Yenepad 2006 SOUTH AFRICAN Election

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Yenepad 2006 SOUTH AFRICAN Election

  1. 1. ELECTION UPDATE 2006 SOUTH AFRICA Number 3 30 April 2006contentsLOCAL GOVERNMENTELECTION DAYKwaZulu-Natal 1Free State 6Eastern Cape 17Western Cape 25Northern Cape 29Gauteng 39North West 47Mpumalanga 50 EISA Editorial Team Jackie Kalley, Khabele Matlosa, Denis Kadima Published with the assistance of the OPEN SOCIETY FOUNDATION – SOUTH AFRICA poll observers. A total of concern in KwaZulu-NatalKWAZULU-NATAL 1100 observers were during the elections but that deployed to various polling these “could not haveShauna Mottiar stations on election day. compromised the freeCentre for Policy Studies Observers indicated that for expression of voters and the Election Observation and the most part, voting stations fairness of the March 1st Monitoring opened on time. Of those 2006 local government that did not, there was a elections.” As a result theObservation and monitoring delay of half an hour or so. elections were deemed free,during the local government In some areas voting queues fair and credible.1 Accordingelections in KwaZulu-Natal began to form well before to the report the incidenceswas officially carried out by voting stations opened. of concern included thethe Community Law and Despite this, however, the delivery of incorrect ballotRural Development Centre general trend was that voting papers to some voting(CLRDC). The CLRDC stations received fewer stations, thus holding up theworked in collaboration with voters than were registered. voting process. PoliticalJustice and Peace in co- The official observer missionordinating the recruitment, report claimed that there 1 Preliminary Observer Missiontraining and deployment of were a few incidences of Report, Langelihle Mtshali, CLRDC, 3 March 2006
  2. 2. election update 2006 South Africa number 3party campaigning at some • Mzo Mavundla- Msinga longer than theirs.”2 De Haasentrances to polling stations activist killed on 9 argues that there are stillwas also reported. The usage February areas in KwaZulu-Natalof computer scan machines • Three members of the where people are too afraidand the voters roll to check Duma family – ANC to support the party of theirwhether voters were supporters in Durban choice for fear of beingregistered was reported at killed on 10 February victimised or intimidated.some polling stations to have • Musa Masondo –delayed voting and Nongoma ward candidate According to politicalcomplaints ensued about killed on 16 February analyst Laurence Piper, “Thestanding in long queues in • Zakhele Cele – 2006 local governmentthe hot sun. There were also Shobashobane councillor elections in KZN werereports that at some polling killed on 4 March along memorable for confirmingstations, voters were told with three colleagues, the beginning of a new era ofthey had to be introduced to Nkosingiphile Mavundla, ANC politics at the expensethe local inkosi (chief) before Moses Gambushe and of the IFP. As such, theythey could cast their votes. Mandla Cele promise greater peace andThere were also disputes at a • Masikito Mzila- prosperity, but also throw upcouple of polling stations Ntembisweni candidate new challenges ofover ballot papers not killed on 22 March accountability andtallying with the number of • Veli Nyawo – inclusion.”3 Indeed the IFPballot papers issued. Ngwavuma treasurer has, in the wake of the killed on 23 March elections, incurred a range of Inter- and Intra-Party setbacks while the ANC has • Ephraim Mkizhe – Relations Emhubeni branch had to face the challenge of chairman killed on April consolidating localPolitical violence in government’s mandate ofKwaZulu-Natal before and 2 along with colleague Nathi Dladla providing equitable serviceafter the election is still delivery and fostering publicalarmingly pervasive • Nine ANC Mpangeni participation at local levels.according to violence township supportersmonitor, Mary de Haas. killed between December Growing debate within IFPIndeed the African National 2005 and March 2006 ranks regarding leadershipCongress (ANC) has gone so • Mzo Sokhulu – uMsinga style and dwindling electoralfar as to propose an voter killed on 7 support prompted the partyintelligence driven strategy February because he said to convene a specialto root out what it has termed he was going to vote for congress in Umlazi during‘war lords’ in the province – the ANC. the first week of April. Somethis strategy would stem days before the congress,from the Department of The Inkatha Freedom Party IFP leader MangosuthuSafety and Security. The (IFP) responded to the Buthelezi was quoted asANC claims that 23 of its ANC’s intelligence driven saying, “I am ready to walkmembers and politicians proposal with the claim that out of this weekend’s IFPhave been assassinated in the the ANC was merely trying special conference, never toprovince over the last couple to score political points by come back on the publicof months: politicising the killings in the stage of politics. I am not• Nsizwazethu Thusi – province. An IFP spokesman offering my resignation to Umshati ward 6 claimed that “The truth is seek a new statutory candidate killed on 9 that we have a list (of February assassinated members) 2 Mercury, 7 April 2006 3 Witness, 4 March 2006 2
  3. 3. election update 2006 South Africa number 3mandate. I am offering to Thulasizwe Buthelezi added those of the IFP to attractresign in order to encourage that the poor election results support…We now realisean open debate about our were due to “widespread that everything that was putparty’s identity purpose and electoral fraud and vote to us, that the IFP was notfunction.”4 Indeed Buthelezi rigging”. He added that the democratic, that it was amade good on his claim by IFP did not believe their leadership cult etc. was inresigning during the complaints to the IEC were reality what we hadcongress only to be re- dealt with satisfactorily8 joined.”10 An IFP spokesmanelected by the IFP leadership claimed that many IFPand the deliberating The IFP has also faced members had been ‘taken forcommittees some two hours various external challenges a ride’ by NADECO andlater. According to political in the form of the splinter now, that they had realisedanalyst Zakhele Ndlovu a group, the National this, would be returning tochange of leadership for the Democratic Convention the IFP in their majority.11IFP is not possible at this (NADECO). NADECO wasstage because there are no formed by ex IFP members Challenges for the Newclearly defined successors to who accused IFP leadership Local AuthoritiesButhelezi and his having led of being dictatorial andthe party for some thirty failing to observe good The ANC, freshly victoriousyears makes him somewhat democratic practice. at local level in KwaZulu-immovable.5 Indeed NADECO then went to Natal, faces multiplealthough the party’s establish itself as an challenges pertaining tosecretary general, Musa opposition party in the service delivery andZondi and national chairman, elections. Since then, participation. PoliticalZanele Magwaza could be however, it has accused the analyst Laurence Schlemmerpotential candidates for IFP of planting “spies” claims that more than 50%leadership, they are both within its ranks. This has of South Africanknown as “die hard lead to NADECO suspension municipalities areButhelezi loyalists”.6 With of its eThekweni deputy “dysfunctional” or “severelyregards the IFP’s poor regional chairman, challenged”.12 He adds thatshowing during the local Mandlakayise Magubane as these municipalities suffergovernment elections, blame he is suspected of from poor management ofwas laid squarely on the IEC corresponding with the IFP finances and failings in theirand the lack of state on NADECO matters.9 Fears performance of serviceresources. Buthelezi at NADECO of IFP delivery and developmentproclaimed that “the entire infiltration were first raised tasks. Schlemmer asserts thatstate apparatus with all its when three of its members problems around serviceorgans and branches were defected back to the IFP delivery also exist in thetwisted, warped and claiming that, “We have as a stronger municipalities andperverted to become matter of principle and with that some 6000instruments of the ruling a clear conscience, decided demonstrations and protestsparty’s electoral agenda and we cannot fool ourselves any over poor service deliverymachinery.”7 He went on to longer and we want to return have taken place over theargue that a lack of finances to our political home... To us past year by residentsimpaired IFP campaigning. NADECO is a one man fan groups, activists andIFP Youth Brigade leader club with no independent voluntary organisations. identity, trying desperately to4 Sunday Tribune, 9 April 2006 use the same principles as 10 Sunday Tribune, 23 April 20065 11 Mercury, 7 April 2006 ibid6 8 12 Sunday Times, 9 April 2006 Mercury, 10 April 2006 Sunday Tribune, 26 February7 9 Witness, 10 April 2006 Mercury, 4 May 2006 2006 3
  4. 4. election update 2006 South Africa number 3According to Piper some The Foreman road squatter participation. Unfortunately15% of these nationwide camp, not far away houses this situation seems set toprotests have occurred in 8000 squatters who share 5 continue in KwaZulu-NatalKwaZulu-Natal. Piper claims toilets. The irony in this, he under the newthat KwaZulu-Natal has adds, is that the toilets were administration. Ward 80 inrecorded 700 legal protests built by the apartheid Umlazi is a case in point.over service delivery in the government. Zikode points Shortly after the electionslast couple of years and 132 out that Durban ratepayers Umlazi residents protestedillegal ones. money is used to build some violently against the re- 16000 homes a year but that election of ANC councillor,Testimony from Durban this cannot meet the backlog Bhekisisa Xulu in ward 80.squatter residents illustrates of the 800 000 shack They barricaded roads andthe challenges facing local dwellers in Durban. set tyres alight and policeauthorities in eThekweni Furthermore, he points out had to intervene with tearmetro alone. A member of a that politicians’ claims that gas and rubber bullets. The20 000 strong movement shack dwellers should not protesters argued that XuluAbahali Base Majondolo live in illegal settlements that had rigged the vote; theyrepresenting squatters in 35 are not serviced are added that they did not wantareas, expressed his concerns unhelpful, at best, because Xulu representing them as heregarding housing and these people have no choice. had been in office for theservice delivery. S’bu Most of them are from rural past ten years but failed toZikode a resident of the areas and have flocked into deliver on basic services.Kennedy Road squatter the metro for employment. Protesters also claimed thatcamp argued that acquiring Zikode contends that, “This despite the fact that theythe attention of the city’s movement was established were members of the ANC,political leaders was a out of anger. Politicians run they had never been part ofchallenge on its own. His around like mad asking for the party’s candidatemovement was forced to our votes today, and nomination process whenbecome assertive after the tomorrow when you ask wards chose their candidatesrealisation that community them to keep the promises for elections. They claimedleaders were commanding no they made, they set the that they were merelyrespect from municipal police on you.”13 He adds informed by the ANC’sofficials. Movement leaders that the council’s attitude to branch executive committeearranged for the council his movement has been less in the area that the party hadoffices to be invaded by than conciliatory. Ever since selected the candidate. Ansome twenty homeless its establishment Abahali’s Umlazi protester stated, “Wefamilies. Recently the marches have been banned, were never given the chancemovement won its motion to and police have tear-gassed, to choose who we wanted tobe able to protest after beaten and arrested its stand as a candidate for ournotifying authorities as members. ward.”14 The mainopposed to officially motivation for the localrequesting permission. Inherent in the above government election systemZikode claims that his testimony are issues not just incorporating a constituencymovement is advocating for of equitable service delivery representative element in thehomes and better services. but also of local authorities form of ward councillors isHe says that 6000 people failing to make meaningful to ensure that locallive in his squatter camp and contact with constituencies communities are accuratelyshare 170 toilets among in order to foster represented in theirthem. municipalities. In the Umlazi 13 “Speaking Out for the Poor”, 14 Mercury, 8 March 2006 Daily News, 3 March 2006 4
  5. 5. election update 2006 South Africa number 3ward 80 case, it is unlikely committee because of normal. Ndwandwe thenthat local community intense fighting over the notified the office of Localmembers’ needs will be nomination of mayoral Government MEC resultingrepresented effectively by a candidates. The dissolution in the dissolution of thecouncillor whom they did took place two weeks after council.17 Ndwandwe’snot legitimise. A further the elections. An ANC position was thenproblem highlighted by ward member was quoted as temporarily filled by80 is that local communities saying that the committee corporate services manager,do not seem to completely was dissolved because of its Bongani Thusi who onlyunderstand the role their “failure to exercise its occupied the position for award councillor is supposed political authority”. He week before calling in sickto play or the limitations of added that this was a serious and being hospitalised. Thehis/her mandate. Claiming problem in the ANC.15 shifts and vacuum in thethat “he failed to deliver municipal managementservices” suggests that there The IFP has also experienced position has severelyis an expectation that a ward administrative setbacks in its affected the running of thecouncillor has the means and councils after the elections. municipality. Backlogs haveauthority to single-handedly Just days after its accumulated and linksconfer services on the inauguration, the crisis prone between administrative andcommunity. A ward Abaqulasi (Vryheid) political components havecouncillor’s role is, in fact, municipality voted out its broken down.18 The IFP ledto communicate his/her municipal manager Bamba uPongolo municipality hascommunity’s needs within Ndwandwe. Local also been experiencingthe municipality thus Government MEC Mike problems after the elections.ensuring that decisions made Mabuyakhulu warned the Political bickering amongregarding services take into council that it would be held council members forced theconsideration community responsible should party’s oversight committeeconcerns and fulfil Ndwandwe’s exit package be to call for the resignation ofcommunity needs. Ward found to be irregular. It is Mayor Bheki Mncwango andcouncillors are also rumoured that the golden his brother, council speakermandated to encourage handshake on the grounds of Rasta Mncwango. Thecommunity participation in ‘negative trust’ would cost Mncwango brothers hadthe affairs of local the municipality R750 000. occupied the same positionsgovernment through ward Reports abound, however, before the 2006 elections butcommittees and public that Ndwandwe’s dismissal failed to win the wards theymeetings. was an act of revenge by had contested and were left councillors after they out of the council becauseAside from issues of claimed he was instrumental they did not feature on therepresentation and fostering in the council’s dissolution party’s original proportionalparticipation the ANC at in November 2005.16 Reports representation list. The listlocal level, KwaZulu-Natal are that Ndwandwe, who was however, reviewed byis also struggling with was the council’s accounting Albert Mncwango (IFPadministrative challenges officer, had advised national organiser) enablingwhich can only hinder the councillors about a number them to return to the councilsmooth roll out of services. of activities that were taking in their former positions.Among these is infighting place which were illegal. This caused uproar amongwithin municipal executive The council however councillors in thecommittees such as the continued to operate as municipalities who refusedUmgungundlovu districtmunicipality. The ANC was 15 Mercury, 21 March 2006 17 Witness, 21 March 2006forced to dissolve the 16 Witness, 24 March 2006 18 Witness, 3 May 2006 5
  6. 6. election update 2006 South Africa number 3to acknowledge the promises are in line with the effect, it has been hailed as aMncwangos as legitimate current national campaign to way to align the institutionoffice holders.19 Disruptions strengthen community of traditional leadership withsuch as these clearly have a participation in local elected publicnegative bearing on the government as well as representatives. Thegeneral functioning of the through ward councillors and legislation also paves themunicipality effectively ward committees. Special way for the establishment ofslowing down delivery of focus is to be placed on district houses of traditionalservices and de-prioritising municipalities where there leadership. These willissues of participation. have been protests over poor effectively mean that service delivery. KwaZulu- traditional councils whichBoth the ANC and IFP Natal has been identified as a were once appointed byelection manifestos province where ward traditional leaders will nowhighlighted the need to committees are severely consist of democraticallyimprove service delivery and under utilised as a channel elected members. Accordingcommunity participation at through which communities to the Department of Locallocal levels. The ANC can lodge their complaints to Government, Housing andpledged to increase skills and their municipalities.22 The Traditional Affairs elevencapacity of municipal role of ward councillors also local houses will bepoliticians and officials in needs to be strengthened. established by the end oforder to make their roles June and the provincialmore effective. It also Interface between Local house will be established bypromised to strengthen Authorities and the the end of July. Thepopular forums such as ward Traditional Leadership Department is also to focuscommittees and IDP Structures on training traditionalconsultations in order to leadership about goodfacilitate public Another pressing issue for 20 local authorities in democratic governance andparticipation. Likewise the partnering with localIFP pledged to provide ward KwaZulu-Natal is that of traditional authorities. politicians. The legislation,councillor training and to in keeping with democraticwork closely with During the early part of 2006, the provincial principles, calls for greatercommunities in terms of participation by women andconsultation and legislature passed the KwaZulu-Natal Leadership youth within traditionalcommunication in order to leadership circles.23ensure that community views and Governance Act. Theinfluence municipal legislation recognises thedecisions.21 These election Zulu monarch and accords it FREE STATE the responsibility of appointing amakhosi Angelique Harsant &19 Mercury, 13 April 2006 (traditional leaders) in the Constanze Bauer20 African National Congress 2006 province. The legislation is Department of PoliticalElection Manifesto and Mamledia Science, University of FreeJohnson, DDP Political Forum, also expected to make an impact on service delivery as StateLocal Government Elections,Durban, January 15 2006 it sets out conditions for The Counting Process21 Inkatha Freedom Party 2006 traditional leaders andLocal Government Election elected councillors to work Procedures for the sorting ofManifesto and Dr Buthelesi, DDPPolitical Forum, Local together in advancing the the ballot papers and theGovernment Elections, Durban, 15 cause of development. In counting of votes are set outJanuary 2006 Inkatha Freedom 23Party 2006 Local Government Local Government Elections, Budget 2006/2007 KZNElection Manifesto and Dr Durban, 15 January 2006 Ministry of Local Government, 22Buthelesi, DDP Political Forum, Daily News, 14 March 2006 Housing and Traditional Affairs 6
  7. 7. election update 2006 South Africa number 3in the Municipal Electoral thereafter in bundles of 2006a:1). The ANC tookRegulations No. R. 848 of 22 ten such packages; and control of all 25August 2000, as amended by finally, municipalities in the FreeNotice No. R. 848 of 23 • The bundles and the State with more than 80% ofAugust 2003, ‘Municipal remaining ballots are the vote with 47.23% of theElectoral Regulations’. then counted with the registered voters in the Free(Hendrickse 2006:2). In totals of each party or State exercising their right toterms of Appendixes 20A candidate recorded on vote (IOL 2006b:1). Thisand 20B of the Municipal specified forms (Form was in comparison to theElectoral Regulations (as MEC 17: Result form – 48,9% obtained in the 2000stated in Hendrickse Party List count and Local Government Elections2006:69), the process is as Form MEC: Result (Coetzee 2006:2). In thefollows: Form18 – Ward count). 2000 Local Government• Papers are first sorted Elections, the ANC won all according to the type of Results 20 municipalities and ballot papers used at the The results were announced enjoyed 72, 11% support voting station; at the IEC Headquarters on with the other parties• After the papers of each Saturday, 4 April 2006 in together only enjoying 27, ballot are counted, the Pretoria by IEC Chairperson 89% of the vote (IEC totals are then compared Dr. Brigalia Bam who Leading Party Report with the statement of the declared the elections free 2000:1) The highest turnout presiding officer (Form and fair. At the same event, was at the Golden Gate MEC 11); President Mbeki Highlands National Park• Papers are examined to congratulated the IEC on where 66.46% of the ascertain whether they overseeing the elections as registered voters voted should be rejected and if well as political parties who followed. The results were that is the case, the had accepted defeats and had determined by the IEC in rejected papers are kept not taken recourse to the terms of section 64(6) of the to one side; courts. President Mbeki Local Government• The remaining papers are emphasised the importance Municipal Electoral Act, No. sorted face up according of local government “as a 27 of 2000 and are provided to each party and ward critical area where all the in the following tables. candidate; They are promise made by people bound in elastic bands in during their campaign had to bundles of ten and be delivered on” (IOL,Table 1: Leading party overall reportParty Name Valid Votes¹ % Support Seats won² % Seats wonAfrican National Congress (ANC) 1,392,337 76,66% 516 67,72%Democratic Alliance (DA) 227,050 12,50% 83 10,89%Freedom Front-Plus (FF) 40,745 2,24% 19 2,49%Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (PAC) 29,902 1,65% 17 2,23%Dikwankwetla Party of South Africa (DPSA) 27,305 1,50% 9 1,18%African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP) 10,412 0,57% 7 0,92%Independents 7,069 0,39% 3 0,39%United Christian Democratic Party (UCDP) 9,855 0,54% 3 0,39%United Democratic Movement (UDM) 2,972 0,16% 2 0,26%Azanian People’s Organization AZAPO) 2,6192 0,14% 2 0,26%Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) 1,270 0,07% 1 0,13%Belastingsbetalersvereniging van Parys (BVP) 1,437 0,08% 1 0,13%Phumela Ratepayers’ Association (PRA) 2,120 0,12% 1 0,13%United Independent Front (UIF) 1,454 0,08% 1 0,13%Other 59,800 3,29%TOTAL 1,816,347 100,00% 665¹ Valid Votes include both Ward and PR votes² Seats won include both Ward and PR seatsSource: IEC – Leading Party Overall Report as at 2000/03/04. 7
  8. 8. election update 2006 South Africa number 3Table 2: Table outlining the percentage of PR votes only obtained by the top three parties in thespecified municipality % VD’sMunicipality(Previous name in brackets) 1st party % 2nd party % 3rd party % declaredFS 161 LETSEMENG (Koffiefontein) 100 ANC 78 DA 13 FF-Plus 4FS 162 KOPANONG (Trompsburg) 100 ANC 77 DA 15 PAC 4FS 163 MOHOKARE (Zastron) 100 ANC 80 DA 10 PAC 5FS 171 NALEDI (Dewetsdorp) 100 ANC 74 DA 14 PAC 8FS 172 MANGAUNG (Bloemfontein) 100 ANC 72 DA 16 FF-Plus 4FS173 MANTSOPA (Ladybrand) 100 ANC 82 DA 10 PAC 4FS181 MASILONYANA (Theunissen) 100 ANC 83 DA 10 FF-Plus 4FS 182 TOKOLOGO (Dealesville) 100 ANC 78 DA 12 FF-Plus 7FS 183 TSWELOPELE (Hoopstad) 100 ANC 84 DA 13 FF-Plus 2FS 184 MATJHABENG (Welkom) 100 ANC 80 DA 15 PAC 1FS 185 NALA (Bothaville) 100 ANC 85 DA 6 FF-Plus 3FS 191 SETSOTO (Senekal) 100 ANC 81 DA 12 PAC 2FS 192 DIHLABENG (Bethlehem) 100 ANC 77 DA 12 PAC 5FS 193 NKETOANA (Reitz) 100 ANC 79 DA 11 PAC 6FS 194 MALUTI A PHOFUNG (Qwa-Qwa) 100 ANC 80 DPSA 11 DA 3FS 195 PHUMELELA (Vrede) 100 ANC 80 PRA 8 DA 6FS 201 MOQHAKA (Kroonstad) 100 ANC 77 DA 14 FF-Plus 4FS 201 NGWATHE (Parys) 100 ANC 77 DA 13 PAC 3FS 204 METSIMAHOLO (Sasolburg) 100 ANC 65 DA 21 UDM 5FS 205 MAFUBE (Frankfort) 100 ANC 75 DA 7 PAC 7Source: SABC News, 2006-03-05: 1-2.Table 3: Summary of seat allocation per district council (DC)Table 3.1: DC 16 – XHARIEP DC 40 % Total Seats available to Municipality: 6 DC 40% Total % SeatsParty Valid Votes % Votes Seats wonANC 22,210 78,02% 5 83,33%DA 3,727 13,09% 1 16,67%PAC 1,016 3,57% 0 0,00%FF-Plus 996 3,50% 0 0.00%ACDP 518 1,82% 0 0,00%TOTAL 28,467 100,00 6 100,00Source: IEC – MEC 33 as at 2000/03/04.Table 3:2 DC 17 – MOTHEO DC 40 % Total Seats available to Municipality: 18Party Valid Votes % DC40% Total Seats % Seats Votes wonANC 123,384 73,54% 13 72,22%DA 26,225 15,63% 3 16,67%FF-Plus 5,750 3,43% 1 5,56%UCDP 3,650 2,18% 1 5,56%PAC 3,615 2,15% 0 0,00%ACDP 2,579 1,54% 0 0,00%ID 1,372 0,82% 0 0,00Black Consciousness Forum 638 0,38% 0 0,00%UDM 571 0,34% 0 0,00%TOTAL 167,784 100,00 18 100,00Source: IEC – MEC33 as at 2000/03/04 8
  9. 9. election update 2006 South Africa number 3Table 3.3 DC 18 – LEJWELEPUTSWA DC 40 % Total Seats available to Municipality: 15Party Valid Votes % Votes DC40% Total Seats % Seats wonANC 113,034 81,08% 12 80,00%DA 17,980 12,90% 2 13,33%FF-Plus 2,503 1,80% 1 6,67%PAC 2,301 1,65% 0 0,00%ACDP 1,451 1,04% 0 0,00%UDM 1,208 0,87% 0 0,00%ID 928 0,67% 0 0,00%TOTAL 139,405 100,00% 15 100.00%Source: IEC – MEC33 as at 2000/03/04.Table 3.3 DC 18 – THABO MOFUTSANYANE DC 40 % Total Seats available to Municipality: 16Party Valid Votes % Votes DC40% Total Seats % Seats wonANC 128,054 80,61% 13 81,25%DA 11,863 7,47% 1 6,25%DPSA 9,018 5,68% 1 6,25%PAC 4,087 2,57% 1 6,25%FF-Plus 3,724 2,34% 0 0,00%ACDP 2,111 1,53% 0 0,00%TOTAL 158,857 100,00% 16 100.00% DMA DC 60 % Total Seats available to Municipality: 1ANC 87 87,00% 1 100.00%DA 13 13,00% 0 0.00%TOTAL 100 100,00% 1 100.00%Source: IEC – MEC33 as at 2000/03/04.Table 3.4 DC 20 – FEZILE DABI (Northern Free State) DC 40 % Total Seats available to Municipality: 13Party Valid Votes % Votes DC40% Total Seats % Seats wonANC 80,829 74,23% 10 76,92%DA 16,082 14,77% 2 15,38%FF-Plus 4,004 3,68% 1 7,69%PAC 3,288 3,02% 0 0,00%UDM 2,110 1,94% 0 0,00%AZAPO 1,390 1,28% 0 0,00%ACDP 1,188 1,09% 0 0,00%TOTAL 108,891 100,00% 13 100,00%Source: IEC – MEC 33 as at 2000/03/04. 9
  10. 10. election update 2006 South Africa number 3Table 4: Summary of seat calculation per municipalityIn cases where a ward is uncontested, the PR for the party will be doubled for the overall seatcalculation.Seats Calculated = (A) Ward Seats = (B) PR List Seats = (A-B) FS 161 – LETSEMENG (Koffiefontein): Seats 10Party Valid Votes % Votes Total Seats Ward Seats PR List Seats % Seats WonANC 11,400 74,19% 8 5 3 80,00%DA 1,906 12,40% 1 0 1 10,00%INDEPENDENT 735 4,78% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 538 3,50% 1 0 1 10,00%FF-Plus 451 2,94% 0 0 0 0,00%PAC 336 2,19% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 15,366 100% 10 5 5 100,00% FS 162 – KOPANONG (Trompsburg): Seats 14ANC 20,325 76,68% 11 7 4 78,57%DA 4,044 15,26% 2 0 2 14,29%PAC 1,021 3,85% 1 0 1 7,14%FF-PLUS 928 3,50% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 137 0,52% 0 0 0 0,00%INDEPENDENT 51 0,19% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 26,506 100,00% 14 7 7 100,00% FS 163 MOHOKARE (Zastron): Seats 10ANC 12,537 80,82% 8 5 3 80,00%DA 1,550 9,99% 1 0 1 10,00%PAC 772 4,98% 1 0 1 10,00%FF-Plus 406 2,62% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 132 0,85% 0 0 0 0,00%UDM 116 0,75% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 43,447 100,00% 10 5 5 100,00% FS 171 NALEDI (Dewetsdorp): Seats 8ANC 8,241 64,03% 5 3 2 62,50%INDEPENDENT 2.122 16,49% 1 1 0 12,50%DA 1,565 12,16% 1 0 1 12,50%PAC 589 4,58% 1 0 1 12,50%FF-Plus 228 1,77% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 125 0,97% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 13,870 100,00% 8 4 4 100,00% FS 172 MANGAUNG (Bloemfontein): Seats 89ANC 215,284 71,51% 65 37 28 73,03%DA 48,477 16,09% 15 8 7 16,85%FF-Plus 10,8918 3,62% 3 0 3 3,37%UCDM 6,205 2,06% 2 0 2 2,25%PAC 5,6206 1,87% 2 0 2 2,25%INDEPENDENT 5,037 1,67% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 3,632 1,21% 1 0 1 1,12%DPSA 1,771 0,59% 1 0 1 1,12%ID 1,675 0,56% 0 0 0 0,00%AZAPO 1,031. 0,34% 0 0 0 0,00%Black Consciousness Forum 855 0,28% 0 0 0 0,00%UDM 595 0,20% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 301,043 100,00% 89 45 44 100,00% FS 173 MANTSOPA (Ladybrand): SEATS 16ANC 19,437 79,60% 13 8 5 81,25%DA 1,809 7,41% 1 0 1 6,25%INDEPENDENT 1,059 4,34% 0 0 0 0,00%PAC 852 3,49% 1 0 1 6,25%ACDP 746 3,06% 1 0 1 6,25%FF-Plus 514 2,11% 0 0 1 0,00%TOTAL 24,417 100,00% 16 8 8 100,00% 10
  11. 11. election update 2006 South Africa number 3 FS 181 MASILONYANA (Theunissen): Seats 20ANC 23,575 82,85% 17 10 7 85,00%DA 2,830 9,95% 2 0 2 10,00%FF-Plus 1,023 3,60% 1 0 1 5,00%PAC 666 2,34% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 331 1,16% 0 0 0 0,00%INDEPENDENT 28 0,10% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 100,00% 20 10 10 100,00% FS 182 TOKOLOGO (Dealesville): Seats 8ANC 8,058% 76,49% 6 4 75,00%DA 1,209% 11,48% 1 0 12,50%FF-Plus 714 6,78% 1 0 12,50%PAC 322 3,06% 0 0 0,00%INDEPENDENT 232 2,20% 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 10,535 100,00% 8 4 100,00% FS 183 TSWELOPELE (Hoopstad): Seats 14ANC 16,695 75,24% 11 6 5 78,57%DA 2,725 12,28% 2 0 2 14,29%INDEPENDENT 2,231 10,05% 1 1 0 7,14%PAC 334 1,51% 0 0 0 0,00%FF-Plus 205 0,92% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 22,190 100,00% 14 7 7 100,00% FS 184 – MATJHABENG (Welkom): Seats 72ANC 142,550 78,75% 57 31 26 79,17%DA 27,302 15,08% 11 4 7 15,28%INDEPENDENT 2,716 1,50% 1 1 0 1,39%PAC 2,652 1,47% 1 0 1 1,30%FF-Plus 1,957 1,08% 1 0 1 1,39%ACDP 1,542 0,85% 1 0 1 1,39%Independt Civic Assoc. of SA 920 0,51% 0 0 0 0,00%UDM 760 0,42% 0 0 0 0,00%ID 619 0,34% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 181,018 100,00% 72 36 36 100,00% FS 185 NALA (Bothaville): Seats 24ANC 33,265 84,68% 20 12 8 83,333%DA 2,522 6,42% 2 0 2 8,33%PAC 1,193 3,04% 1 0 1 4,17%FF-Plus 1,137 2,89% 1 0 1 4,17%UDM 639 1,63% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 352 0,90% 0 0 0 0,00%ID 175 0,45% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 39,283 100,00% 24 12 12 100,00% FS 191 SETSOTO (Senekal): Seats 33ANC 40,045 81,09% 27 17 10 81,82%DA 6,012 12,17% 4 0 4 12,12%PAC 1,061 2,15% 1 0 1 3,03%FF-Plus 863 1,75% 1 0 1 3,03%ID 791 1,60% 0 0 0 0,00%UDM 496 1,00% 0 0 0 0,00%NDM 118 0,24% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 49,386 100,00% 33 17 16 100,00% FS 192 – DIHLABENG(Bethlehem): Seats 37ANC 44,872 77,56% 29 16 13 78,38%DA 7,283 12,59% 5 3 2 13,51%FF-Plus 2,357 4,07% 1 0 1 2,70%PAC 2,309 3,99% 1 0 1 2,70%ACDP 681 1,52% 1 0 1 2,70%NDC 152 0,26% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 57,854 100,00% 37 19 18 100,00% 11
  12. 12. election update 2006 South Africa number 3 FS 193 – NKETOANA (Reitz): Seats 18ANC 22,501 78,56% 14 9 5 77,78%DA 3,064 10,70% 2 0 2 11,11%PAC 1,726 6,03% 1 0 1 5,56%FF-PLUS 1,097 3,83% 1 0 1 5,56%INDEPENDENT 252 0,88% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 28,640 100,00% 18 9 9 100,00% FS 194 MALUTI A PHOFUNG (Qwa-Qwa): Seats 68ANC 125,539 80,36% 55 33 22 80,88%DPSA 16,516 10,57% 7 0 7 10,29%DA 5,620 3,60% 2 1 1 2,94%ACDP 1,850 1,18% 1 0 1 1,47%PAC 1,768 1,13% 1 0 1 1,47%INDEPENDENT 1,607 1,03% 0 0 0 0,00%IFP 1,270 0,81% 1 0 1 1,47%AZAPO 1,247 0,80% 1 0 1 1,47%FF-Plus 809 0,52% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 156,226 100,00% 68 34 34 100,00% FS 195 PHUMELELA (Vrede): Seats 14ANC 20,269 80,08% 11 7 4 78,57%PRA 2,120 8,38% 1 0 1 7,14%DA 1,524 6,02% 1 0 1 7,14%FF-Plus 894 3,53% 1 0 1 7,14%PAC 504 1,99% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 25,311 100,00% 14 7 7 100,00% FS 201 MOGHAKA (Kroonstad): Seats 50ANC 53,862 75,89% 38 21 17 76,00%DA 9,568 13,48% 7 4 3 14,00%FF-Plus 2,526 3,56% 2 0 2 4,00%PAC 2,127 3,00% 2 0 2 4,00%ACDP 1,223 1,72% 1 0 1 2,00%INDEPENDENT 697 0,98% 0 0 0 0,00%AZAPO 609 0,86% 0 0 0 0,00%Socialist Party of Azania 363 0,51% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 70,975 100,00% 50 25 25 100,00% FS 203 NGWATHE (Parys): Seats 38ANC 47,146 77,42% 30 17 13 78,95%DA 7,708 12,66% 5 2 3 13,16%PAC 2,185 3,59% 1 0 1 2,63%FF-Plus 2,068 3,40% 1 0 1 2,63%BVP 1,437 2,36% 1 0 1 2,63%UDM 311 0,51% 0 0 0 0,00%INDEPENDENT 38 0,06% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 60,893 100,00% 38 19 19 100,00% FS 204 METSIMAHOLO (Sasolburg): Seats 36ANC 38,514 65,41% 24 14 10 66,67%DA 12,404 21,06% 8 4 4 22,22%UDM 2,972 5,05% 2 0 2 5,56%FF-Plus 1,521 2,58% 1 0 1 2,78%UIF 1,454 2,47% 1 0 1 2,78%PAC 722 1,23% 0 0 0 0,00%AZAPO 685 1,16% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 513 0,87% 0 0 0 0,00%INDEPENDENT 100 0,17% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 58,885 100,00% 36 18 18 100,00% FS 205 MAFUBE (Frankfurt): Seats 17ANC 20,624 75,05% 13 9 4 76,47%DA 2,081 7,57% 1 0 1 5,88%PAC 1,940 7,06% 1 0 1 5,88%FF-PLUS 1,440 5,24% 1 0 1 5,88%AZAPO 1,372 4,99% 1 0 1 5,88%INDEPENDENT 22 0,00% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 27,479 100,00% 17 9 8 100,00%Source: IEC – MEC 33 as at 2000/03/04. 12
  13. 13. election update 2006 South Africa number 3It appears that despite poor missed by the presiding from Lesotho were alsoservice delivery and officer who had allocated present to train as observerscorruption among 7283 votes to the ACDP and as part of an exchangecouncillors, the ANC still 831 votes to the DA. A programme between the twoenjoys the majority of recount settled the matter. countries. Three of themsupport from the population The UDM and the Freedom were placed in Mangaungas had been the case during Front Plus also complained whilst one was placed at thethe 2004 National Election. that their parties were not IEC Head Office inThe DA came second, included on the ballot papers Bloemfontein (Interviewfollowed closely by the PAC in the districts they were with Mr Mepha 19 Apriland the FF-Plus in third and contesting. In response, the 2006).fourth places respectively IEC indicated that these(Coetzee 2006:2). What is parties had not met the After the ballot count theworrying, however, is that deadline. Problems in the results revealed a resoundingdespite the ‘Power of Media’ Naledi municipality flared success for the ruling party,Campaign run by the IEC, up again after the elections. the ANC.less than 48% of the Municipal councillor’s With the dawn of the 1994registered 22 million voters houses were torched in elections, the media bothcast their vote and an Dewetsdorp. The house of nationally andestimated 6 million people acting manager Lydia internationally vieweddid not even bother to Morobela was destroyed in a pictures of long rows ofregister (Ngonyama 2006:1) fire while the house of voters waiting to exercise another councillor was partly their democratic vote. Post-Election Disputes destroyed in a fire. A vehicle Whereas a large number of at this house was also voters had turned out to voteAccording to the Provincial destroyed. Problems were for the 1994 election, theElectoral Officer for the Free aggravated when residents current election reveals aState, Mr Chris Mepha, only protested and disrupted the remarkable decline in voting2 disputes had taken place inauguration of the newly which is largely due to voterduring the election with both elected mayor and apathy. This became veryof them occurring at councillors. In spite of the evident during the 2006Dihlabeng (Interview with disruptions Motlatsi Motlui elections.Mr Mepha 19 April 2006). was elected mayor.After the elections in the Provincial government The local governmentFree State the Independent officials stepped in when election has been conductedElectoral Commission (IEC) problems arose after Thato freely and fairly and someordered a recount in the Free Khoase the municipal voters are still veryState. The main reason was manager was suspended passionate about their rightthat there were cases of non- (Internet, 2006; Naledi to cast their vote and to haveadherence to the provisions councillors and Webb, a say in the governance ofof the electoral laws. Mr 2006:3). South Africa. However,Chris Mepha, the Provincial underlying this passion andElectoral Officer, ordered a Election Observers and participation there arerecount because the Monitoring murmurs in the politicalDemocratic Alliance in environment which speak ofBethlehem disputed the No international observers dissatisfaction, distrust,vote’s tally which they felt witnessed the 2006 Local corruption and increasinghad left them far behind the Government elections in the frustration. This is especiallyACDP. The complaint had Free State. Four local evident in the 2006 localproved valid because it was organisations observed the government elections (Sauer,found that votes had been elections whilst four people 2006:1). 13
  14. 14. election update 2006 South Africa number 3In the Free State especially, province, it was difficult to bigger support for the ANC.the elections were held sketch a scenario depicting Voters such as Jan van deragainst a similar background the outcome of the 2006 Merwe and Claudeand within a tense political local government elections. Jenkinson are prominentenvironment. A post-election It is clear that the ANC has ANC candidates inpreview clearly shows that managed to maintain the Bloemfontein and they havethis environment had a loyal supporters of the party inspired others to support thedefinite effect on the to such a degree that the ANC because they areelectorate. Prior to the 2006 party had managed to take dedicated to delivering aelection, especially since all 25 of the municipalities in contribution to the country2004, political tensions have the Free State with a clear (Coetzee, 2006:5). Inbeen brewing especially in majority of 76.7% of the Bloemfontein there wereareas such as the Eastern and votes. In second place was also a number of postersCentral Free State. It is the Democratic Alliance featuring white femalealways important to reflect with 12.47% and the candidates in a variety ofon the results of an election Freedom Front Plus came wards (Internet, 2006…ANCin order to identify important third with 2.7% of the votes takes Free).issues, challenges, patterns, cast. With this in mind, it isand tendencies which could interesting to note the Many students inhave significant influences comments made by Charlotte Bloemfontein did noton the governance of South Lobe, secretary of the ANC exercise their democraticAfrica and on voter in the Free State in an right to vote in the localparticipation and voting interview with a reporter, municipal elections. Voterbehaviour in subsequent Gert Coetzee (2006:5), from apathy among young peopleelections. Under the current a local newspaper, Die is worthy of notice and is alocal government system, Vloksblad. During this cause for concern. Many said50% of municipal seats are interview Lobe responded to they were not registered andallocated to ward the question as to who would simply lacked interest incouncillors, while the win the election. Lobe said voting. Those who wereremaining 50% are allocated that the ANC would win registered were registered into Proportional because the majority of their home towns and foundRepresentational (PR) voters in the Free State are it impossible to go home justcouncillors. The number of black people of whose vote to vote. Some students saidvotes the party gets in the and allegiance the party is they were not sure if theyelection will determine the assured. Besides that, the were registered and lackednumber of PR councillors political environment in the interest to find out if thisobtained by the party. A South Africa has changed was the case. Besidesmeeting is called after reflecting a non-racial problems experienced withfourteen days to select electorate resulting in a registration, many studentsofficers. The meeting, which potential to draw votes from lacked the interest to vote.is presided over by the the white electorate. As amunicipal manager, firstly result of talks with these Two aspects emergedhas to appoint the Speaker of potential voters, the ANC is strongly, namely the need forthe Council, an Executive confident of drawing votes information and politicalMayor as well as electing an from all population groups. literacy. A cause for concernExecutive Committee Lobe also felt that votes is the general feeling among(Sauer, 2006:1). traditionally cast in favour of the youth and especially the New National Party among students that it isIn the light of the discontent (NNP), which have dropped meaningless to vote. Studentexperienced with from 170 000 in 1994 to apathy extends to politicalmunicipalities in the 8000 in 2004 has seen a parties. They feel that there 14
  15. 15. election update 2006 South Africa number 3is no interaction with This form of communication were confused as to wherepolitical parties and the only as well as the use of e-mails they had to cast their votes.time they emerge is when was also used by otherthey want one’s vote. parties. Charlotte Lobe from This problem had beenStudents feel neglected by the ANC reasons that the addressed during the nationalpolitical parties who seldom, pre-election strategy of their election to a degree asif ever, show an interest in party was sufficient to gain pictures were printed onthem (Fourie, 2006:6). votes and they saw no need ballot papers but this was not to send SMS messages on the case during the localIt is interesting to note that the day of the election to government elections. Thesethe electoral system of potential voters. The voters indicated that theystudent representatives on Freedom Front Plus also saw had wanted to vote andthe campus of the University a need to get more involved regarded it as important as itof the Free State is based on with students and launched a had implications for servicepolitical parties and not student branch of its party on delivery, housing, jobindividuals. There is also a the campus just a month creation and future securitystudent parliament on the after the local government (Van Wyk, 2006:6).campus where political elections took place. Lydiaparties are represented by Young, spokesperson for the Overall the IEC had receivedelected students. However, Independent Electoral 50 complaints concerningmore can and should be done Commission (IEC) said that the local government results.to address the political it was in order for political This was an increase on theilliteracy of the students. parties to canvas for votes on number of complaints Election Day if it occurred received after the nationalWhen interviewed political outside the voting stations elections in 2004.parties were asked to (Versluis, 2006:9). Courtney Sampson, who iscomment on the issue of The use of more modern and from the IEC, explained thatyouth apathy, Mr Abrie fun communication to reach most of the complaintsKillian, chairperson of the and appeal to the youth is resulted fromACDP on the campus of the one solution but what about misunderstandingsUniversity of the Free State, the numerous students who concerning the electoralmade the suggestion that do not have the means to process.students and the youth in access this moderngeneral should be informed communication. A multi- He said that many newthrough modern sectoral approach should be participants experiencedcommunication mediums followed to reach the youth problems with issuessuch as SMS text messages who after all are the people pertaining to the electoralwhich encourage students who will lead South Africa process with the result thatfirstly to vote and secondly into the future. they complained. In responseto vote for a particular party. he indicated that manyKillian reasons that the use It is interesting to note that it problems were related toof modern technology will is not only the youth in the where parties placed theirappeal to the youth and rural areas that are focus. The strongest focusespecially to students and experiencing the challenges point was the winning orwill have the effect of of political literacy. Farm losing of the party ratherencouraging them to workers in Koffiefontein for than on the nature ofparticipate in the democratic instance, who are illiterate, multiparty democracy whichprocess as well as adding an found the voting process advocates a spirit ofelement of fun to the confusing. As they can participation (Cape Times:process. neither read nor write they Internet, 2006). 15
  16. 16. election update 2006 South Africa number 3The ANC is determined to facing Free State accountability by councillorsmake local government work municipalities in the fiscal will be high on the agenda.in the Free State. In order to year ahead. Newly elected councillorsachieve this, problematic should act with honesty andmunicipalities have been In their agenda to address integrity with their skillsidentified and the ANC will these problems, local utilised for the upliftment ofintervene to support them. government will launch an the community. ANCPledges of more resources intensive programme to spokesperson, Smutsand trained personnel as well improve municipal Ngonyama said the ANCas the employment of more governance thereby will work towards makingcompetent managers and enhancing performance and local government a powerfultechnicians have been promoting accountability. instrument of changereceived. The ANC has also Included in the (Citizen, 2006:6).promised to address issues improvements envisaged bywhere violent protests were Mafareka was the issue that President Mbeki is adamantencountered. Perpetrators all municipalities were to re- that local government willwill be dealt with and if negotiate municipal work. He has expressed thenecessary disciplined. In manager’s contracts with a conviction that all mayorssome instances, the post- cut-off date of 1 July. A and councillors are expectedelection days were marred strategic plan includes to uphold the ruling party’sby sporadic outbreaks of facilitating state structures vision of “fundamentalservice delivery protests. and governance social transformation” withDisgruntled residents even arrangements to the degree which the party intends todamaged property and shops that municipalities would be bring a better life for allin the town of Frankfort. better supported and (Internet, 2006).Violent demonstrations in monitored. A furtherDe Wetsdorp in the Southern advantage would include ReferencesFree State escalated to a measures to strengthen thelevel of extreme concern legislative and fiscal ANC takes Free State. 2006. Internet.when the home of Mr environment for local (http://www.news24.com/news24/Mopho Morobela of the government. R522 million SouthAfrica/Politics/0,6119,2-7-Naledi municipality has also been set aside for 12_1892094,00.ht... Assessed on 4(Dewetsdorp) was petrol the erection of houses. A March 2006.)bombed and there was firing thousand of the envisaged ANC makes clean sweep in Freeat the home of ANC council 12000 housing units will be State. 2006. IOL: 3/3/2006b.member Mr Paulus Mifi. On allocated to women (http://www.iol.co.za/general/news22 March 2006 the first contractors to commemorate /newsprint.php?art_id=qw1141408sitting of the municipality the 50th anniversary of the 441442B242&sf= Accessed onwas disrupted. Violent 1956 women’s anti-pass 3/31/2006).protests also occurred in demonstrations (Internet, ANC mayors must deliver orWepner and Van 2006: New Plans for…). leave- Mbeki. 2006. IOL:Standensrus. According to 3/3/2006b.Joel Mafareka, the MEC of It is important to take note of (http://www.iol.co.za/general/newslocal government and the transformation of local /newsprint.php?art_id=qw1426054 4178B256&sf= Accessed onhousing there are now plans government in South Africa 4/6/2006).on the table for Free State and the challenges this thirdmunicipalities. Mafareka tier of government has to Cape Times. 2006. IEC receivesadmitted in his budget face and manage. On the one complaints. Internet Iol.speech that there are side the ANC, after winning (http://www.iol.co.za/indexpho?set _id=1&click_id=13&art_id=20060challenges from every aspect all the seats in the province, 6308004844805... Accessed on theof municipal management has ensured the voters that 3/16/2006). 16
  17. 17. election update 2006 South Africa number 3Citizen. 2006. Councillors will acthonestly-ANC. 7 March, p6. New Plans for Free State EASTERN CAPE municipality-MEC. 2006. Internet-Coetzee, G. 2006. VS-ANC IOL. Dr. Thabisi Hoeaneverwag groot glimlagge in (http://www/iol.co.za/general/newverkiesing. Die Volksblad. 20 s/newspruit.php?art_id=qwl11432 Rhodes UniversityJanuary, p5. 13666193B242&sf= Accessed on the 26/4/2006). . IntroductionCoetzee, G. 2006. ANC verreweg Ngonyama P, 2006. Percysterkste in VS ná plaaslike Ngonyama on the 2006 Local In this third submission toverkiesing. Die Volksblad, 6 Government Elections. Centre forMarch,p2 . Civil Society. the Election Update, we (http://www.nu.ac.za/ccs/default.a review post-electionFourie, M. 2006. Min studente sp?3,28,10,2462 Accessed on processes in the Easternmaak kruisies Die Volksblad, 2 4/22/2006) Cape province. We focus onMaart, p6 . the counting process and SABC News, 2006 LocalHendrickse M, Olivier L & Venter Elections 2006: Free State – announcement of results,A, 2006. Handbook on Legislation Votes. post- election disputes,and Regulations for South Africa’s (http://www.sabcnews.com/Featur election observation andLocal Government Elections 2006. es/elections_2006/results/race_for monitoring, outlining thePretoria: IEC & Johannesburg: _votes/0,2374,2,00.html. patterns of the results as wellEISA. Accessed on 4/22/2006). as their politicalIEC Local Government Elections Sauer, D. 2006. Spesiale implications. We also2000 – Leading Party Report Free Promosie: Munisipale verkiesing consider the challengesState. UV-man gee siening oor die confronting the new(http://www.elections.org.za/iecwe verkiesing. Die Volksblad. 2 municipalities.b/Other/LGE_Reports_LeadParty_ March, p1.Free State.html Accessed on4/18/20006) Versluis, J.M. 2006. Partye se The Counting Process and SMS’e laaste probeerslag. Die Announcement of ResultsIndependent Electoral Volksblad, 2 March: p9.Commission (IEC): Free State The post-election processesLocal Government Elections Van Wyk, J. 2006. VS-Results. Leading Party Overall plaaswerkers haakvas met of counting ballot papers andReport. 2006-03-04 stemmery. Verward oor waar hulle the announcement of results kruisies moet trek. Die Volksblad, went relatively smoothly inIndependent Electoral 2 March: p6. the province as in most areasCommission (IEC): Free State of the country, despite theLocal Government Elections Webb, B. 2006. IEC demands aResults. MEC33 – Seat vote recount in the Free State. potential problems that wereCalculation Summary 2006-03-04. Diamond Fields Advertiser. 9 associated with the March, p. complexity of managingInterview with Mr Chris Mepha, local as opposed to nationalElectoral Officer – FS: IEC. 19 and provincial elections.24April 2006. Some of these challengesLocal elections deserve an Oscar – included the counting ofMbeki – IOL 2006. ballots accurately and doing(http://www.iol.co.za/general/news so in time for the results to/newsprint.php?art_id==qw114548 be announced within the841755B242&2f Accessed on4/6/2006) time frame established byNaledi councillor’s house torched. 24 Hopewell Dube, ‘ Super –2006. Internet-IOL. complex local poll headache for(http://www.iol.co.za/general/news IEC’,/newsprint.php?art_id==qw114425 http://www.businessday.co.za/artic0101489B265fsf=6/04/2006...Acc les/specialreports.aspx?ID=BD4Aessed on 4/6/2006) 145910 17
  18. 18. election update 2006 South Africa number 3the Independent Electoral were related to the electoral counted and processed inCommission (IEC). process in the Eastern Cape. time. In particular we refer to theThe nature of these problems increased voter turnout, Post Election Disputeswas both general (applicable revamped votingto other provinces) and infrastructure and the One of the most seriouslocalised (peculiar to the consequent complexity that problems that can confrontprovince). The general was experienced in any electoral process is theproblems were located in the efficiently managing these nature and magnitude ofnature of the processes issues. election disputes that emergeattendant to the conduct and in the aftermath of elections.management of local For example, voting stations One debilitating effect ofelections, especially the were increased by about 30 such disputes, especially ifinstitutional arrangements percent compared to the they are found to be credible,that underline this process. 2000 election and the would be to cast a cloud overDifferent ballot papers were number of voters had the freeness and fairness ofused for different areas increased from 2.5 million to the election. These can beaccording to the type of 2, 9 million.25 This factor raised both in a formalisedinstitutional structure in would, in and of itself, not manner (lodging an officialwhich voters were be considered to be a complaint with the IEC) orparticipating. Thus, challenge, but was an issue generally making statementsvariously, voters cast their in the Eastern Cape as the that question the credibilityballots for ward, province registered the of the election.proportional representation highest voter turnout at 56and district council’s percent, translating to 4 .5 The nature of these disputesrepresentative according to million voters turning up to are commonly raisedtheir geographical locality. vote. This situation led to between political parties,For example, on average, a increased amount of time usually framed around whatcouncil voter would receive and resources needed to is considered to have beenthree different ballots to administer the voting, the conduct that led to theelect (ward, proportional counting and processing of disadvantaging of others orrepresentation and district the results. those leveled at thecouncil) candidates. administrative authority However, taking all the responsible for running theThe localised problems were above issues into account, election, in this case the IEC.tied to weather conditions the provincial IEC was able The common problem thatthat pertained on voting day. to effectively manage the was experienced in theOf note were the floods that process with very few Eastern Cape revolvedaffected rural areas mainly in problems experienced that around intra-party disputesareas of the Transkei region would have adversely that occurred within theand the relative difficulties affected the process.26 Thus, ANC. It should be notedin accessing rural voting the provincial votes were however, that these disputesdistricts to deliver voting were not widespread andmaterials due to poor 25 were thinly spread in terms Lauren Cohen, ‘ 4000 Easterninfrastructure such as roads, of locality and indeed in Cape voting stations ready fornon availability of bridges crowds’, Weekend Post, 25 occurrence. They thereforeand so on. February 2006, p.2. did not effectively constitute 26 François Rank and Dineo a fundamental questioning ofThe other factors that had a Matomela, ‘ Uneventful Bay the process to the extent that elections good news for ANC asbearing on this process were it could be regarded to have counting begins’, The Herald, 2the particular issues that March 2006, p.2. been tainted. 18

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