The Salem Witch Trials
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The Salem Witch Trials

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The Salem Witch Trials The Salem Witch Trials Presentation Transcript

  • The Salem Witch Trials
    Salem, Massachusetts
    January 20, 1692 – November 25, 1692
  • How Did the trials Begin?
    The village minister’s daughter, Betty Paris, and his niece, Abigail, became suddenly “ill”
    The town’s doctor could not confirm a diagnosis so it was said that they were under the influence of witchcraft.
    After the diagnosis many of the other girls in the town also became “infected” with the same disease
  • What is witchcraft exactly?
    Witchcraft is the power that a specific person has that is able to do harm to others and influence the acts of nature.
    Many witches or wizards were believed to be healers, potion makers, candle makers, scientists, philosophy teachers, Psychics, and librarians.
  • What were some of the Symptoms of being infected by witchcraft?
    Throwing one’s self to the floor
    Twitching
    Screaming uncontrollably
    Fever
    Abdominal and muscular pain
  • Who were the accused?
    When the girls were forced to tell who was the start of the “witchcraft” they pointed out:
    Tituba – Betty Paris’ father’s slave
    Sarah Osborne
    Sarah Good
  • Tituba
    Tituba was the slave of Reverend Samuel Paris
    She was originally from a small village in south America
    She was brought to Barbados and then sold into slavery
    She told stories of witchcraft and fortune telling to the girls in Salem
  • When it came time for the women to appear in court, Tituba pleaded guilty. Sarah Good and Sarah Osborn refused to be called a witch and were put under interrogation.
    The two women were asked questions repeatedly some of them were:
    “Are you involved in any form of witch craft?”
    “Are you or were you ever a witch?”
    “Do you know how the girls in the town became sick?”
    The Trials
  • The Accused
    A total of 141 people were accused
    19 were hung at Gallows hill
    One died due to being crushed to death
    7 others died in prison
    Most of the men and women who were accused were wealthy and over the age of sixty
  • What actually caused the girls to have such odd behavior?
    There are many theories that are believed to cause the girls to have their particularly odd behavior
    Rye mold – Rye mold is known to cause hallucinogenic chemicals that may have led to hallucinations
    Actual witches and wizards
    Ergot poisoning – caused by the consumption of bread the was contaminated by the Ergot fungus
    Arguments between families
    The thought of gaining more land
  • What ended the trials?
    Ministers started to not believe in witchcraft
    Overturned convictions
    Compensation to the relatives of the victims
    “It were better than ten suspected witches should escape than one innocent person should be condemned.”
    - Reverend Increase Mather
    This is the document that ended the Salem Witch Trials.
  • What do people think today of what caused the Salem witch trials?
    Many people today believe that people were accused of witchcraft because of the large amounts of land that many of the accused owned in the town of Salem.