Ecology is study of interactions betweenNon-living components in the environment… light water wind nutrients in soil heat solar radiation atmosphere, etc. AND…
Living organisms… Plants Animals microorganisms in soil, etc.
To study Ecology involves…For non-living (abiotic) For living (biotic) •Climatology •Animal behavior •Hydrology • Taxonomy •Oceanography • Physiology •Physics •Mathematics •Chemistry (population studies) •Geology • etc.. •soil analysis, etc.
The Hierarchy of Ecology OrganismEcologists have organized the interactions anorganism takes part in into different levelsaccording to complexity.
The Hierarchy of Ecology=Levels of Organizationﺍﻟﻐﻼﻑ ﺍﳊﻴﻮﻱ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺌﻲ ﺍﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﳉﻤﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩ )ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺋﻦ ﺍﳊﻲ(
The Hierarchy of Ecology=Levels of Organization
1st Level of OrganizationOrganism :An individual livingthing that is made ofcells, uses energy,reproduces, responds,grows, and develops