Whenever an author posts anything on the Internet, he or she should reasonably expect that it will be read, downloaded, printed out, forwarded, and even used as the basis for other works to some degree. So, just by posting, an author impliedly grants a limited license to use her work in this manner.
A Creative Commons licensor answers a few simple questions on the path to choosing a license — first, do I want to allow commercial use or not, and then second, do I want to allow derivative works or not? If a licensor decides to allow derivative works, she may also choose to require that anyone who uses the work — we call them licensees — to make that new work available under the same license terms. We call this idea “ShareAlike” and it is one of the mechanisms that (if chosen) helps the digital commons grow over time. ShareAlike is inspired by the GNU General Public License, used by many free and open source software projects.
The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA)
Copyright Clearance Center - http://www.copyright.com/
Alfredo alvarado ppt edtc6340 modified_w3
Understanding the rules
What is copyright? It is a legal concept, enacted by mostgovernments, giving the creator exclusive rights to it. Generally, it is “ the right to copy”, but alsogives the copyright holder the right to be credited forthe work, to determine who may adapt the work toother forms, who may perform the work, who mayfinancially benefit from it, and other related rights.
This is your right as a copyright owner The Copyright Act gives all authors a set of rights that only they may exercise. These include the right to make copies, to prepare derivative works, to publicly distribute, display and perform the work, and in the case of digital sound recordings, to perform the works over a digital network.
What you need to know aboutcopyright protection… Many people assume that everything posted on the Internet is public domain, probably because our law used to protect published works only if they displayed the proper copyright notice upon publication. The law, however, has changed: neither publication nor a notice of any kind is required to protect works today.
The facts Simply putting the pen to the paper or in theelectronic medium, putting the fingers to the savekey creates a copyrighted work. Once expression iscommitted to a tangible medium (and computermedia is considered tangible), copyright protection isautomatic. So, postings of all kinds are protected thesame as published printed works.
Implied and express licenses to useInternet materials You can easily give your works an express license by attaching a Creative Commons license to the materials you post on your Website, or upload to other sites. Its easy and it sends the message that you want your materials to be part of the flow of creativity.
License design and rationale using Creative CommonsAll Creative Commons licenses have many importantfeatures in common. Every license helps creators — wecall them licensors if they use these tools — retaincopyright while allowing others to copy, distribute, andmake some uses of their work — at least non-commercially. Every Creative Commons license alsoensures licensors get the credit for their work theydeserve.
Creative Commons licenses Every Creative Commons license works aroundthe world and lasts as long as applicable copyright lasts(because they are built on copyright). These common features serve as the baseline, ontop of which licensors can choose to grant additionalpermissions when deciding how they want their work tobe used.
Liability for posting infringing works The proliferation of RIAA lawsuits against individuals for peer-to-peer file-sharing make clear that individuals can be liable for their own actions when they copy and distribute others copyrighted works without permission.
Fair use and its role? Fair use is the right, in some circumstances, to quotecopyrighted material without asking permission or payingfor it. Fair use enables the creation of new culture, andkeeps current copyright holders from being privatecensors. With the Washington College of Law, the Centerfor Social Media creates tools for creators, teachers, andresearchers to better use their fair use rights.
Fair use role… Fair use plays a critical role in the analog world where duplicating technology is cumbersome and authors make money by controlling copies. It balances authors rights to reasonable compensation with the publics rights to the ideas contained in copyrighted works.
Getting permission Assuming the work you wish to use is protected, the work has not been licensed for your use online, and your use is not a fair use or otherwise exempt from liability for infringement, you need permission. Check the Copyright Clearance Center("CCC") first. If the work you want to use is registered with the CCC, you can get permission instantly for most materials. If your institution subscribes to the academic license and your work is covered, you dont have to do anything -- your use is covered.
Mass Digitization of LibraryCollections is revealing a treasure trove of heretoforobscured works, works in the public domain that can beshared broadly with the public, and orphan works, thosestill protected, but whose copyright owners areunknown, unable to be located, or unresponsive.
What you need to know aboutorphan works and public domain Orphan Works are those books, records, images, compositions, manuscripts, mov ies, screenplays, painting and drawings, in short, any work protected by copyright whose owner cannot be determined or located or who does not respond when contacted.
The public Domain Public Domain is considered if a work is publishedwithout proper notice (name of publisher and date) during certaintime frames (1923-1989), it becomes part of the public domain. Ifit is not published, or if it is published after 1989 withoutindication of the author is, its protection is automatic and lasts forthe life of the author plus 70 years in the U.S. (and longer in somecountries).
Conclusion When you use others’ creative expressions, set time aside to understand copyrights and licenses rules that are linked to their original creation.