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Yenepad 2006 SOUTH AFRICAN Election
 

Yenepad 2006 SOUTH AFRICAN Election

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    Yenepad 2006 SOUTH AFRICAN Election Yenepad 2006 SOUTH AFRICAN Election Document Transcript

    • ELECTION UPDATE 2006 SOUTH AFRICA Number 3 30 April 2006contentsLOCAL GOVERNMENTELECTION DAYKwaZulu-Natal 1Free State 6Eastern Cape 17Western Cape 25Northern Cape 29Gauteng 39North West 47Mpumalanga 50 EISA Editorial Team Jackie Kalley, Khabele Matlosa, Denis Kadima Published with the assistance of the OPEN SOCIETY FOUNDATION – SOUTH AFRICA poll observers. A total of concern in KwaZulu-NatalKWAZULU-NATAL 1100 observers were during the elections but that deployed to various polling these “could not haveShauna Mottiar stations on election day. compromised the freeCentre for Policy Studies Observers indicated that for expression of voters and the Election Observation and the most part, voting stations fairness of the March 1st Monitoring opened on time. Of those 2006 local government that did not, there was a elections.” As a result theObservation and monitoring delay of half an hour or so. elections were deemed free,during the local government In some areas voting queues fair and credible.1 Accordingelections in KwaZulu-Natal began to form well before to the report the incidenceswas officially carried out by voting stations opened. of concern included thethe Community Law and Despite this, however, the delivery of incorrect ballotRural Development Centre general trend was that voting papers to some voting(CLRDC). The CLRDC stations received fewer stations, thus holding up theworked in collaboration with voters than were registered. voting process. PoliticalJustice and Peace in co- The official observer missionordinating the recruitment, report claimed that there 1 Preliminary Observer Missiontraining and deployment of were a few incidences of Report, Langelihle Mtshali, CLRDC, 3 March 2006
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3party campaigning at some • Mzo Mavundla- Msinga longer than theirs.”2 De Haasentrances to polling stations activist killed on 9 argues that there are stillwas also reported. The usage February areas in KwaZulu-Natalof computer scan machines • Three members of the where people are too afraidand the voters roll to check Duma family – ANC to support the party of theirwhether voters were supporters in Durban choice for fear of beingregistered was reported at killed on 10 February victimised or intimidated.some polling stations to have • Musa Masondo –delayed voting and Nongoma ward candidate According to politicalcomplaints ensued about killed on 16 February analyst Laurence Piper, “Thestanding in long queues in • Zakhele Cele – 2006 local governmentthe hot sun. There were also Shobashobane councillor elections in KZN werereports that at some polling killed on 4 March along memorable for confirmingstations, voters were told with three colleagues, the beginning of a new era ofthey had to be introduced to Nkosingiphile Mavundla, ANC politics at the expensethe local inkosi (chief) before Moses Gambushe and of the IFP. As such, theythey could cast their votes. Mandla Cele promise greater peace andThere were also disputes at a • Masikito Mzila- prosperity, but also throw upcouple of polling stations Ntembisweni candidate new challenges ofover ballot papers not killed on 22 March accountability andtallying with the number of • Veli Nyawo – inclusion.”3 Indeed the IFPballot papers issued. Ngwavuma treasurer has, in the wake of the killed on 23 March elections, incurred a range of Inter- and Intra-Party setbacks while the ANC has • Ephraim Mkizhe – Relations Emhubeni branch had to face the challenge of chairman killed on April consolidating localPolitical violence in government’s mandate ofKwaZulu-Natal before and 2 along with colleague Nathi Dladla providing equitable serviceafter the election is still delivery and fostering publicalarmingly pervasive • Nine ANC Mpangeni participation at local levels.according to violence township supportersmonitor, Mary de Haas. killed between December Growing debate within IFPIndeed the African National 2005 and March 2006 ranks regarding leadershipCongress (ANC) has gone so • Mzo Sokhulu – uMsinga style and dwindling electoralfar as to propose an voter killed on 7 support prompted the partyintelligence driven strategy February because he said to convene a specialto root out what it has termed he was going to vote for congress in Umlazi during‘war lords’ in the province – the ANC. the first week of April. Somethis strategy would stem days before the congress,from the Department of The Inkatha Freedom Party IFP leader MangosuthuSafety and Security. The (IFP) responded to the Buthelezi was quoted asANC claims that 23 of its ANC’s intelligence driven saying, “I am ready to walkmembers and politicians proposal with the claim that out of this weekend’s IFPhave been assassinated in the the ANC was merely trying special conference, never toprovince over the last couple to score political points by come back on the publicof months: politicising the killings in the stage of politics. I am not• Nsizwazethu Thusi – province. An IFP spokesman offering my resignation to Umshati ward 6 claimed that “The truth is seek a new statutory candidate killed on 9 that we have a list (of February assassinated members) 2 Mercury, 7 April 2006 3 Witness, 4 March 2006 2
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3mandate. I am offering to Thulasizwe Buthelezi added those of the IFP to attractresign in order to encourage that the poor election results support…We now realisean open debate about our were due to “widespread that everything that was putparty’s identity purpose and electoral fraud and vote to us, that the IFP was notfunction.”4 Indeed Buthelezi rigging”. He added that the democratic, that it was amade good on his claim by IFP did not believe their leadership cult etc. was inresigning during the complaints to the IEC were reality what we hadcongress only to be re- dealt with satisfactorily8 joined.”10 An IFP spokesmanelected by the IFP leadership claimed that many IFPand the deliberating The IFP has also faced members had been ‘taken forcommittees some two hours various external challenges a ride’ by NADECO andlater. According to political in the form of the splinter now, that they had realisedanalyst Zakhele Ndlovu a group, the National this, would be returning tochange of leadership for the Democratic Convention the IFP in their majority.11IFP is not possible at this (NADECO). NADECO wasstage because there are no formed by ex IFP members Challenges for the Newclearly defined successors to who accused IFP leadership Local AuthoritiesButhelezi and his having led of being dictatorial andthe party for some thirty failing to observe good The ANC, freshly victoriousyears makes him somewhat democratic practice. at local level in KwaZulu-immovable.5 Indeed NADECO then went to Natal, faces multiplealthough the party’s establish itself as an challenges pertaining tosecretary general, Musa opposition party in the service delivery andZondi and national chairman, elections. Since then, participation. PoliticalZanele Magwaza could be however, it has accused the analyst Laurence Schlemmerpotential candidates for IFP of planting “spies” claims that more than 50%leadership, they are both within its ranks. This has of South Africanknown as “die hard lead to NADECO suspension municipalities areButhelezi loyalists”.6 With of its eThekweni deputy “dysfunctional” or “severelyregards the IFP’s poor regional chairman, challenged”.12 He adds thatshowing during the local Mandlakayise Magubane as these municipalities suffergovernment elections, blame he is suspected of from poor management ofwas laid squarely on the IEC corresponding with the IFP finances and failings in theirand the lack of state on NADECO matters.9 Fears performance of serviceresources. Buthelezi at NADECO of IFP delivery and developmentproclaimed that “the entire infiltration were first raised tasks. Schlemmer asserts thatstate apparatus with all its when three of its members problems around serviceorgans and branches were defected back to the IFP delivery also exist in thetwisted, warped and claiming that, “We have as a stronger municipalities andperverted to become matter of principle and with that some 6000instruments of the ruling a clear conscience, decided demonstrations and protestsparty’s electoral agenda and we cannot fool ourselves any over poor service deliverymachinery.”7 He went on to longer and we want to return have taken place over theargue that a lack of finances to our political home... To us past year by residentsimpaired IFP campaigning. NADECO is a one man fan groups, activists andIFP Youth Brigade leader club with no independent voluntary organisations. identity, trying desperately to4 Sunday Tribune, 9 April 2006 use the same principles as 10 Sunday Tribune, 23 April 20065 11 Mercury, 7 April 2006 ibid6 8 12 Sunday Times, 9 April 2006 Mercury, 10 April 2006 Sunday Tribune, 26 February7 9 Witness, 10 April 2006 Mercury, 4 May 2006 2006 3
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3According to Piper some The Foreman road squatter participation. Unfortunately15% of these nationwide camp, not far away houses this situation seems set toprotests have occurred in 8000 squatters who share 5 continue in KwaZulu-NatalKwaZulu-Natal. Piper claims toilets. The irony in this, he under the newthat KwaZulu-Natal has adds, is that the toilets were administration. Ward 80 inrecorded 700 legal protests built by the apartheid Umlazi is a case in point.over service delivery in the government. Zikode points Shortly after the electionslast couple of years and 132 out that Durban ratepayers Umlazi residents protestedillegal ones. money is used to build some violently against the re- 16000 homes a year but that election of ANC councillor,Testimony from Durban this cannot meet the backlog Bhekisisa Xulu in ward 80.squatter residents illustrates of the 800 000 shack They barricaded roads andthe challenges facing local dwellers in Durban. set tyres alight and policeauthorities in eThekweni Furthermore, he points out had to intervene with tearmetro alone. A member of a that politicians’ claims that gas and rubber bullets. The20 000 strong movement shack dwellers should not protesters argued that XuluAbahali Base Majondolo live in illegal settlements that had rigged the vote; theyrepresenting squatters in 35 are not serviced are added that they did not wantareas, expressed his concerns unhelpful, at best, because Xulu representing them as heregarding housing and these people have no choice. had been in office for theservice delivery. S’bu Most of them are from rural past ten years but failed toZikode a resident of the areas and have flocked into deliver on basic services.Kennedy Road squatter the metro for employment. Protesters also claimed thatcamp argued that acquiring Zikode contends that, “This despite the fact that theythe attention of the city’s movement was established were members of the ANC,political leaders was a out of anger. Politicians run they had never been part ofchallenge on its own. His around like mad asking for the party’s candidatemovement was forced to our votes today, and nomination process whenbecome assertive after the tomorrow when you ask wards chose their candidatesrealisation that community them to keep the promises for elections. They claimedleaders were commanding no they made, they set the that they were merelyrespect from municipal police on you.”13 He adds informed by the ANC’sofficials. Movement leaders that the council’s attitude to branch executive committeearranged for the council his movement has been less in the area that the party hadoffices to be invaded by than conciliatory. Ever since selected the candidate. Ansome twenty homeless its establishment Abahali’s Umlazi protester stated, “Wefamilies. Recently the marches have been banned, were never given the chancemovement won its motion to and police have tear-gassed, to choose who we wanted tobe able to protest after beaten and arrested its stand as a candidate for ournotifying authorities as members. ward.”14 The mainopposed to officially motivation for the localrequesting permission. Inherent in the above government election systemZikode claims that his testimony are issues not just incorporating a constituencymovement is advocating for of equitable service delivery representative element in thehomes and better services. but also of local authorities form of ward councillors isHe says that 6000 people failing to make meaningful to ensure that locallive in his squatter camp and contact with constituencies communities are accuratelyshare 170 toilets among in order to foster represented in theirthem. municipalities. In the Umlazi 13 “Speaking Out for the Poor”, 14 Mercury, 8 March 2006 Daily News, 3 March 2006 4
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3ward 80 case, it is unlikely committee because of normal. Ndwandwe thenthat local community intense fighting over the notified the office of Localmembers’ needs will be nomination of mayoral Government MEC resultingrepresented effectively by a candidates. The dissolution in the dissolution of thecouncillor whom they did took place two weeks after council.17 Ndwandwe’snot legitimise. A further the elections. An ANC position was thenproblem highlighted by ward member was quoted as temporarily filled by80 is that local communities saying that the committee corporate services manager,do not seem to completely was dissolved because of its Bongani Thusi who onlyunderstand the role their “failure to exercise its occupied the position for award councillor is supposed political authority”. He week before calling in sickto play or the limitations of added that this was a serious and being hospitalised. Thehis/her mandate. Claiming problem in the ANC.15 shifts and vacuum in thethat “he failed to deliver municipal managementservices” suggests that there The IFP has also experienced position has severelyis an expectation that a ward administrative setbacks in its affected the running of thecouncillor has the means and councils after the elections. municipality. Backlogs haveauthority to single-handedly Just days after its accumulated and linksconfer services on the inauguration, the crisis prone between administrative andcommunity. A ward Abaqulasi (Vryheid) political components havecouncillor’s role is, in fact, municipality voted out its broken down.18 The IFP ledto communicate his/her municipal manager Bamba uPongolo municipality hascommunity’s needs within Ndwandwe. Local also been experiencingthe municipality thus Government MEC Mike problems after the elections.ensuring that decisions made Mabuyakhulu warned the Political bickering amongregarding services take into council that it would be held council members forced theconsideration community responsible should party’s oversight committeeconcerns and fulfil Ndwandwe’s exit package be to call for the resignation ofcommunity needs. Ward found to be irregular. It is Mayor Bheki Mncwango andcouncillors are also rumoured that the golden his brother, council speakermandated to encourage handshake on the grounds of Rasta Mncwango. Thecommunity participation in ‘negative trust’ would cost Mncwango brothers hadthe affairs of local the municipality R750 000. occupied the same positionsgovernment through ward Reports abound, however, before the 2006 elections butcommittees and public that Ndwandwe’s dismissal failed to win the wards theymeetings. was an act of revenge by had contested and were left councillors after they out of the council becauseAside from issues of claimed he was instrumental they did not feature on therepresentation and fostering in the council’s dissolution party’s original proportionalparticipation the ANC at in November 2005.16 Reports representation list. The listlocal level, KwaZulu-Natal are that Ndwandwe, who was however, reviewed byis also struggling with was the council’s accounting Albert Mncwango (IFPadministrative challenges officer, had advised national organiser) enablingwhich can only hinder the councillors about a number them to return to the councilsmooth roll out of services. of activities that were taking in their former positions.Among these is infighting place which were illegal. This caused uproar amongwithin municipal executive The council however councillors in thecommittees such as the continued to operate as municipalities who refusedUmgungundlovu districtmunicipality. The ANC was 15 Mercury, 21 March 2006 17 Witness, 21 March 2006forced to dissolve the 16 Witness, 24 March 2006 18 Witness, 3 May 2006 5
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3to acknowledge the promises are in line with the effect, it has been hailed as aMncwangos as legitimate current national campaign to way to align the institutionoffice holders.19 Disruptions strengthen community of traditional leadership withsuch as these clearly have a participation in local elected publicnegative bearing on the government as well as representatives. Thegeneral functioning of the through ward councillors and legislation also paves themunicipality effectively ward committees. Special way for the establishment ofslowing down delivery of focus is to be placed on district houses of traditionalservices and de-prioritising municipalities where there leadership. These willissues of participation. have been protests over poor effectively mean that service delivery. KwaZulu- traditional councils whichBoth the ANC and IFP Natal has been identified as a were once appointed byelection manifestos province where ward traditional leaders will nowhighlighted the need to committees are severely consist of democraticallyimprove service delivery and under utilised as a channel elected members. Accordingcommunity participation at through which communities to the Department of Locallocal levels. The ANC can lodge their complaints to Government, Housing andpledged to increase skills and their municipalities.22 The Traditional Affairs elevencapacity of municipal role of ward councillors also local houses will bepoliticians and officials in needs to be strengthened. established by the end oforder to make their roles June and the provincialmore effective. It also Interface between Local house will be established bypromised to strengthen Authorities and the the end of July. Thepopular forums such as ward Traditional Leadership Department is also to focuscommittees and IDP Structures on training traditionalconsultations in order to leadership about goodfacilitate public Another pressing issue for 20 local authorities in democratic governance andparticipation. Likewise the partnering with localIFP pledged to provide ward KwaZulu-Natal is that of traditional authorities. politicians. The legislation,councillor training and to in keeping with democraticwork closely with During the early part of 2006, the provincial principles, calls for greatercommunities in terms of participation by women andconsultation and legislature passed the KwaZulu-Natal Leadership youth within traditionalcommunication in order to leadership circles.23ensure that community views and Governance Act. Theinfluence municipal legislation recognises thedecisions.21 These election Zulu monarch and accords it FREE STATE the responsibility of appointing amakhosi Angelique Harsant &19 Mercury, 13 April 2006 (traditional leaders) in the Constanze Bauer20 African National Congress 2006 province. The legislation is Department of PoliticalElection Manifesto and Mamledia Science, University of FreeJohnson, DDP Political Forum, also expected to make an impact on service delivery as StateLocal Government Elections,Durban, January 15 2006 it sets out conditions for The Counting Process21 Inkatha Freedom Party 2006 traditional leaders andLocal Government Election elected councillors to work Procedures for the sorting ofManifesto and Dr Buthelesi, DDPPolitical Forum, Local together in advancing the the ballot papers and theGovernment Elections, Durban, 15 cause of development. In counting of votes are set outJanuary 2006 Inkatha Freedom 23Party 2006 Local Government Local Government Elections, Budget 2006/2007 KZNElection Manifesto and Dr Durban, 15 January 2006 Ministry of Local Government, 22Buthelesi, DDP Political Forum, Daily News, 14 March 2006 Housing and Traditional Affairs 6
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3in the Municipal Electoral thereafter in bundles of 2006a:1). The ANC tookRegulations No. R. 848 of 22 ten such packages; and control of all 25August 2000, as amended by finally, municipalities in the FreeNotice No. R. 848 of 23 • The bundles and the State with more than 80% ofAugust 2003, ‘Municipal remaining ballots are the vote with 47.23% of theElectoral Regulations’. then counted with the registered voters in the Free(Hendrickse 2006:2). In totals of each party or State exercising their right toterms of Appendixes 20A candidate recorded on vote (IOL 2006b:1). Thisand 20B of the Municipal specified forms (Form was in comparison to theElectoral Regulations (as MEC 17: Result form – 48,9% obtained in the 2000stated in Hendrickse Party List count and Local Government Elections2006:69), the process is as Form MEC: Result (Coetzee 2006:2). In thefollows: Form18 – Ward count). 2000 Local Government• Papers are first sorted Elections, the ANC won all according to the type of Results 20 municipalities and ballot papers used at the The results were announced enjoyed 72, 11% support voting station; at the IEC Headquarters on with the other parties• After the papers of each Saturday, 4 April 2006 in together only enjoying 27, ballot are counted, the Pretoria by IEC Chairperson 89% of the vote (IEC totals are then compared Dr. Brigalia Bam who Leading Party Report with the statement of the declared the elections free 2000:1) The highest turnout presiding officer (Form and fair. At the same event, was at the Golden Gate MEC 11); President Mbeki Highlands National Park• Papers are examined to congratulated the IEC on where 66.46% of the ascertain whether they overseeing the elections as registered voters voted should be rejected and if well as political parties who followed. The results were that is the case, the had accepted defeats and had determined by the IEC in rejected papers are kept not taken recourse to the terms of section 64(6) of the to one side; courts. President Mbeki Local Government• The remaining papers are emphasised the importance Municipal Electoral Act, No. sorted face up according of local government “as a 27 of 2000 and are provided to each party and ward critical area where all the in the following tables. candidate; They are promise made by people bound in elastic bands in during their campaign had to bundles of ten and be delivered on” (IOL,Table 1: Leading party overall reportParty Name Valid Votes¹ % Support Seats won² % Seats wonAfrican National Congress (ANC) 1,392,337 76,66% 516 67,72%Democratic Alliance (DA) 227,050 12,50% 83 10,89%Freedom Front-Plus (FF) 40,745 2,24% 19 2,49%Pan Africanist Congress of Azania (PAC) 29,902 1,65% 17 2,23%Dikwankwetla Party of South Africa (DPSA) 27,305 1,50% 9 1,18%African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP) 10,412 0,57% 7 0,92%Independents 7,069 0,39% 3 0,39%United Christian Democratic Party (UCDP) 9,855 0,54% 3 0,39%United Democratic Movement (UDM) 2,972 0,16% 2 0,26%Azanian People’s Organization AZAPO) 2,6192 0,14% 2 0,26%Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) 1,270 0,07% 1 0,13%Belastingsbetalersvereniging van Parys (BVP) 1,437 0,08% 1 0,13%Phumela Ratepayers’ Association (PRA) 2,120 0,12% 1 0,13%United Independent Front (UIF) 1,454 0,08% 1 0,13%Other 59,800 3,29%TOTAL 1,816,347 100,00% 665¹ Valid Votes include both Ward and PR votes² Seats won include both Ward and PR seatsSource: IEC – Leading Party Overall Report as at 2000/03/04. 7
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3Table 2: Table outlining the percentage of PR votes only obtained by the top three parties in thespecified municipality % VD’sMunicipality(Previous name in brackets) 1st party % 2nd party % 3rd party % declaredFS 161 LETSEMENG (Koffiefontein) 100 ANC 78 DA 13 FF-Plus 4FS 162 KOPANONG (Trompsburg) 100 ANC 77 DA 15 PAC 4FS 163 MOHOKARE (Zastron) 100 ANC 80 DA 10 PAC 5FS 171 NALEDI (Dewetsdorp) 100 ANC 74 DA 14 PAC 8FS 172 MANGAUNG (Bloemfontein) 100 ANC 72 DA 16 FF-Plus 4FS173 MANTSOPA (Ladybrand) 100 ANC 82 DA 10 PAC 4FS181 MASILONYANA (Theunissen) 100 ANC 83 DA 10 FF-Plus 4FS 182 TOKOLOGO (Dealesville) 100 ANC 78 DA 12 FF-Plus 7FS 183 TSWELOPELE (Hoopstad) 100 ANC 84 DA 13 FF-Plus 2FS 184 MATJHABENG (Welkom) 100 ANC 80 DA 15 PAC 1FS 185 NALA (Bothaville) 100 ANC 85 DA 6 FF-Plus 3FS 191 SETSOTO (Senekal) 100 ANC 81 DA 12 PAC 2FS 192 DIHLABENG (Bethlehem) 100 ANC 77 DA 12 PAC 5FS 193 NKETOANA (Reitz) 100 ANC 79 DA 11 PAC 6FS 194 MALUTI A PHOFUNG (Qwa-Qwa) 100 ANC 80 DPSA 11 DA 3FS 195 PHUMELELA (Vrede) 100 ANC 80 PRA 8 DA 6FS 201 MOQHAKA (Kroonstad) 100 ANC 77 DA 14 FF-Plus 4FS 201 NGWATHE (Parys) 100 ANC 77 DA 13 PAC 3FS 204 METSIMAHOLO (Sasolburg) 100 ANC 65 DA 21 UDM 5FS 205 MAFUBE (Frankfort) 100 ANC 75 DA 7 PAC 7Source: SABC News, 2006-03-05: 1-2.Table 3: Summary of seat allocation per district council (DC)Table 3.1: DC 16 – XHARIEP DC 40 % Total Seats available to Municipality: 6 DC 40% Total % SeatsParty Valid Votes % Votes Seats wonANC 22,210 78,02% 5 83,33%DA 3,727 13,09% 1 16,67%PAC 1,016 3,57% 0 0,00%FF-Plus 996 3,50% 0 0.00%ACDP 518 1,82% 0 0,00%TOTAL 28,467 100,00 6 100,00Source: IEC – MEC 33 as at 2000/03/04.Table 3:2 DC 17 – MOTHEO DC 40 % Total Seats available to Municipality: 18Party Valid Votes % DC40% Total Seats % Seats Votes wonANC 123,384 73,54% 13 72,22%DA 26,225 15,63% 3 16,67%FF-Plus 5,750 3,43% 1 5,56%UCDP 3,650 2,18% 1 5,56%PAC 3,615 2,15% 0 0,00%ACDP 2,579 1,54% 0 0,00%ID 1,372 0,82% 0 0,00Black Consciousness Forum 638 0,38% 0 0,00%UDM 571 0,34% 0 0,00%TOTAL 167,784 100,00 18 100,00Source: IEC – MEC33 as at 2000/03/04 8
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3Table 3.3 DC 18 – LEJWELEPUTSWA DC 40 % Total Seats available to Municipality: 15Party Valid Votes % Votes DC40% Total Seats % Seats wonANC 113,034 81,08% 12 80,00%DA 17,980 12,90% 2 13,33%FF-Plus 2,503 1,80% 1 6,67%PAC 2,301 1,65% 0 0,00%ACDP 1,451 1,04% 0 0,00%UDM 1,208 0,87% 0 0,00%ID 928 0,67% 0 0,00%TOTAL 139,405 100,00% 15 100.00%Source: IEC – MEC33 as at 2000/03/04.Table 3.3 DC 18 – THABO MOFUTSANYANE DC 40 % Total Seats available to Municipality: 16Party Valid Votes % Votes DC40% Total Seats % Seats wonANC 128,054 80,61% 13 81,25%DA 11,863 7,47% 1 6,25%DPSA 9,018 5,68% 1 6,25%PAC 4,087 2,57% 1 6,25%FF-Plus 3,724 2,34% 0 0,00%ACDP 2,111 1,53% 0 0,00%TOTAL 158,857 100,00% 16 100.00% DMA DC 60 % Total Seats available to Municipality: 1ANC 87 87,00% 1 100.00%DA 13 13,00% 0 0.00%TOTAL 100 100,00% 1 100.00%Source: IEC – MEC33 as at 2000/03/04.Table 3.4 DC 20 – FEZILE DABI (Northern Free State) DC 40 % Total Seats available to Municipality: 13Party Valid Votes % Votes DC40% Total Seats % Seats wonANC 80,829 74,23% 10 76,92%DA 16,082 14,77% 2 15,38%FF-Plus 4,004 3,68% 1 7,69%PAC 3,288 3,02% 0 0,00%UDM 2,110 1,94% 0 0,00%AZAPO 1,390 1,28% 0 0,00%ACDP 1,188 1,09% 0 0,00%TOTAL 108,891 100,00% 13 100,00%Source: IEC – MEC 33 as at 2000/03/04. 9
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3Table 4: Summary of seat calculation per municipalityIn cases where a ward is uncontested, the PR for the party will be doubled for the overall seatcalculation.Seats Calculated = (A) Ward Seats = (B) PR List Seats = (A-B) FS 161 – LETSEMENG (Koffiefontein): Seats 10Party Valid Votes % Votes Total Seats Ward Seats PR List Seats % Seats WonANC 11,400 74,19% 8 5 3 80,00%DA 1,906 12,40% 1 0 1 10,00%INDEPENDENT 735 4,78% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 538 3,50% 1 0 1 10,00%FF-Plus 451 2,94% 0 0 0 0,00%PAC 336 2,19% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 15,366 100% 10 5 5 100,00% FS 162 – KOPANONG (Trompsburg): Seats 14ANC 20,325 76,68% 11 7 4 78,57%DA 4,044 15,26% 2 0 2 14,29%PAC 1,021 3,85% 1 0 1 7,14%FF-PLUS 928 3,50% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 137 0,52% 0 0 0 0,00%INDEPENDENT 51 0,19% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 26,506 100,00% 14 7 7 100,00% FS 163 MOHOKARE (Zastron): Seats 10ANC 12,537 80,82% 8 5 3 80,00%DA 1,550 9,99% 1 0 1 10,00%PAC 772 4,98% 1 0 1 10,00%FF-Plus 406 2,62% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 132 0,85% 0 0 0 0,00%UDM 116 0,75% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 43,447 100,00% 10 5 5 100,00% FS 171 NALEDI (Dewetsdorp): Seats 8ANC 8,241 64,03% 5 3 2 62,50%INDEPENDENT 2.122 16,49% 1 1 0 12,50%DA 1,565 12,16% 1 0 1 12,50%PAC 589 4,58% 1 0 1 12,50%FF-Plus 228 1,77% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 125 0,97% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 13,870 100,00% 8 4 4 100,00% FS 172 MANGAUNG (Bloemfontein): Seats 89ANC 215,284 71,51% 65 37 28 73,03%DA 48,477 16,09% 15 8 7 16,85%FF-Plus 10,8918 3,62% 3 0 3 3,37%UCDM 6,205 2,06% 2 0 2 2,25%PAC 5,6206 1,87% 2 0 2 2,25%INDEPENDENT 5,037 1,67% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 3,632 1,21% 1 0 1 1,12%DPSA 1,771 0,59% 1 0 1 1,12%ID 1,675 0,56% 0 0 0 0,00%AZAPO 1,031. 0,34% 0 0 0 0,00%Black Consciousness Forum 855 0,28% 0 0 0 0,00%UDM 595 0,20% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 301,043 100,00% 89 45 44 100,00% FS 173 MANTSOPA (Ladybrand): SEATS 16ANC 19,437 79,60% 13 8 5 81,25%DA 1,809 7,41% 1 0 1 6,25%INDEPENDENT 1,059 4,34% 0 0 0 0,00%PAC 852 3,49% 1 0 1 6,25%ACDP 746 3,06% 1 0 1 6,25%FF-Plus 514 2,11% 0 0 1 0,00%TOTAL 24,417 100,00% 16 8 8 100,00% 10
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3 FS 181 MASILONYANA (Theunissen): Seats 20ANC 23,575 82,85% 17 10 7 85,00%DA 2,830 9,95% 2 0 2 10,00%FF-Plus 1,023 3,60% 1 0 1 5,00%PAC 666 2,34% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 331 1,16% 0 0 0 0,00%INDEPENDENT 28 0,10% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 100,00% 20 10 10 100,00% FS 182 TOKOLOGO (Dealesville): Seats 8ANC 8,058% 76,49% 6 4 75,00%DA 1,209% 11,48% 1 0 12,50%FF-Plus 714 6,78% 1 0 12,50%PAC 322 3,06% 0 0 0,00%INDEPENDENT 232 2,20% 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 10,535 100,00% 8 4 100,00% FS 183 TSWELOPELE (Hoopstad): Seats 14ANC 16,695 75,24% 11 6 5 78,57%DA 2,725 12,28% 2 0 2 14,29%INDEPENDENT 2,231 10,05% 1 1 0 7,14%PAC 334 1,51% 0 0 0 0,00%FF-Plus 205 0,92% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 22,190 100,00% 14 7 7 100,00% FS 184 – MATJHABENG (Welkom): Seats 72ANC 142,550 78,75% 57 31 26 79,17%DA 27,302 15,08% 11 4 7 15,28%INDEPENDENT 2,716 1,50% 1 1 0 1,39%PAC 2,652 1,47% 1 0 1 1,30%FF-Plus 1,957 1,08% 1 0 1 1,39%ACDP 1,542 0,85% 1 0 1 1,39%Independt Civic Assoc. of SA 920 0,51% 0 0 0 0,00%UDM 760 0,42% 0 0 0 0,00%ID 619 0,34% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 181,018 100,00% 72 36 36 100,00% FS 185 NALA (Bothaville): Seats 24ANC 33,265 84,68% 20 12 8 83,333%DA 2,522 6,42% 2 0 2 8,33%PAC 1,193 3,04% 1 0 1 4,17%FF-Plus 1,137 2,89% 1 0 1 4,17%UDM 639 1,63% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 352 0,90% 0 0 0 0,00%ID 175 0,45% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 39,283 100,00% 24 12 12 100,00% FS 191 SETSOTO (Senekal): Seats 33ANC 40,045 81,09% 27 17 10 81,82%DA 6,012 12,17% 4 0 4 12,12%PAC 1,061 2,15% 1 0 1 3,03%FF-Plus 863 1,75% 1 0 1 3,03%ID 791 1,60% 0 0 0 0,00%UDM 496 1,00% 0 0 0 0,00%NDM 118 0,24% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 49,386 100,00% 33 17 16 100,00% FS 192 – DIHLABENG(Bethlehem): Seats 37ANC 44,872 77,56% 29 16 13 78,38%DA 7,283 12,59% 5 3 2 13,51%FF-Plus 2,357 4,07% 1 0 1 2,70%PAC 2,309 3,99% 1 0 1 2,70%ACDP 681 1,52% 1 0 1 2,70%NDC 152 0,26% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 57,854 100,00% 37 19 18 100,00% 11
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3 FS 193 – NKETOANA (Reitz): Seats 18ANC 22,501 78,56% 14 9 5 77,78%DA 3,064 10,70% 2 0 2 11,11%PAC 1,726 6,03% 1 0 1 5,56%FF-PLUS 1,097 3,83% 1 0 1 5,56%INDEPENDENT 252 0,88% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 28,640 100,00% 18 9 9 100,00% FS 194 MALUTI A PHOFUNG (Qwa-Qwa): Seats 68ANC 125,539 80,36% 55 33 22 80,88%DPSA 16,516 10,57% 7 0 7 10,29%DA 5,620 3,60% 2 1 1 2,94%ACDP 1,850 1,18% 1 0 1 1,47%PAC 1,768 1,13% 1 0 1 1,47%INDEPENDENT 1,607 1,03% 0 0 0 0,00%IFP 1,270 0,81% 1 0 1 1,47%AZAPO 1,247 0,80% 1 0 1 1,47%FF-Plus 809 0,52% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 156,226 100,00% 68 34 34 100,00% FS 195 PHUMELELA (Vrede): Seats 14ANC 20,269 80,08% 11 7 4 78,57%PRA 2,120 8,38% 1 0 1 7,14%DA 1,524 6,02% 1 0 1 7,14%FF-Plus 894 3,53% 1 0 1 7,14%PAC 504 1,99% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 25,311 100,00% 14 7 7 100,00% FS 201 MOGHAKA (Kroonstad): Seats 50ANC 53,862 75,89% 38 21 17 76,00%DA 9,568 13,48% 7 4 3 14,00%FF-Plus 2,526 3,56% 2 0 2 4,00%PAC 2,127 3,00% 2 0 2 4,00%ACDP 1,223 1,72% 1 0 1 2,00%INDEPENDENT 697 0,98% 0 0 0 0,00%AZAPO 609 0,86% 0 0 0 0,00%Socialist Party of Azania 363 0,51% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 70,975 100,00% 50 25 25 100,00% FS 203 NGWATHE (Parys): Seats 38ANC 47,146 77,42% 30 17 13 78,95%DA 7,708 12,66% 5 2 3 13,16%PAC 2,185 3,59% 1 0 1 2,63%FF-Plus 2,068 3,40% 1 0 1 2,63%BVP 1,437 2,36% 1 0 1 2,63%UDM 311 0,51% 0 0 0 0,00%INDEPENDENT 38 0,06% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 60,893 100,00% 38 19 19 100,00% FS 204 METSIMAHOLO (Sasolburg): Seats 36ANC 38,514 65,41% 24 14 10 66,67%DA 12,404 21,06% 8 4 4 22,22%UDM 2,972 5,05% 2 0 2 5,56%FF-Plus 1,521 2,58% 1 0 1 2,78%UIF 1,454 2,47% 1 0 1 2,78%PAC 722 1,23% 0 0 0 0,00%AZAPO 685 1,16% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 513 0,87% 0 0 0 0,00%INDEPENDENT 100 0,17% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 58,885 100,00% 36 18 18 100,00% FS 205 MAFUBE (Frankfurt): Seats 17ANC 20,624 75,05% 13 9 4 76,47%DA 2,081 7,57% 1 0 1 5,88%PAC 1,940 7,06% 1 0 1 5,88%FF-PLUS 1,440 5,24% 1 0 1 5,88%AZAPO 1,372 4,99% 1 0 1 5,88%INDEPENDENT 22 0,00% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 27,479 100,00% 17 9 8 100,00%Source: IEC – MEC 33 as at 2000/03/04. 12
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3It appears that despite poor missed by the presiding from Lesotho were alsoservice delivery and officer who had allocated present to train as observerscorruption among 7283 votes to the ACDP and as part of an exchangecouncillors, the ANC still 831 votes to the DA. A programme between the twoenjoys the majority of recount settled the matter. countries. Three of themsupport from the population The UDM and the Freedom were placed in Mangaungas had been the case during Front Plus also complained whilst one was placed at thethe 2004 National Election. that their parties were not IEC Head Office inThe DA came second, included on the ballot papers Bloemfontein (Interviewfollowed closely by the PAC in the districts they were with Mr Mepha 19 Apriland the FF-Plus in third and contesting. In response, the 2006).fourth places respectively IEC indicated that these(Coetzee 2006:2). What is parties had not met the After the ballot count theworrying, however, is that deadline. Problems in the results revealed a resoundingdespite the ‘Power of Media’ Naledi municipality flared success for the ruling party,Campaign run by the IEC, up again after the elections. the ANC.less than 48% of the Municipal councillor’s With the dawn of the 1994registered 22 million voters houses were torched in elections, the media bothcast their vote and an Dewetsdorp. The house of nationally andestimated 6 million people acting manager Lydia internationally vieweddid not even bother to Morobela was destroyed in a pictures of long rows ofregister (Ngonyama 2006:1) fire while the house of voters waiting to exercise another councillor was partly their democratic vote. Post-Election Disputes destroyed in a fire. A vehicle Whereas a large number of at this house was also voters had turned out to voteAccording to the Provincial destroyed. Problems were for the 1994 election, theElectoral Officer for the Free aggravated when residents current election reveals aState, Mr Chris Mepha, only protested and disrupted the remarkable decline in voting2 disputes had taken place inauguration of the newly which is largely due to voterduring the election with both elected mayor and apathy. This became veryof them occurring at councillors. In spite of the evident during the 2006Dihlabeng (Interview with disruptions Motlatsi Motlui elections.Mr Mepha 19 April 2006). was elected mayor.After the elections in the Provincial government The local governmentFree State the Independent officials stepped in when election has been conductedElectoral Commission (IEC) problems arose after Thato freely and fairly and someordered a recount in the Free Khoase the municipal voters are still veryState. The main reason was manager was suspended passionate about their rightthat there were cases of non- (Internet, 2006; Naledi to cast their vote and to haveadherence to the provisions councillors and Webb, a say in the governance ofof the electoral laws. Mr 2006:3). South Africa. However,Chris Mepha, the Provincial underlying this passion andElectoral Officer, ordered a Election Observers and participation there arerecount because the Monitoring murmurs in the politicalDemocratic Alliance in environment which speak ofBethlehem disputed the No international observers dissatisfaction, distrust,vote’s tally which they felt witnessed the 2006 Local corruption and increasinghad left them far behind the Government elections in the frustration. This is especiallyACDP. The complaint had Free State. Four local evident in the 2006 localproved valid because it was organisations observed the government elections (Sauer,found that votes had been elections whilst four people 2006:1). 13
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3In the Free State especially, province, it was difficult to bigger support for the ANC.the elections were held sketch a scenario depicting Voters such as Jan van deragainst a similar background the outcome of the 2006 Merwe and Claudeand within a tense political local government elections. Jenkinson are prominentenvironment. A post-election It is clear that the ANC has ANC candidates inpreview clearly shows that managed to maintain the Bloemfontein and they havethis environment had a loyal supporters of the party inspired others to support thedefinite effect on the to such a degree that the ANC because they areelectorate. Prior to the 2006 party had managed to take dedicated to delivering aelection, especially since all 25 of the municipalities in contribution to the country2004, political tensions have the Free State with a clear (Coetzee, 2006:5). Inbeen brewing especially in majority of 76.7% of the Bloemfontein there wereareas such as the Eastern and votes. In second place was also a number of postersCentral Free State. It is the Democratic Alliance featuring white femalealways important to reflect with 12.47% and the candidates in a variety ofon the results of an election Freedom Front Plus came wards (Internet, 2006…ANCin order to identify important third with 2.7% of the votes takes Free).issues, challenges, patterns, cast. With this in mind, it isand tendencies which could interesting to note the Many students inhave significant influences comments made by Charlotte Bloemfontein did noton the governance of South Lobe, secretary of the ANC exercise their democraticAfrica and on voter in the Free State in an right to vote in the localparticipation and voting interview with a reporter, municipal elections. Voterbehaviour in subsequent Gert Coetzee (2006:5), from apathy among young peopleelections. Under the current a local newspaper, Die is worthy of notice and is alocal government system, Vloksblad. During this cause for concern. Many said50% of municipal seats are interview Lobe responded to they were not registered andallocated to ward the question as to who would simply lacked interest incouncillors, while the win the election. Lobe said voting. Those who wereremaining 50% are allocated that the ANC would win registered were registered into Proportional because the majority of their home towns and foundRepresentational (PR) voters in the Free State are it impossible to go home justcouncillors. The number of black people of whose vote to vote. Some students saidvotes the party gets in the and allegiance the party is they were not sure if theyelection will determine the assured. Besides that, the were registered and lackednumber of PR councillors political environment in the interest to find out if thisobtained by the party. A South Africa has changed was the case. Besidesmeeting is called after reflecting a non-racial problems experienced withfourteen days to select electorate resulting in a registration, many studentsofficers. The meeting, which potential to draw votes from lacked the interest to vote.is presided over by the the white electorate. As amunicipal manager, firstly result of talks with these Two aspects emergedhas to appoint the Speaker of potential voters, the ANC is strongly, namely the need forthe Council, an Executive confident of drawing votes information and politicalMayor as well as electing an from all population groups. literacy. A cause for concernExecutive Committee Lobe also felt that votes is the general feeling among(Sauer, 2006:1). traditionally cast in favour of the youth and especially the New National Party among students that it isIn the light of the discontent (NNP), which have dropped meaningless to vote. Studentexperienced with from 170 000 in 1994 to apathy extends to politicalmunicipalities in the 8000 in 2004 has seen a parties. They feel that there 14
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3is no interaction with This form of communication were confused as to wherepolitical parties and the only as well as the use of e-mails they had to cast their votes.time they emerge is when was also used by otherthey want one’s vote. parties. Charlotte Lobe from This problem had beenStudents feel neglected by the ANC reasons that the addressed during the nationalpolitical parties who seldom, pre-election strategy of their election to a degree asif ever, show an interest in party was sufficient to gain pictures were printed onthem (Fourie, 2006:6). votes and they saw no need ballot papers but this was not to send SMS messages on the case during the localIt is interesting to note that the day of the election to government elections. Thesethe electoral system of potential voters. The voters indicated that theystudent representatives on Freedom Front Plus also saw had wanted to vote andthe campus of the University a need to get more involved regarded it as important as itof the Free State is based on with students and launched a had implications for servicepolitical parties and not student branch of its party on delivery, housing, jobindividuals. There is also a the campus just a month creation and future securitystudent parliament on the after the local government (Van Wyk, 2006:6).campus where political elections took place. Lydiaparties are represented by Young, spokesperson for the Overall the IEC had receivedelected students. However, Independent Electoral 50 complaints concerningmore can and should be done Commission (IEC) said that the local government results.to address the political it was in order for political This was an increase on theilliteracy of the students. parties to canvas for votes on number of complaints Election Day if it occurred received after the nationalWhen interviewed political outside the voting stations elections in 2004.parties were asked to (Versluis, 2006:9). Courtney Sampson, who iscomment on the issue of The use of more modern and from the IEC, explained thatyouth apathy, Mr Abrie fun communication to reach most of the complaintsKillian, chairperson of the and appeal to the youth is resulted fromACDP on the campus of the one solution but what about misunderstandingsUniversity of the Free State, the numerous students who concerning the electoralmade the suggestion that do not have the means to process.students and the youth in access this moderngeneral should be informed communication. A multi- He said that many newthrough modern sectoral approach should be participants experiencedcommunication mediums followed to reach the youth problems with issuessuch as SMS text messages who after all are the people pertaining to the electoralwhich encourage students who will lead South Africa process with the result thatfirstly to vote and secondly into the future. they complained. In responseto vote for a particular party. he indicated that manyKillian reasons that the use It is interesting to note that it problems were related toof modern technology will is not only the youth in the where parties placed theirappeal to the youth and rural areas that are focus. The strongest focusespecially to students and experiencing the challenges point was the winning orwill have the effect of of political literacy. Farm losing of the party ratherencouraging them to workers in Koffiefontein for than on the nature ofparticipate in the democratic instance, who are illiterate, multiparty democracy whichprocess as well as adding an found the voting process advocates a spirit ofelement of fun to the confusing. As they can participation (Cape Times:process. neither read nor write they Internet, 2006). 15
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3The ANC is determined to facing Free State accountability by councillorsmake local government work municipalities in the fiscal will be high on the agenda.in the Free State. In order to year ahead. Newly elected councillorsachieve this, problematic should act with honesty andmunicipalities have been In their agenda to address integrity with their skillsidentified and the ANC will these problems, local utilised for the upliftment ofintervene to support them. government will launch an the community. ANCPledges of more resources intensive programme to spokesperson, Smutsand trained personnel as well improve municipal Ngonyama said the ANCas the employment of more governance thereby will work towards makingcompetent managers and enhancing performance and local government a powerfultechnicians have been promoting accountability. instrument of changereceived. The ANC has also Included in the (Citizen, 2006:6).promised to address issues improvements envisaged bywhere violent protests were Mafareka was the issue that President Mbeki is adamantencountered. Perpetrators all municipalities were to re- that local government willwill be dealt with and if negotiate municipal work. He has expressed thenecessary disciplined. In manager’s contracts with a conviction that all mayorssome instances, the post- cut-off date of 1 July. A and councillors are expectedelection days were marred strategic plan includes to uphold the ruling party’sby sporadic outbreaks of facilitating state structures vision of “fundamentalservice delivery protests. and governance social transformation” withDisgruntled residents even arrangements to the degree which the party intends todamaged property and shops that municipalities would be bring a better life for allin the town of Frankfort. better supported and (Internet, 2006).Violent demonstrations in monitored. A furtherDe Wetsdorp in the Southern advantage would include ReferencesFree State escalated to a measures to strengthen thelevel of extreme concern legislative and fiscal ANC takes Free State. 2006. Internet.when the home of Mr environment for local (http://www.news24.com/news24/Mopho Morobela of the government. R522 million SouthAfrica/Politics/0,6119,2-7-Naledi municipality has also been set aside for 12_1892094,00.ht... Assessed on 4(Dewetsdorp) was petrol the erection of houses. A March 2006.)bombed and there was firing thousand of the envisaged ANC makes clean sweep in Freeat the home of ANC council 12000 housing units will be State. 2006. IOL: 3/3/2006b.member Mr Paulus Mifi. On allocated to women (http://www.iol.co.za/general/news22 March 2006 the first contractors to commemorate /newsprint.php?art_id=qw1141408sitting of the municipality the 50th anniversary of the 441442B242&sf= Accessed onwas disrupted. Violent 1956 women’s anti-pass 3/31/2006).protests also occurred in demonstrations (Internet, ANC mayors must deliver orWepner and Van 2006: New Plans for…). leave- Mbeki. 2006. IOL:Standensrus. According to 3/3/2006b.Joel Mafareka, the MEC of It is important to take note of (http://www.iol.co.za/general/newslocal government and the transformation of local /newsprint.php?art_id=qw1426054 4178B256&sf= Accessed onhousing there are now plans government in South Africa 4/6/2006).on the table for Free State and the challenges this thirdmunicipalities. Mafareka tier of government has to Cape Times. 2006. IEC receivesadmitted in his budget face and manage. On the one complaints. Internet Iol.speech that there are side the ANC, after winning (http://www.iol.co.za/indexpho?set _id=1&click_id=13&art_id=20060challenges from every aspect all the seats in the province, 6308004844805... Accessed on theof municipal management has ensured the voters that 3/16/2006). 16
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3Citizen. 2006. Councillors will acthonestly-ANC. 7 March, p6. New Plans for Free State EASTERN CAPE municipality-MEC. 2006. Internet-Coetzee, G. 2006. VS-ANC IOL. Dr. Thabisi Hoeaneverwag groot glimlagge in (http://www/iol.co.za/general/newverkiesing. Die Volksblad. 20 s/newspruit.php?art_id=qwl11432 Rhodes UniversityJanuary, p5. 13666193B242&sf= Accessed on the 26/4/2006). . IntroductionCoetzee, G. 2006. ANC verreweg Ngonyama P, 2006. Percysterkste in VS ná plaaslike Ngonyama on the 2006 Local In this third submission toverkiesing. Die Volksblad, 6 Government Elections. Centre forMarch,p2 . Civil Society. the Election Update, we (http://www.nu.ac.za/ccs/default.a review post-electionFourie, M. 2006. Min studente sp?3,28,10,2462 Accessed on processes in the Easternmaak kruisies Die Volksblad, 2 4/22/2006) Cape province. We focus onMaart, p6 . the counting process and SABC News, 2006 LocalHendrickse M, Olivier L & Venter Elections 2006: Free State – announcement of results,A, 2006. Handbook on Legislation Votes. post- election disputes,and Regulations for South Africa’s (http://www.sabcnews.com/Featur election observation andLocal Government Elections 2006. es/elections_2006/results/race_for monitoring, outlining thePretoria: IEC & Johannesburg: _votes/0,2374,2,00.html. patterns of the results as wellEISA. Accessed on 4/22/2006). as their politicalIEC Local Government Elections Sauer, D. 2006. Spesiale implications. We also2000 – Leading Party Report Free Promosie: Munisipale verkiesing consider the challengesState. UV-man gee siening oor die confronting the new(http://www.elections.org.za/iecwe verkiesing. Die Volksblad. 2 municipalities.b/Other/LGE_Reports_LeadParty_ March, p1.Free State.html Accessed on4/18/20006) Versluis, J.M. 2006. Partye se The Counting Process and SMS’e laaste probeerslag. Die Announcement of ResultsIndependent Electoral Volksblad, 2 March: p9.Commission (IEC): Free State The post-election processesLocal Government Elections Van Wyk, J. 2006. VS-Results. Leading Party Overall plaaswerkers haakvas met of counting ballot papers andReport. 2006-03-04 stemmery. Verward oor waar hulle the announcement of results kruisies moet trek. Die Volksblad, went relatively smoothly inIndependent Electoral 2 March: p6. the province as in most areasCommission (IEC): Free State of the country, despite theLocal Government Elections Webb, B. 2006. IEC demands aResults. MEC33 – Seat vote recount in the Free State. potential problems that wereCalculation Summary 2006-03-04. Diamond Fields Advertiser. 9 associated with the March, p. complexity of managingInterview with Mr Chris Mepha, local as opposed to nationalElectoral Officer – FS: IEC. 19 and provincial elections.24April 2006. Some of these challengesLocal elections deserve an Oscar – included the counting ofMbeki – IOL 2006. ballots accurately and doing(http://www.iol.co.za/general/news so in time for the results to/newsprint.php?art_id==qw114548 be announced within the841755B242&2f Accessed on4/6/2006) time frame established byNaledi councillor’s house torched. 24 Hopewell Dube, ‘ Super –2006. Internet-IOL. complex local poll headache for(http://www.iol.co.za/general/news IEC’,/newsprint.php?art_id==qw114425 http://www.businessday.co.za/artic0101489B265fsf=6/04/2006...Acc les/specialreports.aspx?ID=BD4Aessed on 4/6/2006) 145910 17
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3the Independent Electoral were related to the electoral counted and processed inCommission (IEC). process in the Eastern Cape. time. In particular we refer to theThe nature of these problems increased voter turnout, Post Election Disputeswas both general (applicable revamped votingto other provinces) and infrastructure and the One of the most seriouslocalised (peculiar to the consequent complexity that problems that can confrontprovince). The general was experienced in any electoral process is theproblems were located in the efficiently managing these nature and magnitude ofnature of the processes issues. election disputes that emergeattendant to the conduct and in the aftermath of elections.management of local For example, voting stations One debilitating effect ofelections, especially the were increased by about 30 such disputes, especially ifinstitutional arrangements percent compared to the they are found to be credible,that underline this process. 2000 election and the would be to cast a cloud overDifferent ballot papers were number of voters had the freeness and fairness ofused for different areas increased from 2.5 million to the election. These can beaccording to the type of 2, 9 million.25 This factor raised both in a formalisedinstitutional structure in would, in and of itself, not manner (lodging an officialwhich voters were be considered to be a complaint with the IEC) orparticipating. Thus, challenge, but was an issue generally making statementsvariously, voters cast their in the Eastern Cape as the that question the credibilityballots for ward, province registered the of the election.proportional representation highest voter turnout at 56and district council’s percent, translating to 4 .5 The nature of these disputesrepresentative according to million voters turning up to are commonly raisedtheir geographical locality. vote. This situation led to between political parties,For example, on average, a increased amount of time usually framed around whatcouncil voter would receive and resources needed to is considered to have beenthree different ballots to administer the voting, the conduct that led to theelect (ward, proportional counting and processing of disadvantaging of others orrepresentation and district the results. those leveled at thecouncil) candidates. administrative authority However, taking all the responsible for running theThe localised problems were above issues into account, election, in this case the IEC.tied to weather conditions the provincial IEC was able The common problem thatthat pertained on voting day. to effectively manage the was experienced in theOf note were the floods that process with very few Eastern Cape revolvedaffected rural areas mainly in problems experienced that around intra-party disputesareas of the Transkei region would have adversely that occurred within theand the relative difficulties affected the process.26 Thus, ANC. It should be notedin accessing rural voting the provincial votes were however, that these disputesdistricts to deliver voting were not widespread andmaterials due to poor 25 were thinly spread in terms Lauren Cohen, ‘ 4000 Easterninfrastructure such as roads, of locality and indeed in Cape voting stations ready fornon availability of bridges crowds’, Weekend Post, 25 occurrence. They thereforeand so on. February 2006, p.2. did not effectively constitute 26 François Rank and Dineo a fundamental questioning ofThe other factors that had a Matomela, ‘ Uneventful Bay the process to the extent that elections good news for ANC asbearing on this process were it could be regarded to have counting begins’, The Herald, 2the particular issues that March 2006, p.2. been tainted. 18
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3 be a serious concern for the on the grounds that this wasIn past elections in the party. a legal stipulation that hadprovince, the trend has been been in force since 1999 andthat opposition political Two parties, the UDM and was applied in the 2000parties have generally raised African Independent elections, noting moreovercomplaints against the ruling Congress (AIC)29 both raised that the practice was notAfrican National Congress complaints directed at the widespread as only 2 percent(ANC) alleging misgivings professionalism of the IEC of voters used this methodabout the conduct of the in managing and conducting thus making a negligibleparty asserting that this the election. Both these impact and could not haveaccounts largely for the complaints were locality decisively affected the 31party’s success in elections. specific and were not raised fortunes of any party.In this regard this election in a generalised way towas no exception. question the conduct of the The AIC raised complaints election provincially. about the election results inThe DA raised objections Matatiele, although thewith the IEC alleging that In the first case, the UDM nature of the complaint wasANC officials had canvassed raised technical issues with much more broader andfor votes at two polling the IEC around the use of vague in that its leader,stations in Port Elizabeth and MEC7 forms for voter Cedric Canham asserted thatCathcart contrary to electoral identification – utilised for the election wasregulations.27 The other was special votes – as against the characterised by what hecontained in an opinion regular bar coded called a “whole host ofpiece by a national MP of identification document, fraudulent activity”- a chargethe party Gareth Morgan in alleging that this practice that was also refuted by thethe Business Day newspaper. was un-procedural and cast IEC.32 The party’s complaintHe questioned the national in doubt the “free and fair” was also motivated by itsgovernments’ policy of using nature of the election.30 The poor performance in thisstate funds to advertise party was especially area where it had hoped todepartmental campaigns concerned by its upstage the ANC.33contending that this was performance in the Sabatawidespread in the two Dalindyebo Local In addition to the inter-partymonths leading to the Municipality – its former disputes, the Eastern Capeelection, which led to the stronghold – where it lost also registered a newparty to have a high profile massively to the ANC. The phenomenon where incidentsto the detriment of its IEC dismissed the complaint wereby experienced withincompetitors.28 It is however the ANC were violent.34instructive to note that this 29was not an official complaint The African Independent Congress (AIC) was formed bythat was raised by the DA as disgruntled Matatiele residentsan organisation, questioning who disputed the government’s 31 Ibid.the extent to which this may decision to incorporate the area 32 Ibid. 33 into the Eastern Cape province Vicki Robinson, ‘ Cross – from KwaZulu Natal. It is led by municipality dispute splits27 Chandre Prince, ‘ EC parties the past immediate ANC mayor of community’, Mail and Guardianmostly satisfied with peaceful the area Cedric Canham. 17-23 February 2006, p.5. 30 34voting ‘, Daily Dispatch, 2 March Brett Horner and Xolani Xundu, These are distinct from the2006, p.3. ‘ Elections dismissed as being incidents, which occurred during28 Gareth Morgan, ‘ ANC ads an fraught with ‘ host of fraudulent the process of selecting ANCabuse of public resources’, activity’, mayors after the election, anhttp://www.businessday.co.za/artic http://www.sundaytimes.co.za/Arti aspect that will be discussedles/opinion.aspx? cles/TarkArticle.aspx? below, under the challenges facingID=BD4A162737 ID=1932499 the new local authorities. 19
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3Most of these occurred damage to property.37 these attendant problems,between ANC supporters Another incident of concern there were no adverseand breakaway factions of was the arrest of an ANC reports that called intothe party, which supported councillor in New Brighton question the conduct of theindependent candidates. Port Elizabeth together with election and its aftermath in two other ANC members for the province. This is attestedThis was especially so, as allegedly having violated the to by reference to a reportthe Eastern Cape registered Election Act of 2000 by released by a majorthe highest number of enticing opposition monitoring body the Southcandidates that stood as supporters to vote for their African Civil Societyindependents, having broken party on election day. Under Observation Coalitionranks with the ANC (150) this act, This is interpreted to (SACSOC). They noted thatjust below triple the nearest constitute voter the election “…wasnumber of ANC interference.38 conducted in a substantially‘independents’ that stood for free and fair manner”.40 Inelections in the province However, all in all, political its report SACSOC variouslywith the second highest parties registered their commended voters, politicalnumber of such candidates satisfaction about the way in parties, the IEC and securityGauteng (55).35 which the election was services for making the conducted, with major election a success.Admittedly, although these parties such as the DA,incidents of violence were United Independent Front Results Pattern andnot widespread as in other (UIF) and UDM being the Political Implicationsareas of the country, such as first to accept the electionKhutsong, they did raise outcome.39 The results patterns in theconcern. The most serious Eastern Cape mirrored theincident happened in the Port Election Observation and national scene, with theElizabeth Metropole where Monitoring ANC asserting its dominancean ANC election victory of South African electoralconvoy, which significantly Despite the problems politics winning by a marginwas led by Stone Sizani, the indicated above with respect of 81.74 percent, capturing 1party’s Regional Chairman, to the counting and voting 161 seats, controlling 43 ofwas stoned resulting in 15 process as well as the the provinces 44people being injured.36 disputes that resulted after municipalities. Thus, theSimilar intra-party conflicts the election between parties party increased its supportwithin the ANC were noted and the IEC or accusations by 9.44 percent up fromin the Amathole District against each other, the 72.30 in 2000. This includedMunicipality especially in provincial election was given retaining control of theFort Beaufort that included a clean bill of health by Nelson Mandelashootings, assaults, monitors and election Metropolitan Councilintimidation and malicious observers. That is, despite (NMMC) one of the six around the country (the only 37 Lulamile Feni, ‘ Political feud exception in this regard was flares after election’, Daily that the ANC lost control of Dispatch, 10 April 2006, p.6.35 38 the Cape Town Metro in the Vicki Robinson, ‘ Local poll: Herald Reporter, ‘ ANCANC vs. ANC’, Mail and councillor facing charges for Western Cape although thereGuardian ,13-19 January 2006, alleged voter interference’, The 40p.2. Herald, 23 March 2006, p.4. South African Civil Society36 39 Piet Van Nierkerk, ‘ Chaos as Chandre, Prince, ‘ EC parties Observation Coalition “ Sacsocvoters clash after poll’, mostly satisfied with peaceful Commends Free and Fairhttp://www.theherald.co.za/herald/ voting’, Daily Dispatch, 02 March Municipal Elections” March 2006:2006/03/06new/n02_06032006 2006, p.3. Johannesburg. 20
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3was no winner in that area Table 1: Eastern Cape (0.40 percent), ACDP (0.19with the DA becoming the 2006 Local Government percent) and the FF+ (0.14largest party). results* percent). Its support is concentrated in the MatatieleRegarding opposition Party** % support Seats region where it is mostly wonparties, the DA dislodged the ANC 81.74 1, 161 based and its positiveUDM by becoming the DA 7.52 100 showing was premised on UDM 5.14 73second largest party with PAC 1.29 24 channeling the groundswell100 seats and 7.52 percent of AIC 0.44 11 of opposition to its ID 0.40 6voter support. This is a UIF 0.19 4 incorporation into thedecrease from the 10.2 Independents 0.23 4 Eastern Cape from KwaZulupercent it had won in 2000.41 ACDP 0.19 2 Natal. Adelaide Residents 0.10 2The UDM was relegated to Associationthe third largest party at 5.14 Bedford Residents 0.03 1 Independent candidates also Associationpercent; down from 10.6 Kouga Civil 0.05 1 collectively did wellpercent in 2000. It Alliance considering that as a block FF+ 0.14 1significantly failed to wrestle Congress 0.08 1 they have morecontrol of the Sabata Movement for the representation (0.23 percent) Coloured People ofDalindyebo Municipality South Africa than both the FF+ and(KSD) from the ANC, which Kouga 2000 0.06 1 ACDP. The United Jansenville 0.01 1it had won in 2000 before Klipplaat Alliansie Independent Front (UIF),subsequently losing it to the Other 2.36 129 newly established after aANC during the floor- Total 100 1,522 breakaway from the UDM * Table adapted from the IEC webcrossing period in 2005. The site http://www.elections.org.za failed to make an impressionparty’s decline is likely a ** The commonly known parties registering only 0.19 percentreflection of the problems are abbreviated and the less well of the poll, with 4that have afflicted the party known are given their full names representatives provincially.since the floor crossing It failed to win even a singleperiod of 2005 when it lost The PAC’s fourth position at seat in the KSD municipalitysupport to the ANC, 1.29 percent would on the where it had been expectedcritically KSD its surface, indicate stagnation to capitalise on the decliningstronghold, and the in its overall position since it support of the UDM in thissimultaneous emergence of a occupied the same spot in area.42breakaway faction from the 2000. But in reality thisparty at the same time, the position reflects a slight The other parties thatUnited Independent Front increase in support from the managed to have(UIF). 1.9 percent that the party representatives of one gained in 2000. member each, are smaller civic-based organisations The surprise package of the that include the Adelaide election was the AIC which Residents Association, came in fifth (0.44 percent) Bedford Residents considering that it was only Association, Kouga Civil formed in the lead up to the Alliance, Congress election as a breakaway Movement of the Coloured faction from the ANC. This People of South Africa,41 At that time the DA was an remarkable performance is Kouga 2000 and thealliance of the Democratic Party significant considering that it(DP) and the New National Party did better than three major 42(NNP) which broke away from the national parties, the Luxolo Tyali, ‘ UIF rebels failDA soon after the election of to get a single KSD seat’, Daily2000. Independent Democrats Dispatch, 6 March 2006, p.4. 21
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3Jansenville Klipplaat The critical implication for general while others areAlliance, all with less than opposition in the province is specific to the province. Theone percent support. that the weakening base of most localised problem opposition parties means that specific to Eastern CapeThe glaring absence from the more voters are being rotates around wide-spreadlist of opposition parties is deprived of an avenue to corruption and the severethe Inkatha Freedom Party voice views that are not in administrative log jams that(IFP), which did not even line with those of the ANC. are a legacy of itsmanage to have one It is especially relevant that establishment from anrepresentative province although the voter turnout in amalgamation of threewide. This is particularly so the province is the highest in former apartheidbecause the IFP is the third the country at 56 percent, it administrations – the formerstrongest party nationally, has increased very Bantustans of Transkei ,and in the 2000 elections had marginally from the 55.9 Ciskei and the Cape6 representatives in the registered in 2000. Thus, Provincial Administration.Eastern Cape. voters are continuing to stay Thus the province is faced away from the polls - a with both socio- economicThe political implications of position that affects all and political challenges thatthese results can be grouped parties - but significantly are interrelated and affectinto two categories namely opposition parties given their each other.(a) what they signify for the weakness. What is veryANC as the ruling party and critical about the 2006 poll is One of the most serious(b) their implications for the the emergent trend of a challenges facing localprogressively weakening significant increase in the government authorities in theopposition. number of opposition parties Eastern Cape - a situation that however have marginal that is generally experienced support, but nevertheless are in other provinces around theIn terms of the ANC, it is splitting the opposition vote country – is the lack ofclear that its electoral further. appropriately skilled peoplesupport is growing and this to deliver social services tomeans that its political Challenges for the New communities. This has beenmessages continue to Local Government a serious problem as far backresonate with the majority of Authorities as 1999, where it wasvoters. However, taken imperative for the provincialagainst the many incidents of The challenges for the new government to makepolitical protests against the local government authorities interventions to savelack of service delivery in the Eastern Cape are municipalities fromexperienced in the province, monumental, no less because collapsing.43 However, whatparticularly from the middle the province is considered to compounds the situation inof 2005, this means that be one of the poorest in the Eastern Cape is that notironically its increase in South Africa. The province only is there a shortage ofsupport will lead to higher is faced with numerous critical manpower, but it hasexpectations from the socio-economic backlogs also been noted that theelectorate. Thus the most that need to be addressed. quality of existing skills incritical challenge facing theANC is how it will be able to Additionally, the provincemanage these high has to deal with the attendantexpectations, especially in a political problems that resultprovince such as the Eastern largely from the divisions 43 Tom Lodge, 2002, Politics inCape, which is one of the within the dominant ANC. South Africa: From Mandela topoorest in South Africa. Some of these problems are Mbeki, David Phillip: Cape Town. p.96. 22
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3the province is an issue.44 their own revenues and the The most recentMoreover, the problem is resource allocation is manifestation of theseworsened by the generally unfavourably skewed in divisions is the tensions thatrural nature of the province, favour of the larger have effectively paralysedwhich makes it difficult to municipalities. For example, service delivery in manyattract and retain qualified Nelson Mandela Metro and municipalities in thepersonnel as there is intense Buffalo City the largest aftermath of the elections.competition between the structures in the province, These involved contestationrural municipalities and jointly receive 57 percent of over the selection of mayors,larger urban centre within the total allocation of the where communities differedthe province and from other municipal budget leaving with the choice of thebetter developed provinces.45 each of the 43 municipalities provincial party. This with an average of 1 percent environment was the resultThe ability to deliver quality each.47 of candidate beingsocial services might also be nominated by branches andaffected at least in the short- The most serious political these being overlooked byterm by the ANC’s problem that faces the local lower placed candidates onadministrative reform, which government sphere of party lists by the provincialhas led to the replacement of government in the Eastern party leading to serious60 percent of its local Cape is related to the disagreements.councillors in the interest of divisions that exist withinaddressing broader the ruling party the ANC and These intractable problemsrepresentation of how successfully the party occurred primarily incommunities especially on a manages them. These Mquma (Butterworth),gender basis and getting rid divisions have long existed Makana (Grahamstown),of non-performing in the province, and have Nyandeni (Libode), Mbashecouncillors.46 The had an impact on service (Idutya) Qaukeni (Lusikisikiunintended consequence of delivery with the ANC and Flagstaff), Mhlontlothis massive change in national headquarters and (Qumbu and Tsolo) andpersonnel is that there are a central government having in Sundays River.49 Similarlot of incoming councillors the past, directly intervening disputes also occurred in thewho are inexperienced and to resolve these. They Buffalo City Municipalitythis might impact on revolve largely around two where major fissure ofcontinuity in service delivery factions; that of the regional misunderstanding waswith the transition period Chairman of the Party between the preferred ANCfraught with serious Makhenkhesi Stofile (The candidate Fudukileadjustments. National Minister of Sport) Mbovane, and the then and Mluleki George incumbent mayor SindisileThe other peculiar problem (Chairman of the Amathole Maclean, that was resolvedthat affects the province is Region and National Deputy by the settling for athe allocation of resources to Defence Minister).48 compromise candidate-municipalities, as most of Ntombentle Peter.50them are too poor to raise 47 Ibid, p.22.44 48 49 Sarah Hetheringhton, ‘ Focus Both these officials were Jimmy Seepe, Mphumzi Zuzileon the Eastern ape’, Delivery, deployed from the province to the and Dan Dhlamini, ‘ ANC’s localNovember/ January 2006, p.43. national government as ministers councillors in revolt’, City Press,45 Ibid. after the 2004 election to try and 26 March 2006, p.2.46 50 Vukani Mde and Karima resolve these disputes, but this Myibongwe Maqhina, ‘ It’s herBrown, ‘ ANC axes 60% of local seems not to have helped to worship the mayor for BC’, Dailycouncillors from lists’, Business eradicate the factionalism within Dispatch, 17 March 2007 2006,Day, 20 January 2006, p.1. the party. p.1. 23
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3The seriousness of these preferred candidate The other political problemdisputes is underlined by the Zamuxolo Peter have that faces the province is thenegativity that in some areas continued to show their continuing dissatisfaction bywere laced with both acts disapproval despite the ANC sectors of the Matatieleand threats of violence. The directive that the incumbent Community over theformer for example resulted mayor Phumelelo Kate incorporation of the area intoin Buffalo City, despite the should continue in his post. the Eastern Cape fromcompromise candidate being This has led to serious KwaZulu Natal. Althoughchosen as a crowd of disruptions of the council the situation has been legallyMbovane’s supporters meetings and public resolved with theriotously demonstrated demonstrations that have Constitutional Court rulingagainst Peter’s degenerated into violence.54 in favour of the nationalinauguration.51 In Makana government, it is important(Grahamstown), council The other political problem that local authorities in thismeetings were disrupted as that needs to be addressed in area continue to engage thesupporters of the ANC’s the Eastern Cape is how to community over this issue topreferred candidate engage communities in local avoid it spiraling out ofZamuxolo Peter government delivery in control as it has done indemonstrated against the terms of involving the Khutsong in the Gautengparty’s decision to allow the citizenry in participatory province where violence has‘rebel’ mayor Phumelelo structures. This is critically occurred.Kate to continue in office, important because it is onlyresulting in intervention by when there is a sense of Thus it is critical that thethe police.52 The ANC s cooperation between local ANC, given themismanagement of the authorities and their public overwhelming mandate thatsituation dragged for over a that much more can be done has been bestowed upon it,month before it was resolved to offset the problems that speedily attends to thein these areas. Instructively, the province faces. For decisive resolution of thesethe party eventually agreed example, the acuteness of matters as they clearly havethat the ‘rebel’ mayors this disjuncture between the a negative impact on theshould be allowed to feelings of residents and imperative to delivercontinue in office but noted local government structures services. In this regard, thethat they still faced in indicated by a survey other danger to note, is thatdisciplinary action raising undertaken by the Institute the province was one of thethe question as to whether of Justice and Reconciliation most seriously affected bythe situation has been (IJR) based in Cape Town on the lack of service deliveryresolved to everybody’s the levels of trusts between protest in the run-up to thesatisfaction.53 For example, around the country. It was election, and they mightthis problem has shown its found that 38 percent of the recur, perhaps in a muchtenacity in Makana, where Nelson Mandela Metro had more virulent form and moresupporters of the ANC little faith in the ability of being difficult to address. the structures to deliver services.55 Conclusion51 Mayibongwe Qhina, ‘ BC’sfirst citizen inaugurated’, Saturday The procedural aspects ofDispatch, 18 March 2006, p.3.52 Mzimasi Gcukana, ‘ Mayoral 54 Mzimasi Gcukumana, ‘ managing and processing theprotest turns ugly’, Grocotts Mail, Freedom Day Shenanigans’, aftermath of the local11 April 2006, p.1. Grocotts Mail, 28 April 2006, p.1. government elections in the53 55 Max Matavire, ‘ ANC backs Jan Hofmeyer, 2005, ‘down, accepts ‘rebel’ mayors in Legitimacy: Can Localposts’, The Herald, 13 April 2006, Government Regain Citizen’s Barometer, Vol.3. No. 4p.1. Trust’, SA Reconciliation December 2005, p.11. 24
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3Eastern Cape has progressed with a heightened imperativerelatively well in comparison to deliver social service WESTERN CAPEwith some of the severe given its continued andproblems that have been incremental increase of Professor John Williamsexperienced in other support in the province. University of the Westernprovinces, particularly in Critically, for the party to CapeGauteng. The process went successfully manage thesesmoothly with no major demands it will have to The Counting Processhitches through all the decisively deal with thestages. It was generally perennial and deep divisions The IEC retained overallconsidered free and fair by which run through the responsibility for themonitors and observers. provincial party and have the management of the countingMost importantly, the potential to derail service process. Procedures forelectoral process and its delivery. counting were known tooutcome were given a stamp election officials, partyof approval by political agents, observers and anyparties despite some of the other authorised persons whodisputes that have been were permitted to be presentraised around the process. during the count. TheHowever, these were counting process took placeinsignificant and did not in the polling stationsfundamentally put into doubt immediately after the closethe conduct of the election of voting.and its veracity. The voting stationsPolitically the results reflect functioned effectively asthe continued dominance of counting stations since theythe ANC and the serious had adequate lighting,decline in the support of communication systems andopposition parties. This security. Counting staff hadsituation is not altogether effective training. In the casehealthy for a developing of spoilt ballots, the partydemocracy, despite the fact agents had to verify that suchthat voters in the Eastern ballots were indeed spoiltCape show serious interest in before they could beparticipating in electoral disregarded from the totalprocesses by registering the number of votes. Once thehighest turnout nationally. counting process was completed the results wereThe challenge facing immediately announced andopposition parties in the posted at the countingprovince is to increase their station.support. This is especiallyrelevant in the light of The Announcement ofevidence that a significant Resultsnumber of voters aredissatisfied with the ANC as The voting results wereexemplified by the protest carefully tabulated andaround service delivery that announced without anypreceded the election. For undue delays Result centresthe ANC, the party is faced were open to the public. 25
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3Results from the result reasons. First, farmers had to quite clear that the threecentres were announced grant politicians the right to ballots “were quite confusingpublicly. The IEC provided a visit their farms to campaign to voters. In hisreport on the elections, for the votes of farm- words:”Voters did notcontaining detailed workers (and farmers); understand them. Mostinformation on the number voters were under theof eligible voters who Second, being harvesting impression that once theyregistered and the number of time, they had to give their have voted for one candidateregistered voters who voted. workers time to cast their it was sufficient. They simply vote. And in the words of the did not see the need to castThe Post-Election Disputes PEO, “Unfortunately there additional two votes. I think are instances where farmers this voting process must beThere were post-election do not co-operate in this simplified”. In this regard itdisputes in Khayelitsha and regard. In these instances, is suggested that democracy,Delft. According to since we have a good voter, or ballot educationCourtney Sampson, the working relationship with should be continuous and notProvincial Electoral Officer Agri-Weskaap [the farmer’s be limited to a couple of[PEO] the allegations of union] we often depend on weeks before an election.irregularities were refuted by them to resolve such Perhaps democracyindependent monitors tension”. The PEO pointed education should beconsisting of local NGOs. out that throughout the past introduced at school levelIndependent reports from the few years a healthy and the assistance of NGOsmonitors “made it clear that relationship of trust has should be elicited to reachthe Electoral Code of developed between Agri- the larger non-literateConduct was indeed Weskaap, the SAPS and the sections of a specific theobserved in Khayelitsha and Independent Electoral community.Delft”. In the view of the Commission (IEC).PEO “There were few In Stellenbosch, the EPCdisputes because we did not Though it would appear that commented; “It wouldallow tensions to build up. there is generally a co- appear that people can’tOnce the election monitors operative relationship actually see the fact that theyadvised us of any tensions at between the IEC and the are moving forward. Thepolling stations we would farmers, it is extremely youth appear to be totallydispatch our security staff important that the IEC caught up in their own daily(South African Police ensure that the democratic priorities. They simply can’tServices), there to take of rights of ordinary see the bigger picture andsuch situations. Also, we did farmworkers are not subject why voting is so importantnot allow people wait in long to the whims and caprices of for the country and itsqueues to vote. We divided the farmers. The fear of future”. It is ratherpeople into four to five intimidation and being disquieting that such anvoting streams so that they expelled from farms can apathetic state of affairsdid not have long to wait to very easily prevent exists in Stellenbosch, beingcast their votes”. farmworkers from a university town vis-à-vis registering their concerns local government elections.Political Implications of the with the IEC and its It is, thus, important to gauge Election Results officials. Vigilance in this the overall attitude towards regard is thus of utmost the national governmentIn some areas such as the importance! elections as well to establishKoue Bokkeveld, voters whether the levels of apathywere totally dependent on The MEO for extend to the entirefarmers at least for two Theewaterskloof made it democratic and 26
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3democratisation process in sustained. This particular economic circumstances ofSouth Africa. Should such experience should perhaps unemployment and povertylevels of apathy indeed be tested elsewhere by in which many citizens findobtain, it would be ensuring that a youth should themselves, very few peopleincumbent upon local as well run for a designated political volunteered their services foras national leaders, within office, such as Director of free to the IEC. On theand across different sectors, Youth Affairs. Incorporating contrary, they wanted to beto address this political the specifics of the youth paid for their services to theproblem. Educating the into an election campaign IEC. Whilst undercurrent youth across ethnic might very well counter the circumstances of high levelsdivides is important to apparent apathy of youth vis- of unemployment such asafeguard and strengthen the à-vis elections. scenario seems to makedemocratising project in sense, it is nonethelessSouth Africa. The MEO of Oudtshoorn important to encourage expressed concern over the voluntary work where theIn George, the EPC was secrecy of the ballot intrinsic value of collectiveconcerned that citizen apathy especially in relation to the mobilisation and support forcould perhaps be attributed blind and illiterate. In his the democratic process beto a lack of voter education. words “How secret can your emphasised.In her words “Eden District ballot be when the namesis simply too big for one must be read out in public Election Observation andNGO to cover. The IEC only and others can hear your Monitoringcontracted one NGO to do choice? Surely thisvoter education within a very compromes if not defeats the Monitoring and observerlimited period!” As stated notion of secrecy! And then missions interacted with allearlier, to ensure informed there are three ballots! This the actors in the electoralcitizen participation in is quite confusing to the process and organisedelections it is important that elderly, illiterate and blind!” briefing and debriefingvoter education enjoys meetings with keyattention beyond an election It is important that voter stakeholders or role-players,period. It is perhaps education and voting including the IEC, media,important that the assistance occur with political parties, civil societysuggestions from specific specific reference to the organisations and securitycommunities in this regard particular context or forces. In the case of Capebe considered. circumstances of the Town, for example, citizens. Archbishop of Cape TownIn Bitou, the EPC together with representativescommented: “Here the youth According to the EPC for from various embassies andwere very excited to vote as Knysna, people were not other ‘noted people’ werea youth stood as a candidate. happy to travel up to 5km to taken along in a bus toThis excitement caused some the voting station. This a various polling stations totension. We were called to problem of demarcation of see the voting process fordefuse the situation. Even so, the voting district. Transport themselves. Morewhat this tells me is: let the to and from polling stations importantly, perhaps, at allyouth stand for election, and should be addressed by all polling stations in theyou get them involved! Here the stakeholders with the Western Cape, each politicalin Bitou the youth were view to minimising the party had two representativesclearly not apathetic!” This problems in this regard. to monitor the votingexcitement of youth process. Theseparticipating in elections In view the prevailing, representatives are known asshould be encouraged and adverse and difficult party agents. They were 27
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3present during the casting of functionally inefficient between urban anda vote by a voter. During the and costly; rural settlements. Therevote counting they were also • Extreme concentrations is a wide variety of urbanpresent and, in the case of taxable economic settlements, ranging fromwhere a particular ballot resources in formerly those which play thepaper was considered to be white areas, demanding roles of local or regionalspoilt, they had to redistribution between service centresverify/agree that such a and within local areas; (supplying services toballot paper was indeed • Huge backlogs exist in rural areas and otherspoilt. This ensured that the service infrastructure in towns), to functionallyvoting and counting historically specialised towns (suchprocesses were quite underdeveloped areas, as mining towns) andtransparent. requiring municipal administrative centres expenditure far in excess (common in former Challenges for the New of the revenue currently homeland areas). Local Authorities available within the local Importantly, almost all government system; towns are functionally• Levels of citizen apathy • Creating viable linked to rural areas, vis-à-vis local municipal institutions relying on their government elections for dense rural hinterlands for suggest that there is a settlements close to the productive economic need for continuous voter borders of former activity and providing and democracy homeland areas which critical centres for the education, especially at have large populations delivery of social elementary and high with minimal access to services; school levels from services, and little or no • Entrenched modes of whence the next economic base; decision-making, generation of leadership • Great spatial administration and will come; separations and delivery inherited from• Potential for disparities between municipalities geared for community conflict vis- towns and townships the implementation of à-vis service delivery – and urban sprawl, urban and rural the bread and butter which increase service apartheid; issues that inform provision and transport • Inability to leverage election campaigns – costs enormously. Most private sector resources should be carefully urban areas are racially for development due to considered before fragmented, with a breakdown in the specific sectoral delivery discontinuous land use relationship between programmes such as and settlement patterns. capital markets and housing are Municipalities in urban municipalities, the lack implemented; areas will need to of a municipal bond• Ethnophobia and develop strategies for market and the poor xenophobia in this spatial integration, while creditworthiness of many regard should be managing the continuing municipalities; discouraged and where consequences of rapid • Substantial variations necessary be urbanisation and service in capacity, with some prosecutable to the full backlogs; municipalities having extent of the law; • Creating municipal little or no pre-existing• Skewed settlement institutions which institutional foundations patterns, which are recognise the linkages to build on; 28
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3• The need to rebuild Constitution of South Africa. the form of tyre burning and relations between As such every election is roads being blocked (Kwon municipalities and the regarded by the IEC as a test Hoo, 2006:1). local communities they which will ensure that the serve. Municipalities election held is free and fair. The local government should be particularly The results of the 2006 local elections are the most sensitive to the needs of government elections have important elections and yet groups within the proved that the IEC’s the polls indicated a turnout community who tend to contributions were of 47% percent. This be marginalised, and successful and the compares unfavourably with responsive and accessible management of the elections the national elections which to people with a can be held as an example reflected a 70% turnout. disability. globally. Of equal Rantao (2006:14) has importance is that the IEC questioned this phenomenon has achieved its and trend. The question toNORTHERN CAPE constitutional duty in emerge is why the electorate promoting a culture of abstained from anAngelique Harsant, Tom democracy in South Africa opportunity to deepen ourFerreira & Constanze (Azzakani, 2006:4). new democracy. The mostBauer serious warning issued byDepartment of Political Vote Counting and Voter this trend points to problemsScience, University of the Free Turnout with the opposition parties.State Rantao raises the question as In the Northern Cape, the to why the electorate Background IEC completed the counting abstained from voting rather of the votes at 5pm on 2 than channelling theirFollowing South Africa’s March 2006. Parties who had objections into a vote for anthird democratic local complaints or objections opposition party. A possiblegovernment elections, final could still lodge them 48 answer is that the oppositionresults were certified and hours after the counting had parties do not present a casesubsequently published in been completed. The media which portrays a convincingthe Government Gazette. At had reported that the ANC alternative to the rulinggovernment level, the had “…achieved a party; this does have ancabinet expressed its resounding 70% victory in effect in terms of politicalsatisfaction with the electoral the local government mobilisation of the electorateprocess and in the manner in elections”. The ANC had during elections. If thewhich the electorate also won 21 out of the 27 opposition presents a case itperformed their civic duty. municipal seats (Kwon Hoo, is often an attack on theMr Joel Netshitenzhe also 2006: 1). ruling party. It can also beexpressed satisfaction at the said that the oppositionmanner the IEC conducted Kimberley held one surprise parties do not represent thethe elections. Political in the local government politics of the majority of theparties also viewed the elections when an electorate. The debate iselections as fair and independent candidate Jahn deepened by a variety ofreasonable (Azzakani, Pieterson won the viewpoints which place the2006:4). Greenpoint ward. Greenpoint voting preferences as being area had recently motivated by ethnic originsThe input of the IEC is experienced troubled times or race. These deductions areimportant as it is an when residents staged derived from a comparisoninstitution which had been protests against poor service between the electoratemandated by the delivery. Protests had taken figures and the population 29
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3divisions (Coetzee, 119 council members. It was are Proffessor Carel Boshoff,2006:10).The issue was a slight improvement over founder member of Oraniahotly debated in the media the 2004 elections which and Dr. Manie Oppermancausing many viewpoints manifested a 11,6% support. who was elected mayor ofand possible remedies to Coetzee (2006:10) reasons Orania. According toemerge. Most agree on the that the Independent Orania’s political structurepoint that a stronger Democrats (ID), drawing on and electoral procedure, aopposition is needed to support which had belonged candidate, not physicallysafeguard our new to the DA was the main residing there, also has to bedemocracy. reason for the decline. The elected to sit on the council decrease in the support for of Orania. Candidates whoIt is obvious that the the opposition parties is a availed themselves for thisdissatisfaction with the cause for concern especially position include Antonoverall lack of service since South Africa is only Alberts, Annatjie Joubert,delivery did not overly twelve years into the Jakes Moller, and Albert vaninfluence the electorate who, countries new democratic Zyl. Annatjie Joubert is thenonetheless, provided a dispensation. only female candidate toresounding success for the have won in the election.ANC. This is strongly The conservative Afrikanerilluminated by the fact that community at Orania in the Participation of Peopleall 26 municipalities in the Northern Cape had decided with DisabilitiesNorthern Cape are now not to contest the localunder the ANC stronghold. government elections. Given that local governmentIn the Northern Cape, the Orania was amalgamated elections are of vitalANC now enjoys 70% of the into the municipality of importance to thevoters support which Hopetown and Strydenburg community, it has beencompares favourably with but the move received much noted that no special votingthe 62,4% in 2000 and resistance. The community day was set aside for the68,8% in 2004 with 266 voted only on district disabled. It is of greatcouncil members. The ANC proportional representation importance that the disabled,has won 100% of the ward and votes for ward the elderly or bedriddenseats in areas such as councillors or for should also be enabled toHartswater, Barkly West, proportional representation cast their vote because it isWarrenton, Colesburg and (Cape Times 2006:2). The with local elections thatPort Nolloth. The ANC also spokesperson, Eleanor service delivery plays anmanaged to win previously Lombard, commented on the important role to ensure aheld DA strongholds such as results achieved by voting on good quality of life for all itsRenosterburg (Petrusville), the Internet from voters as citizens. The disabled feelUbuntu (Victoria West), far a field as Germany, strongly about their right toKareeburg (Carnavon) and Canada, New Zealand, participate in voicing theirthe Karoo Hoogland in Australia and Holland. views about service deliverySutherland (Kwon Hoo, Orania’s population totals especially where it is of2006:2). 700 people and the aims of special importance to them. the leadership of Orania are Howitson (2006:10)In the Northern Cape, the to govern this population as commended the governmentDA enjoy 13,7% of the an independent municipality. and the IEC, who providedvoter’s support and has 58 Approximately 80% of the transport for the disabled tocouncil members. These communities’ registered the polling stations inresults show a reduction voters voted with 484 votes especially marked cars. Notfrom the 2000 results which cast. Among the eight only was transport providedshowed a 28,5% support and members who were elected throughout the day but the 30
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3IEC officials at the polling needed to be negotiated. This Northern Cape are femalestations assisted the disabled is totally unacceptable and (Kwon Hoo, 2006:2).to go through to cast their some sort of provisionballots without standing in should have been made to Parents, especially in thequeues. ensure that the area was areas of Roodepan, accessible, even if it was just Phutanong, Transit Camp,This was not always possible by means of a sand ramp”. A Lerato Park and parts ofand there were reported positive outcome occurred Galeshewe, expressed theirincidents in Greenpoint, just when Justice Bekebeke of concern over the youth notoutside Kimberley, where the IEC, who played a huge voting. A man with two sonsthe disabled did not have role in solving various stated that his childrenchairs to sit on while they problems declared that this would not vote “until theywaited to vote and some had entire matter will be taken up get jobs and live like descentto sit on the cold cement with national government human beings” (Ramoroka,floors of the polling stations. (Howitson: 2006:10). 2006:6).According to Lisa Maree, theacting-head of the Disability Gender and Youth The national leadership hadDesk in the Office of the Representation numerous factors to considerStatus of Persons with when deciding on the newdisabilities, by 13:00 on the In the local government list of mayors. ANC Deputyday of the election 13 people elections of 2006, gender Secretary General, Sankiin the Sol Plaatje municipal representation and Mthembi-Mahanyele saidarea had been provided with considerations once again that a number of issues hadtransport to and from the surfaced strongly. President to be addressed and it isvoting stations where they Mbeki supported and important to ensure thatwere able to cast their commended the progress there is a combination ofballots. The majority of these made in promoting the “…new people with oldpersons were from the equality and emancipation of councillors to ensureColville/Floors area. The women in the recent continuity” (DFA, 2006:5).same transport was also used municipal elections. Thefor the elderly. According to goals of gender equality An inaugural meeting of theDorothy-Ann Howitson, prominently displayed were. newly elected Sol PlaatjeChairperson of the The election revealed the City Council was held on 17Association for the increase in the number of March 2006 at 14:30 thatPhysically Disabled (APD), women represented in the was chaired by theupon reflection the municipal system, The Municipal Manager. Theremaining challenge in Northern Cape obtained members of nine standingaccommodating the disabled great success in terms of committees, such as Localto carry out their right to gender voting with 55,6% of Economic Development andvote was the accessibility of women who now serve as Housing; Finance; Arts andthe voting stations. The APD leaders of their communities Culture; Development;was assured that all voting in local government. The Organisationalstations would be accessible Northern Cape, Gauteng, and Development; Planning andhowever there were cases the North West are the three Infrastructure; Socialthat were problematic (DFA, leading provinces in South Development and Health;2006:2). Howitson explained Africa regarding gender and Security and Protectionto a DFA (2006:2) reporter representation (African Services, as well and thethat “…at places like Women and Child Feature Speaker and ExecutiveLaerskool Vooruitsig and Service: 2006). In terms of Mayor will be inaugurated atKimberley Junior School, gender voting successes, this meeting. It is at thiswhere there were stairs that 53% of the mayors in the meeting that all the newly 31
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3elected members will take an is clear. President Mbeki to each party and wardoath. The oath constitutes the said at the closing ceremony candidate; They arefollowing pledge: of the 2006 government bound in elastic bands in(DFA:2006:3) “I solemnly elections that “… all parties, bundles of ten andaffirm that I will be faithful irrespective of the support thereafter in bundles ofto the Republic of South they get, should live by the ten such packages; andAfrica and will obey, respect promises to serve the people finallyand uphold the Constitution who elected them” and urged • The bundles and theand all other laws of the all the parties to work remaining ballots areRepublic; and I solemnly together to address the then counted with thepromise to perform my concerns of people (Hlalala, totals of each party orfunctions as a member of the 2006:2). With the election candidate recorded onSol Plaatje Municipal now over it is time to specified forms (FormCouncil to the best of my deliver. MEC 17: Result form –ability”. Party List count and The Counting Process Form MEC: Result FormThe councillors will also be 18 – Ward count).introduced to and are bound Procedures for the sorting ofby a Code of Conduct which the ballot papers and Election Resultsprovides guidelines counting of votes are set outregarding taking leave, and in the Municipal Electoral The results were announcedattending council and Regulations No. R. 848 of 22 at the IEC Headquarters oncommittee meetings. August 2000 as amended by Saturday, 4 April 2006 inAccording to this Code, Notice No. R. 848 of 23 Pretoria by IEC Chairperson,should a councillor miss August 2003, the ‘Municipal Dr. Brigalia Bam, whothree or more council or Electoral Regulations’. declared the elections freecommittee meetings without (Hendrickse 2006:2). In and fair. At the same event,the necessary approved leave terms of Appendixes 20A President Mbekiof absence he/she will be and 20B of the Municipal congratulated the IEC forremoved from office. Electoral Regulations (as overseeing the elections as stated in Hendrickse well as political parties whoIt was at this meeting that 2006:69), the process is as had accepted the electionPatrick Lenyibi was re- follows: outcome and had not takenelected as the new mayor. • Papers are first sorted recourse to the courts.The new council consists of according to the type of President Mbeki emphasised40 members of the ANC, 10 ballot papers used at the the importance of localfrom the DA, two from the voting station; government “as a criticalID, 1 from the ACDP, 1 • After the papers of each area where all the promisefrom the AZAPO and 1 from ballot are counted, the made by people during theiran independent councillor. totals are then compared campaign had to beThe smaller parties all voted with the statement of the delivered on” (IOL, 2006:1).for Lebyibi with 44 votes presiding officer (Form The ANC won all 27while the DA voted for their MEC 11); municipalities of theparties’ mayoral candidate, • Papers are examined to Northern Cape receivingPatricia Coutts with 10 votes ascertain whether they support of 69,95% of the(DFA, 2006:3 and van der should be rejected and if votes as compared to 64,59%Merwe, 2006:1). that is the case, the in the 2000 Elections. The rejected papers are kept DA was the only other partyThe mandate for local to one side; to receive any noteworthygovernment after the • The remaining papers are support, viz. 13,63% of themunicipal elections of 2006 sorted face up according votes which is down from 32
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3 the 29,32% which they had 27 of 2000 and are provided parties in the specified received in the 2000 in the following tables. municipality Elections (IEC Local Table 3: Summary of Seat Government Elections Table 1: Leading Party Calculation per District 2000:1). The results were Overall Report Council determined by the IEC in Table 2: Table outlining the Table 4: Summary of Seat terms of section 64(6) of the percentage of PR votes only Calculation per Municipality Local Government obtained by the top three Municipal Electoral Act, No.Table 1: Leading party overall reportParty Name Valid Votes¹ % Support Seats won² % Seats wonAfrican National Congress (ANC) 574, 160 69,95% 266 61,57%Democratic Alliance (DA) 111,914 13,63% 58 13,43%Independent Democrats (ID) 69,010 8,41% 40 9,26%United Christian Democratic Party (UNCP) 16,257 1,98% 8 1,85%Azanian People’s Organization (AZAPO) 2,976 0,36% 2 0,46%African Christian Democratic Party (ACDP) 3,328 0,41% 2 0,46%Barkley West Task Team (BWTT) 2,647 0,32% 2 0,46%Independents 1,136 0,14% 1 0,23%Other 39,366 4,80%TOTAL 820,794 100,00% 379¹ Valid Votes include both Ward and PR votes² Seats won include both Ward and PR seatsSource: IEC – Leading Party Overall Report as at 2000/03/04.Table 2: Table outlining the percentage of PR votes only obtained by the top three parties in thespecified municipalityMunicipality (Previous name in brackets) VD’s declared % 1st party % 2nd party % 3rd party %NC452 GASEGONYA (Kuruman) 100 ANC 78 UCDP 9 DA 6NC453 GAMAGARA (Kathu) 100 ANC 69 DA 15 ID 11NC451 MOSHAWENG (Kgalagadi) 100 ANC 82 UCDP 18 0 0NC601 RICHTERSVELD (Port Nolloth) 100 ANC 63 ID 18 DA 18NC062 NAMA KHOI (Springbok) 100 ANC 52 ID 34 DA 14NC064 KAMIESBERG (Garies) 100 ANC 56 ID 35 DA 9NCO65 HANTAM Calvinia) 100 ANC 65 DA 31 ACDP 4NC066 KAROO HOOGLAND Fraserburg) 100 ANC 61 DA 28 ACDP 8NC067 KHâI-MA (Pofadder) 100 ANC 78 DA 14 ID 7NC071 UBUNTU (Victoria West) 100 ANC 61 DA 32 ICOSA 4NC072 UMSOBOMVU (Colesberg) 100 ANC 78 DA 11 ID 10NC073 EMTHANJENI (De Aar) 100 ANC 65 ID 19 DA 14NCO74 KAREEBERG (Carnarvon) 100 ANC 63 DA 31 ACDP 3NCO75 RENOSTERBERG (Phillipstown) 100 ANC 65 DA 23 ID 8NCO76 THEMBELIHLE (Hopetown) 100 ANC 69 DA 27 ID 4NCO77 SIYATHEMBA (Prieska) 100 ANC 63 DA 34 ACDP 2NCO78 SIYANCUMA (Griekwastad) 100 ANC 66 DA 31 ACDP 3NCO81 MIER 100 ANC 64 ID 35 ACDP 1NCO82 KAI IGARIEB (Keimoes) 100 ANC 66 ID 20 DA 11NC083 KHARA HAIS (Upington) 100 ANC 64 ID 24 DA 10NCO84 IKHEIS (Groblershoop) 100 ANC 70 ID 18 DA 8NCO85 TSANTSABANE (Postmasburg) 100 ANC 76 ID 12 DA 10NCO86 KGATELOPELE (Danielskuil) 100 ANC 73 ID 15 DA 9NCO91 SOL PLAATJE (Kimberley) 100 ANC 74 DA 17 ID 3NCO 92 DIKGATLONG (Barkley West) 100 ANC 72 BWTT 12 DA 9NCO93 MAGARENG (Warrenton) 100 ANC 79 DA 10 ID 7NCO94 PHOKWANE (Hartswater) 100 ANC 74 DA 11 AZAPO 5Source: SABC News, 2006-03-05: 1-2. 33
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3Table 3: Summary of Seat Allocation per District CouncilTable 3:1 DC 6 – NAMAKWA DC 40% Total Seats available to Municipality: 6Party Valid Votes % Votes DC40% Total Seats % Seats wonANC 20,448 59,15% 4 66,67%ACDP 937 2,71% 0 0,00%DA 6,276 18,15% 1 16,67%ID 6,910 19,99% 1 16,67%TOTAL 34,571 100,00% 6 100,00% DMA DC 60% Total Seats available to Municipality: 1ACDP 49 25,13% 0 0.00%DA 146 74,87% 1 100,00%TOTAL 195 100,00% 1 100.00%Source: IEC – MEC as at 2000/03/04.Table 3:2 DC 8 – SIYANDA (Benede Oranje) DC 40% Total Seats available to Municipality: 8Party Valid Votes % Votes DC40% Total Seats % Seats wonFF-Plus 1,011 1,83% 0 0.00%ANC 36,864 66,88% 5 62.50%ACDP 808 1,47% 0 0.00%DA 5,285 9,59% 1 12.50%ID 11,155 20,24% 2 25.00%TOTAL 55,123 100,00% 8 100.00% DMA DC 60% Total Seats available to Municipality: 1ANC 677 67,10% 1 100.00%ACDP 58 5,75% 0 0.00%DA 274 27,16% 0 0.00%TOTAL 1,009 100,00% 1 100.00%Source: IEC – MEC33 as at 2000/03/04.Table 3.3 DC9 – FRANCIS BAARD (Diamandveld) DC40% Total Seats available to Municipality: 10Party Valid Votes % Votes DC40% Total Seats % Seats wonFF-Plus 891 1,02% 0 0.00%ANC 65,613 74,78% 8 80,00%ACDP 2,013 2,29% 0 0.00%DA 12,992 14,815 2 20.00%ID 3,375 3,85% 0 0.00%UDF 599 0.68% 0 0.00%TOTAL 87,739 100,00% 10 100.00% DMA DC60% Total Seats available to Municipality: 1ANC 646 79,07% 1 100.00%ACDP 23 2,82% 0 0.00%DA 148 18,12% 0 0.00%TOTAL 817 100,00% 1 100.00%Source: IEC – MEC33 as at 2000/03/04.Table 3.4 DC45 – KGALAGADI (Kalahari District Council) DC40% Total Seats available to Municipality: 7Party Valid Votes % Votes DC40% Total Seats % Seats wonUCDP 5,150 10,73% 1 14,29%ANC 37,364 77,88% 6 85,71%ACDP 908 1,89% 0 0,00%DA 2,615 5,45% 0 0,00%ID 1,938 4,04% 0 0,00%TOTAL 47,975 100,00% 7 100,00% DMA DC60% Total Seats available to Municipality: 1ANC 955 79,45% 1 100.00%ACDP 247 20,55% 0 0.00%TOTAL 1,202 100,00% 1 100.00%Source: IEC – MEC 33 as at 2000/03/04. 34
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3Table 4: Summary of seat calculation per municipalityIn cases where a ward is uncontested, the PR for the party will be doubled for the overall seatcalculation.Seats Calculated = (A) Ward Seats = (B) PR List Seats = (A-B) NC452 – GA-SEGONYA (Kuruman): Seats 18Party Valid Votes % Votes Total Seats Ward Seats PR List Seats % Seats WonANC 27,878 77,48% 14 8 6 77,78%UCDP 2,882 8,01% 2 0 2 11,11%DA 2,212 6,15% 1 1 0 5,56%ID 1,697 4,72% 1 0 1 5,56%ACDP 873 2,43% 0 0 0 0,00%INDEPENDENT 440 1,22% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 35,982 100,00% 18 9 9 100,00% NC453 – GAMAGARA (Kathu): Seats 8ANC 9,573 69,22% 6 3 3 75,00%DA 2,125 15,37% 1 1 0 12,50%ID 1,540 11,14% 1 0 1 12,50%FF-PLUS 356 2,57% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 236 1,71% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 13,830 100,00% 8 4 4 100,00% NC451 – MOSHAWENG (Kgalagadi): Seats 21ANC 35,059 80,69% 17 11 6 80,95%UCDP 7,233 16,65% 4 0 4 19,05%INDEPENDENT 852 1,96% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 303 0,70% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 43,447 100,00% 21 11 10 100,00% NC061 – RICHTERSVELD (Port Nolloth): Seats 8ANC 4,173 62,84% 5 4 1 62,50%ID 1,147 17,37% 2 0 2 25,00%DA 1,051 15,83% 1 0 1 12,50%ACDP 196 2,95% 0 0 0 0,00%INDEPENDENT 74 1,11% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 6,641 100,00% 8 4 4 100,00% DC062 – NAMA KHOI (Springbok): Seats 17ANC 14,435 51,77% 9 8 1 52,94%ID 9,394 33,69% 6 1 5 35,29%DA 3,737 13,40% 2 0 2 11,76%ACDP 315 1,13% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 27,881 100,00% 17 9 8 100,00% NC064 – Kamiesberg (Garies): 7ANC 4,425 55,56% 4 4 0 57,14%ID 2,710 35,46% 2 0 2 28,57%DA 686 8,98% 1 0 1 14,29%TOTAL 7,642 100,00% 7 4 4 100,00% NCO63 HANTAM (Calvinia): Seats 9ANC 8,159 64,96% 6 5 1 66,67%DA 3,797 30,23% 3 0 3 33,33%ACDP 545 4,34% 0 0 0 0,00%INDEPENDENT 60 0,48% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 12,561 100,00% 9 5 4 100,00% NCO65 – KAROO HOOGLAND (Fraserburg): Seats 7ANC 4,388 61,41% 4 3 1 57,14%DA 1,967 27,53% 2 1 1 28,57%ACDP 602 8,43% 1 0 1 14,29%IFP 188 2,63% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 7,145 100,00% 7 4 3 100,00% NCO67 – KHAI-MA (Pofadder): Seats 7ANC 5,459 78,05% 5 3 2 71,43%DA 1,013 14,48% 1 1 0 14,29%ID 522 7,46% 1 0 1 14,29%TOTAL 6,994 100,00% 7 4 3 100,00% NCO71 – UBUNTU (Victoria West): Seats 8ANC 6,2235 60,88% 5 4 1 62,50%DA 3,337 32,65% 3 0 3 37,50%ICOSA 394 3,85% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 153 1,50% 0 0 0 0,00%UIF 114 1,12% 0 0 0 0.00%TOTAL 10,221 100,00% 8 4 4 100,00% 35
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3 NCO72 – UMSOBOMVU (Colesberg): Seats 10ANC 12,087 77,72% 8 5 3 80,00%DA 1,651 10,62% 1 0 1 10,00%ID 1,552 9,98% 1 0 1 10,00%ACDP 171 1,10% 0 0 0 0,00%UIF 90 0,58% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 15,551 100,00% 10 5 5 100,00% NCO73 – EMTHANJENI (De Aar): Seats 14ANC 14,685 64,98% 9 6 3 64,29%ID 4,102 18,15% 3 0 3 21,43%DA 3,203 14,17% 2 1 1 14,29%UIF 238 1,05% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 234 1,04% 0 0 0 0,00%INDEPENDENT 139 0,62% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 22,601 100,00% 14 7 7 100,00% NCO74 – KAREEBERG (Carnarvon): Seats 7ANC 4,952 62,49% 5 4 1 71,43%DA 2,471 31,18% 2 0 2 28,57%ACDP 271 3,42% 0 0 0 0,00%IFP 231 2,91% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 7,925 100,00% 7 4 3 100,00% NCO75 – RENOSTERBERG (Phillipstown): Seats 7ANC 4,771 64,22% 4 3 1 57,14%DA 1,787 24,05% 2 1 1 28,57%ID 584 7,86% 1 0 1 14,29%FF-PLUS 151 2,17% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 126 1,70% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 7,429 100,00% 7 4 3 100,00% NCO76 –THEMBELIHLE (Hopetown): Seats 7ANC 5,982 69,31% 5 4 1 71,43%DA 2,349 27,22% 2 0 2 28,57%ID 300 3,48% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 8,631 100,00% 7 4 3 100,00% NCO77 – SIYATHEMBA (Prieska): Seats 8ANC 6,335 63,35% 5 4 1 62,50%DA 3,426 34,26% 3 0 3 37,50%ACDP 239 2,39% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 10,000 100,00% 8 4 4 100,00% NCO78 – SIYANDUMA (Griekwastad): Seats 9ANC 10,837 65,85% 6 4 2 66,67%DA 4,917 29,88% 3 1 2 33,33%ACDP 448 2,72% 0 0 0 0,00%INDEPENDENT 255 1,55% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 16,457 100,00% 9 5 4 100,0 NCO81 – MIER (Mier): Seats 5ANC 1,908 63,75% 3 0 3 60,00%ID 1,041 34,78% 2 0 2 40,00%ACDP 44 1,47% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 2,993 100,00% 5 0 5 100,00% NCO82 – KAI IGARIB (Keimoes): Seats 15ANC 17,169 66,53% 10 8 2 66,67%ID 5,180 20,07% 3 0 3 20,00%DA 2,976 11,53% 2 0 2 13,33%ACDP 483 1,87% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 25,808 100,00% 15 8 7 100,00% NCO83 – KHARA HAIS (Upington): Seats 23ANC 28,772 63,89% 15 11 4 65,22%ID 10,600 23,54% 6 0 6 26,09%DA 4,315 9,58% 2 1 1 8,70%FF-PLUS 797 1,77% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 550 1,22% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 45,034 100,00% 23 12 11 100,00% NCO84 – IKEIS (Groblershoop): Seats 7ANC 6,170 69,80% 5 4 1 71,43%ID 1,581 17,89% 1 0 1 14,29%DA 749 8,47% 1 0 1 14,29%FF-PLUS 267 3,02% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 72 0,81% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 8,839 100,00% 7 4 3 100,00% 36
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3 NC085 – TSANTSABANE (Postmasburg): Seats 11ANC 10,679 76,10% 9 6 3 81,82%ID 1,602 11,42% 1 0 1 9,09%DA 1,459 10,40% 1 0 1 9,09%ACDP 293 2,09% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 14,033 100,00% 11 6 5 100,00% NCO86 – KGATELOPELE (Danielskuil): Seats 8ANC 6,349 72,83% 6 4 2 75,00%ID 1,341 15,38% 1 0 1 12,50%DA 819 9,39% 1 0 1 12,50%ACDP 209 2,40% 0 0 1 0,00%TOTAL 8,716 100,00% 8 4 4 100,00% NCO91 – SOL PLAATJE (Kimberley): Seats 55ANC 80,760 73,04% 40 23 17 72,73%DA 19,223 17,38% 10 4 6 18,18%ID 3,596 3,25% 2 0 2 3,64%ACDP 2,726 2,47% 1 0 1 1,82%AZAPO 1,298 1,17% 1 0 1 1,82%INDEPENDENT 1,136 1,03% 1 1 0 1,82%FF-PLUS 922 0,83% 0 0 0 0,00%IFP 431 0,39% 0 0 0 0,00%UIF 276 0,25% 0 0 0 0,00%FDP 206 0,19% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 110,574 100,00% 55 28 27 100,00% NCO92 – DIKGATLONG (Barkley West): Seats 13ANC 15,336 71,74% 9 7 2 69,23%BWTT 2,647 12,38% 2 0 2 15,38%DA 1,992 9,32% 1 0 1 7,69%ID 640 2,99% 1 0 1 7,69%ACDP 556 2,60% 0 0 0 0,00%PAC 206 0,96% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 21,377 100,00% 13 7 6 100,00% NCO93 MAGARENG (Warrenton): Seats 9ANC 9,644 78,60% 7 5 2 77,78%DA 1,180 9,62% 1 0 1 11,11%ID 825 6,72% 1 0 1 11,11%PAC 279 2,27% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 275 2,24% 0 0 0 0,00%INDEPENDENT 66 0,54% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 12,269 100,00% 9 5 4 100,00% NCO94 – PHOKWANE (Hartswater): Seats 18ANC 22,420 71,43% 13 9 4 72,22%DA 3,579 11,40% 2 0 2 11,11%AZAPO 1,678 5,35% 1 0 1 5,56%ID 1,291 4,11% 1 0 1 5,56%UCDP 992 3,16% 1 0 1 5,56%INDEPENDENT 894 2,85% 0 0 0 0,00%ACDP 535 1,70% 0 0 0 0,00%TOTAL 31,389 100,00% 18 9 9 100,00%Source: IEC – MEC 33 as at 2000/03/04. It appears that despite poor with all the results officially together by participating in service delivery and announced, the Northern all processes of local corruption among Cape Provincial government government in an effort to councillors, the ANC still congratulated all the newly build a better life for all and enjoys the majority of the elected local government make it happen where we support as had been the case councillors together with live” (DFA, 2006:4). during the 2004 national district and local mayors. election. The DA lost The head of communications References support to other parties of the Premier’s Office, African and Child Feature Service. especially the ID – as was Siphiwe Dlamini stated that 2006. Women score historic the also the case during the “…it is our sincere hope that victory in local elections. previous elections. As the communities and the newly (http://www.awefs.org/modules.ph election draws to a close elected leaders will work p?name=AWC_GMG_Newsletter 37
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3&pa=showpage&p1...4/8/2006 deliver. Pretoria News. 9 March, _votes/o,2374,6,00.html.Accessed on 8/4/2006). p2. Accessed on 4/6/2006)Azzakani, R. 2006 Kiesuitslae IEC Local Government Elections Van der Merwe, H. 2006. Kbyvandag in Staatskoerant-OVK kry 2000 – Leading Party Report kies weer Lenyibi; kleiner partyelof van cabinet. Burger. 9 March, Northern Cape. steun ANC. Die Volksblad. 20p4. (http://www.elections.org.za/iecwe March:p1. b/Other/LGE_Reports_LeadParty_Cape Times. 2006. Private Northern Cape.html.... Accessedelections draws voter’s on the on 4/18/2006).internet(http://www.elections.iol.co.za/ind Independent Electoral Commissionex.php?set_id=1&click_id=13&art (IEC). 2006. Northern Cape Local_id=vn2006030213443431.Access Government Elections Results.ed on 2/3/2006) Leading Party Overall Report. 3 April.Coetzee, G. 2006. VS en NK sestemkloof kleur by die maatstaf . Independent Electoral CommissionDie Volksblad. 15 March: p10. (IEC). 2006. Northern Cape Local Government Elections Results.Diamond Fields Advertiser. 2006. MEC33 – Seat CalculationQuiet day at city polls. 2 March: Summary . 3 April.p6. IOL. 2006. Local elections deserveDiamond Fields Advertiser. 2006. an Oscar – MbekiNew Government Positions come (http://www.iol.co.za/general/newswith huge responsibility. 22 /newsprint.php?art_id==qw114548March: p4. 841755B242&2f Accessed on 4/6/2006)Diamond Fields Advertiser. 2006.Sol Plaatje’s mayor mystery to be Kwon Hoo, S. 2006. ANC stormssolved. 9 March: p5. to victory. Diamond Fields Advertiser. 3 March, p1.Diamond Fields Advertiser. 2006.Human rights prevails for mobility Kwon Hoo, S. 2006. NC almost inimpaired. 2 March: p2. ‘poll’ position. Diamond Fields Advertiser. 6 March, p2.Diamond Fields Advertiser. 2006.Lenyibi likely to go as mayor of Kwon Hoo, S. 2006. N CapeSol. 17 March: p3. mayors are mostly female. Diamond Fields Advertiser. 16Help kies ’n lid vir Orania se March, p2.Verteenwoordigende Raad.Internet. 2006. Internet Orania op koers- kies eie Raad.(http://www.orania.co.za/media.as 2006. Internet.p?id=35.... Accessed on 6/4/2006). (http://www.orania.co.za/media.as p?id=35. … Accessed onHendrickse M, Olivier L & Venter 23/3/2006).A, 2006. Handbook on Legislation Ramoroka, K. 2006. No jobs, noand Regulations for South Africa’s vote - youths. Diamond FieldsLocal Government elections 2006. Advertiser. 2 March, p6.Pretoria: IEC & Johannesburg:EISA. Rantoo, J. 2006. Time to deliver. Diamond Fields Advertiser. 3Howitson, A.D. 2006. Elections March, p14.almost crippled. Diamond FieldsAdvertiser. 8 March, p10. SABC News. 2006 Local Elections 2006: Northern Cape – Votes.Hlalala, P. 2006. With the (http://www.sabcnews.com/Featurelections over, now its time to es/elections_2006/results/race_for 38
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3 help-desk, a results problem process. In Gauteng, most ifGAUTENG resolution authority, an not all stakeholders electoral operations nerve expressed their satisfactionThemba Nkwinika and centre, an IT division and a in the manner in which theSydney Letsholo geographic information counting process wasEISA system group that prepared handled. interactive, map-based graphics displays for large Post-Election DisputesThe Counting Process and projection screens, for theAnnouncement of Results media and for dissemination The local government via the IEC intranet to elections took place underThe election counting provincial operations conditions for best electoralprocess is one of the centres.57 practices in Gauteng. In thecomplex aspects of the period leading to theelectoral process as the IEC As opposed to other elections, all contestinghas to ensure that the provinces such as the parties and independentannounced results are an Western Cape, the electoral candidates engaged inaccurate reflection of the will contest in Gauteng was vicious electioneering thatof the people. In an effort to destined to be a one-horse was tempered by politicalbe as transparent as possible, race with the African tolerance. It thus came as nothe IEC launched the National Congress (ANC) surprise when the provincialNational Operations Centre set to dominate the stakes. IEC noted that there were no(NOC) in Pretoria. The As has always been the reported post-electionprimary objective of the norm, following hot on the disputes. The onlyNOC was to act as the IEC’s heels was the main cumbersome issue, not onlycontrol centre for all voting opposition party in the form for the IEC but for theresults activities. The centre of the Democratic Alliance proponents of democracy isserved as a central point (DA). For more detailed and that of Khutsong.from which the media precise electoral outcome, Immediately after themonitored incoming results refer to the Election Update elections, houses belongingand a base from which they No.2. to the newly electedreported, as well as a councillors were torched bymeeting place for political Article 56 of the Municipal residents of the area. This isparties, politicians, business Electoral Act asserts that intriguing given the fact thatand government leaders to counting commences as soon the alleged perpetratorsclosely follow the election as practicable after the decided to vote with theirresults pattern56. Similar voting station has been feet. Other than this incident,centres were also established closed for voting and must the electoral outcome inin all other provinces. continue uninterrupted and Gauteng was well receivedLaunched on 22 February may only be suspended with by all stakeholders involved.2006, the NOC served as a the Commission’s approval.place where political parties The same procedure applied Resultsand independent candidates in all of Gauteng’s polling Patterns and Politicalcould observe and monitor stations. To allay fears of Implicationstheir electoral performance electoral fraud, contestingas the results came in from political parties and As in most provinces in thevarious municipalities and independent candidates were country, the African Nationalwards. The centre had a given the right to observe Congress had a resoundingresults system technical and monitor the counting 62, 4% victory in Gauteng only losing one municipality56 57 http://www.elections.org.za/news http://www.itweb.co.za/ananzi 39
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3Midvaal (Meyerton) to the council through the parties will have toDemocratic Alliance. The proportional representation, collaborate with each otherANC won all of the their numbers are not more closely if they are tometropolitan and district significant as far as shifting play a meaningful role incouncils in Gauteng, the balance of power is shaping the agenda ofcouncils that the opposition concerned. councils. In certainwill need to conquer if they instances, even coalitions atare to seriously hold power. Whilst council decisions are council level may not assistThe ANC won 108 seats in generally made after in- the opposition parties.the Ekurhuleni Metro, the depth discussions, broad Another possibility would belast of the Gauteng voting consultations and general for some of thedistricts to finish counting consensus amongst council representatives of smallerand auditing their ballots. members, they are also based parties and individualThe party won 61.34 percent on agreement by the majority candidates to be swallowedof the votes. The DA won 45 of council members. Thus up by dominate parties inseats, the IFP five. Three for a proposition to be council through floorseats went to the Displacees agreed upon, it must enjoy crossing and other means.Ratepayers Association. the backing of the majorityThree also went to the PAC, of council members. Such a Election Observation andwith the ACDP and FF+ process is not an Monitoringeach obtained two seats. The individualised but aUDM, Independent collective one based on Election observers play aRatepayers of SA, Daveyton political identity and critical role in the electoralCommunity Peace conviction and along party process. Their feedback onCommittee, Azapo and lines. In most of the councils electoral process has a farSimunye in Christ Party in Gauteng, the ANC enjoys reaching effect on thecaptured each one seat. In more than 60% majority credibility of elections.Nokeng tsa Taemane meaning that it has the Election observers do not(Cullinan) the ANC won ability to see its positions only take interest on theseven of the seats with 61.61 through council with limited election day but arepercent of the votes. The DA difficulty. In a situation concerned with the broadercaptured three seats, while where 60% of the council electoral processes includingthe FF+ and ACDP won one members belong to one the pre-election, election andseat each. Nineteen seats party, the opposition parties post election phases. Southwent to the ANC in the have very limited if any Africa has demonstrated itsKungwini Municipality power to have their views ability to hold elections by(Bronkhorstspruit) where the turning into a council conducting three nationalparty captured 71.91 percent resolution. and provincial and two localof the votes. Five seats went government elections. As ato the DA and one each to The results as they stand result, local and internationalthe FF+, ACDP and PAC. have two main political bodies that normally deployOn the whole, the implications for Gauteng. election observers are notDemocratic Alliance was the The first implication is that keen to do so for an electiononly party that managed to opposition parties will find it in South Africa.mount a serious challenge to difficult to live up to theirthe ANC. Whilst the other election manifestos. For it is The 2006 local governmentsmall parties might have won only through council elections attracted minimalsome wards in different resolutions that political election observer interest. Inmunicipalities as well as ideals can be realised at Gauteng, quite a number ofattaining several seats in municipal level. Opposition local institutions applied and 40
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3acquired accreditation to several protest meetings and stadiums but were notobserve the elections from also called for the IEC to allowed to hold the vigil.the IEC but very few of them postpone the election.turned out to polling stations Residents also lodged a case Vaal: There were noto observe the elections. The with the court to postpone particular incidents in thismain observers visible in the election and to declare area and no major eventspolling stations throughout the incorporation of regarding campaigning andthe province were party Khutsong into Northwest canvassing. There was oneagents whose primary invalid. rally during the period inpurpose was to serve and which the pre-electionprotect their party political observation was active. It The IEC indicated that it wasinterests. was held by the ANC at prepared for the election and Siyanqoba, attended by the would continue with its media, security forces andThe South African Civil preparations. However on 15 political party leadership.Society Observation February, the day scheduled The pre-election observersCoalition (SACSOC) is an for political parties to sign were also present at an IECorganisation that took the the Code of Conduct, parties voter education sessionresponsibility for deploying did not arrive on the basis attended by an estimated 500non-partisan election that there was no need as it peopleobservers in almost all appeared that voters wouldpolling stations in Gauteng. boycott the elections. Election Day ObservationSince its inception in 1998,SACSOC has observed all There was no visible One hundred and seventeenthe national and local campaigning by political SACSOC observers and fivegovernment elections in parties during the pre- volunteers were deployed onSouth Africa. The election period by some Election Day. The co-significance of this election parties. The ANC convened ordinators played the role ofobservation is acknowledged several meetings which Lead Monitor, and wereby the Independent Electoral emanated in conflict and responsible for the observersCommission (IEC-SA).58 residents preventing the in their respective regions.SACSOC observed both the Minister of Defence, Mr.pre-election and election Lekota and the Northwest Soweto (28)phase in Gauteng, below are Premier, Ms Molewa from The election process wasthe observations that addressing the meetings. It generally smooth except forSACSOC made during the also culminated in local the following problems:pre-election and subsequent residents declaring Minister • Party agents did not have Leota “banned from the any visible form ofAlthough Khutsong was township”. The rally held on identificationdemarcated to fall under the 19 February was attended by • In some stations, thereNorthwest, Gauteng had two residents from the Khutsong were no security forcespre-election observers in the informal settlements and not presentfield given the dissatisfaction householders of Khutsong. • The ANC members wereby Khutsong residents on the There was wide media disruptive in someincorporation into coverage of Khutsong in the stations as they wereNorthwest. Residents held pre election period. busy campaigning around the voting stations,58 South African Civil Society Residents planned an all- thereby causingObservation Coalition (SACSOC), night vigil at one of the unnecessary commotion.Report on 2006 MunicipalGovernment Elections. 41
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3• Observers noted that in informed on voting official at the ballot box many stations it appeared procedures. asked why she still had that the IEC staff were ballots in her hand after not sufficiently trained Vaal (25) she had deposited hers. and were not fully aware Overall the process went The extra ballots were of their role and smoothly apart from the then taken from the voter responsibilities following incidents: before she left the station frequently calling on • At one station a voter and put aside by the PO. observers to assist them. requiring assistance• In hostels, the Indunas indicated to the Presiding JHB North (5) were located at the Office that he wanted to Overall the process went entrance of the voting vote for Mandela. When smoothly. The following perimeter which could be advised that Mr. Mandela incidents were noted: seen by some voters as was not standing as a • ANC members at had a intimidating. The candidate, the voter table with the register observers were also asked for Mr. Mbeki. The and as voters entered the required to greet Indunas PO referred the request to voting station parameter, on arrival and in one the party agents for they were called to the instance, were required to advice. It would appear table to have their names provide refreshments that the voter wanted to checked against this before being able to vote for the ANC, hence register. Observers noted proceed into the station. the request for Mr. at one station that a voter At the same time, their Mandela. The party name appeared on the presence served to create agents could not agree register outside the order and no with an agent from one of station but not on the campaigning or tables the parties suggesting register inside the station. with party supporters that “the vote be split • At one station ANC were visible at these amongst all parties, members were stations as was the case at namely, the ward campaigning in the other stations. candidate going to one queue.• Some stations closed party, the district vote • At some stations the POs later than 19h00 due the going to another party relied on observers to queues that were still and the pr vote to assist them. In particular, there at closing time. another”. The PO then the counting process ruled that the ballot where the PO was notEkurhuleni (13) should be placed in the sure what constituted aThe election process ballot box incomplete spoilt ballot. The ANCgenerally went smoothly. and would be regarded as party agent was quiteThe following problems a spoilt ballot. vocal in describingwere noted: • The person issuing the whether a ballot was• The atmosphere was IEC ballot paper at one spoilt or not, resulting in different at the hostels. station gave a voter two the PO not asserting The presence of Indunas sets of ballot papers. The herself. The observer was was again reported to be voter had advised that called upon by the PO to quite daunting for some she was also voting for assist in the process. At voters. Counting went her mother who was ill the same station, two well; and could not attend in ballots had the same• Observers also noted that person. As the voter markings, with one being at some stations electoral placed her ballots in the rejected and the other staff were not well ballot box, the IEC being included due to the 42
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3 insistence of the party should not wear their apparel ushered in the second term agent. for their own safety. of South Africa’s new• At Nasrec, observers • At the station visited by system of local governance. noted that the IEC staff the SACSOC observer, In the build up to the waited in vain for only 4 people voted there elections, different information from the POs and they had to be stakeholders such as civil who were required to accompanied by the society organisations, report in at regular police to their homes political parties, independent intervals. • The house of an ANC analysts, ordinary citizens• At one station, an ANC party agent was burnt etc. appraised the new candidate was allowed whilst he was at the system of local governance inside the voting area voting station. Under the after its five years of without a letter from the circumstance the existence. party stating that he was SACSOC observers were a party agent. instructed to withdraw. The appraisal was marked by• There was no consistency • There was confusion sharp criticism of the in the voting procedure regarding closing time performance of local as in some station ID with some stations government institutions. The books were not stamped, closing later than other criticisms ranged from the at others they were. At (excluding voters who inability of municipalities to some stations, voters were in the queue at provide credible and whose names were not on closing time) as in one democratic governance to the register were allowed instance the PO thought delivering basic services to vote whilst at other that the station only had such as water and sanitation stations voters were to close at 9.00pm. to the rural and urban poor. turned away. Some During this process voters were required to Tshwane (13) challenges faced by complete a form The following incidents were municipalities were confirming that they had recorded: highlighted. The challenges registered. • In most stations, included the following:• A voter was not on the observers were asked to municipal Integrated register, despite proof of produce a letter from Development Plans (IDPs) registration and having SACSOC and the lead and budgets that did not voted at the station in the monitor had to intervene. adequately address the needs 2004 elections and was • Some stations turned and interests of not able to vote. voters away if they did communities; irresponsive, not appear on the voters’ unaccountable andWest Rand roll even if they were irresponsible councillors andGenerally voting and registered in that voting partisan, undemocraticallycounting went smoothly district. constituted and non-except in Khutsong where • The scanner proved to be transparent ward committeesthe situation was very tense. unreliable in most amongst other issues.This was confirmed by the stations and PO’s had tolarge police presence resort to using the The immediate challengemonitoring the situation. The manual voter’s roll. that faces the new locallead monitor was advised not authorities is to develop a Challenges for the Newto go into the area on his comprehensive response to Local Authoritiesown and went with the the challenges highlightedsecurity forces. Observers The March 2006 local above. One of the featureswere advised that they government elections that characterise Gauteng is 43
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3an increased influx of people The newly elected councils activity related to thecoming from other parts of throughout the province will tournament. Localthe country as well as have to contend with these municipalities are expectedoutside South Africa’s challenges amongst other to play a leading role inborders. This phenomenon factors. The need to deal creating environmental andleads to an ever increasing or with these challenges as soon infrastructural conditionsdeepening in the socio- as possible is further that will enable Gauteng toeconomic challenges such as compounded by the play the role expected of it inunemployment, the increase forthcoming soccer World ensuring a successful hostingin the number of informal Cup to take place in 2010, of the tournament.settlements, the need for during which Gauteng ishousing, and urban squalor. expected to host the majorTable 1: Applications for observer accreditation - Local Government Elections 2006 Ref Name of the organisation/individual Province Status Numbers 146/06 SADC ECF Botswana accredited 15 011/06 Kopano Conferencing and Skills Training Gauteng accredited 2 013/06 Mahle Amasiko National Cultural Organisation Gauteng accredited 11 028/06 SACSOC/SACC Gauteng accredited 1200 046/06 Greater Pretoria Elections Consortium (GPEC) Gauteng accredited 42 047/06 AfrIcan Blue Skies Travelling Agency CC Gauteng accredited 8 048/06 Monyetla Business Enterprise Gauteng accredited 8 052/06 Mandisa Paper Solutions CC Gauteng accredited 15 069/06 Deo-Favente Tenders Gauteng accredited 15 070/06 Young Intellectuals Gauteng accredited 7 072/06 Link Contracting Enterprise Gauteng accredited 5 074/06 Kanana Development Centre Gauteng accredited 12 105/06 National Association of Social Institution Gauteng accredited 6 126/06 Gender Commission Gauteng accredited 24 127/06 YENEPAD Gauteng accredited 3 128/06 Ntataise Development Project Gauteng accredited 6 133/06 UNISA, Department of Political Sciences Gauteng accredited 7 134/06 Thembi Ngema Gauteng 135/06 National Bus & Train Ministry Gauteng 140/06 Similosihle Projects Gauteng accredited 7 143/06 Vusimuzi Tshabalala Gauteng accredited 6 144/06 Black Lawyers Association Gauteng accredited 17 145/06 South African Jewish Board of Deputies Gauteng accredited 5 147/06 South African Human Rights Commission Gauteng accredited 11 148/06 Vusumuzi Johannes Masuku Gauteng not accredited 15 111/06 Hlengimizwa Counselling Project Gauteng accredited 7 1454 the 2178 voting districts in this experience had not beenLIMPOPO Limpopo at counting time kept, Neswiswi confirmedKholofelo Mashabela verified all results. that the last voting district toUniversity of Limpopo close business for the day At some of the voting did so at 21h00. The Counting Process districts, voters queued until late until after the official People who had gone toThe counting process closing time of 19h00. Those work on election day, eitherfollowing the local who had not yet cast their because employers had notgovernment elections went votes were locked in until given them the day off, oroff without a hitch, as far as they had performed their because they werethe IEC was concerned. civic duty. This resulted in performing essential servicesAccording to Mrs N C the late termination of during the course of the day,Neswiswi, deputy EDDE and business in some of the as well as the youth who hadTransformation Manager, all voting districts. Although a “paid deference” to adultsthe party agents who were at register of voters who had during the course of the day, 44
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3formed the bulk of the late results or counting process majority for the ANC. Theevening vote casters. that were reported to the following table illustrates the provincial IEC offices. All gap between the leadingConsequently voting districts disputes that had to do with party and the other partiesthat terminated business late processes and procedures that took part in thealso counted later into the were dealt with by the elections:night and into the early hours presiding officers at theof Thursday 2 March. This voting districts, and those %had an effect on the timing officers did not indicate that Party Votes poll Seats %of the eventual release of the there were any cases that had NC 2 369 900 83.99 933 75.24results as municipalities had to be handled by theto wait for all the voting provincial office. At adistricts in their jurisdiction debriefing session the IEC 154 461 5.47 64 5.16 DAto submit their results before held later with the presidingmaking their officers from all districts in Unspecifieannouncements. Results, the province, the latter had d other 92 010 3.26 - -according to electoral not indicated any areas ofprocedure, had to be released dispute. Following themunicipality by municipality Other parties announcement of results,and not per voting station, as none of the political parties, combined 105 131 7.26 243 19.6confirmed by Neswiswi. The social groupings orcounting itself went off independents whowithout incident in all of the participated in the electionvoting districts. lodged a dispute. The results indicate an Announcement of Results The only dispute of note expression of confidence in following the election was an the leading party and aThe first municipality to intra-party one, where some massive mandate toannounce results in Limpopo members of the African implement its programmesdid so early on Thursday 2 National Congress in and policies. It would alsoMarch, while the last did so Belabela disputed the suggest that the ANCon Friday 3 March at 10h00. appointment of a mayoral expressed itself most clearlyAll results in the country candidate. Another to the electorate. Given thatwere later declared on flashpoint took place in the other parties combinedSaturday morning, 4 March. Greater Groblesdal area polled less than 20% tells where some communities something of their outreachAccording to an IEC official, to the electorate. It is a from Moutse continued tothe counting process and pattern that may not have express discontentannouncement of results was very good consequences for concerning their relocationmuch quicker than for the democracy in the country. into Limpopo by themunicipal elections held in The ANC obtained a 100% municipal boundaries2000 and the 2004 general sweep of all seats in 14 of demarcation boards.elections. “It was a more the 25 contested Sometimes these expressionsefficiently run election”, she municipalities and are the threatened to take a violentconcluded in a matter of fact leading party in the other turn.manner. eleven. Results Patterns and Post-Election Disputes Political Implications The following results demonstrate the performanceThere were no post-election The results in the province of the different parties in thedisputes concerning the reveal an overwhelming five districts of Limpopo and 45
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3further indicate the The most serious in religious fundamentalismoverwhelming support for implications of these results in society.the ANC in the elections. rest on the leading African National Congress. It puts a For the parties such as theVhembe serious responsibility on the PAC, AZAPO and the UDM,Party Total Votes % party to deliver on its it means not only carving out in DistrictACDP 5 809 2.39 election promises, especially political programmes that theANC 208 763 86.22 the commitment to “making electorate will easilyADP 508 0.20AZAPO 1 844 0.76 local government work distinguish from those of theDA 10 315 4.26 better”. ANC, but also increasingDBF 1 226 0.50 their imprint and impact atID 3 788 1.56PAC 3 927 1.62 The most consistent refrain on all local levels of al kinds.UDM 2 154 0.88 from the opposition parties Failure to do so could seeVF 711 -XP 3 061 1 26 during campaigning was the them suffer from a SWANUTOTAL 242 106 absence of service delivery – effect. The South West something to which the African National Union,Mopani DistrictParty Total Votes % ruling party grudgingly which carried the mantle of in District admitted. Members of the alternative to SWAPOACDP 5 133 2.49 during the liberation struggleANC 173 830 84.49 public have also voicedADP 3 865 1.87 dissatisfaction about the lack in Namibia, and was left ofDA 9 457 4.59 of delivery on radio talk SWAPO, has progressivelyID 970 0.47PAC 4 738 2.30 shows and in snap surveys. faded out of existence on theUDM 3 002 1.45 While these work with Namibian politicalXP 4 722 2.29Total 205 717 samples that are not landscape. representative, they For the Democratic AllianceWaterbergParty Total Votes % sometimes serve as a as the official opposition, the in District barometer of public feeling. challenge is to keep theACDP 1 668 1.48ANC 92 289 81.89 It is up to the ANC to realise ruling party on its toes byAZAPO 593 0.53 the gravity of the mandate finding a balance betweenDA 10 079 8.94 that it has been given and toPAC 2 290 2.03 being critical and being fullyUDM 1 205 1 06 put in place systems and engaged with issues ofVF 4 565 4 05 programmes that will ensure governance at the local level.Total 112 689 delivery in local government. The temptation to becomeCapricorn It is also up to the party to highly critical could detractParty Total Votes % invest in the best skills from the good work it is able in DistrictACDP 3 635 1.84 available by either looking to do on behalf of theANC 166 014 83.88 for expertise outside party electorate. With a nationalADP 871 0.44AZAPO 2 669 1.35 structures or to invest in footprint that matches that ofDA 13 164 6.65 skills development. the ANC, it is difficult to sayPAC 2.292 1.16UDM 4 696 2.37 whether the DA can continueVF 1 398 0.98 Failure to deliver on the part to grow in numbers orTOTAL 197 928 of the ANC will have whether it has reached its catastrophic consequences zenith.SekhukhuneParty Total Votes % for democracy in the in District country, and could lead Election Observation andANC 154 170 85.94AZAPO 6 216 3.46 either to high levels of MonitoringDA 7 419 4.14 apathy, a reversion toPAC 5 212 2.96UIF 5 073 2.83 reactionary forms of political For this round of elections,VF 1 311 0.73 conservatism amongst the the concept of monitoringTOTAL 179 401 electorate, or even to a rise has been done away with, 46
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3perhaps indicating the Since the 2000 localconfidence with which government elections, there NORTH-WESTdemocracy has grown in have been cases of municipalSouth Africa. Only observers managers, especially in the Professor B.C. Chikulo andwere used in the municipal Greater Sekhukhune District, Professor M. Mbaoelections during this round. who have been in the University of North-WestMr Itumeleng Masenya. IEC spotlight for failing to Mafikeng Campusmanager for electoral matters provide the right type ofin Limpopo, explained that service. Local councils The Counting Processthe concept of monitoring should see to it that theyhas the implication that that appoint to office people who After the voting waswhen a monitor notices what have the right skills and completed, the boxes had tocould be interpreted to be an levels of commitment, or be sealed in the presence ofinfringement of the rules, else procedures that will party agents and othersuch a monitor may ensure the right type of observers .According to theintervene to set matters service. Electoral Act, the countingstraight. On the other hand, process should take place inan observer may only take Another challenge will be the polling stationnote and is not able to dealing with (perceptions of) immediately after the closeintervene. corruption, especially when of voting, except in the case the awarding of tenders takes of mobile stations, or, if in place. Equally important will the interest of ensuring freeThe IEC had gone out of its be finding the political will and fair elections, the IEC,way to encourage observers to use all the budgets that are decides that those votes beto participate in the local allocated to municipalities counted at another venuegovernment elections. Civil by central government. In The counting of votessociety organisations were the past financial year there (“result capturing process”)encouraged to field have been reports of millions was decentralised to theobservers. They, in turn, of unspent rands in the polling stations. Thesourced their own funding budgets that were not spent. Presiding Officer of a votingand trained observers. These This happens when roads, station also served as thewere accredited by the IEC, provision of reliable water Counting Officer at the startand observed all aspects of supplies, sewerage and of the counting process.the election for its duration. dependable electricity Once the voting wasMasenya, however could not supply, especially in the declared over, the ballotprovide the number of newly electrified areas, need boxes were sealed ahead ofdeployed observers in the to be addressed. counting and the venue re-province, or which civil arranged. All ballots weresociety organisations had In a province where the verified: the numbers offielded them. traditional authorities still ballots issued were play an influential role as compared with the number Challenges for the New of ballots counted. Local Authorities part of civil society, the biggest challenge for local Thereafter, all the ballot government will be not to papers were scrutinised toThe main challenge for the ascertain whether any of undermine traditionalnew municipalities is to find them had to be rejected as authorities.efficient and effective ways spoilt ballot papers. Theof running themselves. spoilt ballots were filedAdministrative structures separately. The remaininghave to be brought to papers were sorted accordingdesirable levels of operation. to the candidate/ party voted 47
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3for. After the final counting, officers prevented voters parties had expressedthe votes were tallied and from casting their votes satisfaction with way theentered onto a results form because they wore party process was handled in theand the results determined. colours; slow processing of provinceThe party agents added their documentation; and latesignatures to the results starting times. This indicates Results Pattern andform. After the counting the that more training is required Political Implicationsresults were announced and for Presiding Officers andposted at each polling voting officers on how to The ANC’s dominance instation. Thereafter, the ballot manage voting stations and electoral politics has beenboxes and other voting handle voting material. reinforced in the 2006 localmaterials were packed and Needless to point out, this government election .Thesealed for transportation to incident did not impact on 2006 municipal electionsthe municipal electoral the legitimacy of the saw voters not only returningofficer (MEO) who double- elections in the province. At the ANC to power in thecaptured the results on the all the polling stations, the majority of local authoritieselectronic system. If the voters displayed a high level in the province, but it alsoresults matched, the auditor of tolerance, patience and increased its popular vote.entered the auditor’s code peace. To sum up, theand submitted the results. election process went The ANC popular mandateThe auditor’s report was smoothly and the general increased from 71.35 percentsigned and faxed to the atmosphere at polling in the 2000 polls to 76.57provincial IEC operations stations was excellent. percent in 2006 elections.centre at the SABC Thus the ANC received theExhibition Hall in Announcement of Results highest number of votes inMmabatho. The counting the province, followed by theprocess was witnessed by The results were announced DA with 8.60 percent, theparty agents, observers and publicly at the Results United Christian Democraticother authorised individuals. Centre in the presence of Party with 6.77 percent andThe counting process party representatives and the Vryheidsfront Plus withproceeded smoothly in an other observers. The 1.22 percent. Theorderly calm and transparent electoral results were not independent candidates -manner, in the presence of disputed by any of the party most of whom were actuallyauditors. The presence of representatives. A culture of disaffected ANC members -auditors to verify the results acceptance of results seems only managed to score onlyduring the counting process to be taking root. The North- 0.79 percent of the votes. Allenhanced the credibility, West Province was the the other remaining partiestransparency and fairness of second in the country to scored less than 1 percent ofthe results. finish capturing the results. the total votes cast.Although the electoral staff Post-election Disputes With respect to the 604 seatswas well trained, a number captured by the ANC (from aof mistakes and problems Since most of the parties total of 788) representingoccurred during voting, accepted the legitimacy of 68.33 percent of allwhich indicated a pressing the results, no post-election municipality seats in theneed to improve the training disputes emerged in the province In the 2000process. For example, at province. In fact, it was elections, the ANC capturedsome polling stations there reported that in terms of the 514 seats (from a total ofwas a mix-up of ballot overall operation of the 799) representing 69.34 perpapers; some electoral electoral process, political cent of all municipality seats. 48
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3Table 1: Party seat allocation, 2000-2006Parties 2000 2000 2006 2006African National Congress 514 69.34% 604 68.33%Democratic Alliance/Demokratiese Alliansie 82 9.84% 75 8.48%United Christian Democratic Party 96 12.29% 56 6.33%Vryheidsfront Plus NA NA 14 1.58%African Christian Democratic Party 40 0.46% 10 1.13%Independent Democrats NA NA 9 1.02%Independents NA NA 7 0.79%Pan Africanist Congress of Azania 8 0.87% 4 0.45%United Democratic Movement 7 1.08% 2 0.23%Inkatha Freedom Party NA 2 0.23%United Independent Front NA NA 2 0.23%African Christian Alliance-Afrikaner Christen Alliansie NA NA 1 0.11 %Die Maquassi Hills/Rante Gemeenskapsvereniging NA NA 1 0.11%Peoples Progressive Party NA NA 1 0.11%Other NA NAAs the above table shows, all review at the Carousel Hotel Challenges for New Localthe significant opposition on 22-24 March 2006, and Authorities.parties have witnessed a made recommendations fordecline in the total number future elections in a “De- As a result of the widespreadof seats held in municipality Briefing Report”. The report violent protest about poorcouncils. The opposition highlighted a number of service delivery thatparties thus seem to have issues which need attention: preceded the local elections,entered a phase of decline. • That the counting process almost all the parties soughtDespite the widespread took too long There is thus to exploit the anger at thedissatisfaction with the rate a need for additional slow pace of delivery,of service delivery, and counting staff, as well as corruption and the generaldisaffection over cross- an in increase in polling mismanagement of localborder boundaries, the ANC stations where there are authorities, and the need toincreased its number of more voters; turn around the performancecouncillors in the province. • That in order to improve of municipalities. Focus onConsequently, the ANC not the audit of the results, the critical issues of pooronly won the popular vote auditors should also attend service delivery, thebut also the majority of the result capturing corruption of councillors andmunicipalities in the training and should not administrators and lack ofprovince. The emerging leave the MEO office until capacity, were thus thrust totrend is one of a definite the final confirmation of the top of the politicalmove towards a “dominant the results from the PEO agenda The challenge facingparty model” in the province. office; the new municipalities is • That mobile stations how to overcome the legacy Election Observation and of poor service delivery and Monitoring should be dispensed with and some voting stations mismanagement. If theAlthough two civil society are inaccessible and not municipalities are to improveorganisations had indicated centrally situated. There their services and appeasethat they were to monitor the was thus a need for the the residents, the followingelections in the province, no creation of more and better have to be undertaken:monitoring reports were situated voting stations. • Local authorities will needsubmitted to the IEC office to be accountable,at the time of writing this The review was undertaken responsive andreport. However, the IEC in order to improve the transparent;provincial office undertook management of future • Develop effectivean internal post-election elections. community participation 49
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3 strategies in order to Voters who were within the that the final results of the deepen local democracy; boundaries of the voting local government elections• Develop effective and station should by law be in Mpumlanga yielded no efficient service delivery given the opportunity to cast surprises, with the ANC strategies; their votes as they were there achieving a landslide victory• Local authorities need to before7pm. After counting at in all the province’s give greater recognition to the voting stations, the municipalities. their capacity problem presiding officer enters results on to the results slip: Although the DA managed (administrative and one result for each ballot to get representation in the technical). This has paper, 3 results slips. Each majority of the wards, the profound implications for results slip was to be signed ruling party once again made service delivery; by party agents present a clean sweep - claiming less• Implement capacity during the counting process than 80% of the ward seats building and skills and further verified by the in only one municipality. His development programmes. deputy presiding officer It is party obtained 100% of the either the presiding officer ward seats in fiveIf the above are effectively municipalities and more thanimplemented, the 2006 local who delivers the result slips to the MEO offices or the 90% in at least five others.government elections will The ANC also retained itscement a decade of transition ward manager who collects the result slip from the dominance in the Lowveldfrom a racially based municipalities, retaining 80undemocratic, presiding officer and personally delivers it the of the 85 available wardunrepresentative and seats. The DA won theunaccountable systems of MEO for the results to be captured into the system. remaining 5 seats in the area.governance to a In Mbombela municipalitydevelopmental democratic After capturing, correctness of the results is verified by the ANC did not loosen itslocal governance system. grip, claiming anThe 2006 elections, the third independent auditors using the result slips and the data overwhelming 91,67% of thesince the political transition seats, leaving the DA withof 1994 were thus of critical in the system. just three of the 33 wardsignificance to the After verification by seats. The ruling party alsoinstitutionalisation of Auditors, the IEC provincial dominated Thaba Chewu,democratic local governance office will then be able to winning 11 seats to the DA’sin South Africa. view all the captured results one, and Umjindi per voting district in all municipality with six to one.MPUMALANGA municipalities. The IEC had The ANC obtained an easy computer systems which victory in NkomaziPriscilla Shongwe were connected from the municipality winning all theSouth African Human Rights office of the MOU results 30 available ward seats. DACommission (SAHRC) centres to IEC provincial and provincial leader Mr. Clive national offices that enabled Hatch however said a proper The Counting Process national and provincial analysis of the results offices to identify showed that the partyThe counting process started exceptional problems that performed best of all theimmediately after the closing needed to be verified. significant parties. “The DAof the voting stations at 7pm increased its provincialpm, not all voting stations Announcement of Results percentage from 6,9% inclosed at 7pm pm due to 2004 to 10,4% in 2006,voters who were still in the Mpumalanga News reported representing the biggestqueue to cast their votes. on Tuesday 7 March 2006 percentage growth of all the 50
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3parties that contested in in ward 4 at Lekwa where the voter’s roll wasMpumalanga.” According to Municipality MP 305. situated.Hatch the party is satisfied • Highveld residents’that it retained most of its Concerned Party Election Observation andcore supporters and made complained that in ward 2, Monitoringprogress in ANC Leandra, only the wardstrongholds. Premier ballot paper was only People who are accredited toThabang Makwetla available until 13H30. observe elections wereexpressed his gratitude Similar complaints were expected to be remuneratedtowards the voters at the received in respect of ward for their work. The IEC hadvictory celebrations over the 11. no budget to pay accreditedweekend. “The people of • The DA candidate for elections observers. TheyMpumalanga have spoken ward 7, Greater Marble were surprised when theyand by putting their cross Hall complained that two were briefed by the IECnext to the ANC they yellow ballot papers were officials that they were notconfirmed that it was the clipped together and for going to be paid foronly political movement that that reason the yellow and observing the elections. Towould, together with the white ballot papers issued date, there has been nopeople, expand the benefits did not tally. known no accredited electionof freedom and democracy to • PAC candidate for ward 7, observers in Mpumalangaall the citizens of South Marble Hall also province.Africa.” complained that the different ballot papers Results Pattern and Post-Election Disputes issued exceeded the Political Implications turnout of the voters.• There were some The results for Mpumalanga complaints by the ANC are reproduced in the tables that independent Described Problems and below. There is a table candidates in Resolutions taken depicting an overall report Bushbuckridge were • In Greater Grobblersdal and a provincial summary campaigning and there were allegations that arranged by ward. marching outside the the deputy presiding voting station with their officer was interfering Challenges for the New supporters; that some with voters by telling them Local Authorities supporters were throwing to vote for independents. stones in the direction of The matter was Principally the major the voting hall. investigated and the challenges faced by the• The PAC and DA allegation was not true. current municipalities complained that voters • At Steve Tshwete revolve around capacity were allowed to cast one Municipality, most voters building with a view to yellow and two white from Cosmos Hall VS, enhance their effectiveness ballot papers in Ward 7 of arrived at the Rietkuil and efficiency. It is the Greater Marble Hall Laerskool Primary important that the new local Municipality. expecting to vote. Cosmos authorities deliver better• The DA objected that a Hall VS was damaged and services for a better life for total number of 307 MEC7 moved to Hendrina Fire local communities. It is forms were counted and Station. Therefore all worth noting that councillors where the voting district voters from Cosmos Hall who are now vacating their had only 788 registered VS were expected to vote positions are experienced voters, 1095 voters voted at Hendrina Fire Station and better equipped for 51
    • election update 2006 South Africa number 3service delivery. There will Table 2: Leading party bytherefore be a dire need for ward – provincialsufficient training and summaryorientation of newcouncillors aimed at Municipality Ward Seats Valid ward votes/partyimproving service delivery. AvailableWe are now in a service Party seatsdelivery era, where peopleare not going to be patient MP 301 ANC 38,044 22 22 Albert Luthuliwith councillor’s mistakes, MP 302 ANC 21,691 16 14procrastination and Msukaligwa DA 2,934 16 2 MP 303 ANC 22,503 15 14corruption. The learning Mkhondo DA 2,898 15 1period has passed and hence MP 304 ANC 13,147 11 11 Pixley Ka Semenow the newly appointed MP 305 ANC 16,825 14 11councillors will have to learn Lekwa DA 2,969 14 3 MP 306 ANC 7,282 6 5how municipalities are Dipaleseng DA 1,497 6 1governed. MP 307 ANC 33,371 31 25 Govan Mbeki DA 9,598 31 6 MP 311 ANC 7,667 8 7Table 1: Leading party Delmas DA 1,719 8 1 MP312 ANC 44,509 32 27overall report Emalahleni DA 12,111 32 5 MP 313 ANC 22,850 24 21Party name Valid Support Seats Seats Steve Tshwete DA 8,319 24 3 votes % won % MP 314ANC 1,682,161 80.64% 634 71.48 ANC 8,462 7 7 HighlandsDA 216,585 10.38% 90 10.15 MP 315PAC 41,198 1.97% 19 2.14 ANC 37,899 30 28VF PLUS 16,504 0.79% 11 1.24 ThembisileACDA 13,778 0.66% 8 0.90 MP 316 ANC 38,286 30 29IFP 14,971 0.72% 7 0.79 Dr J S MorokaIndependents 24,574 1.18% 5 0.56 MP 321 ANC 13,797 12 11GMRA 6,865 0.33% 4 0.45 Thaba Chewu DA 2,655 12 1UDM 4,601 0.22% 3 0.34 MP 322 ANC 88,229 36 33SPP 3,428 0.16% 2 0.23 Mbombela DA 11,076 36 3ID 4,194 0.20% 2 0.23 MP 323 ANC 9,434 7 6HRCP 1,634 0.08% 1 0.11 Umjindi DA 1,336 7 1MRO 1,410 0.07% 1 0.11 MP 324APO 1,266 0.06% 1 0.11 ANC 60,292 30 30Other 52,817 2.53% NkomaziTOTAL 2,085,986 100.00 788 MP 325 ANC 65,320 34 32 Bushbuckridge TOTAL 606,720 566 360 © EISA 2nd Floor The Atrium 41 Stanley Ave Auckland Park · PO Box 740 Auckland Park 2006 Tel 27-11-4825495 Fax 27-11-4826163 Email publications@eisa.org.za URL http://www.eisa.org.za The opinions expressed in this publication are not necessarily those of EISA 52