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Chapter 9
Exploring Grant
Possibilities and
Searching Funding
Databases and
Resources
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Government-Funded Grants
• Project Grants – medical research.
• Catego...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Grant-Making Foundations
• Nongovernmental entities that are
recognize...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Independent/Private Foundations
• Established to aid or maintain socia...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Family Foundations
• Independent, private foundations whose
funds are ...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Community Foundations
• Organizations that make grants within a
specif...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corporate Foundations
• Company-sponsored foundations.
• Philanthropic...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Corporate Giving Programs
• Established within a for-profit corporatio...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Operating Foundations
• Primary purpose is to conduct research or
soci...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
General-Purpose Grants
• Support the general operating expenses
of the...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Program Development/Project
Support Grants
• Funds are connected to a ...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Funding Databases
• Searchable databases of funding sources
available ...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Databases
• Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance
• FederalGrants.com...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Funding Resources
• Legal information, charity reviews, public
policy ...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Resources
• The Chronicle of Philanthropy
• Council on Foundations
• G...
Chapter 10
Writing, Submitting, and
Revising Grant Proposals
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Prior to the Grant Writing Process
• Keep a journal/notebook to note i...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Initial Steps of the Grant Writing
Process
• Make a plan; identify nee...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Elements of a Grant Proposal
• Grant proposals vary.
• There are usual...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Letter of Inquiry/Intent
• Sometimes required to determine if the
agen...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Cover Letter
• Some grants only require an agency
submit a cover lette...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Title Page/Cover Sheet
• Project’s title.
• Names of the principle inv...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Abstract/Executive
Summary/Introduction
• One of the shortest yet most...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Literature Review
• Sometimes required to provide crucial
background i...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Needs/Problem Statement
• Proves that the grant meets a vital societal...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Goals and Objectives
• Provide a map to the project, influence the
des...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Program Design/Methods/Strategies
• Methods for achieving the goals/ob...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Evaluation Plan
• Defines how success will be determined.
• Clarifies ...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Types of Evaluations
• Process Evaluations – descriptive and
ongoing.
...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Organizational Information
• Provides a convincing argument of the
age...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Program’s Budget and Budget
Narrative
• Lists both administrative and ...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Special Considerations
• Equipment Purchases
• Additional Space and Eq...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Other Funding/Sustainability
• Describes the nonprofit’s long-term
con...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Commonly Requested Supplemental
Materials
• IRS tax-exempt verificatio...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Review and Proof
• The proposal should be reviewed by a
neutral third ...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Submitting the Proposal
• Copy the entire application.
• Check with th...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Online Grant Applications
• Sometimes paperless formats have limited
s...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Some Grant Writing Mistakes
• Hastily assembled.
• Too lengthy.
• Writ...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
The Review Process
• Proposal reviews are very rigorous and
competitiv...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Federal Human Service Grants
Proposal Reviews
• A review committee of ...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Federal Grant Review Process
• Proposals are reviewed, evaluated, and
...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Foundation Grants Review Process
• Foundation staff verifies the appli...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Terms of Award Letter
• Specifies the obligations of both the
grantor ...
© 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
Rejection Is a Step to Future
Success
• The success rate for most fede...
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Unit 2 Grantwriting

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Transcript of "Unit 2 Grantwriting"

  1. 1. Chapter 9 Exploring Grant Possibilities and Searching Funding Databases and Resources
  2. 2. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Government-Funded Grants • Project Grants – medical research. • Categorical Grants – narrowly focused purposes; beneficiary matches funds. • Block Grants – more leeway in how the money is used. • Earmark Grants – congressional appropriated.
  3. 3. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Grant-Making Foundations • Nongovernmental entities that are recognized as non-profit, corporate, or charitable trusts. • The purpose of these entities is to make grants to organizations, agencies, institutions, and individuals for charitable purposes.
  4. 4. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Independent/Private Foundations • Established to aid or maintain social, educational, cultural, religious, or other charitable activities that serve the common welfare of society. • Funds are usually set up through a single source such as a family, individual, or a corporation.
  5. 5. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Family Foundations • Independent, private foundations whose funds are derived from members of a family. • The family plays a significant role in the grant-making decisions. • The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is currently the largest family foundation.
  6. 6. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Community Foundations • Organizations that make grants within a specific geographic location. • Usually focus on community needs. • Significant portion of the funds are usually raised from the public. • The income earned by the endowment is used to make the grants.
  7. 7. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Corporate Foundations • Company-sponsored foundations. • Philanthropic entities created by corporations. • Assets are derived mainly from the contributions of for-profit businesses. • Abide by the same regulations as private foundations.
  8. 8. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Corporate Giving Programs • Established within a for-profit corporation. • Administered by the public relations or marketing unit of the organization. • The grant making is closely tied to the company’s profit. • Gifts and grants go directly to charitable organizations.
  9. 9. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Operating Foundations • Primary purpose is to conduct research or social welfare. • Generally operate libraries, research institutions, and museums. • Can award general purpose or program development grants.
  10. 10. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. General-Purpose Grants • Support the general operating expenses of the organization. • Can be used to cover expenses such as a particular service or program or utility bills.
  11. 11. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Program Development/Project Support Grants • Funds are connected to a specific activity. • Have a specific start and end date. • Grants are restricted and must be used for the particular purpose it was intended. • Examples include Planning, Seed Money, Endowment, and Program-Related Investments.
  12. 12. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Funding Databases • Searchable databases of funding sources available to support agency programs, services, and projects. • Funding databases allow agencies to electronically locate and apply for grants.
  13. 13. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Databases • Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance • FederalGrants.com • The Foundation Center • GrantDomain.com • Grants.gov • GrantStation • US Department of Education and HHS
  14. 14. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Funding Resources • Legal information, charity reviews, public policy information, e-newsletters, audio conferences, access to membership directories, conference information, and webinars. • Information that can be used in tandem with, or separate from, funding databases.
  15. 15. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Resources • The Chronicle of Philanthropy • Council on Foundations • Grantmakers in Health • GuideStar • Nonprofit Works, Inc. • The Philanthropy Journal • Miscellaneous Affinity Groups
  16. 16. Chapter 10 Writing, Submitting, and Revising Grant Proposals
  17. 17. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Prior to the Grant Writing Process • Keep a journal/notebook to note ideas. • Gather documents before writing begins, such as tax certificates and bylaws. • Develop a grant-tracking form to record grant applications, funding cycles, funding received, etc.
  18. 18. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Initial Steps of the Grant Writing Process • Make a plan; identify needs/wants. • Locate potential funders. • Identify the audience. • Draft the grant proposal. • Revise/edit and prepare the final proposal.
  19. 19. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Elements of a Grant Proposal • Grant proposals vary. • There are usually a number of elements, but the sections will likely vary. • Grants are extremely competitive and each section must be prepared meticulously in order to not be rejected by the reviewers.
  20. 20. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Letter of Inquiry/Intent • Sometimes required to determine if the agency’s project falls within the funder’s criteria. • Includes contact information. • Presents overview of agency’s mission. • Provides the total amount requested. • Includes a statement of gratitude.
  21. 21. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Cover Letter • Some grants only require an agency submit a cover letter to the grantor. • Very much like a cover letter does for a job applicant, it introduces an agency to a prospective funder. • Short, friendly, stand out. • Charm the reader and display enthusiasm.
  22. 22. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Title Page/Cover Sheet • Project’s title. • Names of the principle investigators. • The agency’s name, address, and phone/fax numbers. • Project dates, type of grant, amount of funding, and the grant period.
  23. 23. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Abstract/Executive Summary/Introduction • One of the shortest yet most important sections of the grant proposal. • Often forms the first impression; must convince grantor the proposed is worth the investment. • A strong abstract is concise, limited to key points, strongly written.
  24. 24. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Literature Review • Sometimes required to provide crucial background information. • Compiled reviews highlighting published writings on subjects related to the project. • A basic literature review is comprised of the introduction, body, and conclusion.
  25. 25. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Needs/Problem Statement • Proves that the grant meets a vital societal need. • Clear, well-supported statement of the problem that will be addressed. • Addresses the need and how the agency’s clients are affected. • Both qualitative and quantitative.
  26. 26. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Goals and Objectives • Provide a map to the project, influence the design of the program, determine the methods and strategies needed to achieve the goals/objectives. • Goals are long term statements of hope. • Objectives are narrow, precise, and short term.
  27. 27. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Program Design/Methods/Strategies • Methods for achieving the goals/objectives set. • Include supporting statements that cite research, expert opinions, personal communication, and past experience. • Justify the course of action that will be taken.
  28. 28. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Evaluation Plan • Defines how success will be determined. • Clarifies the purpose of the project. • Chronicles the progress and assesses the effectiveness. • Obtains feedback from the individuals served as well as community members. • Facilitates project improvement.
  29. 29. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Types of Evaluations • Process Evaluations – descriptive and ongoing. • Outcome Evaluations – identify if a project’s outcomes have been achieved. • Impact Evaluations – assess the changes that can be attributed to a project.
  30. 30. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Organizational Information • Provides a convincing argument of the agency’s credibility to accomplish the goals/objectives of the project. • Position the nonprofit as the best agency to implement the proposed project.
  31. 31. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Program’s Budget and Budget Narrative • Lists both administrative and project costs. • Consists of a spreadsheet or table with detailed line items. • Explains how the budget will be spent and why it is cost-effective. • Provides a clear picture of the impact that can be made with the requested funds.
  32. 32. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Special Considerations • Equipment Purchases • Additional Space and Equipment • Increases in the Cost of Insurance • Salaries • Indirect Costs • Matching Funds
  33. 33. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Other Funding/Sustainability • Describes the nonprofit’s long-term continuation plan or vision for the project after the grant period has ended. • Explains how the agency will raise funds to continue the project. • Includes a list of other funders approached.
  34. 34. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Commonly Requested Supplemental Materials • IRS tax-exempt verification letter • List of board directors and affiliations • List of staff experience • Financial statement for the previous year • Current fiscal year’s budget • Next fiscal year’s budget • List of clients served and annual report
  35. 35. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Review and Proof • The proposal should be reviewed by a neutral third party. • Reviewed for continuity, reasoning, and clarity. • The proposal must not contain any unsupported assumptions or jargon. • Reviewed for neatness and accuracy.
  36. 36. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Submitting the Proposal • Copy the entire application. • Check with the grantor on the preferred format for binding the original proposal. • Mail the proposal in the format requested and several days before deadline. • A follow-up call may be placed after a week of not hearing from the grantor.
  37. 37. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Online Grant Applications • Sometimes paperless formats have limited space. • Online grant applications can improve the efficiency and accuracy of the process. • Submission must be made early in order to avoid possible technology issues.
  38. 38. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Some Grant Writing Mistakes • Hastily assembled. • Too lengthy. • Written in first person. • Included false, inaccurate cost estimates. • Overkilled a point. • Not logically formatted. • Did not follow grantor’s instructions.
  39. 39. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. The Review Process • Proposal reviews are very rigorous and competitive. • Proposals are normally scored using a grading rubric to ensure consistency of evaluation. • Process varies based on the type of grant.
  40. 40. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Federal Human Service Grants Proposal Reviews • A review committee of experts is formed for the review and recommendation of proposals. • Each funding agency will develop its own set of evaluation criteria. • Some criteria include significance, approach, match/fit, quality, environment.
  41. 41. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Federal Grant Review Process • Proposals are reviewed, evaluated, and scored. • Review committee meeting is held. • All views/opinions are shared. • Proposals are given priority ratings. • Funding decision makers have the final say.
  42. 42. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Foundation Grants Review Process • Foundation staff verifies the applicant’s eligibility. • Conducts a review of the proposals. • Grant review panel discuss the merits of each request. • Board of directors reviews suggestions and the approved applicants are notified.
  43. 43. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Terms of Award Letter • Specifies the obligations of both the grantor and the grantee. • States the terms and conditions of the award, reporting requirements, and public policy requirements. • Agencies must immediately verify their information.
  44. 44. © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Rejection Is a Step to Future Success • The success rate for most federal grants is less than 25 percent. • Rejection may mean that there was another proposal that was a better match. • If possible, organizations should request the reviewers’ evaluations and comments to assist in preparing future proposals.
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