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Robert venturi works

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    Robert venturi works Robert venturi works Presentation Transcript

    • ”Architects can no longer afford to be intimidated by the puritanically moral language of orthodox Modern architecture.” – Robert Venturi
    • robert venturi BORN: June 25, 1925 (age 88) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania AWARDS: Pritzker Prize (1991) Vincent Scully Prize (2002 FOUNDING PRINCIPAL of the firm Venturi, Scott Brown and Associates SCHOOL: Episcopal Academy in Merion, Pennsylvania GRADUATION: Princeton University, won the D'Amato Prize in Architecture WORK EXPERIENCE: Eero Saarinen in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, Louis Kahn in PhiladelphiaFigure1: ROBERT VENTURI SOURCE: http://www.archdaily.com/tag/robert-venturi/
    • I like elements which are hybrid rather than ‘pure’, compromising rather than ‘clean’, distorted rather than ‘straightforward’, ambiguous rather than ‘articulated’, perverse as well as impersonal, boring as well as ‘interesting’, conventional rather than ‘designed’, accommodating rather than excluding, redundant rather than simple, vestigial as well as innovating, inconsistent and equivocal rather than direct and clear. I am for messy vitality over obvious unity. I include the non sequitor and proclaim the duality. his vision: FIGURE 2:HE WROTE THE BOOK “COMPLEXITY AND CONTRADICTION IN ARCHITECTURE” WHICH CHANGED PEOPLE’S VIEW ABOUT ARCHITECTURE SOURCE: http://img5.douban.com/mpic/s4269767.jpg
    • DUCK AND DECORATED SHED FIGURE 3: DUCK AND DEECORATED SHED Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown, Steven Iznour. Learning by las Vegas , The MIT press, 1972.. ARCHITECTURE IS DECORATION OF SHELTER.” – Robert Venturi Concept of Duck and Decorated Sheds were codified in 1972 book ‘Learning from Las Vegas’ by Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown and Steven Iznour. Duck is referred to a building whose system of space, structure and program are submerged and distorted by an overall symbolic form. Decorated Sheds are more like generic structures which cannot exist without signs and other applied ornamentation. FIGURE 4: Representative of “the duck” from Venturi and Scott-Brown’s book, Learning from Las Vegas, 1972. SOURCE:http://thearchitecturalmirror.blogspot.in/2009/03/ducks-and- sheds.html
    • • In 1972, Venturi and his wife began a study of Las Vegas architecture-their effort was to categorize and classify architecture. • Learning from Las Vegas was a criticism of orthodox modernism and its elite style. • The project studied Las Vegas architecture and the role its signs played in creating the urban landscape. • It became a call to re- introduce symbolism into architectural design. FIGURE 3: Robert Venturi, Denise Scott Brown, and Steven Izenour, Physiognamy of a Typical Casino Sign, 1972. From Learning from Las Vegas, 1972. SOURCE: http://www.pinterest.com/sedrabnivag/xyz_usnv-las-vegas/
    • architecture • VENTURI'S BUILDINGS TYPICALLY JUXTAPOSE ARCHITECTURAL SYSTEMS, ELEMENTS AND AIMS, TO ACKNOWLEDGE THE CONFLICTS OFTEN INHERENT IN A PROJECT OR SITE • ROBERT VENTURI IS KNOWN FOR INCORPORATING STYLIZED CULTURAL ICONS INTO HIS BUILDINGS. • HOWEVER, VENTURI IS RECOGNIZED FOR MUCH MORE THAN POSTMODERNIST DESIGNS. • THE FIRM HAS COMPLETED MORE THAN 400 PROJECTS, EACH UNIQUELY SUITED TO THE SPECIAL NEEDS OF THE CLIENTS
    • works of ROBERT VENTURI1. VANNA VENTURI HOUSE GENERAL INFORMATION TYPE RESIDENCE ARCHITECTURAL STYLE POSTMODERN TOWN OR CITY PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA COUNTRY UNITED STATES CONSTRUCTION 1959 (DESIGN) COMPLETED 1964 COST $43,000 CLIENT VANNA VENTURI FIGURE 4: VANNA VENTURI HOUSE SOURCE: http://www.archdaily.com/62743/ad-classics-vanna- venturi-house-robert-venturi/ TECHNICAL DETAILS STRUCTURAL SYSTEM LIGHT WOOD FRAME FLOOR COUNT 2 PLUS BASEMENT FLOOR AREA 1,800 SQ FT (170 M2) FIGURE 5: VIEW FROM THE SIDE (SOUTH-EAST) FIGURE 6: VIEW FROM THE REAR OF THE HOUSE (SOUTH)
    • STRUCTURAL DETAILS • The five room house stands only about 30 feet (9 m) tall at the top the chimney, but has a monumental front façade. • A non-structural applique arch and "hole in the wall" windows, other elements, were challenge to modernist orthodoxy. • The house is designed around a chimney that is centralised and goes all the way to the top of the house. • Externally, they house is built symmetrical. • Venturi has distorted this idea of symmetry. • There is also a basement underneath the house that is often not covered by people. FIGURE 7: VANNA VENTURI HOUSE – FLOOR PLANS SOURCE: http://www.archdaily.com/62743/ad-classics-vanna- venturi-house-robert-venturi/groundfloorplan-3/
    • FIGURE 8: VANNA VENTURI HOUSE – DETAILED SECTION FIGURE 9: VANNA VENTURI HOUSE – FRONT ELEVATION FIGURE 10: VANNA VENTURI HOUSE – REAR ELEVATION SOURCE: http://www.archdaily.com/62743/ad-classics-vanna-venturi-house-robert-venturi/groundfloorplan-3
    • ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES THE BASIC ELEMENTS OF THE HOUSE ARE A REACTION AGAINST STANDARD MODERNIST ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS: - PITCHED ROOF RATHER THAN FLAT ROOF, - EMPHASIS ON CENTRAL HEARTH & CHIMNEY, - CLOSED GROUND FLOOR - ON THE FRONT ELEVATION THE BROKEN PEDIMENT OR GABLE & A PURELY ORNAMENTAL APPLIQUE ARCH - HOUSE IS A COMPOSITION OF RECTANGULAR, CURVILINEAR, AND ELEMENTS COMING TOGETHER (OR SOMETIMES JUXTAPOSING EACH WAY THAT INARGUABLY CREATES COMPLEXITY AND CONTRADICTION. - VENTURI EXPERIMENTED WITH SCALE. INSIDE THE HOUSE CERTAIN “TOO BIG,” - VENTURI ALSO MINIMIZED CIRCULATION SPACE IN THE DESIGN OF THE
    • FIGURE 11: VANNA VENTURI HOUSE – INTERIORS FIGURE 12: VANNA VENTURI HOUSE – STAIRACSE LEADING TO UPPER FLOORS FIGURE 13: VANNA VENTURI HOUSE – FRONT GABLED ARCH FIGURE 14: VANNA VENTURI HOUSE – DRAWING ROOM AREA SOURCE: http://www.archdaily.com/62743/ad-classics-vanna-venturi-house-robert-venturi/
    • works of ROBERT VENTURI2. PROVINCIAL CAPITOL BUILDING FIGURE 15: PROVINCIAL CAPITOL BUILDING SOURCE: http://www.arcspace.com/features/venturi-scott-brown-- ass/provincial-capitol-building/ GENERAL INFORMATION TYPE GOVERNMENT ARCHITECTURAL POSTMODERN TOWN OR CITY TOULOUSE COUNTRY FRANCE COMPLETETION 1999 COST $80,000,000 CLIENT DEPARTMENT OF HAUTE-GARONNE FLOOR AREA 760,000 SQ FEET DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION ARCHITECT VENTURI, SCOTT AND ASSOCIATES
    • FIGURE 16: PROVINCIAL CAPITOL BUILDING – SITE PLAN SOURCE: http://www.arcspace.com/features/venturi-scott-brown-- ass/provincial-capitol-building/ FIGURE 17: PROVINCIAL CAPITOL BUILDING – FLOOR PLAN SOURCE: http://www.arcspace.com/features/venturi-scott-brown-- ass/provincial-capitol-building/ The building consists of an administrative and legislative complex including offices, the legislative assembly chamber, public services, various public and governmental support spaces, three levels of underground parking for public and staff, and outdoor and indoor ceremonial spaces. Today the capitole houses the city hall, as well as the théâtre du capitole de toulouse opera company and a symphony orchestra
    • DESIGN • TWO SLENDER SIX-STORY WINGS OF FLEXIBLE LOFT SPACE TWO GLASS-CLAD BRIDGES. • ADMINISTRATION BUILDINGS FRAME A PEDESTRIAN WAY, A STREET" • THE CRESCENT-SHAPED PUBLIC SPACE ALONG THIS CIVIC STREET, FOCUS OF BUILDINGS. • THE SURFACES OF THE INTERIOR COURT CONTAIN THE SAME WINDOWS, AND ARE OF BRICK. • IMPORTANT FORMS SUCH AS THOSE OF THE HALL SALLE DU CONSEIL GÉNÉRAL ARE SHEATHED IN GLASS CURTAIN WALLS.
    • FIGURE 18: VIEW INTO THE COURTYARD FIGURE 19: THE COURTYARD
    • FIGURE 20: EXTERIOR OF ASSEMBLY HALL FIGURE 21: INTERIOR OF ASSEMBLY HALL
    • ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES • The building's siting in center of site, framed by landscaped park gardens, softens its impact in this neighborhood, while allowing the possibility of future expansion of smaller increments nearer the perimeter of the site. • A large park facing the canal du midi enhances the neighborhood provides a setting for the building along the canal where one can the great curved section of the building as a reflection of the curve the Garonne in this area, as it flows to the sea. • Covered bridges in glass span the pedestrian street connecting the two wings of the building at two locations. They offer dramatic from within the complex and, by their form and silhouette, serve as symbolic gateways to the civic crescent.
    • FIGURE 22: NORTH ENTRY & “STREET THROUGH THE BUILDING” FIGURE 23: INTERIOR OF THE BUILDING FIGURE 24: AERIAL VIEW FIGURE 25: DISTANT VIEWS OF THE BUILDING IN CONTEXT
    • works of ROBERT VENTURI3. EPISCOPAL ACADEMY CHAPEL FIGURE 26: EPISCOPAL ACADEMY CHAPEL SOURCE:http://www.museomagazine.com/SCOTT-BROWN-VENTURI GENERAL INFORMATION TYPE CHAPEL ARCHITECTURAL POSTMODERN TOWN OR CITY PHILADELPHIA COUNTRY UNITED STATES COMPLETETION 2008 COST $85,00,000 FLOOR AREA 15,000 SQ FEET DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION ARCHITECT VENTURI, SCOTT AND ASSOCIATES
    • FIGURE 27: A CHAPEL FOR THE EPISCOPAL ACADEMY, 1950 , THESIS DRAWING(UNBUILT) VSBA SOURCE:http://www.museomagazine.com/SCOTT-BROWN-VENTURI
    • FIGURE 26: EPISCOPAL ACADEMY CHAPEL EXTERIOR FRONT VIEW SOURCE:http://www.museomagazine.com/SCOTT-BROWN-VENTURI FIGURE 26: EPISCOPAL ACADEMY CHAPEL PLAN SOURCE :http://hts3.files.wordpress.com/2010/12/venturiscott-brown FIGURE 26: INTERIOR VIEW SOURCE :http://www.museomagazine.com/SCOTT-BROWN-VENTURI FIGURE 26: INTERIOR VIEW SOURCE : http://hts3.files.wordpress.com/2010/12/venturiscott-brown
    • FIGURE 26: FREEDOM PLAZA SOURCE: http://www.archinomy.com/case-studies/1971/robert: FIGURE 26: FREEDOM PLAZA FOUNTAIN SOURCE:http://tclf.org/landscapes/freedom-plaza FIGURE 26: FREEDOM PLAZA SOURCE: http://www.archinomy.com/case-studies/1971/robert: FIGURE 26: FREEDOM PLAZA PROTEST SOURCE:http://tclf.org/landscapes/freedom-plaza works of ROBERT VENTURI4. FREEDOM PLAZA
    • FIGURE 26: FREEDOM PLAZA FOUNTAIN SOURCE:http://tclf.org/landscapes/freedom-plaza FIGURE 26: FREEDOM PLAZA FOUNTAIN SOURCE:http://tclf.org/landscapes/freedom-plaza Freedom Plaza was commonly known as western plaza. It is a popular place for political protests, civic events, and (despite its official prohibition) skateboarding. Freedom Plaza was a part of The Pennsylvania Avenue Development Corporation’s (PADC) plan to transform Pennsylvania Avenue into a ceremonial route connecting the US Capitol to the White House.
    • Historic quotations are incised on the plaza floor and terrace walls. Quotes by famous people about Washington, DC, are carved into the paving stones. FIGURE 26: FREEDOM PLAZA FLOOR SOURCE:http://tclf.org/landscapes/freedom-plaza
    • Inlaid with depiction of parts of Petercharles l'enfant‘s plan of the city of Washington FIGURE 26: Inlaid pattern on floor SOURCE:http://tclf.org/landscapes/freedom-plaza FIGURE 26: Casimir pulaski statue SOURCE:http://tclf.org/landscapes/freedom-plaza
    • BIBLIOGRAPHY • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Venturi • http://www.greatbuildings.com/architects/Robert_Venturi.html • http://venturiscottbrown.org/ • http://www.archdaily.com/62743/ad-classics-vanna-venturi-house-robert-venturi/ • http://www.arcspace.com/features/venturi-scott-brown--ass/provincial-capitol- building/