Teaching with Contrived and Dramatized Experiences
CHAPTER ITEACHING WITH CONTRIVE EXPERIENCESTEACHING WITH DRAMATIZED EXPERIENCESAladin M. Awa – Reporter
What are contrived experiences? These are edited copies of reality and are use as substitute for a real thingswhen it is not practical or no possible to bring or do real think in a classroom. These contrived experiences are designed to simulate to real-life situations. The atoms, planetarium, globe, the simulated election process and preservespecimen are examples of contrived experiencesTypes of contrived experiencesModels, and mock-up-atom, planetarium are reproductions of a real thing in a smallor large scale which may not be operational.Specimen & objects - is any individual or item considered typical or a group. Objectmay include artifacts displayed in a museum or objects displayed in exhibits.Simulation - is a “representation” of a manageable real event in which the learner is anactive participant engaged in learning a behavior or in applying previously acquiredskills or knowledge.Games – are used for any of these purposes:1. To practice and/or refine knowledge/skills already acquired,2. To identify gaps or weaknesses in knowledge or skills3. To serve as a summation or review and4. To develop new relationship among concepts and principles.Why do we make use of contrived experiences?1. Overcome limitations of space and time2. To “edit” reality to be able to focus on partsObjectives: the students are expected to do the following Differentiate the Contrive Experiences and DramatizedExperiences types of Teaching Elaborate the different types of Puppets Define Contrive Experiences and Dramatized Experiences
3. To overcome difficulties of size4. to understand the inaccessible and help the learners understand abstraction.We use simulations and games to make our classes interactive and to develop thedecision-making skills and knowledge construction skills of the students it should usesimulations and games.• to develop changes in attitudes• to change specific behaviors• to prepare participants for assuming new roles in the future• to help individuals understand their current roles• to increase the students ability to apply principles• to reduce complex problems• to illustrate roles that may affect ones life but it may never assume• to motivate learners• to develop analytical processes and• to sensitize individuals to another person’s life role.Teaching with dramatized experienceA dramatic entrance is something that catches an holds our attention and hasan emotional impact. Something dramatic is something that is stirring or affecting ormoving. If our teaching is dramatic, students may get attracted, interested and affectedand may leave an impact on them.Dramatized experiences can range from the formal plays, pageants to less formaltableau, pantomime, puppets and role playing.1. PLAYSDepict life, character, or culture or a combination of all three. They offer excellentopportunities to poverty vividly important ideas about life.
2. PAGEANTSUsually community dramas that are based on local history, presented by localactors. An example is a historical pageant that traces the growth of a school.3. PANTOMIMEArt of conveying a story through bodily movements only. Its effects on theaudience depend on the movements of the actors.4. TABLEAU(A French word which means picture). A picture like scene composed of peopleagainst a background. Often used to celebrate Independence Day, Christmas, andUnited Nations Day.TYPES OF PUPPETSThese are the most common: SHADOW PUPPETSFlat black silhouette made from lightweight cardboard and shown behind a screen. ROD PUPPETSflat cut out figures tacked to a stick, with one or more movable parts, and operated frombelow the stage level by wire rods or slender sticks. HAND PUPPETSThe puppet’s head is operated by the forefinger of the puppeteer, the little finger andthumb being used to animate the puppet. GLOVE-and-FINGER PUPPETMake use of old gloves to which small costumed figures are attached MARIONETTESFlexible, jointed puppets operated by strings or wires attached to a cross bar andmaneuvered from directly above the stage.Making Puppet Theaters1. Get a big cardboard box (appliance boxes work best)and stand it on end. Itshould be able to stand by itself. Or you can use the bottom of a TV box as the
bottom of the puppet theater into to make it more secure. The children will standon the lid of the box when they use it.2. Cut a rectangle at the top of the bottom part of the box.3. You can hot glue a material to look like a curtain to the top of the cut out window.Used oil cloth and gathered it a little (about every inch) to look like a valance.4. Now the fun part: decorate the box! Paint the front and sides a light tan. Thensponge paints it, so it looks like bricks. Paint a vine going up the side and hotglue silk flowers to it. Paint grass and hot glue flowers around the bottom of thetheater as well. You could decorate the theater to go with whatever theme youhave in your room. Children love to play in it. Even big kids, so retelling with thistheater will spark their interest.5. Have fun with your new Puppet Theater!.5. ROLE PLAYINGIs an unrehearsed, unprepared and spontaneous dramatization of a “let’spretend” situation where assigned participants are absorbed by their own roles in thesituation described by the teachers.How is role-playing done?It can be done by describing a situation which would create different viewpointson an issue and then asking the students to play the roles of the individuals involved.SUMMARYContrived experiences are edited copies of reality and are use as substitute for areal things when it is not practical or no possible to bring or do real think in a classroom.These contrived experiences are designed to simulate to real-life situations. Models,mock-up-atom, planetarium, Specimen & objects, Simulation, Games are examples ofContrived Experiences.A dramatic entrance is something that catches an holds our attention and has anemotional impact. Dramatized experiences can range from the formal plays, pageantsto less formal tableau, pantomime, puppets and role playing. Plays depict life, character,or culture or a combination of all three. They offer excellent opportunities to povertyvividly important ideas about life. Pageants usually community dramas that are basedon local history, presented by local actors. An example is a historical pageant thattraces the growth of a school. Pantomime is the art of conveying a story through bodilymovements only. Its effects on the audience depend on the movements of the actors.Tableau (a French word which means picture). A picture like scene composed of people
against a background. Often used to celebrate Independence Day, Christmas, andUnited Nations Day. There are five types of Puppet: Hand Puppet, Shadow Puppet,Finger – Gloves Puppet, Marionette, and the Rod Puppet.REFLECTIONTeaching using this kind of Experiences is the best way on promoting goodbehavior of the students and also these kinds of teaching can motivate the students onparticipating the lesson in the class. Because it can easily catch attention.