DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL AND
Lecturer: Prof. Dr. RizaAtiq
Transport plays a major role in urban development by
providing access for people to education, markets,
employment, recreation, health care and other key service.
Increasing number of vehicles on road is generated traffic
congestion, parking problems, air pollution (acidification,
smog), noise, greenhouse gas emissions and road accidents.
For these reasons, public transport system is a one solution
that can implement in urban development areas to reduce road
congestion and travel times, air pollution, and energy and oil
consumption, all of which benefit both riders and non-riders
Urban Transportation Development plan
The main objectives of this study are;
oTo study public transport demand for short term and long
term period in Kajang – Bangi – Putrajaya – Bandar Seri
Putra – Nilai corridor.
oTo determine the most desired line for public transport
between the zones that connecting the corridor.
oTo propose the suitable and sustainable public
transportation system in the corridor.
Scope of Study
Basically the scope of study involves the following works;
i. Preliminary Study: Set objectives, decide the study area, collect
existing data and information (structure plan, land use plan,
population, traffic volume and etc.)
ii. Auditing Existing Situation: Evaluating existing physical and
transport situation, traffic survey, identify problems at study area.
iii.Long Term Plan: Planning for next 7 years, high cost of
Location of Study Area
Five main zones:
Kajang – Bangi – Putrajaya – Bandar Seri Putra –
selected as a location area of this study and these towns
are connected each others. The background for each
zone is described in following paragraph .
1-Kajang was made the capital of one of
Selangor's districts, Hulu Langat in the
1800s because of it being in the district's
2. It is located 21 kilometers (13 mi) from of
In Kajang, there are two stations.
1-Kajang train station or KTM Kajang which is
located in jalan Bukit situated 1 km south from
Kajang's town centre.
2- bus station in PusatHentian Kajang
recently crowned as "Knowledge City" - situated in
the district of Hulu Langat, in Selangor, Malaysia,
named after the small town of Bangi situated further
south. It is located between Kajang and Putrajaya
(formerly Prang Besar) and is about 25 km away
from the capital city, Kuala Lumpur.
1. bus terminal in Bandar BaruBangi sharing with Kajang
town which the location is at Hentian Kajang.
2. Absence of bus stations and Taxi Terminal .
3. Bus stop Condition.
4.the lack of parking places for the public near UKM
Putrajaya is a planned city, located 25km
south of Kuala Lumpur, that serves as the
federal administrative centre of Malaysia. The
seat of government was shifted in 1999 from
Kuala Lumpur to Putrajaya, due to the
overcrowding and congestion in the Kuala
•Putrajaya Sentral is the main public tranportation hub of
•Located at the west side of Putrajaya, this is the place
where public transportation from other parts of Selangor
• The Express Rail Link that links KLIA to KL Sentral has
a station here.
Nilai 3 is a town located in NegeriSembilan,Malaysia.
Due to its proximity, and connection through the KTM
to Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya, and Kuala Lumpur
International Airport, it is a rapidly growing town,
development projects can be seen as one drives around
Nilai. Area of Nilai reach to (165ha) which represents
the country’s largest wholesale center
Bander Sri Putra
A new rapid growing township in Bangi, Selangor.
It is function as the new residential center which
supports the development of Bandar BaruBangi.
Bus,taxi and commuter services
• Lack of public transport integration existing buses
is outdated, have poor- accessibility especially in
the Kajang and Bangi area.
• Unsuitable location for Kajang Town bus stop
• Main public transport terminal is far from
komuter station and it’s shared between
Kajang and Bangi
. Putrajaya location is far away from other
facilities. No public transport to connect
between nearest places (Kajang and Bangi)
• Services of KTM Komuter are bad.
• KTM Komuter station condition cannot
accommodate the increasing passenger ’s
demands. It has very limited parking
Generally, public transportation is one of the most
important part of urban transportation division that are
available now in Malaysia.
the existing public transport services consist of two main
THE STUDY METHODOLOGY
the initial step
of existing data and
• Speed – up to 100 km/hr
• 4 – 12 couches per train
• Couches 22m x 3.1 m
• Capacity – up to 80,000 passengers / hr / direction
• Acceleration / deceleration ≈ 1.2 m/s2
• Rail – 1435mm gauge
• Headway ≥ 120 s
• Suitable for radial movement
• For high density and high plot ratio area.
• Feeder bus service is required
• Power supply: 750 V dc
• Sub-station: 3 – 5 km spacing
Guide way utilization factor = 0.75
Load factor = 0.9.
To calculate possible range of head way (h) for MRT:
Cp = Theoretical passenger line capacity
assume= (27040) passengers/hr.
α = guide way utilization factor (0.6)
= load factor (0.9)
n = vehicle per train
S = Maximum passenger per vehicle
h = headway in second.
Proposed Physical Development
• We propose for the new MRT line to be of
double-line configuration Connected to
Putrajaya from Kajang, Bandar BaruBangi,
Bandar Seri Putra and Nilai.
For Kajang, BatangBenar and Nilai, the new
connection network with existing KTM must
be take into consideration to make sure this
line viable and interconnected. And Bandar
seriputra to niali 3 the new connection with
BRT as in Figure below.