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Airbus A320 simulator flight
Preparation and lecture for DACP screening

Yuuji Izumo Jacklyn Wu
IVAO HK
Standing Committee...
Objective
• To understand the requirements of the DACP
simulator assessment
• To have a basic idea of the Airbus flight co...
What we are not going to do
• To teach any Standard Operating Procedures
• To teach how to fly an airliner

IVAOHK
What we are going to do
• Read and interpret the instrument
• Watch demonstration
• Learn how to handle the aircraft

IVAO...
Flight Simulator?

IVAOHK
Everyone here will be
invited to Cathay City

and fly a real Dragonair
A320 Simulator!

IVAOHK
The simulator

IVAOHK
Follow instructions

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Primary Flight Display (PFD)
& Navigation Display (ND)

IVAOHK
Sidestick & Steering Hand Wheels(Tiller)

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Rudder & Brake pedal

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Thrust Levers

IVAOHK
Overhead panel

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Park Brake switch &
Flaps Lever
IVAOHK
Mechanical Flight Control Systems

IVAOHK
Fly by wire Flight Control Systems

IVAOHK
Primary Flight Display (PFD)
& Navigation Display (ND)

IVAOHK
Flight parameters are displayed on
Primary Flight Displays (PFD)
while navigation data is displayed on
Navigation Displays...
ND gives the pilots a
visual presentation of
where the aircraft is in
relation to Airfields,
Navaids, just like a map.
It ...
Flight parameters are displayed on
Primary Flight Displays (PFD)
and intergraded few tradition component into one DU

Prim...
The Artificial Horizon is in MIDDLE

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Indicated Air Speed on the left

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Altimeter tape on the right

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Also the Vertical Speed Indicator

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The Primary Flight
display, displays all the
normal Primary Flight
indications.
• Attitude,
• Airspeed,
• Altitude,
• Vert...
Indicators are laid
out in a
classic instrument
“T” configuration.

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Like what you can see on
GAs

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The upper part of
the display is
known as the
Flight Mode
Annunciator
(FMA)

IVAOHK
When below
2500 feet above
ground, a digital

Radio Altimeter
(RA)
is displayed

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Attitude information
is shown at the
center of the display

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The attitude indicator works
in the normal sense
The aircraft is represented
by 3 black and yellow
symbols which remain fi...
Sky Pointer

The Sky Pointer
moves against a fixed
scale to show angle of
bank.
The name is selfexplanatory, it always
poi...
Side Slip
Index

Below the roll index is
the Side Slip Index
This index moves to
indicate side slip and
replaces the balan...
10 degrees

20 degrees

30 degrees

In this example the
aircraft is in a 20 degree
banked turn to the left with
a nose up ...
The attitude indicator works
in the normal sense
The aircraft is represented
by 3 black and yellow
symbols which remain fi...
IVAOHK
HEADING 091

The compass display is
very conventional
The gray scale moves
against a fixed yellow line
which represents th...
TRACK 094

The small green diamond
represents the aircraft track, and
it is normally referred to as the
TRACK DIAMOND
In t...
A selected heading
may appear either
as;
• a blue figure, on
the appropriate side
on the compass
scale or

• a blue triang...
On the FCU there is a
Heading selector, with
an indicator, that is
linked to the selected
heading indication on
the PFD co...
All the indications
associated with Altitude are
located on the right hand side
of the PFD

CLB

NAV

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Altimeter

Vertical Speed

The main part of the
display is dedicated to the
Altimeter. To the far right
is the Vertical Sp...
In the final stage of
an approach the
ground reference
ribbon will reappear
along with a landing
elevation line
Landing El...
Target Altitude

The vertical speed
indication is showing a rate
of descent of 800 feet/
minute
Also notice that the targe...
The Speed scale moves behind a fixed yellow reference
line and triangle. In the example shown the indicated
airspeed is st...
When the aircraft is
accelerating, or
decelerating a
Speed Trend Arrow
appears

This arrow shows
the value that will be
at...
Speed Selector and
Indication

Selected Target
Airspeed

Manual speed
selection is achieved by
a rotary selector on the
FC...
However, if
Autothrust is
engaged, you won’t
need to move the
thrust lever to control
the speed.
In the assessment
Autothr...
The Assessment

IVAOHK
Taxy

IVAOHK
Use the tiller to turn.
Be smooth during
the turns.
You don’t need to
touch the sidestick.
Idle thrust is enough
for taxy....
Take off

IVAOHK
For departure,
usually CONF
1+F(corresponds to
the “1” on the handle)
or 2 used.
The instructor may
set the flaps for you....
The Thrust Lever has
several detents. They are:
IDLE
CL(Climb)
FLX/MCT
(Flex/Maximum
Continuous Thrust)
TOGA
(Take Off/Go ...
Push the stick forward
during the take off roll until
80 knots.(Half stick
forward)
Neutral the stick
between 80-100 knots...
You will see a flashing
“LVR CLB”(Lever Climb)
on the FMA when passing
1,500 feet.
Pull the Thrust Lever to
the CLB(Climb)...
250

Target Speed

240

220
200
S
180
160

Minimum Slat retraction speed
S Speed
The aircraft is now above
S speed, and is...
THE MOST IMPORTANT PART

IVAOHK
You have control.
I have control.

IVAOHK
Each side stick is fitted
with a red Take-over
pushbutton.
Autopilot is disconnected
if the button is pressed.
Press twice...
If both sidesticks are being moved at
the same time, the pilot flying can keep
pressing the Take-over pushbutton to
gain c...
When the Flight Director
is selected
Flight Director
indications are on the
attitude indicator

IVAOHK
Notice that there is an
indication on the FMA when the
Flight Directors are switched on

IVAOHK
Flight Director Roll Bar

Vertical =
Roll Bar
Horizontal line =
Pitch Bar
Flight Director Pitch bar

IVAOHK
Pitch up directed

Roll to the right directed

IVAOHK
Pitch up directed

Roll to the right directed

In this example the FD is
directing a pitch up and roll to the
right
Once t...
Approach and Landing
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The Localizer indicator
indicates the aircraft’s
horizontal position
relative to the centreline
of the runway.(Left or
rig...
When the aircraft decelerates
to Green Dot Speed and below
VFE next, Flap 1 can now be
selected.

240
280
=

VFE Next

Not...
Flap Limit speed, VFE

240
220
=
220 =
200
o

200
180

The speed will
decrease towards S
speed

VFE Next

S

Once the flap...
Notice that at S speed the
aircraft is below the limit
speed for the next flap
setting, VFE Next
Flap 2 can now be
selecte...
220
220
200
200 =
=
180
S
180
160 F
160
140

Flap Limit speed, VFE
VFE Next

F speed

140
IVAOHK

As soon as the flap leve...
220
200
180
160
140

Flap Limit speed, VFE

=

VFE Next

F
V Approach Speed

IVAOHK

Notice that the approach
speed target...
As before VFE
Next and VFE move
to reflect the new
flap position

220
200
Flap Limit speed, VFE

200
180 =
180
160
160
140...
200
160
180 =
140
160 F
120
140
100
120

The aircraft will
eventually stabilize at
Approach speed and
the VFE will be
adju...
A lot to memorize?
• The most important part: FOLLOW the FD
• Enjoy the flight

IVAOHK
Contact us
http://ivao.hk

IVAOHK
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Dragonair Certificate Programme 2014 A320 Screening Flight

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No notes for slide
  • Oh good10 years I am already know what to do
  • Time for PFD! Flight parameters are displayed on Primary Flight Displays (PFD) and intergraded few tradition component into one DU
  • Center = axle of the plane
  • ----- Meeting Notes (16/02/2011 21:31) -----
  • Bottom of PFD, something like ruler
  • Transcript of "Dragonair Certificate Programme 2014 A320 Screening Flight"

    1. 1. Airbus A320 simulator flight Preparation and lecture for DACP screening Yuuji Izumo Jacklyn Wu IVAO HK Standing Committee on Aviation Resource and Education Development IVAOHK
    2. 2. Objective • To understand the requirements of the DACP simulator assessment • To have a basic idea of the Airbus flight control system • To practise the assessment via personal computer flight simulator IVAOHK
    3. 3. What we are not going to do • To teach any Standard Operating Procedures • To teach how to fly an airliner IVAOHK
    4. 4. What we are going to do • Read and interpret the instrument • Watch demonstration • Learn how to handle the aircraft IVAOHK
    5. 5. Flight Simulator? IVAOHK
    6. 6. Everyone here will be invited to Cathay City and fly a real Dragonair A320 Simulator! IVAOHK
    7. 7. The simulator IVAOHK
    8. 8. Follow instructions IVAOHK
    9. 9. Primary Flight Display (PFD) & Navigation Display (ND) IVAOHK
    10. 10. Sidestick & Steering Hand Wheels(Tiller) IVAOHK
    11. 11. Rudder & Brake pedal IVAOHK
    12. 12. Thrust Levers IVAOHK
    13. 13. Overhead panel IVAOHK
    14. 14. Park Brake switch & Flaps Lever IVAOHK
    15. 15. Mechanical Flight Control Systems IVAOHK
    16. 16. Fly by wire Flight Control Systems IVAOHK
    17. 17. Primary Flight Display (PFD) & Navigation Display (ND) IVAOHK
    18. 18. Flight parameters are displayed on Primary Flight Displays (PFD) while navigation data is displayed on Navigation Displays(ND) PFD1 ND1 ND2 IVAOHK PFD2
    19. 19. ND gives the pilots a visual presentation of where the aircraft is in relation to Airfields, Navaids, just like a map. It can also function as an HSI or RMI, under VOR mode or LS mode. The yellow icon at the bottom depicts the aircraft while the green line represents the planned flight path viewed from above. IVAOHK
    20. 20. Flight parameters are displayed on Primary Flight Displays (PFD) and intergraded few tradition component into one DU Primary Flight Display IVAOHK
    21. 21. The Artificial Horizon is in MIDDLE IVAOHK
    22. 22. Indicated Air Speed on the left IVAOHK
    23. 23. Altimeter tape on the right IVAOHK
    24. 24. Also the Vertical Speed Indicator IVAOHK
    25. 25. The Primary Flight display, displays all the normal Primary Flight indications. • Attitude, • Airspeed, • Altitude, • Vertical Speed, • Heading and Track IVAOHK
    26. 26. Indicators are laid out in a classic instrument “T” configuration. IVAOHK
    27. 27. Like what you can see on GAs IVAOHK
    28. 28. The upper part of the display is known as the Flight Mode Annunciator (FMA) IVAOHK
    29. 29. When below 2500 feet above ground, a digital Radio Altimeter (RA) is displayed IVAOHK
    30. 30. Attitude information is shown at the center of the display IVAOHK
    31. 31. The attitude indicator works in the normal sense The aircraft is represented by 3 black and yellow symbols which remain fixed Just like looking the aircraft from the back IVAOHK
    32. 32. Sky Pointer The Sky Pointer moves against a fixed scale to show angle of bank. The name is selfexplanatory, it always points to the sky. IVAOHK
    33. 33. Side Slip Index Below the roll index is the Side Slip Index This index moves to indicate side slip and replaces the balance indicator(the ball). IVAOHK
    34. 34. 10 degrees 20 degrees 30 degrees In this example the aircraft is in a 20 degree banked turn to the left with a nose up pitch attitude of 10 degrees IVAOHK
    35. 35. The attitude indicator works in the normal sense The aircraft is represented by 3 black and yellow symbols which remain fixed Just like looking the aircraft from the back IVAOHK
    36. 36. IVAOHK
    37. 37. HEADING 091 The compass display is very conventional The gray scale moves against a fixed yellow line which represents the centerline of the aircraft In the example shown the aircraft is heading 091 degrees IVAOHK
    38. 38. TRACK 094 The small green diamond represents the aircraft track, and it is normally referred to as the TRACK DIAMOND In the example shown the track is 094 degrees which means that the aircraft has 3 degrees of drift to the right IVAOHK
    39. 39. A selected heading may appear either as; • a blue figure, on the appropriate side on the compass scale or • a blue triangle IVAOHK
    40. 40. On the FCU there is a Heading selector, with an indicator, that is linked to the selected heading indication on the PFD compass Target Heading Selector and Indicator IVAOHK
    41. 41. All the indications associated with Altitude are located on the right hand side of the PFD CLB NAV IVAOHK
    42. 42. Altimeter Vertical Speed The main part of the display is dedicated to the Altimeter. To the far right is the Vertical Speed display IVAOHK
    43. 43. In the final stage of an approach the ground reference ribbon will reappear along with a landing elevation line Landing Elevation Line FL 70 Ground Reference Ribbon 30.08 STD QNH IVAOHK
    44. 44. Target Altitude The vertical speed indication is showing a rate of descent of 800 feet/ minute Also notice that the target altitude has been set to 9000 feet. FL 70 7000 Vertical Speed 800ft/min 30.08 STD QNH IVAOHK
    45. 45. The Speed scale moves behind a fixed yellow reference line and triangle. In the example shown the indicated airspeed is steady at 250 knots IVAOHK
    46. 46. When the aircraft is accelerating, or decelerating a Speed Trend Arrow appears This arrow shows the value that will be attained in 10 seconds if the ac(de) celeration remains constant Speed Trend Arrow IVAOHK
    47. 47. Speed Selector and Indication Selected Target Airspeed Manual speed selection is achieved by a rotary selector on the FCU panel IVAOHK
    48. 48. However, if Autothrust is engaged, you won’t need to move the thrust lever to control the speed. In the assessment Autothrust is engaged for you. IVAOHK
    49. 49. The Assessment IVAOHK
    50. 50. Taxy IVAOHK
    51. 51. Use the tiller to turn. Be smooth during the turns. You don’t need to touch the sidestick. Idle thrust is enough for taxy. Use brakes if necessary. IVAOHK
    52. 52. Take off IVAOHK
    53. 53. For departure, usually CONF 1+F(corresponds to the “1” on the handle) or 2 used. The instructor may set the flaps for you. IVAOHK
    54. 54. The Thrust Lever has several detents. They are: IDLE CL(Climb) FLX/MCT (Flex/Maximum Continuous Thrust) TOGA (Take Off/Go Around) Push the Thrust Lever to FLX/MCT detent for take off IVAOHK
    55. 55. Push the stick forward during the take off roll until 80 knots.(Half stick forward) Neutral the stick between 80-100 knots. Keep the plane straight using the rudder pedals. When you hear “Rotate”, gently pull the stick. (About 2/3 backstick) On reaching 15 degrees of pitch, follow the Flight Directors(Green Cross). IVAOHK
    56. 56. You will see a flashing “LVR CLB”(Lever Climb) on the FMA when passing 1,500 feet. Pull the Thrust Lever to the CLB(Climb) detent. It is “one-click”below the “FLX” detent. LVR CLB IVAOHK
    57. 57. 250 Target Speed 240 220 200 S 180 160 Minimum Slat retraction speed S Speed The aircraft is now above S speed, and is accelerating, so the flaps can be fully retracted Call “Flaps zero” for flaps retraction. IVAOHK
    58. 58. THE MOST IMPORTANT PART IVAOHK
    59. 59. You have control. I have control. IVAOHK
    60. 60. Each side stick is fitted with a red Take-over pushbutton. Autopilot is disconnected if the button is pressed. Press twice to cancel audible warning IVAOHK
    61. 61. If both sidesticks are being moved at the same time, the pilot flying can keep pressing the Take-over pushbutton to gain control. The arrow points left showing that the Captain has control. Avoid moving the sidestick when another pilot is having control. IVAOHK
    62. 62. When the Flight Director is selected Flight Director indications are on the attitude indicator IVAOHK
    63. 63. Notice that there is an indication on the FMA when the Flight Directors are switched on IVAOHK
    64. 64. Flight Director Roll Bar Vertical = Roll Bar Horizontal line = Pitch Bar Flight Director Pitch bar IVAOHK
    65. 65. Pitch up directed Roll to the right directed IVAOHK
    66. 66. Pitch up directed Roll to the right directed In this example the FD is directing a pitch up and roll to the right Once the aircraft has achieved the required pitch and bank the Flight Director bars will once again be centralised Now let’s look at the airspeed indications on the PFD IVAOHK
    67. 67. Approach and Landing IVAOHK
    68. 68. The Localizer indicator indicates the aircraft’s horizontal position relative to the centreline of the runway.(Left or right) The Glideslope indicator indicates the aircraft’s vertical position relative to a 3 degrees profile to the runway.(High or Low) IVAOHK
    69. 69. When the aircraft decelerates to Green Dot Speed and below VFE next, Flap 1 can now be selected. 240 280 = VFE Next Note that a target speed of 140 knots has appeared. This represents the approach speed target 220 260 o 200 240 = 180 220 o 140 IVAOHK
    70. 70. Flap Limit speed, VFE 240 220 = 220 = 200 o 200 180 The speed will decrease towards S speed VFE Next S Once the flap lever is in position 1, S Speed, VFE Next and the Flap limit speed indications will appear S Speed 180 160 140 IVAOHK
    71. 71. Notice that at S speed the aircraft is below the limit speed for the next flap setting, VFE Next Flap 2 can now be selected 220 200 = 180 VFE Next S S Speed 160 140 IVAOHK
    72. 72. 220 220 200 200 = = 180 S 180 160 F 160 140 Flap Limit speed, VFE VFE Next F speed 140 IVAOHK As soon as the flap lever is in position 2 , S Speed is removed. F Speed, and a new VFE Next indications will appear. The Flap limit speed will move to a new limit. Landing gear can lowered, when the aircraft is 2,500 feet AGL.
    73. 73. 220 200 180 160 140 Flap Limit speed, VFE = VFE Next F V Approach Speed IVAOHK Notice that the approach speed target, V Approach, has now appeared as a magenta triangle. The aircraft will continue decelerating towards F speed. By reducing towards F speed the aircraft will be below the VFE for the next flap setting. Flap 3 can now be set
    74. 74. As before VFE Next and VFE move to reflect the new flap position 220 200 Flap Limit speed, VFE 200 180 = 180 160 160 140 VFE Next = F F 140 120 IVAOHK Flap full can now be selected
    75. 75. 200 160 180 = 140 160 F 120 140 100 120 The aircraft will eventually stabilize at Approach speed and the VFE will be adjusted. There are indications associated with speed and angle of attack protections Protection speeds IVAOHK
    76. 76. A lot to memorize? • The most important part: FOLLOW the FD • Enjoy the flight IVAOHK
    77. 77. Contact us http://ivao.hk IVAOHK
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