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Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)
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Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)


Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) …

Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)
ERP – integrates all departments and functions throughout an organization into a single IT system so that employees can make enterprisewide decisions by viewing enterprisewide information on all business operations

Published in Business , Technology
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  • 1. BUSINESS B5
    Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)
  • 2. 2
    Learning Outcomes
    Compare core ERP components and extended ERP components
    Describe the three primary components found in core ERP
    Describe the four primary components found in extended ERP systems
    Explain the benefits and risks associated with ERP systems
    Assess the future of ERP systems
  • 3. 3
    ERP– integrates all departments and functions throughout an organization into a single IT system so that employees can make enterprisewide decisions by viewing enterprisewide information on all business operations
    Core ERP components– traditional components included in most ERP systems and they primarily focus on internal operations
    Extended ERP components– extra components that meet the organizational needs not covered by the core components and primarily focus on external operations
  • 4.
  • 5. 5
    Accounting and Finance Components
    manage accounting data and financial processes within the enterprise with functions such as general ledger, accounts payable, accounts receivable, budgeting, and asset management
  • 6. 6
    Production and Materials Management Components
    handle the various aspects of production planning and execution such as demand forecasting, production scheduling, job cost accounting, and quality control
  • 7. 7
    Human Resource Components
    track employee information including payroll, benefits, compensation, performance assessment, and assumes compliance with the legal requirements of multiple jurisdictions and tax authorities
  • 8. 8
    Extended ERP Components
    Business intelligence - information that people use to support their decision-making efforts
    CRM - involves managing all aspects of a customer’s relationship with an organization to increase customer loyalty and retention and an organization’s profitability
    SCM - involves the management of information flows between and among stages in a supply chain to maximize total supply chain effectiveness and profitability
    E-business - means conducting business on the Internet, not only buying and selling, but also serving customers and collaborating with business partners
  • 9. 9
    E-Business Components
    E-logistics– manages the transportation and storage of goods
    E-procurement– the business-to-business (B2B) purchase and sale of supplies and services over the Internet
  • 10. ERP Benefits
  • 11. ERP Risks
  • 12. 12
    The Future of ERP
    Lines between SCM, CRM, and ERP will continue to blur
    Internet – continue to help organizations integrate data and process across functional departments
    Interface – customizable employee browsers
    Wireless technology – support a mobile workforce
  • 13. 13
    Closing Case One:PepsiAmericas’ Enterprises
    PepsiAmericas generates $2.97 billion in revenues yearly
    The company implemented PeopleSoft’s ERP solution to provide complete integration between PepsiAmericas’ front-office and back-office systems
    PepsiAmericas also implemented PeopleSoft’s supply chain management component to automate its inventory
  • 14. 14
    Closing Case Two Questions
    How have core ERP components helped PepsiAmericas improve its business?
    How have extended ERP components helped PepsiAmericas improve its business?
    Explain how future ERP systems will help PepsiAmericas increase revenues
    Assess the impact on PepsiAmericas’ business if it failed to implement the CRM component of PeopleSoft’s ERP system
    Review the different PeopleSoft components in Figure B5.5. Which component would you recommend PepsiAmericas implement if it decides to purchase an additional PeopleSoft component?
  • 15. 15
    Closing Case Two: Demanding Chocolate
    Ghirardelli is the longest continuously operating chocolate manufacturer in the Untied States
    Ghirardelli improved inventory management and profitability through the implementation of an ERP system
  • 16. 16
    Closing Case Two Questions
    Which additional core ERP components would you recommend Ghirardelli implement?
    Which additional extended ERP components would you recommend Ghirardelli implement?
    How can implementing an Advanced Planning ERP component help Ghirardelli’s business?