Biomass mngt & utilization
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  • 1. Biomass Resource Management and Utilization
  • 2. Biomass Residue Direct Application • Incorporation • In-situ composting • Mulch • Animal Beddings •Landfill Value Adding • Mushroom production • Vermi culture • Fuel Processing • Carbonization • Composting • Organic fertilizer production • Feed Formulation • Bio-based products AGRICULTURE SYSTEM Ways in managing biomass
  • 3. In-site composting • Rice straw and other farm biomass residues can be composted right in the field using EM microbial inoculant • The use of biomass or organic materials improves soil quality and reduce chemical fertilizers • Simple, practical and economical In-situ composting of rice straw
  • 4. In site Composting of Rice Straw Methods • Spread rice straw in the field after plowing • Apply 100 kg EMBI over the rice straw then spray 5 liters extended EM solution (EMAS) per hectare. • Maintain water level at least 2cm level. • Harrow the field after 5-7 days to mix the rice straw to decompose • Harrow again the field after 5-7 days. • Spray 1 liter EMAS during final harrowing. Results • Enhance straw incorporation and decomposition. • Soil becomes soft and friable. • Reduce the effect of toxic acids to crops. • Reduce fertilizer requirements. Note: No need to apply EMBI if you use EM Organic or fermented animal manure
  • 5. Rapid composting using EM Technology preparation Microbial inoculation Composting Quality evaluation Activators • Produce compost in just 2-3 weeks • Easy and practical methods • Results comparable with other compost activators
  • 6. Composting with EM Technology Methods • Mix rice straw (7 parts), grasses (2 parts), manure (1 part) and 100 g EMBI/kg materials. • While mixing, water the material with EMAS (1:10 dilution rate) until MC is about 40-50%. • Pile the materials and cover it with sack or plastic materials. • Turn the materials after 1 week. Water it with Extended EM solution if necessary. • The material is ready for use after 2-3 weeks. Analysis OM (32.8%), pH (7.6), N (2.05%), P (0.30%), K (27.56 meq/100g
  • 7. Biomass resource recovery system AGRICULTURE SYSTEM MICROBIAL INOCULANT BIOMASS RESIDUE FERMENTATION PROCESS •Microbial inoculant SHREDDING & BULKING PROCESS •Additives FERMENTATION-DECOMPOSITION & CURING PROCESS FERMENTED PRODUCTS •Foliar fertilizer •Feed supplement •Compost BIOORGANIC FERTILIZER FEEDS PROCESSING & PACKAGING ADDITIVES HOUSEHOLD Model COMMUNITY/ COMMERCIAL Model
  • 8. Fermented kitchen garbage • EM Technology converts kitchen garbage into quality fertilizer and feed supplement through fermentation-decomposition process • Stand longer time with no foul odor and maggots.
  • 9. Fermented kitchen garbage • Chop kitchen garbage (vegetable trimmings, fruit peels, fish entrails, meat scraps and left over foods). • Add EMBI at 100g/kg garbage • Place in container with drain plug. Press and cover. • Ferment for 5-7 days. • Remove leacheate regularly. Uses • Substrate for compost • Organic fertilizer • Feed supplement • Leacheate as foliar fertilizer Analysis pH (5.6), NH4N (0.73%), N (3.36%), P (0.38%), K (8.62%) Fermented product have a sweet sour smell like pickles
  • 10. EM Fermented Manure Methods • Animal manure mixed with MBI (100g/kg). • Watered with EM solution (5% EM 1 & 5% molasses) until MC is about 40%. • Mound the material, cover it with plastic or sack then fermented for 5 days. Results • Foul odor removed • Quality improved Analysis pH : 6.03, N : 2.43%, P : 0.33%, K: 26.3%, MC: 5.0%
  • 11. SHREDDING & BULKING PROCESS FERMENTATION-DECOMPOSITION & CURING PROCESS BIOORGANIC FERTILIZER FEEDS PROCESSING & PACKAGING ADDITIVES • Fish emulsion • Blood emulsion • Rock phosphate • Lime • Femented effluent • etc MICROBIAL INOCULANT • CARBONIZED RICE HULL • EM INOCULANT • RICE BRAN • MANURE • Anaerobic Condition • Moisture <40% • <50oC Temperature PROCESS OF ORGANIC FERTILIZER PRODUCTION
  • 12. Bio-organic fertilizer production Bioorganic fertilizer production • Utilizes local materials • Practical, fast & economical • Follows the fermentation- decomposition process • No foul odor
  • 13. Production of EM Bioorganic Fertilizer Methods • Mix animal manure ( 4 parts) CRH (3 parts), Rice bran (2 parts) and garden soil (1part). • Add 100 g MBI/kg materials and water it with EM solution (5% EMAS & 5% molasses) until MC is about 30-40%. • Pile the materials, cover and ferment it for 2 weeks. Note: Maintain temperature not more than 60o C Analysis pH : 4.92 N : 1.7% P : 0.185% K : 10.44% MC : 5.75%
  • 14. N content and C:N ratio of Selected organic materials Animal Wastes %N C:N Ratio Urine Blood Fish scraps Poultry manure Pig manure Cow manure Farm yard manure Night soil 15-18 10-14 6.5-10 6.3 3.8 1.7 2.15 5.5-6.5 0.8 3 5.1 - - 18 14 6-10
  • 15. Nitrogen content… Plant Biomass %N C:N Ratio Grass clippings Sea weed Straw Sawdust Legumes 2.4 1.9 1.1 0.1 2.4-3 19 19 48 511 16-20
  • 16. Nitrogen content… Household wastes %N C:N Ratio Raw garbage Bread Vegetable trimmings 2.2 2.1 1.5 25 - 25
  • 17. • Foliar fertilizers and Fertilizer and Feed additives – Fish emulsion – Blood emulsion – Urine emulsion – Sea weeds extract – Animal effluent emulsion • Insect repellant & anti-feedant – Fermented plant extracts – Smoke tar Production of Bio-based products
  • 18. EM formulations • EM-1 is the original formulation. General purpose formula for soil and plant inoculant, compost starter, deodorizer, waste water treatment, drinking additives and for making other EM formulations such as EMAS & FPE.
  • 19. EM formulations • EM microbial base inoculant (EMBI) is fermented organic materials such as rice bran, cocodust, sawdust, CRH or other organic materials. Use as soil inoculant, compost starter, nutrient source and feed supplement. 1:1 ratio of organic materials and CRH + 5% EM 1 and 5% molasses fermented for 5-7 days.
  • 20. EM formulations • EM activated solution (EMAS) is the reactivated EM. Use as soil and plant inoculant, compost starter supplement, waste water treatment and deodorizer. Mix 3% EM 1 and 3% molasses in 94% water then ferment the solution anaerobically for 1 week.
  • 21. Applications • Soil inoculant. EM 1 or EME is applied into the soil • Plant inoculant. EM is sprayed or sprinkled to the plants. • Seed inoculant. Soak seed in 1:1000 dilution rate. The length of time depends on seed size. Small seeds is soak for 2-4 hrs, medium seeds, 8-12 hrs and larger seeds or with hard shells for 1-2 days. • Compost starter. EMBI, EM 1, EMAS enhance decomposition • Deodorizer/Sterilizer. Remove foul odor, reduce flies. Decontaminates water
  • 22. Other applications of EM • Crop Maintenance • Animal health care • Fish pond maintenance • Solid and waste water treatment • Homecare • Industrial
  • 23. Bioremediation of toxicants in biomass wastes • EM microbial inoculant reduced the amount of heavy metals (lead, cadmium and mercury) spiked in biomass wastes during two-week period of fermentation.
  • 24. Bioremediation of Heavy Metals Using EM Methods • Kitchen garbage spiked with 10 ppm Lead and 2 ppm Cadmium • MBI was inoculated at 100g/kg waste • Materials fermented for 7 days • Extraction and analysis was done before treatment and at 7, 20 and 30 days after treatment Results – 20-70% reduction of Lead concentration – 20-90% reduction of Cadmium concentration