Jan Gehl - Cities for people
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Jan Gehl - Cities for people

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Jan Gehl - Cities for people Jan Gehl - Cities for people Presentation Transcript

  • CITIES FOR PEOPLE JAN GEHL, PROFESSOR, DR. LITT. FOUNDING PARTNER: GEHL ARCHITECTSURBAN QUALITY CONSULTANTS, COPENHAGEN
  • CHANGE OF PARADIGM 11960
  • CHANGE OF PARADIGM 2 From 1955…. Car invasionPerth, West Australia Elsinore, Denmark
  • Jane Jacobs * 1961
  • Lower Manhattan Expressway
  • Celebrating the Gateway in Washington Square Park!
  • ”THE BRASILIA SYNDROME”! (City Planning from 5.000 meter above 5 000the ground )THE PLANNERS :PLANNING FROM ABOVE AND FROM A DISTANCE
  • Brasilia (1955- )
  • Brasilia -The people scale is completely neglected
  • Downtown, Dubai
  • THE ARCHITECTS : MORE AND MORE FOCUSSED ON FORM
  • Downtown, Dubai
  • Brooklyn, New York – Residences: Frank Gehry
  • THE TRAFFIC PLANNERS: MAKING ROOM FOR THE TRAFFIC THE TRAFFIC PLANNERS: MAKING THE CARS HAPPY
  • All Cities have TrafficDepartments and perfectstatistics concerning trafficand parking*TheTh cars are very visible and i ibl deverpresent in the planning p p gprocess
  • Landscape Architects: Looking after the landscape?
  • Who, by the way, look after the People Landscape The Human Dimension – The City at eye level ?
  • Do you know of any City department forpedestrians and public life?Hardly any City has statistics and dataconcerning the people who use the cityThe people in the City tend to be veryinvisible and poorly represented in thepaplanning process g p ocess
  • ”Welcome to the New London” (Norman Foster)
  • Enjoy yourself in EuroLille (Rem Koolhaas)
  • Welcome to the Riverside and please enjoy!!!
  • Old Housing area (1905)Cope age , eCopenhagen, DenmarkaUninterestingCity Plan Scale
  • But a really niceand inviting d i itiPeople Scale
  • The most important scale of all is People ScaleThe City at eye level and at 5 km/h y y
  • 2010AfterAft 50 years:Another changeof ParadigmWANTED:- Lively City- Attractive City- Safe City- Sustainable City- Healthy City
  • “CITIES FOR PEOPLE” (sept 2010) ( p ) The neglected dimension
  • Lively City
  • Attractive CityPeople Scale, Less Stress, Less Noise, Less Pollution + a City p ydominated by Attraction No. 1: PEOPLE
  • Safe citySafe city
  • Sustainable CityA good Public Realm is a crucial factorfor good Public Transportation
  • Healthy City“Houston - th City with th“H t the Cit ith thefattest people of the World”
  • INVITATIONS TO THE CITY
  • More Roads = More Traffic
  • Taking down Freeways, San Francisco, USA g y, ,
  • Seoul, Koreabefore after
  • London – Congestion Charge 2003 Congestion charge area - 24 square kilometers
  • Bicycling in CopenhagenOn a citywide network of bicycle lanes
  • An efficient, citywidetransportation system
  • Bicycles are takenstraight through the g gstreet crossings and thelanes are marked withblue.blue Bicycle signals turn green six seconds before the car signals.
  • Trains & Metrowelcomingbicycles
  • Everybody bikes
  • Cello and bass players cycle
  • All Age Groups bicycle: from 5-85+ Age A 92 Mother in law: age 85
  • The Danish Crown Prince is doing it too Two guys on the road towards the throne Princes Frederik and Christian on their way to the day care 50% Australian kid ! Even Australians can learn to bicycle if they start early!
  • Bicycling has doubled in 10 years
  • Going to work in the City of Copenhagen 37% use bicycle 27% drive car 33% use public transit 5% walk
  • 70% continue to bike in the winter
  • Major complaint : Congestion…On the bicycle lanes!
  • CopenhagenFrom traffic place to people place p p p p
  • Strøget (main street) pedestrianized 1962pedestrianized 1962
  • Jane Jacobs Strøget1961 p g Copenhagen pedestrian st. 1962
  • In 1962 all 18 squares were parking lots  ‐ now they are all people squares h ll l
  • Public Space-Public Life Surveys: Copenhagen 1968, 1985, 1995 (+2005)
  • The development of pedestrian areas in the cityfrom 1962…7 times more People Space!
  • Many more People are walking in the city
  • 4 times more people spend time in the city
  • In lI only 40 years th good season h b the d has beenextended from 2 to 10 months
  • Copenhagen Street: 2 Sidewalks, 2 proper bicycle lanes, lanes street trees 2 lanes trees, for 2 way traffic, and a substan- substan- tial median to facilitate f ilit t crossing the i th street“We do not ha e to think haveand act as 1960s trafficengineers for ever. Times ever. Timesare changing and trafficengineers are by now muchsmartersmarter”
  • Sidewalks and bicycle lanes are taken across sidestreets,making the city more comfortable and people friendly!
  • Copenhagen: New Public Life Policy 2009: “THE WORLD’S FINEST CITY FOR PEOPLE” Consultants: GEHL ArchitectAmong the goals: “Everyone to walk 20% more by 2015!!!”
  • Melbourne, - 3 mil. Inh.
  • The Age c.1980
  • Places for People 1994 Places for People p 2004www.gehlarchitects.dk
  • MELBOURNE City Center 1994-2004Pedestrian t ffiP d t i traffic weekdays daytime: +40% kd d ti 40%Pedestrian traffic evening: +100 %Stationary activities: +200-300%
  • Retail ResidentialOffice Vacancies Employment Bars and Pubs
  • Copenhagen Melbourne Oct. 07 M lb O t
  • A CITY GOOD AT PARTIES, OLYMPICS and SUMMITS…
  • … BUT NOT SO GLORIOUS FOR THE EVERYDAY LIFE
  • Main Street in Sydney to be transformed to pedestrians, bicycles and light rail pedestriansPresent situation George St. after conversion
  • 9th Ave. Apr.089th A Ave. Sep.08 S 08
  • 2005
  • 2009
  • Broadway Boulevard 23 May 2009 y“When you can make itthere you can make it yanywhere,New York, New York !!”
  • WELCOME TO THE 21st CENTURY