Commonly used materials in the classroom

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Commonly used materials in the classroom

  1. 1. Commonly Used Materials in the Classroom
  2. 2. Realia <ul><li>Objects from real life used in classroom instruction by educators to improve students' understanding of other cultures and real life situations </li></ul><ul><li>Tactile and multidimensional connection between learned material and the object of the lesson </li></ul>
  3. 3. Realia <ul><li>Simple objects that are easy to control </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum risk of accident throughout student-object interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plentiful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concrete learning experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivates the learner </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Realia <ul><li>Disadvantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not always practical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Size </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Potential hazards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Need to maintain original structure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be a distraction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage and retrieval </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Models <ul><li>Three-dimensional representations of real objects </li></ul><ul><li>Represent structures </li></ul><ul><li>Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be manipulated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More practical than realia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplifies complex concepts </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Models <ul><li>Disadvantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inaccuracy may lead to misconceptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May lead to oversimplification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May be difficult to design </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Text <ul><li>Alphanumeric letters and characters presented to students in the form of printed materials </li></ul><ul><li>May synthesize or elaborate on the lesson </li></ul><ul><li>Provides exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Enrichment activities </li></ul><ul><li>Individual or group </li></ul>
  8. 8. Text <ul><li>Hand-outs </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment sheets </li></ul><ul><li>Individualized study materials </li></ul><ul><li>Resource/enrichment materials for group exercises </li></ul><ul><li>Activity cards </li></ul><ul><li>Worksheets </li></ul><ul><li>Tests </li></ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>Articles </li></ul><ul><li>Materials for project development </li></ul>
  9. 9. Text <ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Varied approaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to bring, recopy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not limited to the class schedule </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preconceptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May divide the students’ attention </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Graphic Materials <ul><li>Two-dimensional pictorial representations </li></ul><ul><li>Include charts, graphs, drawings and posters </li></ul><ul><li>For visual learners </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Catches attention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simplify concepts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impact on note-taking </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Graphic Materials <ul><li>Disadvantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for clarity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Size must be appropriate for class and classroom size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prior knowledge </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Display Board <ul><li>A vertical surface on which information can be displayed to public view </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes visual learning </li></ul><ul><li>May be used as classroom decoration </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May cover various topics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engaging </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Display Board <ul><li>Disadvantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May become distracting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time-consuming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be regularly monitored </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Realia_%28education%29 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.neiu.edu/~sdundis/hrd310/realia.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>http://e-articles.info/e/a/title/Disadvantages-and-Advantages-of-Simulations-in-Online-Education/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.itsmarc.com/crs/grph0012.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://wordnetweb.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=display%20board </li></ul>

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