Effective Presentation Skills Alaa Sadik, PhD [email_address] www.alaasadik.net
Effective Presentation Skills <ul><li>Main Points </li></ul><ul><li>Types of media and multimedia. </li></ul><ul><li>Princ...
Part One Types of Media
The  Human Ear Text  words, numbers, signs, symbols, equations, etc. The ear consists of three basic parts the outer ear, ...
The  Human Ear Image   drawing, graph, photo, map, etc.
Types of Images
A simple representation of forms or objects by means of lines, curves and indicators to explain idea or show relationship....
A simple and attractive artwork that helps simplify concept or make an idea or relationship simple and clear. Illustrated ...
A group of pictures in a specified sequence that tell a story or illustrate a phenomena with titles and captions.  Sequenc...
A complex picture aims to explain the similarities and differences between two or more objects. Comparative Drawing
A map is a simplified depiction of a space or specific region, which highlights relations between objects within that spac...
A poster is  a graphic advertisement aims to post a specific message quickly and simply in a public place. Posters
A chart is  a visual representation of data ( using lines, bars, pies… ) that displays the relationship among variables, u...
Flowcharts A flowchart is a diagram consisting of a set of specified symbols ( rectangles, diamonds, circle.. ) and connec...
Geometrical Figures A two- or three-dimensional drawing illustrates a geometrical concept or relationship using accurate m...
Screenshots A screenshot is an image captured by the computer to record the visible items on the monitor or another visual...
A visual representation captured using ordinary or special optical or digital camera. Photographs
<ul><li>Line Drawing </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrated Drawing </li></ul><ul><li>Kroki  </li></ul><ul><li>Sequenced Drawing </...
The  Human Ear Audio  human voice, sound effects, natural, mechanical, etc. The human ear consists of ...
The New Media Class Hierarchy   <ul><li>Temporal  </li></ul><ul><li>Static  </li></ul><ul><li>- Computational </li></ul><u...
The New Media Class Hierarchy
The New Media Class Hierarchy   Examples
The  Human Ear Temporal
Landing The pilot managed to land the airoplane safely   Temporal
Auditory  Physiology  Lab. This figure shows a summary of the maximum efferent mediated adaptation of the DPOAE for 168 in...
Define Values Using Sliders Directive
Multimedia Now…  What is multimedia?
Multimedia Transmission that combine  different  media of communication   text ,  graphics , audio, animation, video,  etc...
Part Two Media Design
Communicating Messages To communicate a message you need a: - Sender (to send the message)
Communicating Messages To communicate a message you need a: - Message (to carry the content)
Communicating Messages To communicate a message you need a: - Medium (to carry the message)
Communicating Messages To communicate a message you need a: - Receiver (to receive the message)
Communicating Messages To communicate a message you need a: - Domain  (to facilitate communication)
Communicating Messages To communicate a message you need a: - Sender (to send the message) - Message (to carry the content...
Communication Process
Media & Experience Dale’s  Cone of Experience
Dale’s Cone of Experience <ul><li>At the top:   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>provide more information,  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
Dale’s Cone of Experience
Part Three Presentation Technology
<ul><li>Writing boards </li></ul><ul><li>Flipcharts </li></ul><ul><li>OHP transparencies </li></ul><ul><li>35 mm slides </...
Writing Boards
e-Boards
Samples, Real Objects & Models
Samples, Real Objects & Models
Projectors
Smart Classrooms
Video-Conferencing
Presentation Software
The Web
Part Four Designing Effective Presentation Using Power Point
<ul><li>Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Big </li></ul><ul><li>Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Clear </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive </...
Make It  Big
Make it Big (Text) <ul><li>This is Arial 12 </li></ul><ul><li>This is Arial 18 </li></ul><ul><li>This is Arial 24 </li></u...
Make it Big (Text) <ul><li>This is Arial 12 </li></ul><ul><li>This is Arial 18 </li></ul><ul><li>This is Arial 24 </li></u...
Make It Big (How to Estimate) <ul><li>Look at it from 2 metres away </li></ul>2 m
Keep It Simple
Keep It Simple (Text) <ul><li>T o o  m a n y   c o l o u r s </li></ul><ul><li>Too   Many   Fonts   and   Styles </li></ul...
Keep It Simple (Text) <ul><li>Instructional Technology: A complex integrated process involving people, procedures, ideas, ...
Keep It Simple (Text) <ul><li>A process </li></ul><ul><li>involving people, procedures & tools </li></ul><ul><li>for solut...
Falling Leaves Observed Too detailed ! 3,045,654 9,532,111 12,234,123 December 6,678,125 478,023 5,864,034 November 5,596,...
Falling Leaves in Millions Much Simpler 3 9 12 December 6 0 5 November 5 9 2 October 9 18 4 September 17 18 8 August 18 15...
Falling Leaves Too detailed !
Falling Leaves Much Simpler
Keep It Simple (Picture) <ul><li>Art work may distract your audience </li></ul><ul><li>Artistry does not substitute for co...
Keep It Simple (Sound) <ul><li>Sound effects may distract too </li></ul><ul><li>Use sound only when necessary </li></ul>
Keep It Simple (Transition) <ul><li>This transition is annoying, not enhancing </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Appear&quot; and &q...
Keep It Simple (Animation) 2 m Too distracting !
Keep It Simple (Animation) Simple & to the point 2 m
Make It Clear
Make It Clear (Capitalisation) <ul><li>ALL CAPITAL LETTERS ARE DIFFICULT TO READ </li></ul><ul><li>Upper and lower case le...
<ul><li>Sanserif Z </li></ul><ul><li>Serif Z </li></ul>Make It Clear (Fonts) busy clear
<ul><li>Serif fonts are difficult to read on screen </li></ul><ul><li>Sanserif fonts are clearer </li></ul><ul><li>Italics...
Make It Clear (Numbers) <ul><li>Use numbers for lists  with  sequence </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>How...
Make It Clear (Numbers) <ul><li>How to put a giraffe into a fridge? </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Open the door of the fridge </li...
Make It Clear (Bullets) <ul><li>Use bullets to show a list  without </li></ul><ul><li>Priority </li></ul><ul><li>Sequence ...
Make It Clear (Colours) <ul><li>Use contrasting colours  </li></ul><ul><li>Light on dark vs dark on light </li></ul><ul><l...
Make It Clear (Contrast) <ul><li>Use contrasting colours </li></ul><ul><li>Light on dark vs dark on light </li></ul><ul><l...
Make It Clear (Contrast) <ul><li>Use contrasting colours   </li></ul><ul><li>Light on dark vs dark on light </li></ul><ul>...
Make It Clear (Contrast) <ul><li>Use contrasting colours   </li></ul><ul><li>Light on dark vs dark on light </li></ul><ul>...
Make It Clear (Complement) <ul><li>Use contrasting colours </li></ul><ul><li>Light on dark vs dark on light   </li></ul><u...
Make It Clear (Complement) <ul><li>Use contrasting colours </li></ul><ul><li>Light on dark vs dark on light   </li></ul><u...
Make It Clear (Size) <ul><li>Size implies importance </li></ul>
Make It Clear (Size) <ul><li>Size implies importance </li></ul>
Be Progressive
Types of Instructional Tools Complexity of Interactions Mode of Instruction Individual Pair Group Direct Instruction Guide...
Types of Instructional Tools Complexity of Interactions Mode of Instruction Individual Pair Group Direct Instruction Guide...
Be Consistent
Be Consistent <ul><li>Differences draw attention </li></ul><ul><li>Differences may imply importance </li></ul><ul><li>Use ...
Be Consistent <ul><li>Differences draw attention </li></ul><ul><li>Differences may imply importance </li></ul><ul><li>Use ...
Be Consistent <ul><li>Differences draw attention </li></ul><ul><li>Differences may imply importance </li></ul><ul><li>Use ...
Be Consistent <ul><li>Differences draw attention </li></ul><ul><li>Differences may imply  importance </li></ul><ul><li>Use...
Be Consistent <ul><li>Differences draw  attention </li></ul><ul><li>Differences may imply  importance </li></ul><ul><li>Us...
Be Consistent <ul><li>Differences draw attention </li></ul><ul><li>Differences may imply importance </li></ul><ul><li>Use ...
Be Consistent <ul><li>Differences draw attention </li></ul><ul><li>Differences may imply  importance </li></ul><ul><li>Use...
In Summary <ul><li>Big </li></ul><ul><li>Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Clear </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive </li></ul><ul><li>Co...
Some Final Words <ul><li>Communication is the key </li></ul><ul><li>Text to support the communication </li></ul><ul><li>Pi...
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Effective Presentation Skills New01

  1. 1. Effective Presentation Skills Alaa Sadik, PhD [email_address] www.alaasadik.net
  2. 2. Effective Presentation Skills <ul><li>Main Points </li></ul><ul><li>Types of media and multimedia. </li></ul><ul><li>Principles of message design. </li></ul><ul><li>Types of presentation technology. </li></ul><ul><li>Designing effective presentations. </li></ul><ul><li>New advancements in presentation. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Part One Types of Media
  4. 4. The Human Ear Text words, numbers, signs, symbols, equations, etc. The ear consists of three basic parts the outer ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear. Each part of the ear serves a specific purpose in the task of detecting and interpreting sound. ……………………………… ……………………………… ………………………………
  5. 5. The Human Ear Image drawing, graph, photo, map, etc.
  6. 6. Types of Images
  7. 7. A simple representation of forms or objects by means of lines, curves and indicators to explain idea or show relationship. Line Drawing
  8. 8. A simple and attractive artwork that helps simplify concept or make an idea or relationship simple and clear. Illustrated Drawing
  9. 9. A group of pictures in a specified sequence that tell a story or illustrate a phenomena with titles and captions. Sequenced Drawing
  10. 10. A complex picture aims to explain the similarities and differences between two or more objects. Comparative Drawing
  11. 11. A map is a simplified depiction of a space or specific region, which highlights relations between objects within that space with navigational aids and appropriate scale. Maps
  12. 12. A poster is a graphic advertisement aims to post a specific message quickly and simply in a public place. Posters
  13. 13. A chart is a visual representation of data ( using lines, bars, pies… ) that displays the relationship among variables, usually cast along x and y axes. Charts
  14. 14. Flowcharts A flowchart is a diagram consisting of a set of specified symbols ( rectangles, diamonds, circle.. ) and connecting arrows that shows step-by-step progression through a procedure, process or system.
  15. 15. Geometrical Figures A two- or three-dimensional drawing illustrates a geometrical concept or relationship using accurate measures.
  16. 16. Screenshots A screenshot is an image captured by the computer to record the visible items on the monitor or another visual output device.
  17. 17. A visual representation captured using ordinary or special optical or digital camera. Photographs
  18. 18. <ul><li>Line Drawing </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrated Drawing </li></ul><ul><li>Kroki </li></ul><ul><li>Sequenced Drawing </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative Drawing </li></ul><ul><li>Cartoon </li></ul><ul><li>Caricatures </li></ul><ul><li>Maps </li></ul><ul><li>Posters </li></ul>Charts Flowchart Hierarchical Drawing Geometrical Figures Screenshots Photographs Types of Images
  19. 19. The Human Ear Audio human voice, sound effects, natural, mechanical, etc. The human ear consists of ...
  20. 20. The New Media Class Hierarchy <ul><li>Temporal </li></ul><ul><li>Static </li></ul><ul><li>- Computational </li></ul><ul><li>- Directive </li></ul>
  21. 21. The New Media Class Hierarchy
  22. 22. The New Media Class Hierarchy Examples
  23. 23. The Human Ear Temporal
  24. 24. Landing The pilot managed to land the airoplane safely Temporal
  25. 25. Auditory Physiology Lab. This figure shows a summary of the maximum efferent mediated adaptation of the DPOAE for 168 intensity combinations of the primary tones in 0.4 dB steps. Computational
  26. 26. Define Values Using Sliders Directive
  27. 27. Multimedia Now… What is multimedia?
  28. 28. Multimedia Transmission that combine different media of communication text , graphics , audio, animation, video, etc. <ul><li>The human ear consists of three parts: </li></ul><ul><li>The outer ear </li></ul><ul><li>The middle ear </li></ul><ul><li>The inner ear </li></ul>Listen The Human Ear
  29. 29. Part Two Media Design
  30. 30. Communicating Messages To communicate a message you need a: - Sender (to send the message)
  31. 31. Communicating Messages To communicate a message you need a: - Message (to carry the content)
  32. 32. Communicating Messages To communicate a message you need a: - Medium (to carry the message)
  33. 33. Communicating Messages To communicate a message you need a: - Receiver (to receive the message)
  34. 34. Communicating Messages To communicate a message you need a: - Domain (to facilitate communication)
  35. 35. Communicating Messages To communicate a message you need a: - Sender (to send the message) - Message (to carry the content) - Medium (to carry the message) - Receiver (to receive the message) - Domain (to facilitate communication)
  36. 36. Communication Process
  37. 37. Media & Experience Dale’s Cone of Experience
  38. 38. Dale’s Cone of Experience <ul><li>At the top: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>provide more information, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>compress information, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>faster for those able to process it, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>need more instructional support. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>At the bottom: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>involve the learner, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>encourage active learning, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provide less information, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>more stimuli and richer experience </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. Dale’s Cone of Experience
  40. 40. Part Three Presentation Technology
  41. 41. <ul><li>Writing boards </li></ul><ul><li>Flipcharts </li></ul><ul><li>OHP transparencies </li></ul><ul><li>35 mm slides </li></ul><ul><li>Video </li></ul><ul><li>Models/real objects/samples/shapes </li></ul><ul><li>Audio-video-conferencing </li></ul><ul><li>Digital projectors </li></ul><ul><li>Smart classrooms </li></ul><ul><li>Computers (software and storage media) </li></ul><ul><li>The Internet </li></ul>Presentation Technology Used in Higher Education
  42. 42. Writing Boards
  43. 43. e-Boards
  44. 44. Samples, Real Objects & Models
  45. 45. Samples, Real Objects & Models
  46. 46. Projectors
  47. 47. Smart Classrooms
  48. 48. Video-Conferencing
  49. 49. Presentation Software
  50. 50. The Web
  51. 51. Part Four Designing Effective Presentation Using Power Point
  52. 52. <ul><li>Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Big </li></ul><ul><li>Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Clear </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive </li></ul><ul><li>Consistent </li></ul>Designing Effective Presentation Using Power Point
  53. 53. Make It Big
  54. 54. Make it Big (Text) <ul><li>This is Arial 12 </li></ul><ul><li>This is Arial 18 </li></ul><ul><li>This is Arial 24 </li></ul><ul><li>This is Arial 32 </li></ul><ul><li>This is Arial 36 </li></ul><ul><li>This is Arial 44 </li></ul>
  55. 55. Make it Big (Text) <ul><li>This is Arial 12 </li></ul><ul><li>This is Arial 18 </li></ul><ul><li>This is Arial 24 </li></ul><ul><li>This is Arial 32 </li></ul><ul><li>This is Arial 36 </li></ul><ul><li>This is Arial 44 </li></ul>Too Small
  56. 56. Make It Big (How to Estimate) <ul><li>Look at it from 2 metres away </li></ul>2 m
  57. 57. Keep It Simple
  58. 58. Keep It Simple (Text) <ul><li>T o o m a n y c o l o u r s </li></ul><ul><li>Too Many Fonts and Styles </li></ul><ul><li>The 6 x 7 rule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No more than 6 lines per slide </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No more than 7 words per line </li></ul></ul>
  59. 59. Keep It Simple (Text) <ul><li>Instructional Technology: A complex integrated process involving people, procedures, ideas, devices, and organization, for analyzing problems and devising, implementing, evaluating, and managing solutions to those problems in situations in which learning is purposive and controlled (HMRS 5th ed.) </li></ul>Too detailed !
  60. 60. Keep It Simple (Text) <ul><li>A process </li></ul><ul><li>involving people, procedures & tools </li></ul><ul><li>for solutions </li></ul><ul><li>to problems in learning </li></ul><ul><li>(HMRS 5th ed.) </li></ul>Instructional Technology: Much Simpler
  61. 61. Falling Leaves Observed Too detailed ! 3,045,654 9,532,111 12,234,123 December 6,678,125 478,023 5,864,034 November 5,596,096 9,945,890 2,608,096 October 9,950,498 18,923,239 4,032,045 September 17,230,095 18,107,110 8,674,234 August 18,885,786 15,347,934 8,890,345 July 4,123,656 678,095 16,184,345 June 14,856,456 10,345,394 8,036,897 May 7,940,096 10,870,954 16,098,897 April 16,034,786 6,567,123 17,234,778 March 16,128,234 12,345,567 1,078,456 February 3,034,564 14,123,654 11,532,234 January Wellington Dunedin Christchurch
  62. 62. Falling Leaves in Millions Much Simpler 3 9 12 December 6 0 5 November 5 9 2 October 9 18 4 September 17 18 8 August 18 15 8 July 4 0 16 June 14 10 8 May 7 10 16 April 16 6 17 March 16 12 1 February 3 14 11 January Wellington Dunedin Christchurch In 10 6
  63. 63. Falling Leaves Too detailed !
  64. 64. Falling Leaves Much Simpler
  65. 65. Keep It Simple (Picture) <ul><li>Art work may distract your audience </li></ul><ul><li>Artistry does not substitute for content </li></ul>
  66. 66. Keep It Simple (Sound) <ul><li>Sound effects may distract too </li></ul><ul><li>Use sound only when necessary </li></ul>
  67. 67. Keep It Simple (Transition) <ul><li>This transition is annoying, not enhancing </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Appear&quot; and &quot;Disappear&quot; are better </li></ul>
  68. 68. Keep It Simple (Animation) 2 m Too distracting !
  69. 69. Keep It Simple (Animation) Simple & to the point 2 m
  70. 70. Make It Clear
  71. 71. Make It Clear (Capitalisation) <ul><li>ALL CAPITAL LETTERS ARE DIFFICULT TO READ </li></ul><ul><li>Upper and lower case letters are easier </li></ul>
  72. 72. <ul><li>Sanserif Z </li></ul><ul><li>Serif Z </li></ul>Make It Clear (Fonts) busy clear
  73. 73. <ul><li>Serif fonts are difficult to read on screen </li></ul><ul><li>Sanserif fonts are clearer </li></ul><ul><li>Italics are difficult to read on screen </li></ul><ul><li>Normal or bold fonts are clearer </li></ul><ul><li>Underlines may signify hyperlinks </li></ul><ul><li>Instead, use colours to emphasise </li></ul>Make It Clear (Fonts)
  74. 74. Make It Clear (Numbers) <ul><li>Use numbers for lists with sequence </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>How to put an elephant into a fridge? </li></ul><ul><li>1. Open the door of the fridge </li></ul><ul><li>2. Put the elephant in </li></ul><ul><li>3. Close the door </li></ul>
  75. 75. Make It Clear (Numbers) <ul><li>How to put a giraffe into a fridge? </li></ul><ul><li>1. Open the door of the fridge </li></ul><ul><li>2. Take out the elephant </li></ul><ul><li>3. Put the giraffe in </li></ul><ul><li>4. Close the door </li></ul>
  76. 76. Make It Clear (Bullets) <ul><li>Use bullets to show a list without </li></ul><ul><li>Priority </li></ul><ul><li>Sequence </li></ul><ul><li>Hierarchy </li></ul>
  77. 77. Make It Clear (Colours) <ul><li>Use contrasting colours </li></ul><ul><li>Light on dark vs dark on light </li></ul><ul><li>Use complementary colours </li></ul>
  78. 78. Make It Clear (Contrast) <ul><li>Use contrasting colours </li></ul><ul><li>Light on dark vs dark on light </li></ul><ul><li>Use complementary colours </li></ul>low contrast high contrast
  79. 79. Make It Clear (Contrast) <ul><li>Use contrasting colours </li></ul><ul><li>Light on dark vs dark on light </li></ul><ul><li>Use complementary colours </li></ul>This is light on dark
  80. 80. Make It Clear (Contrast) <ul><li>Use contrasting colours </li></ul><ul><li>Light on dark vs dark on light </li></ul><ul><li>Use complementary colours </li></ul>This is dark on light
  81. 81. Make It Clear (Complement) <ul><li>Use contrasting colours </li></ul><ul><li>Light on dark vs dark on light </li></ul><ul><li>Use complementary colours </li></ul>These colours do not complement
  82. 82. Make It Clear (Complement) <ul><li>Use contrasting colours </li></ul><ul><li>Light on dark vs dark on light </li></ul><ul><li>Use complementary colours </li></ul>These colours complement
  83. 83. Make It Clear (Size) <ul><li>Size implies importance </li></ul>
  84. 84. Make It Clear (Size) <ul><li>Size implies importance </li></ul>
  85. 85. Be Progressive
  86. 86. Types of Instructional Tools Complexity of Interactions Mode of Instruction Individual Pair Group Direct Instruction Guided Inquiry Discovery Learning Individual Instructive Tools Individual Constructive Tools Social Constructive Tools Social Communicative Tools Informational Tools Too many in one go!
  87. 87. Types of Instructional Tools Complexity of Interactions Mode of Instruction Individual Pair Group Direct Instruction Guided Inquiry Discovery Learning Individual Instructive Tools Individual Constructive Tools Social Constructive Tools Social Communicative Tools Informational Tools Progressive & thus focused
  88. 88. Be Consistent
  89. 89. Be Consistent <ul><li>Differences draw attention </li></ul><ul><li>Differences may imply importance </li></ul><ul><li>Use surprises to attract not distract </li></ul>
  90. 90. Be Consistent <ul><li>Differences draw attention </li></ul><ul><li>Differences may imply importance </li></ul><ul><li>Use surprises to attract not distract </li></ul>This tick draws attention
  91. 91. Be Consistent <ul><li>Differences draw attention </li></ul><ul><li>Differences may imply importance </li></ul><ul><li>Use surprises to attract not distract </li></ul>These differences distract!
  92. 92. Be Consistent <ul><li>Differences draw attention </li></ul><ul><li>Differences may imply importance </li></ul><ul><li>Use surprises to attract not distract </li></ul>This implies importance
  93. 93. Be Consistent <ul><li>Differences draw attention </li></ul><ul><li>Differences may imply importance </li></ul><ul><li>Use surprises to attract not distract </li></ul>Confusing differences!
  94. 94. Be Consistent <ul><li>Differences draw attention </li></ul><ul><li>Differences may imply importance </li></ul><ul><li>Use surprises to attract not distract </li></ul>This surprise attracts
  95. 95. Be Consistent <ul><li>Differences draw attention </li></ul><ul><li>Differences may imply importance </li></ul><ul><li>Use surprises to attract not distract </li></ul>These distract!
  96. 96. In Summary <ul><li>Big </li></ul><ul><li>Simple </li></ul><ul><li>Clear </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive </li></ul><ul><li>Consistent </li></ul>
  97. 97. Some Final Words <ul><li>Communication is the key </li></ul><ul><li>Text to support the communication </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures to simplify complex concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Animations for complex relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Visuals to support, not to distract </li></ul><ul><li>Sounds only when absolutely necessary </li></ul>
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