to aqua tabs and use it regularly 16
  • 17. w ith the proper process. Thus the program is coming back with flying colors as the main motto of the PHP activity; to protect people from diseases is fulfilled now. 6. Program Support 6.1. Monitoring and evaluation Mainly the project used to be monitored by joint effort of INSS and OXFAM. Team members of both the institutions involved in the daily visit in the villages after the distribution. Random checking and household visits used to take place every day. Usage of the distributed materials also checked during the individual household visits. Weekly report needs to be prepared in both PHP and PHE activities. The number of families suffering from any diseases used to be checked and reported in this repports. Other than this regular systems OXFAM has designed a post distribution monitoring exercise where 10% randomly selected families were questioned through a well designed questionnaire. Oxfam also carried out a evaluation study of the whole activity. 6.2. Logistics Central warehouse was created in Dayarampur and also managed by Oxfam. From there materials used to transported in three village warehouse in Namkahana, G-plot and Ramganga. From the village warehouse materials get transported to the distribution centers before the day of distribution. If any materials undistributed again those are taken back in the village warehouse. Five warehouse assistants used to handle the village ware house. On the day of distribution volunteers, FO of INSS and OXFAM team used to work simultaneously. PHP volunteers used to take sessions with all the recipients about the need and usage of the materials distributed. Ware house assistants were also responsible for the materials of PHE work. Other than Durganagar village rest 12 villages needs to be reached by river transport. Boats are hired to transport the material. Project also got support from the local 17
  • 18. government as they subsidized fair of one side of the river vessel for relief material transportation. Major problems faced in the logistics are as under • As mentioned most of the villages are river bounded transportation was very problematic and used to have three to four break journeys. • Material loss was an issue due to hectic transport. • Many times time factor was a big problem for the transportation. Materials reached villages/islands after the sunset and transportation then onwards was a huge problem. 6.3. Human resource Two sets of human resourse was involved in the implementation of the project. Program staffs were paid on monthly basis whereas the volunteers are paid on daily basis. There are two sets of volunteers which are PHP volunteers and distribution volunteers. The detail of the human resource used in the project is given in the tables below. Programme Staffs Sl. No. Designation No. of Persons Male Female 01 Coordinator 1 1 02 Asst. Coordinator 1 1 03 Field Officer 4 3 1 04 W.H. Assistant 5 5 05 Accountant 1 1 Total 12 11 1 Volunteers Sl. No. Designation No.of Persons Male Female 01 PHP volunteers 60 11 49 02 Distribution Volunteers 109 96 13 Total 169 107 62 7. Outcome and impact The direct outcome observed after and during the project are given as under • Through PHP activity the disease outbreak could be stopped. • Village cleaning program helped to reduce the number of mosquitoes. • Mosquito net also helped to stop the spread of Malaria. 18
  • 19. • Dewatering of ponds helped the ponds to restore and people resumed use pond water for bathing and other purpose. • Tubewell repairing is proved as one of the major instrumental activity. As it provided most crucial safe drinking water and also reduced the hazards of women from long distance water fetching. • Emergency latrine helped the displaced families to dispose safely. Women member of the disposed families could use the latrine and maintain their dignity of life. It also stopped spread of germs due to safe disposal. • Door to door visit and other way of campaigning helped the affected families to increase awareness on basic health and hygiene issues of life. It has also a indirect bearing on the spread of diseases. 8. Beneficiary feedback Name of the beneficiary: Mrs. Pratima Dhali, w/o Mr. Prasanta Dhali, Village-Uttarchandanpiri GP-Haripur Block- Naamkhana On 25th of May when the devastating storm Aila was shattering all the houses, cattle and everything the beneficiary Mrs. Pratima Dhali started to have her labor pain, she was taken to the nearby temple as the storm demolished her home within a little time. In the temple she gave birth to a girl child, then she was taken to flood relief centre. Then the distribution program of Cyclone Aila response program, 2009 by OXFAM-INSS started. The beneficiary’s family got the distribution card and they got the NFI items. With the help of the items they made their house worth living, with the other items they were able to live a life with sanitation and the problem of drinking water was at an end and thus the diseases were under control. Even after that they came in contact with the PHP volunteers and queried everything about the sanitation about her family. They got back their habilitation and are very happy in their family life and kept the name “Rachana” to her daughter, which means to construct something, which is very relevant with their situation as they are reconstructing their lives with what only they were given in time of OXFAM-INSS distribution. Name of the beneficiary: Momedon Biwi, W/o Mahin Khan, Village: Kusumtala village, GP- Mousuni Block- Namkhana The family of the beneficiary was migrated from other area, so they had to go for latrines in the embankments of river, which was very unhygienic and of course a matter of shyness to specially the women. After the devastating storm Aila came, it became more 19
  • 20. problematic to them to even response on the nature’s call. The Cyclone Aila response program, 2009 came as a solution to their problem. Latrine was constructed for them, user’s group was made for maintaining the latrines, and the user group was mainly made with women. This way the family members of the beneficiary, community people and especially the women were helped. As a result hygiene and sanitation matters were promoted in their lives. Name of the beneficiary: Mr. Subal Betal Village Uttar Sitarampur GP=G PLOT Mr. Subal Betal was a displaced house holder, who had a beautiful muddy habilitation. But the giant cyclone Aila shattered the life of his eleven family members. After Aila as a migrant family they had to live near Launch Ghat, then at INSS flood relief camp. When the beneficiary got the distributed materials by OXFAM, with those things he made a shelter inside the health quarter. Mr. Betal also informed they are using aqua tabs regularly and maintaining the safe water chain. And he also told that the instructions of the PHP volunteers are helping them to stay aloof from all the diseases. According to his view I.E.C. materials which were distributed and other PHP door to door visit program helped him and his family to live a life after he lost everything in the devastating storm Aila. And he thanked both OXFAM and INSS for that. Name of the beneficiary: Mr. Sripati Guchait Residing at- Indrapur, GP- G plot, Mr. Guchait was happy in his life before the devastating storm Aila, but the storm has snatched his home, property and the only pond he had near Indrapur Jeevan Krishna SSK had been fulfilled with saline water, the trees which were beside the pond fell down in the pond, bank of the pond was broken. The houses around the pond the students of J.K.S.S.K. faced real problem for that. And pollution caused for all these things. But the cyclone Aila Response program came as a blessing to him, after dewatering and cleaning of his own pond he again got the chance to use his pond. So they are very thankful to INSS and OXFAM. 20
  • 21. 9. Photo Album Devastation by Cyclone Aila at G-Plot GP Devastation by Cyclone Aila at Narayanpur Oxfam Team visiting a devastating area of Sundarbans 21 PHP activity continuing with children PHP activity continuing with village Public health Promotion Volunteers with Sharing Meeting with Aila Response team of campaigning, Mousuni GP atnagar village ,Narayanpur GPdisplacedat Baliara village at Durga G-Plot beneficiaries at G-Plot PHP team of Oxfam Kits Distribution family at G-Plot MeetingNFI with a INSS Volunteers with Distribution Meeting with BDO, Namkhana Block Distribution of NFI Kits at G-Plot
  • 22. PHP activity continuing with Focus Group PHP activity continuing with students by a Discussion with female members of PHP Volunteer at Durga nagar village PHP activity continuing with a rally by Narayanpur GP. Dr. Mamata present there. Bholanath Patra, FO- Mousuni GP at Baliara village Pond dewatering is continuing at G-Plot Gram Pond dewatering and cleaning is continuing at Panchayet area. Narayanpur Gram Panchayet area. Construction of Temporary Latrine at G-Plot Construction of Temporary Latrine at GP of Pathar Pratima Block Namkhana Block . 22 Village cleaning is continuing at G-Plot Gram Narayanpur Gram Panchayet of Pratima Block Panchayet of PatharNamkhana Block
  • 23. Village cleaning is continuing at Durga nagar Repaired tube well at Narayanpur GP of Repaired tube well at Mousuni GP of Namkhana Block Namkhana Block Repaired tube well is checkingby a PHE team member of Water testing by a PHE Team member of Oxfam at Narayanpur GPNamkhana Block Oxfam at Haripur GP of of Namkhana Block. Dr. Mamata present there. Construction of Temporary Latrine at Iswaripur village of Narayanpur GP of Namkhana Block 23
  • 24. A Group Picture of Aila Response Team of Evaluation team from RedR India met with INSS with RedR India Ream and Oxfam at Medical Officer at G- Plot Namkhana INSS office Seppi Sebastian from Oxfam India visited the Cyclone Aila Response Area of Namkhana A Group Picture of Cyclone Aila Response A Group Picture of Cyclone Aila Response team during the Learning Session at Bakkhali team in front of INSS office of Namkhana of Namkhana Block Block 10. Financial report: (attached separately detailed in excel sheet) 24

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