Whenever an author posts anything on the Internet, he or she should reasonably expect that it will be read, downloaded, printed out, forwarded, and even used as the basis for other works to some degree. So, just by posting, an author impliedly grants a limited license to use her work in this manner.
A Creative Commons licensor answers a few simple questions on the path to choosing a license — first, do I want to allow commercial use or not, and then second, do I want to allow derivative works or not? If a licensor decides to allow derivative works, she may also choose to require that anyone who uses the work — we call them licensees — to make that new work available under the same license terms. We call this idea “ShareAlike” and it is one of the mechanisms that (if chosen) helps the digital commons grow over time. ShareAlike is inspired by the GNU General Public License, used by many free and open source software projects.
The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA)
Copyright Clearance Center - http://www.copyright.com/
Alfredo alvarado ppt edtc6340
Understanding the rules
CopyrightIt is a legal concept, enacted by most governments,giving the creator exclusive rights to it. Generally, it is “ the right to copy”, but also gives thecopyright holder the right to be credited for the work, todetermine who may adapt the work to other forms, whomay perform the work, who may financially benefit fromit, and other related rights.
Your rights as a copyright ownerThe Copyright Act gives all authors a set of rights thatonly they may exercise. These include the right tomake copies, to prepare derivative works, to publiclydistribute, display and perform the work, and in thecase of digital sound recordings, to perform the worksover a digital network.
Copyright protectionMany people assume that everything posted on theInternet is public domain, probably because our law usedto protect published works only if they displayed theproper copyright notice upon publication. The law,however, has changed: neither publication nor a notice ofany kind is required to protect works today. Simply puttingthe pen to the paper or in the electronic medium, puttingthe fingers to the save key creates a copyrighted work. Onceexpression is committed to a tangible medium (andcomputer media is considered tangible), copyrightprotection is automatic. So, postings of all kinds areprotected the same as published printed works.
Implied and express licenses to use Internetmaterials You can easily give your works an express license by attaching a Creative Commons license to the materials you post on your Website, or upload to other sites. Its easy and it sends the message that you want your materials to be part of the flow of creativity.
License design and rationale using creative commonsAll Creative Commons licenses have many importantfeatures in common. Every license helps creators — we callthem licensors if they use our tools — retain copyrightwhile allowing others to copy, distribute, and make someuses of their work — at least non-commercially. EveryCreative Commons license also ensures licensors get thecredit for their work they deserve. Every CreativeCommons license works around the world and lasts as longas applicable copyright lasts (because they are built oncopyright). These common features serve as the baseline,on top of which licensors can choose to grant additionalpermissions when deciding how they want their work to beused.
Liability for posting infringing works The proliferation of RIAA lawsuits against individuals for peer-to-peer file-sharing make clear that individuals can be liable for their own actions when they copy and distribute others copyrighted works without permission.
The role of fair use Fair use is the right, in some circumstances, to quote copyrighted material without asking permission or paying for it. Fair use enables the creation of new culture, and keeps current copyright holders from being private censors. With the Washington College of Law, the Center for Social Media creates tools for creators, teachers, and researchers to better use their fair use rights. Fair use plays a critical role in the analog world where duplicating technology is cumbersome and authors make money by controlling copies. It balances authors rights to reasonable compensation with the publics rights to the ideas contained in copyrighted works.
Getting permission Assuming the work you wish to use is protected, the work has not been licensed for your use online, and your use is not a fair use or otherwise exempt from liability for infringement, you need permission. Check the Copyright Clearance Center ("CCC") first. If the work you want to use is registered with the CCC, you can get permission instantly for most materials. If your institution subscribes to the academic license and your work is covered, you dont have to do anything -- your use is covered.
Mass Digitization of LibraryCollections is revealing a treasure trove of heretoforobscured works, works in the public domain that canbe shared broadly with the public, and orphan works,those still protected, but whose copyright owners areunknown, unable to be located, or unresponsive. Thepotential these works hold puts pressure on copyrightlaw and policy to adapt more quickly to newpossibilities in a digital networked environment.
Mass DigitizationLibraries, museums and archives are carrying outsmall, medium and massive digitization projects andproviding public access to the resulting digitalcollections. Google, Amazon, Yahoo, and Microsoft,among others, are partnering with cultural institutionsto increase the pace at which these collections arebrought to the public.
The public domain and orphan works Orphan Works are those books, records, images, compositions, manuscripts, movies, screenplays, painting and drawings, in short, any work protected by copyright whose owner cannot be determined or located or who does not respond when contacted. Public Domain is considered if a work is published without proper notice (name of publisher and date) during certain time frames (1923-1989), it becomes part of the public domain. If it is not published, or if it is published after 1989 without indication of the author is, its protection is automatic and lasts for the life of the author plus 70 years in the U.S. (and longer in some countries).
Conclusion When you use others’ creative expressions, set time aside to understand copyrights and licenses rules that are linked to their original creation.
Alfredo Alvarado ppt_EDTC6340 by Alfredo Alvarado is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.<a rel="license"href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/deed.en_US"><imgalt="Creative Commons License" style="border-width:0"src="http://i.creativecommons.org/l/by/3.0/88x31.png" /></a><br />This work islicensed under a <a rel="license"href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/deed.en_US">CreativeCommons Attribution 3.0 Unported License</a>.