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About SCORM
About SCORM
About SCORM
About SCORM
About SCORM
About SCORM
About SCORM
About SCORM
About SCORM
About SCORM
About SCORM
About SCORM
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About SCORM

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my understanding of SCORM

my understanding of SCORM

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  • Transcript

    • 1. SCORM By: Akshay Kumar
    • 2. What we want?
      • What is SCORM?
      • Connection with e-learning
      • Application of XML Technology
      • Technical description about SCORM
      • Why it is important to us?
    • 3. Background: A Thinking process?
      • Design for Reuse
        • What’s the right level of granularity?
      • Tracking
        • What’s the right level of granularity?
      • Metadata
        • How much is needed?
      • LMS
        • What does the Table of Content look like?
        • Navigation Controls?
    • 4. Granularity and Reusability Raw Data (Media Elements)‏ Information Objects Learning Objective Lesson (Aggregation)‏ Course (Collection)‏ Source: Academic ADL Co-Lab (adapted from Learnactivity)‏ Context + Reusability -
    • 5. What is SCORM?
      • A software model
        • defines the interrelationship of course components, data models, and protocols such that content “objects” are sharable across systems that conform with the same model.
      • It is collection of specification adopted together for achieving some property of content like Accessibility, Adaptability, Affordability, Durability , reusability, interoperability
    • 6. SCORM and Technology
      • Content Aggregation Model
        • Metadata (from IEEE LOM 1484.12)‏
        • Content Structure (derived from AICC)‏
        • Content Packaging (from IMS)‏
        • Sequencing Information (from IMS)‏
      • Run-Time Environment
        • IEEE Application Programming Interface (1484.11.2)‏
        • IEEE Data Model (1484.11.1)‏
      • Sequencing & Navigation
        • Sequencing Information & Behavior (from IMS)‏
    • 7. Generalized view of LMS
    • 8. SCORM Content Model Components
      • Assets:
        • building block of a learning resource.
        • text, images, sound, assessment objects or any other piece of data
        • More than one asset can be collected together to build other assets.
      • SCO:
        • A SCO is a collection of one or more Assets that represent a single launchable learning resource
        • tracked by an LMS
    • 9. Conceptual Makeup of SCO
    • 10. SCORM Content Aggregation Model
    • 11. Conceptual Representation of Activity
    • 12. Content Organization
    • 13.  
    • 14.  
    • 15. <organization> tag
      • Title
      • Item
        • title
        • Item
        • adlcp: timeLimitAction, dataFromLMS, completionthreshold
        • imsss:sequencing
        • adlnav:presentation
      • Metadata
      • imsss:sequencing
    • 16. Content Packaging
    • 17.  
    • 18. Sequence and Navigation
      • Three ways for learners to traverse the Activity Tree
        • User Choice (“Choice”)‏
          • The learner can choose any activity in any order at any time
        • Flow
          • The learner can only move toward the ‘next’ or ‘previous’ activity – the system determines the activity to delivery
        • Forward Only
          • The “Previous” button is disabled.
    • 19. Adding Sequencing Behavior
      • A
        • 1
        • B
          • 2
          • 3
    • 20.  
    • 21. Run time environment Communicating with the LMS
      • /* look up window hierarchy to find LMS provided API */
      • API.Initialize(“”);
      • var name = API.GetValue(“ cmi.learner_name ”);
      • API.SetValue(“ cmi.score.scaled ”, “ 0.9 ”);
      • API.Terminate(“”);
    • 22. Continue…
      • Must use JavaScript
      • There are only 8 functions that you may use
        • Where X = cmi data model element, Y = any string,
        • Z = error code
        • GetDiagnostic( Y )‏
        • GetLastError()‏
        • GetErrorString( Z )‏
        • Initialize(“”)‏
        • SetValue( X , Y )‏
        • GetValue( X )‏
        • Commit(“”)‏
        • Terminate(“”)‏
    • 23. API, API instance and API implementation
    • 24. CMI data model element
      • Comments From Learner
      • Comments From LMS
      • Completion Status
      • Completion Threshold
      • Learner Id
      • Learner Name
      • Learner Preferences
      • etc…
    • 25. Conceptual API Instance Transition
    • 26. SCORM Run Time Environment
      • fla
    • 27. Continue….
    • 28. Continue….
    • 29. Overall Picture in Meta-Data
      • Examples with showing
        • APIWrapper.js
        • imsmanifest.xml
    • 30. Scope of Adaptation
      • SCORM Content Aggregation Model
    • 31. Limitation considered.. (one prespecitive)‏
      • limited adaptivity
      • Run time environment do setting of the predefined rule with key value pair only. We can not change these values at run time after SCO made.
      • This is again compact and it can not be used in different context by simple change. We have to make a new imsmanifest file for the changed context of learning.
    • 32. Continue….
      • SCORM describes a solutions for systems, components and content interopability for learning
        • Data and Behavioral interoperability
      • SCORM does not extend beyond learning to management of learning
      • SCORM does not impose any pedagogical or assessment model
      • SCORM supports only limited pedagogical features
    • 33. Continue….
      • No communication across SCO’s
      • No access to other SCO’s
      • SCO has its own behavior
      • Using same hierarchy for structure, behavior and display
      • Learners are individual
      • It can not adapt learner experience without learner interaction
      • There is no concept of alternate resource although we can simulate it by making various navigation restrictions
      • There is nothing for picking some of resource from a collection of resource
    • 34. Development in SCORM
      • January 1999 — Executive Order 13111 signed tasking the DoD to develop common specifications and standards for e-learning across both federal and private sectors
      • January 2000 — SCORM Version 1.0
      • January 2001 — SCORM Version 1.1
      • October 2001 — SCORM Version 1.2
      • January 2004 — SCORM 2004 (1st Edition)
      • July 2004 — SCORM 2004 (2nd Edition)
      • June 2006 — Department of Defense Instruction (DoDI) 1322.26 Requiring DoD Use of SCORM
      • October 2006 — SCORM 2004 (3rd Edition)
    • 35. SCORM BOOK
      • SCORM 2004 3rd Edition Overview
      • SCORM 2004 3rd Edition Content Aggregation Model (CAM) book
      • SCORM 2004 3rd Edition Run-Time Environment (RTE) book
      • SCORM 2004 3rd Edition Sequencing and Navigation (SN) book
    • 36. SCORM 2004 3rd Edition Overview
      • It gives
        • an overview of the SCORM 2004 3rd Edition documentation suite
        • the SCORM 2004 3rd Edition Conformance Test Suite
        • SCORM 2004 3rd Edition Sample Run-Time Environment. 
    • 37. The SCORM Content Aggregation Model (CAM) book
      • Describes
        • components used in a learning experience
        • how to package those components for exchange from system to system
        • how to describe those components to enable search and discovery,
        • how to define the sequencing rules for the components. 
    • 38. The SCORM SN book
      • describes
        • how SCORM conformant content may be sequenced through a set of learner-initiated or system-initiated navigation events. 
        • The branching and flow of that content may be described by a predefined set of activities, typically defined at design time. 
        • how a SCORM conformant LMS interprets the sequencing rules expressed by a content developer along with the set of learner-initiated or system-initiated navigation events and their effects on the run-time environment.
    • 39. The SCORM RTE book
      • describes
        • the Learning Management System (LMS) requirements for managing the run-time environment
        • The RTE covers the requirements of SCOs and their use of the API and the SCORM Run-Time Environment Data Model.
    • 40. Discussion………
      • ?
    • 41. References
      • http://www.adlnet.gov/scorm/index.cfm
      • http://www.adlnet.gov/downloads/index.cfm
      • http://coe.sdsu.edu/eet/articles/scorm2/index.htm
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCORM
      • http://www2006.org/programme/files/pdf/p65-poster.pdf
      • http://lttf.ieee.org/learn_tech/issues/january2005/index.html
      • http://www.lsal.org/lsal/expertise/papers/presentations/id2scorm20030304/id2scorm20030304.pdf
      • http://www.imsglobal.org
      • http://www.imsproject.org /
      • http://www.aicc.org/
      • http://www.itsc.ieee.org/wg11/files/IEEE_1484.11.1_D5_submitted.pdf
      • http://www.itsc.ieee.org/
    • 42. THANK YOU

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