CERN’s Large Hadron ColliderTHE ANTI-MATTER Prepared by : Alaa Moussa& BLACK HOLES
Confusing!? What Is CERN? LHC The Big bang machine? What Is the Antimatter (Angles and demons)? What is the black hole & Can we create one?
So what IS CERN? The European Organization for Nuclear Research Physicists from 20 Member States in Europe . Founded in 1954. More than 6,500 physicists work at CERN. CERN is where the web was born.
LHC stands for Large Hadron Collider Large due to its size (approximately 27 km in circumference). Hadron because it accel-erates protons or ions, which are hadrons. Collider because these particles form two beams travelling in opposite directions, which collide at four points where the two rings of the machine intersect.
The largest machine in the world… The collider is contained in a circular tunnel 27 kilometers long , at a depth ranging from 50 to 175 meters underground. The fastest racetrack on the planet... A proton in the LHC will move at about 99.9999991% of the speed of light. And will go round the 27km ring over 11,000 times a second. The emptiest space in the Solar System…ten times less than the pressure on the Moon!
The hottest spots in the galaxy, but even colder than outer space... 1000 million times hotter than the heart of the sun. The biggest and most sophisticated detectors ever built... Very large cathedral-sized, better than hair- width accuracy, 40 million snaps per second The most powerful supercomputer system in the world... tens of thousands of computers forms the Grid.
Theoretical AntimatterProduction Inside the LHC
What Is the Antimatter? When antimatter comes into contact with matter it annihilates, it converts 100% of its mass into pure energy. E=mc2 where E is energy, m is mass, and c is the speed of light in a vacuum, which is 299,792,458 meters per second. ½ gram?...of antimatter could…liquidate everything in a half mile radius, the energy released equals 10,000 kilotons, ( The Hiroshima atomic bomb was equivalent 20,000 kilotons.)
The LHC & Black Holes Black holes are sites of immense gravitational attraction into which surrounding matter is drawn by gravitational forces. The LHC Might generate microscopic black holes produced by the collisions of pairs of protons, each of them has an energy comparable to that of a mosquito in flight which make them barely noticeable.