Kanakapura Riverfront Development

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Internship Training Project in Directorate of Urban Land Transport (DULT)

Internship Training Project in Directorate of Urban Land Transport (DULT)

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  • 1. RIVERFRONT DEVELOPMENT PROJECT KANAKAPURA, 2013 Done by: A.R.Alagarsamy (IP-0112) M.Plan (Infrastructure Planning) CEPT University Organization : Directorate of Urban Land Transport (DULT) Urban Development Department – Govt of Karnataka BMTC TTMC ‘B’ Block (above bus stand), 4th Floor, Shantinagar, KH Road, Bangalore-560027. Website: www.bmlta.org
  • 2. About Directorate of Urban Land Transport (DULT) • The DULT is functioning under the Urban Development Department of Government of Karnataka. • The Directorate is in general responsible for overseeing all the urban land transport initiatives in Urban/ Local Planning Areas of Karnataka. • Directorate of Urban Land Transport (DULT) has been set up by the Government of Karnataka under the Urban Development Department with • Objective : To coordinate planning and implementation of Urban Transport projects and programs.
  • 3. Interns
  • 4. CONTENTS • AIM • OBJECTIVES • METHODOLOGY • LEARNINGS FROM CASE STUDY • STUDY AREA • EXISTING LANDUSE • PROPOSALS
  • 5. AIM “The aim of this project would be transforming Kanakapura as a unique cultural platform with recreational and entertainment facilities serving the city, its people and tourists with new dimension, meaning and scale of development. The riverfront development shall be envisaged as a city’s identity on its waterfront.” Objective 1: Ecological preservation Objective 2: Create Social/ Public space OBJECTIVES
  • 6. METHODOLOGY ANALYSIS Topographic * Ecological Sensitivity (Based on Google Map) * Defined River Boundaries Infrastructure * Level of Service Improvements * Public Space Creation Formulation of Strategies Urban form * Level of Development * Land Use Changes *Improvements in Urban Life Standards Data Collection •Water supply •Sewerage •Transport •Social Amenities •Public Space Data Collection •Landuse •Geomorphology •Groundwater Potential •Soils •Elevation Literature Review & Background Study Objective Formulation Data Collection
  • 7. Learning's from Case Study Riverfront Qualities: • Access and Linkage • Edge Uses • Attractions & Destinations • Identity & Image • Amenities • Water Uses • Flexibility in Design • Seasonal Strategy • Landuse Management • Diverse Funding Sources Steps to create Great Waterfronts: • Make Public goals as the primary objective • Create Multiple Destinations • Connect the destinations • Optimize public access • Encourage 24 hour activity by limiting residential development at major destinations • Use parks to connect destinations. • Design and program buildings to engage the public space • Support multiple modes of transportation and limit vehicle access. • Integrate seasonal activities into each destination. • Make stand alone, iconic buildings serve as multiple functions.
  • 8. Kanakapura Planning Area Zones Kanakapura Conurbation Area STUDY AREA Demographic Details (As on 2001) Total Area 7.20 Km2 Population 47,060 Population Density 6,537 / km2 Literacy 66% No. of Households 9,878 • Kanakapura is situated 55 km south to Bangalore on National Highway NH 209, on the banks of the river Arkavathi. and 27 km from Ramanagaram • this town is famous for the production of silk & granite BMRDA Regions
  • 9. Topography • Based on Geomorphology data, the study area falls in Pediplain status. • Pediplain is the level ground surface slightly inclined towards the river flow. . Geomorphology • The Groundwater potential in the valley portion of river flow path is good (i.e., _150_- Meter) • The Infiltration zones are larger in area than runoff and are suitable for ground water recharge. Geomorphological Units Water Body PediPlain Ground Water Potential
  • 10. TopographyElevation Soil Type • The river & its surroundings fall under 650 Meters from MSL. • Most of the Settlement areas are lying in between 650 to 700 Meters. • The majority is Fine Sand Deposit & Sandy Skeletal. • Avg. Specific Yield of Fine sand is 21%, So the flow of the river can improve Groundwater level in the nearby areas.
  • 11. Infrastructure Services Water supply System Pumping Station • In two places there are water pumping from the River, Overhead tanks are located on the Trunk line . • 134 Bore wells spread all over the Kanakapura area. PS PS S
  • 12. Existing Landuse Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Section 4 Section 5 Section 6
  • 13. Proposed Landuse Development Residential 43% Commercial 2% Industrial 15% Public & Semi Public 5% Open Spaces 17% Utility Services 1% Vacant land 3% Transport & Communication 12% Water Bodies 2% Proposed Landuse - 2021 Built-up Area 78% Non Bult- up Area 22%
  • 14. PROPOSALS ON RIVERFRONT
  • 15. Proposals – Section 1 1. Maintain an uniform river Width – 60 mtr 2. Provide Check dam 1 to control the Silting process Surface water availability will increase and thereby over-exploitation of groundwater can be prevented 3. Additional roads connecting the MP proposed 12m road 12m Road Cross Section Foot path Drain Service Road Carriage way 1
  • 16. Proposals – Section 2 1. Maintain an uniform river Width – 60 mtr 2. Provide Check dam 2 and Check dam 3 to control the Silting process. 3. Selling off river sands during winter Period from the deposits of check dams and sale it for construction purposes. (Revenue for Govt) 4. In the sides of the river plant trees to check soil erosion – plant specification. 2 3
  • 17. Proposals – Section 3 1. Maintain an uniform river width 60 mtr- Reclaimed land = 0.21 Hectares 2. Plant Cocoa & vanilla plant in between coconut trees all over the agricultural land. Normally Coconut trees – 5mtr gap; in the gap plant Coca / vanilla plant – 2mtr) – Coca & Vanilla plant don’t need separate irrigation facility; the irrigation for coconut tree is sufficient. 3. Connect the existing Pete Kere town lake by 183 mtr length Channel Width of 8mtr, so during the monsoon period the excess flow in river divert into the lake, and it stored for ground water recharge purpose. The overflowing water from Pete Kere Lake can be send back to the river by 509 mtr length in the eastern side of the lake. 4. In between pete kere lake & river, two intermediate ponds are connected for maximum utilization of surface water. 3 Pete Kere Town lake S 3-2 S 3-1 S 3-2 S 3-1
  • 18. Proposals – Section 4 4
  • 19. Proposals – Section 4 (1) Yoga Center (2) Car Parking (4) Market & Play Ground (3) Cinema Theater 1. Walkways from the Bridge up to Sri Degula Mutt, People can enjoy riverfront. Parks & Gardens near to the walkways. 2. Land Reclamation based on defined river path = 1.83 Hectares 3. Yoga & Meditation Center - 4702.5 m2 (620 Persons Capacity) 4. Parking lots – 4670 m2 (130 Cars & 200 Motor Cycles); 5. Cinema Theater – 3780 m2 (2000 Peoples Seating Capacity) 6. Commercial Market – 2030 m2 ; Food Center – 1030 m2 7. Children’s Park – 4840 m2 ; Handicraft Market – 4580 m2 8. Proposed Dhobi Ghats with treatment facility & Restrooms (Owned by Local Bodies) – 2855 m2 (5) Dhobi Ghats 1 2 3 4 5
  • 20. Walkways & Foot Paths in Riverfront Areas (Recreational Purpose) Available Area • In Section 4, => 49880 m2 • In Section 5, => 43890 m2 • Total Area for Riverfront development = 93770 m2 => 9.377 Hectares • In Section 4 & 5, i.e., near to Kanakapura town area, the riverfront is designed with walkways of 2 meter & Recreational parks with benches provide. • Fountains are located at important site viewing places.
  • 21. Walkways & Foot Paths in Riverfront Areas (Recreational Purpose)
  • 22. Dhobi Ghats Proposal for Dhobi Ghat Available Area 2850 Sq.mtr Allocate Area for Drying Clothes & Water tanks & Vehicles Parking, Waste water treatment facilities 1500 Sq.mtr Remaining Area 1350 sq.mtr Assume the space required for one dhobi worker (4 x 4 mtr) 16 sq.mtr Total dhobi space 80 persons •As per Available space 80 dhobi’s can use the proposed dhobi ghat. •Harmful detergents are restricted in the dhobi ghats •Educate the users of the dhobi ghat as optimum utilization of water for washing purposes Dhobi Ghats
  • 23. Cinema Theatre Available Area for Cinema Theatre 3780 Sq.mtr Deduct Parking & Other ground facilities 500 Sq.mtr Area required for one person 1.89 Sq.mtr Add Other facilities (Like Restroom, Office Room) Add 50% from the above Therefore, Area Occupancy for one person 2.895 Sq.mtr Total Occupancy 1158 Persons Reduce 25% for commercial Shops & Food Centers Total Occupancy 930 Persons Market
  • 24. Commercial Market (Vegetable & Fruit Market) Reference from Madurai Fruits & Vegetable Market – Near Mattuthavani Madurai Kanakapura Population 10,16,885 50,000 Existing Market 180 * 220 mtr = 39600 sq.mt In terms of population 0.039 sq.mt Proposed for Kanakapura = 50000 * 0.039 = 1,950 sq.mtr Add 10% for Misc purposes Total Area for Vegetable & Fruit Market 2,145 sq.mtr Commercial Market
  • 25. Yoga & Meditation Center Available Area for Yoga Center 4702.5 Sq.mtr Deduct Guest room facility 1000 Sq.mtr Area required for one person 4.65 Sq.mtr Add Other facilities (Like Lockers, Restroom, Office Room) Add 50% from the above Therefore, Area Occupancy for one person 6.975 Sq.mtr Total Occupancy 530 Persons
  • 26. Handicraft Market Reference from Delhi Haat Chennai Kanakapura Population 16,750,000 50,000 Delhi Haat Area 250 x 200 = 50000 sq.mtr Consider 1/30th of delhi population use the delhi haat, remaining from outside peoples 0.089 sq.mtr per person =50,000 * 0.089 = 4450 sq.mtr So Choose Handicraft Market as size of 4580 Sq.mtr
  • 27. Proposals – Section 5 1. Exhibition Center = 5600 m2 2. Riverfront Parks = 37820 m2 3. Roller skating Ground = 5560 m2
  • 28. Exhibition Center Reference from Chennai Trade Centre Chennai Kanakapura Population 4,590,000 50,000 Exhibition Halls Hall 1 4,400 m2 Hall 2 1,760 m2 Hall 3 4,400 m2 So, Consider Exhibition Hall 5600 m2 (as per available Land in the location) • Currently there is no Community gathering place in Kanakapura, Exhibition center is important for Kanakapura town. Because Kanakapura is one of the major exports in terms of silk & granite. • There is number of Silk & Granite industries locate in & around the Kanakapura area. And Kanakapura is locating 55km from Bangalore. So the Business peoples & industrialists can easy to commute this location. • If the Silk & Granite relate exhibitions happen it may boost the economy of Kanakapura Exhibition Center
  • 29. Roller Skaters Ground Area available for Roller Skater Ground = 5560 m2 The Roller Skater ground is planned to locate near to residential & School areas. It attracts Children and those who are all interest in Roller skating activities. This Outdoor activity improves the image & value of the city into higher level. Roller Skater Ground
  • 30. Proposals – Section 6 Solid Waste Processing Plant & Dumping Yard New STP = 10 MLD 1. Land Reclamation based on defined river path = 1.83 Hectares 2. Sewage Treatment Plant of 10 MLD = 9.15 Hectare proposed on the above specified location, The Sewerage collection line laid parallel to the river flow (reference from Thames Riverfront & Sabarmati Riverfront Projects) 3. Solid Waste Processing plant= 10.13 ha; Use existing Quarries which complete its life period as dumping yard / landfill. Encourage the Composting process in Solid Waste processing plant, Use the composting manure for Agricultural purposes. 5 6
  • 31. Proposed sites for Solid Waste and Sewage Treatment Plant Sl.N o. Treatment Unit Number/Size 1 Screen and Grit Channel 10 x 4m 2 UASB Reactors 2 Nos. 24 x 16 x 5.5m Each 3 Polishing Pond 120 x 79 x 1.2m 4 Sludge Drying Beds 12 Nos. 14m x 14m Each Finance Details Rs.0.70 / Kilo liter to run the STP Option 1 Extended aeration plant (incl Civil & Mech) Rs. 70 Crores Option 2 Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor plant (MBBR) Rs. 90 Crores STP details - 9.15 Hectares 10.13 Hectares
  • 32. Proposed Landuse – Riverfront study Area Overall Landuse Changes as per proposed Riverfront development- 1. Land Reclamation as per Defined Riverpath – 1.64% 2. Residential increase – 0.73% 3. Maximum amount of open space use for Public Places & Parks – 3.72% increase in public Places.
  • 33. COMMON PROPOSALS
  • 34. Check Dams
  • 35. Trees & Plants for Riverfront Area • DRUMSTICK TREE • MAST TREE • PONGAM • QUEEN’S FLOWER • TEAK TREE
  • 36. River Cleaning Technology • Maintaining the river Quality – In river, Grow Aquatic Plants (Ex: Duckweed, Water Lilly, Indian lotus ) to maintain clean water in the river, and maintain Ecological Balance. Duckweed Technology : Duckweed is an aquatic plant which can grow when temperature ranges between 15 to 30 .