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Wood as a Resource - Lunch & Learn

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Learn about the different schemes to ensure wood is derived from an appropriate source and where our wood comes from. The key forest management certification schemes, Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) …

Learn about the different schemes to ensure wood is derived from an appropriate source and where our wood comes from. The key forest management certification schemes, Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and those endorsed by Programme for Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC), such as the Australian Forestry Certification Scheme (AFCS) and the associated chain-of-custody, are explained. Where wood and other wood products come from will be discussed as will how to reduce the risk of purchasing wood products that may be from illegally logged sources.


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  • Europe = 3.1% Asia = 1.2% New Zealand = 4.7% North America = 1.8%
  • Certification of timber and wood products is a relatively new tool. The certification process is most easily explained by discussing the certification of forests and products. Forest certificationTimber and wood products come from forests which are not only wood suppliers, but also as a provider of a multitude of environmental and social services. Such services include the production of oxygen, sequestration of CO2 which reduces global warming, water quality and soil protection, beauty and scenery, conservation of biodiversity and others. Forest certification serves to formally verify that a forest is being managed and harvested satisfying the social and environmental standards of stakeholders. Forest certification systems in place around the world can be split into three endorsement systems or brands:
  • 97% sawn wood from these sources
  • Transcript

    • 1. Wood as a Resource
    • 2. Learn more about wood at UTAS
      Centre for Sustainable Architecture with Wood
      Graduate Certificate in Timber (Processing & Building)
      4 units, part time, online
      Areas covered include:
      Wood science
      Design for durability and service for life
      Timber as a renewable resource
      Sustainable design and construction
      Engineered wood products
      International technologies and developments
      Plus, selected topics of individual interest
      More information: Associate Professor Greg Nolan
      (03) 6324 4478 or enquiries@arch.utas.edu.auwww.csaw.utas.edu.au
    • 3. Learning Objectives
      After this presentation you should know:
      Where our wood comes from
      That different schemes are in place to ensure wood is derived from an appropriate source
      How to reduce the risk of purchasing wood products that may be from illegally logged sources
      For architects - AACA Competencies:
      Design
      Documentation
    • 4. Where our wood products come from
      Australia
      Imports
      Forest management (FM) schemes to ensure wood is derived from appropriate source:
      Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)
      Programme for Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC)
      Associated chain-of-custody (CoC)
      How to reduce the risk of purchasing wood products that may be from illegally logged sources.
      This Presentation
    • 5. Where our timber comes from
    • 6.
    • 7. Source of Timber & Wood Products
      Australian production of sawnwood and wood-based panels 2008/09
      Source: ABARE 2010
    • 8. Source of Timber & Wood Products
      Recycled sawnwood ~60,000 m3 pa
      Source: ABARE 2010
    • 9. Source of Sawnwood
      Source: ABARE 2010
    • 10. Source of Particleboard and MDF
      Particleboard by country of origin 2009/10
      MDF by country of origin 2009/10
      Source: ABARE 2010
    • 11. Source of Plywood
      Source: ABARE 2010
    • 12. Other Wood Products
      Source: ABARE 2010
    • 13. Wooden Furniture
      Source: ABARE 2010
    • 14. Forests provide many environmental and social services
      water quality and soil protection
      beauty and scenery
      conservation of biodiversity
      sequestration of CO2
      cultural and community
      Forest Management Certification
    • 15. Forest certification:
      Verifies that a forest is managed and harvested to the social and environmental standards of stakeholders
      Recognises good practices
      Forest Certification Schemes
    • 16. Two main systems:
      PEFC - Programme for Endorsement of Forest Certification
      FSC - Forest Stewardship Council
      Forest Certification
    • 17. PEFC:
      Endorses 30 national schemes around the world including:
      Australian Forestry Standard (AFS)
      Canada / US (PEFC Canada and SFI)
      Austria, Czech Republic, Estonia
      Brazil, Chile
      Malaysia
      Forest Certification
    • 18. PEFC in Australia:
      >90% all Australia’s native hardwood production forests and plantations are certified against Australian Forestry Standard
      Forest Certification
    • 19. FSC:
      > 50 national standards
      Radiata Pine available from certified plantations New Zealand
      Eucalyptus available from FSC certified plantations in Brazil
      Forest Certification
    • 20. FSC in Australia:
      Uses an interim national standard
      Some pine forests certified in Victoria (Hancocks)
      Most FSC certified forests are for pulp/paper
      Very small production of native hardwoods in NSW (~200 cubic metres pa)
      Forest Certification
    • 21. Certification can tell us that:
      Forest products are legally sourced
      Forest management meets economic, environmental and social values of stakeholders
      What it doesn’t tell us:
      Wood quality, characteristics or fitness for purpose
      Forest Certification
    • 22.
    • 23. A significant problem in some countries
      Australian Government is funding work to improve forest governance and management at source
      New regulations in USA and EU to address
      Illegal Logging
      Source: WWF AFTN
    • 24. Very low likelihood of illegally logged wood products from forests or plantations in:
      Australia
      USA / Canada
      Western Europe
      Illegal Logging
    • 25. Ask for copy of company policy
      Ask where wood was harvested
      If “high risk” ask for additional proof, e.g.
      Certification
      Other documentation
      Illegal Logging: Reducing risk
    • 26. Illegal Logging: Risk matrix
    • 27. Illegal Logging: Country / region risk
      Country risk
      Using Transparency International Corruption Perception Index
      www.transparency.org
      FSC guidance >5.0 low risk
      Region risk:
      Use Associations (ATIF/A3P) or WWF GFTN
    • 28. Illegal Logging
      Transparency International – Corruption Perception Index 2010
      Source: www.transparency.org
    • 29. Supply chain risk:
      Import source country is not necessarily the country of harvest
      e.g. China, Singapore, Italy
      Some wood products have very complex supply chains
      e.g. Furniture
      Illegal Logging: Supply chain risk
    • 30.
    • 31. High risk wood products can come from low risk country
      e.g. Tropical wood veneer from Belgium
      Low risk wood products can come from high risk country
      e.g. Eucalyptus from Brazil
      Illegal Logging
    • 32. Very low risk for majority of wood products purchased in Australia
      If concerned:
      Assess and manage risk
      Purchase from reputable sources
      Certified/3rd party verified product may be warranted from high risk supply
      Illegal Logging: Summary
    • 33. More Information
      Forest certification:
      www.forestrystandard.org.au
      www.pefc.org
      www.fsc.org
      Illegal logging:
      www.illegal-logging.info
      www.illegallogging.com.au
      WoodSolutions
      www.woodsolutions.com.au
    • 34. Learn more about wood at UTAS
      Centre for Sustainable Architecture with Wood
      Graduate Certificate in Timber (Processing & Building)
      4 units, part time, online
      Areas covered include:
      Wood science
      Design for durability and service for life
      Timber as a renewable resource
      Sustainable design and construction
      Engineered wood products
      International technologies and developments
      Plus, selected topics of individual interest
      More information: Associate Professor Greg Nolan
      (03) 6324 4478 or enquiries@arch.utas.edu.auwww.csaw.utas.edu.au
    • 35. More Information