Listeningtomulticulturalconsumers Final 032410 100325001151 Phpapp02Presentation Transcript
Listening to Mul-cultural Consumers Dispelling The Myths Lynne d Johnson Anita Lai SVP, Social Media Director of Research The ARF Uniworld Group, Inc. Twi4er: @lynneluvah
What is Listening ARF Working Deﬁni-on “The study of naturally occurring conversaGons, behaviors, and signals, that may or may not be guided, that brings the voice of people’s lives in to the brand.” Source: The ARF Listening Playbook
Listening is Hip But there are sGll a lot of obstacles to eﬀecGve listening – no budget, nobody in charge, where is the staGsGcal rigor, is it projectable, tough organizaGonal issues, hard to sell internally, ROI tough to determine, legal has major issues … etc. And for the mulGcultural consumers, there’s another layer of obstacles – the myth that they are not even online. The purpose of this session is to change this mispercepGon.
Agenda • MulGcultural Overview • PopulaGon • Income and Buying Power • MulGcultural Power with Technology • Closing the Digital Divide • MulGcultural Presence on Popular Social Networks • MulGcultural IdenGty and How it Inﬂuences Digital Usage • OpportuniGes • Challenges • Case Studies
Because America is Changing Approaching Tipping Point • The U.S. is the world’s most diverse society; no naGon is home to more mulGcultural residents than the U.S. • Tipping point for the younger generaGon 15-‐24 will be between 2020 to 2025 Non-‐White* White *Non-‐White = Non-‐Hispanic White Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 12/09
Because America is Changing Majority Minority • Minority is already majority in 7 of the top 10 U.S. ciGes • 10% of U.S. counGes are now majority-‐minority. Another 7% are near the Gpping point and will be majority-‐minority soon. Market (By Total Pop.) % Non-‐White 1. New York 50% 2. Los Angeles 70% 3. Chicago 47% 4. Miami 62% 5. Philadelphia 35% 6. Dallas 54% 7. Houston 63% 8. Washington, DC 54% 9. Boston 24% 10. Atlanta 51% = Non-‐White > White = Parity = White > Non-‐White Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008
Because America is Changing Driven By New Births • Today, minoriGes make up nearly half the children born in the U.S • By end of this decade, one in every two new births will be non-‐ Hispanic White • By 2050, 65% of all new births will be non-‐Hispanic White White Non-‐White* White Non-‐White* 52% 48% 48% 52% 2010 U.S. Births 2020 U.S. Births (Estimate)*Non-‐White = Non-‐Hispanic White Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 12/09
Because America is Changing Household Composi-on • Minority households are larger overall, driven by presence of more children in the household • They tend to have more children. The numbers are 2.99 children for Hispanics, 2.13 for blacks, 2.04 for Asians compared to 1.87 for whites White Black Hispanic Asian Average 3.10 3.33 3.82 3.32 Household Size 2.22 2.14 2.39 2.42 -‐-‐Adults 0.88 1.19 1.43 0.90 -‐-‐Children Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1/10
Because America is Changing Race/Ethnic Origin • ImmigraGon to the United States is what has produced its diverse populaGon of yesterday and today, and will conGnue to change its ethnic and racial makeup Past Current & Future • Immigrants to U.S. • Immigrants are have historically been increasingly from LaGn of European descent America and Asia • Primarily German, • Primarily Mexican, Irish, English, Russian, Chinese, Indian, West Italian, French & Dutch African & Eastern European • Pursuing American Dream • SGll pursuing American Dream
Because America is Changing Culture • As diverse Americans increasingly retain elements of their cultures, they insist that they see themselves and their experiences reﬂecGng in markeGng communicaGons Melting Pot Salad Bowl
Because America is Changing Income • Household income of minoriGes has increased over years with a growing middle class. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2008
Because America is Changing Buying Power • Combined minoriGes buying power is the 6th largest naGonal economy in the world • Individual minority buying power is growing at a much faster pace than non-‐Hispanic White Source: Selig Growth For Economic Growth, 2009
Summary Four major changes have occurred in the U.S. market over the last 10 years. • First, demographic shims resulGng in increased ethnic buying power. • Second, growth of technology allowed the young and diverse consumers to have access and share any informaGon that speaks to their “core” lifestyle needs. • Third, shim in poliGcal parGcipaGon and inﬂuence from diverse groups. • Lastly, globalizaGon calls for U.S. professionals to have a be4er handle on how internaGonal emerging markets inﬂuence the domesGc markets and vice versa.
DISPELLING THE MYTHS OF DIGITAL DIVIDE?
Digital Divide Narrowing Tradi-onal Internet Access • Digital divide sGll exists in tradiGonal internet access, parGcularly among lower income Black and Hispanic families. • However, Blacks and Hispanics are leap-‐frogging Whites in wireless internet access. *Wireless Internet Users – access via laptop or handheld device Source: Pew Internet and American Life Project, 1/10
Digital Divide Narrowing Minori-es Are Early Adopter • MinoriGes are ﬁrst movers when it comes to mobile gear and they want rich experiences on their mobile devices Source: Pew Internet and American Life Project, 7/09
Digital Divide Narrowing Minori-es Embrace Mobile • Black and Hispanic mobile users were more likely than whites to parGcipate in every mobile acGvity, including sending and receiving text messages, taking pictures, playing games and accessing e-‐mail. Mobile Content Used by Mobile Divide Owners Source: Pew Internet and American Life Project, 7/09
Digital Divide Narrowing Minori-es Online Highly Engaging • Online Blacks and Hispanics’ digital involvement are much higher than their White counterparts. Technology Used By Those Online Source: Florida State University, 1/08
Presence on Popular Social Networks Facebook Mirroring Diversity in America • ProporGons of Facebook users who are minoriGes increased by leaps and bounds the last 2 years. Source: Facebook Data Team, 12/09
Presence on Popular Social Networks Minori-es Are Regular Users • CollecGvism and Cultural IdenGty Drive Usage Source: Hispanic Online Marke]ng, Center for Hispanic Marke]ng Research, DMS Research, 02/09
Digital Divide Narrowing Implica-ons • Listening to and communicaGng with the minoriGes power users. • Digital eﬀort must reﬂect • Digital divide remains demographics of digitally involved minoriGes • Most prevalent among lower • Ensure that communicaGons are income and older genera]ons appropriate and more relevance for minoriGes through “Listening” to the • Mobile and game box access voices of the power users is accelera]ng, especially • Make certain communicaGons are among younger genera]ons forma4ed for consumpGon via mobile and gaming devices on which Blacks • Highly engaged in social and Hispanics rely for internet access media and which provide a more “inGmate” environment
MULTICULTURAL IDENTITY AND HOW IT INFLUENCES DIGITAL USAGE
Mul-cultural Iden-ty and Digital Usage Psychographics vs. Demographics “Many of todays youth share an urban mind-‐set. This mind-‐set is fueled by discovery, expression, diversity and connecGvity. It transcends race, geography and economic status. They are more focused on their commonaliGes than their diﬀerences. The commonality is what connects them, and thats primarily based on shared lifestyle interests.” – Tru Pepgrew, President Alloy Access
Mul-cultural Iden-ty and Digital Usage MySpace vs. Facebook “What disGnguishes adopGon of MySpace and Facebook among American teens is not cleanly about race or class, although both are implicated in the story at every level. The division can be seen through the lens of taste and aestheGcs, two valu-‐laden elements that are deeply entwined with race and class. It can also be seen through the network structures of teen friendship, which are also directly connected to race and class.” – danah boyd, Microsom Research and Harvard Berkman Center for Internet and Society
Mul-cultural Iden-ty and Digital Usage Uses the Web Diﬀerently Source: Baratunde Thurston, How to be Black
Mul-cultural Iden-ty and Digital Usage Uses Social Media Diﬀerently • #blackpeopletweet Source: What the Trend
Mul-cultural Iden-ty and Digital Usage Digital Collec-vism “We thought we’d signiﬁcantly lose members to Facebook and Twi4er, but we haven’t. Our members live & breathe in a very racialized way.” – Maria Weaver Watson, VP, Brand MarkeGng & Strategic CommunicaGons at InteracGve One
Mul-cultural Iden-ty and Digital Usage Insights • MulGcultural Digital Usage Driven By Lifestyle and AspiraGons • MulGcultural Digital Usage Driven By Self-‐ Expression • MulGcultural Usage of Web and Social Media is the Same as General PopulaGon, but Diﬀerent • Cultural Inﬂuences and Friend and Family Ties Support Social Media Choices
Mul-cultural Iden-ty and Digital Usage Insights • Usage of General Sites Simultaneous with Cultural/Racial Sites
Opportuni-es Why Listen? • Take the customer’s pulse • Get deep insights into what consumers say, and learn about their wants, unmet needs and challenges • Integrate the voice of the customer into tradiGonal re-‐search • Redeﬁne relaGonships with consumers and bring their voice into the brand Source: The ARF Listening Playbook
Opportuni-es Why Listen? • Understand shims in consumer perspecGves on life-‐style, category or issue • Understand context and reasons why Source: The ARF Listening Playbook
Challenges Social Listening Challenges • InterpreGng language – Not every system is prepared or able to evaluate the emoGons behind emoGcons, slang, and non-‐tradiGonal grammar – ExpectaGons of perfecGon are unrealisGc even for human coders. It can be surprising to learn that human coders are only about 85% accurate while automated systems are not far behind.
Challenges Social Listening Challenges • Some communiGes have their own “language” or acronyms, and most will have a FAQ or help page to deﬁne the acronyms – Also be aware of cultural language/context, slang, and use of sms-‐like text (especially on Twi4er) – if you don’t understand the text, ask for help
Challenges Social Listening Mul-cultural Solu-ons • SocialMetrix soluGons cover English, Spanish and Portuguese using SemanGc Analysis and Natural Language Processing technics. • A4enGo analysts speak more than 17 European languages as well as Mandarin. • JamiQ is a mulGlingual social media monitoring and measurement soluGon that provides the largest coverage of the social media in Asia.
Challenges Social Listening Mul-cultural Solu-ons • Radian6 ﬁlters results by media type, geographic region, or ten internaGonal languages.
Challenges Who Are You Listening to? 1st Genera-on vs. 2nd Genera-on • Language • Culture • Lifestyle • Digital Usage: Digital NaGve vs Digital Immigrant
Challenges Digital Ethnic Enclaves: Where Are You Listening? • MulGcultural consumer isn’t only on Facebook, MySpace, YouTube, or Twi4er Hispanic Asian-‐American African-‐American • Hi5 • QQ • BlackPlanet • Sonico • Xaonei • BlackVoices • Orkut • Kaixin01 • BET • Friendster • Ning CommuniGes • Cyworld • Wretch
Challenges Access Issues S-ll Exist • Poverty & Inequality • High Illiteracy • Geography & Infrastructure • Censorship • Financing Source: Esteban Contreras, The Online La]no: A New Digital Na]ve
Case Studies Hennessy Discovers New Customers Source: The ARF Listening Playbook
Case Studies Hennessy Discovers New Customers • The challenge – Hennessy stumbled upon a new consumer by listening to linking behaviors. • The concept – Hennessy developed a full research plan to learn more about the consumer and its values and connecGon with the brand. • The result (or) insight – Hennessy redeveloped its website to include this new customer into the brand’s messaging, also including recipes and wallpapers for downloading, as well as music integraGon. Source: The ARF Listening Playbook
Case Studies Univision to Launch New Web & Mobile Content
Case Studies Univision to Launch New Web & Mobile Content • The challenge – Univision had seen a signiﬁcant increase of its content oﬀerings being uploaded to user-‐generated sites. • The concept – Having already developed a successful online Novela with 2.5 million U.S. video views and an increase of 104% in video searches (that include views and comments to other video around the Web without leaving Univision.com) . • The result (or) insight – Univision InteracGve Media will launch a new online and mobile "Novelas y Series" (Novelas and Series) channel later this year on Univision.com.
Case Studies Barrel NY Taps Into Korean American Diversity
Case Studies Barrel NY Taps Into Korean American Diversity • The challenge – Korean-‐founded digital ﬁrm, Barrel, wanted to increase and change percepGons about a monolithic Korean culture. • The concept – Launched in late 2009, I Am Korean American is an online project that showcases the diversity and many interesGng personaliGes of the Korean American community. It also has Ges to a Facebook fan page. • The result (or) insight – 112 proﬁles generated and 872 fans later, the site has also been a trending topic on Twi4er.
Case Studies Suzuki Engages New Consumers Source: Questus
Case Studies Suzuki Engages New Consumers • The challenge – Primary and secondary research discovered that the Hayabusa is extremely popular in urban markets, extraordinarily over-‐indexing in enthusiasm among African Americans and LaGnos. Engage this consumer who had previously been ignored and remain authenGc. • The concept – The most powerful tool was social media research. Questus socially networked with the core target audience on a broad spectrum of sites ranging from MySpace to niche rider sites. The social media research was used to assess the funcGonality, usability and content that creates success as well as those that create barriers to usage. Source: Questus
Case Studies Suzuki Engages New Consumers • The Concept – The BusaBeats campaign, united up-‐and-‐coming graﬃG arGsts with MC’s across select ciGes in the U.S. who embraced the rich urban spirit through art and music to promote the bike. Hayabusa loyalists spread the buzz through content mash-‐ups and rap ba4les via user-‐ generated contests. • The results (or) insight – Thousands of original tracks were recorded online. – Tracks posted via a BusaBeats player on MySpace steered viral traﬃc and encouraged users to vote. – Top tracks received thousands of plays and ‘Dope Points.’ – Source: Questus
Case Studies Suzuki Engages New Consumers • The results (or) insight – Users forwarded tracks and challenged friends to viral rap ba4les. Source: Questus
Case Studies Quepasa Manages Acapulco’s Reputa-on
Case Studies Quepasa Manages Acapulco’s Reputa-on • The challenge – The Mexican Tourist Board wanted to tackle bad publicity and manage reputaGon for travel desGnaGon. • The concept – The Tourist Board worked with Quepasa Distributed Social Media pla}orm. Users were asked to create and share their ideal vacaGons to the spot with friends. • The results/insight – As of February 26th, 2010, there were 600,000 engagements and a total of over 70,000 votes with 17 days lem of the campaign. The campaign goal was to reach 500,000 engagements during its 6 week duraGon.
Case Studies Taiwanese American.org Tackles Census
Case Studies Taiwanese American.org Tackles Census • The challenge – A major issue for the Taiwanese American community is the lack of accurate idenGﬁcaGon of those who have Ges to Taiwan. • The concept – The organizaGon worked with other organizaGons and Slideshow Pictures to produce YouTube videos and launch a website. • The insight – The program launched March 2, and already has 100s of thousands views, many comments and response videos.
Case Studies Pepsi Increases Loyalty W/African-‐American Moms
Case Studies Pepsi Increases Loyalty W/African-‐American Moms • The challenge – Pepsi wanted to capture is the strength, joy and wisdom of the African-‐American market. ParGcularly in these tough Gmes, this group can look around every day and ﬁnd opGmism. • The concept – Launch a social network where consumers will be asked to share personal and inspiraGonal thoughts. Build buzz via Facebook and print ads, in Essence, and Black Enterprise, and with celebrity integraGon into the network. – The community features notable icons that represent six inspiraGonal categories -‐-‐ beauty, laughter, joy, hope,
Case Studies Pepsi Increases Loyalty W/African-‐American Moms • The Concept wisdom and love. Keyshia Cole, Taraji Henson, Queen LaGfah, Thandie Newton, Dr. Robin Smith and Raven-‐ Symone are leading the storytelling by blogging weekly, uploading photos and inspiring women to share and learn from one another. • The result (or) insight – IniGally launched in September 2009, the project has garnered over 60,000 Facebook fans. Pepsiweinspire features 100s of proﬁles and inspiraGonal stories. Pepsi was recognized with an NAACP Award on Friday, February 26, 2010 for advancing posiGve mulGcultural images in adverGsing and media.