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Wsl Power Point Wsl Power Point Presentation Transcript

  • Waves, Sound, and Light MENU Mechanical Waves Wave Properties Electromagnetic Waves Sound Speed of Sound Light Transparent, Translucent, Opaque Color Click above to be taken to that section of the Power Point
  • Waves
    • 2 types of waves
      • Mechanical
        • Use matter to transfer energy through a medium
      • Electromagnetic
        • Do not need matter to transfer energy
  • Mechanical Waves
    • Waves that REQUIRE a medium for the energy to travel Examples: water waves, sound waves, energy moving through a slinky. What else?
  • Mechanical Waves
    • Use matter (Medium) to transfer energy.
    • The energy is transferred from particle to particle.
    • SOUND IS A MECHANICLE WAVE
  • There Are Two Basic Types of Mechanical Waves.
    • Transverse Waves
    • The energy traveling through the wave causes the particles to move at a right angle to the direction of the energy.
    • This is what we usually draw when representing waves.
    • Ripples on a pond are an example of these.
  • The Second type of Mechanical Wave
    • Compressional Waves
    • In this type the particles move in the same direction as the energy.
    • Sound is a Compressional Wave
  • Waves, Sound, and Light MENU Mechanical Waves Wave Properties Electromagnetic Waves Sound Speed of Sound Light Transparent, Translucent, Opaque Color Click above to be taken to that section of the Power Point
  • Wave Properties
    • Amplitude
    • Wavelength
    • Frequency
    • Human perception of amplitude – loudness
    • Human perception of frequency – pitch
  • Transverse Waves
    • Crest – very top of wave
    • Trough – very bottom of wave
    • Amplitude – Distance between resting position and crest/trough
    • Wavelength – Distance from the top of one crest to the next crest
    • Frequency – Number of wavelengths to pass by a given point in 1 second
      • 2.5 in picture at right
  • Transverse Wave Examples
  • Transverse Waves (cont.)
    • Frequency and Pitch
      • As frequency increases pitch gets higher
      • As frequency decreases pitch gets lower
  • Transverse Waves (cont.)
    • Frequency and Wavelength
      • As frequency increases wavelength decreases
      • As frequency decreases wavelength increases
  • Compressional Waves
    • Medium travels slightly back and forth in the same direction as the energy is moving
  • Waves, Sound, and Light MENU Mechanical Waves Wave Properties Electromagnetic Waves Sound Speed of Sound Light Transparent, Translucent, Opaque Color Click above to be taken to that section of the Power Point
  • Electromagnetic Waves
    • Waves that DO NOT require a medium for the energy to travel
    • Examples: Light, radio waves, x-rays, gamma rays, etc. All waves on the electromagnetic spectrum
  • Electromagnetic Waves
    • These waves do not need matter to travel
    • Difference between the different waves is wavelength
    • EM spectrum illustrates the differences
  • Electromagnetic Waves (cont.)
    • Radio – listen to your favorite station
    • Microwaves – call your friends
    • Infrared – night vision
    • Visible – you can see this presentation
    • Ultraviolet – tanning
    • X-ray – see broken bones
    • Gamma – kill cancerous cells
  • Waves, Sound, and Light MENU Mechanical Waves Wave Properties Electromagnetic Waves Sound Speed of Sound Light Transparent, Translucent, Opaque Color Click above to be taken to that section of the Power Point
  • Sound
    • Sound is a mechanical wave (requires a medium to travel) and a compressional wave (molecules colliding)
    • The medium sound travels through are molecules when they collide
  • Sound
    • Sound is produced when an object vibrates.
    • When an object vibrates it exerts a force on the surrounding air
    • Loudness of a sound is recorded in decibels
    • As a sound gets louder, the amplitude of the wave increases
  • Sound
    • The moving air mass carries the sound of the vibration to your ear.
    • The air is the MEDIA that it travels through.
    • Medium is what the wave travels through (ex. solid, liquid, gas)
    • NO MEDIUM NO SOUND!!!!
  • The Echo
    • An echo is when a sound wave hits a hard surface and bounces back, causing you to hear the sound a second time
    • Sonar uses echoes. It is a measure of how long it takes the echo to return to the source of the sound. Sonar can tell you how far an object is from you.
  • Waves, Sound, and Light MENU Mechanical Waves Wave Properties Electromagnetic Waves Sound Speed of Sound Light Transparent, Translucent, Opaque Color Click above to be taken to that section of the Power Point
  • Speed of Sound
    • The speed of sound is different depending on the medium it travels through
  • Speed of Sound
    • Sound travels at different speeds through different medium
    • The more dense a material the faster sound travels
      • 346 m/s in warm air
      • 5,000 m/s in aluminum
      • 3,240 m/s in gold
  • Speed of Sound
    • Sound travels better through high-density materials
      • The closer the molecules are together, the faster they can collide and transfer energy
  • Waves, Sound, and Light MENU Mechanical Waves Wave Properties Electromagnetic Waves Sound Speed of Sound Light Transparent, Translucent, Opaque Color Click above to be taken to that section of the Power Point
  • Light
    • Properties of Light
  • Light
    • EM wave that travels transversely (up and down motion)
    • Primary colors are red , green and blue
    • White light is made up of all colors
    • Black is the absence of color
  • Light (cont.)
    • We see colors because objects reflect light
    • If you see a color, that specific color is being reflected while the rest are being absorbed (taken in) by the medium
    • White reflects all colors
    • Black absorbs all colors
  • What is Light?
    • It is a transverse wave that carries energy
    • It is a small part of the ElectroMagnetic Spectrum
    • Because it is part of the electromagnetic spectrum, it can travel through a vacuum (space)
  • How do you see the things around you?
  • Without light, there is no sight!
  • Light REFLECTS off of objects.
  • How we see
    • When light strikes an object the light bounces off of the object and then into our eye.
    • For example, the light from the this projector hits the screen and then is reflected to your eye.
  • Waves, Sound, and Light MENU Mechanical Waves Wave Properties Electromagnetic Waves Sound Speed of Sound Light Transparent, Translucent, Opaque Color Click above to be taken to that section of the Power Point
  • Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
  • Opaque, Translucent, Transparent
    • Objects that do not let light pass through them are opaque. Ex. Walls, your desk, the science book
    • Objects that let light pass clearly through them are transparent. Ex. Windows, plastic wrap, eye glass lenses
    • Objects that let only some light pass through are translucent. Ex. waxed paper, frosted glass
  • Waves, Sound, and Light MENU Mechanical Waves Wave Properties Electromagnetic Waves Sound Speed of Sound Light Transparent, Translucent, Opaque Color Click above to be taken to that section of the Power Point
  • Color
  • COLORS
    • The suns light might appear white, but it is a mixture of colors.
    • White light is produced when you mix the colors of the rainbow together.
  • Light Color Mixing
    • The primary colors of light are RED, BLUE and GREEN
  • So why do we see different colors?
    • When white light hits an object some of it may be absorbed by the object while the rest of the light is reflected. The colors we see are the reflected colors.
  • Waves, Sound, and Light MENU Mechanical Waves Wave Properties Electromagnetic Waves Sound Speed of Sound Light Transparent, Translucent, Opaque Color Click above to be taken to that section of the Power Point