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Islamic thought and culture chapter 2
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    Islamic thought and culture chapter 2 Islamic thought and culture chapter 2 Presentation Transcript

    • Islamic Thought and Culture Title Chapter Two Date Lifetime Learning… BuildingThoughts and Culture Globalization EIBFS/Islamic Success… Towards 1
    • What is religion? • Religion is a set of belief and practices generally held by a number of person. • Religion can be also described as a way of life. • Religion can take many forms and many aspects. These include belief, ritual actions, ethical actions, formation of religious communities. EIBFS/Islamic Thoughts and Culture 2
    • • The Arabic word for religion is ‘deen’. It referred to a number of things in the Quran. Such as: a. The Day of judgment b. The law and constitution c. Belief and way of life. EIBFS/Islamic Thoughts and Culture 3
    • The importance of religion • Religion is important for both individuals and societies. • Religion is a natural feeling of connection between the human being and his Creator. • Religion covers both psychological and social aspects of life. EIBFS/Islamic Thoughts and Culture 4
    • The importance of Religion • Psychologically it gives the human protection from problems and adverse feelings throughout the different stages of his life. • On social level, it achieves social harmony among members of the society. EIBFS/Islamic Thoughts and Culture 5
    • Importance of Religion for the Individual Humanistic Needs Intellectual Needs Spiritual Needs EIBFS/Islamic Thoughts and Culture 6
    • Importance of religion for the individuals. • Religion has its impact on every part of human life. • Humanistic Need. • Allah has created all human beings with the need to belief and to worship. Allah has taken such an oath from all humans. • Human beings have desires and needs that are required to be maintained and organized by religion. EIBFS/Islamic Thoughts and Culture 7
    • Intellectual Need • Man is unable to explain to himself the mystery of life, birth, death, infinity, eternity. Religion answers these questions. • Religion satisfies the highest human intellectual theoretical needs. EIBFS/Islamic Thoughts and Culture 8
    • Spiritual Need • As humans have intellectual needs, he has spiritual needs too, and only religion and belief can sustain that needs. • In today’s materialistic world religion is much needed for a lot of psychological problems that face humanity. EIBFS/Islamic Thoughts and Culture 9
    • The Importance of Religion for Society • Religion protects individual rights and brings stability and fellow-feeling in the society. • Religion treats everyone equally and with no preference, to wealth, family status or any other distinctions. • Religion gives good ideal, explains the purpose and objectives of society in which all can share. EIBFS/Islamic Thoughts and Culture 10
    • Meaning of Islam • The Arabic word “Islam” means submission, surrender and obedience. • As a religion Islam stands for complete submission and obedience to Allah. • A Muslim is one who submits to the will of Allah. The word comes from the same root as the Arabic word which means peace EIBFS/Islamic Thoughts and Culture 11
    • • The religion of Islam teaches that in order to achieve true peace of mind and surety of heart, one must submit to God and live according to His Divinelyrevealed law. EIBFS/Islamic Thoughts and Culture 12
    • The Messages of all Prophets • Islam is not a new message, but a continuation of the simple and powerful message of pure monotheism ( ) revealed by Allah throughout the history. • It is the same eternal message revealed throughout the ages to all of Allah’s Prophets including Noah, Moses, Jesus and Mohammad (pbuh) EIBFS/Islamic Thoughts and Culture 13
    • Evidences of God’s Existence • Evidence of Nature: The human nature that exists in all mankind is inclined to believe in Allah. • Evidence of Causation: It is logical and rational that any creation must have a creator as nothing happens by itself without sufficient reason for its existence. EIBFS/Islamic Thoughts and Culture 14
    • Evidences of God’s Existence • Evidence of Universe: Anyone who wonders about the universe ( sea, lands, animals, sky) can see the greatness of Allah’s creation. • Evidence of Guidance: Allah not only created, but also guided the creatures to play their role and function in the universe. EIBFS/Islamic Thoughts and Culture 15
    • Review Questions • Write definition of religion. Write importance of religion. • The Arabic word deen refers to many things in the Holy Quran. Write three things described as deen in the Quran. • Write three needs that are addressed by religion in an individual’s life. • What is the importance of religion in the society. • What do you mean by the term Islam. • Write four evidences for God’s existence. EIBFS/Islamic Thoughts and Culture 16