Charts and graphs


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Charts and graphs

  1. 1. Charts and Graphs
  2. 2. Charts <ul><li>graphic representations of abstract relationships such as chronologies, quantities, and hierarchies. </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Charts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizational Charts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classification Charts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time lines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flowcharts (process charts) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tabular charts </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Organizational Chart Editor –in -Chief Managing Editor Publisher News Editor Feature Editor Graphics Editor Sports Business Lifestyle Lay-out artist Photographer Arts Marketing Circulation
  4. 4. Classification Chart
  5. 6. Process Chart
  6. 7. Tabular Chart Province / City Capital Population (2000) Area ( km² ) Pop. density (per km²) Aklan Kalibo 451,314 1,817.9 248.3 Antique San Jose de Buenavista 471,088 2,522.0 186.8 Capiz Roxas City 654,156 2,633.2 248.4 Guimaras Jordan 141,450 604.7 233.9 Iloilo Iloilo City 1,925,002 4,719.4 407.9 Negros Occidental Bacolod City 2,565,723 7,926.1 323.7
  7. 8. Charts <ul><li>clear and well-defined instructional purpose </li></ul><ul><li>it should express only one major concepts </li></ul><ul><li>keep it simple </li></ul><ul><li>should communicate its message primarily though the visual channel </li></ul><ul><li>the verbal material should supplement the visual and not the reverse </li></ul>
  8. 9. Graphs <ul><li>provide a visual representation of numerical data. </li></ul><ul><li>illustrate relationships between units of the data and trends in the data </li></ul><ul><li>easier data interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>more visually interesting </li></ul>
  9. 10. Graphs <ul><li>Four major types of graphs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>bar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pictorial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>circle (pie) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>line </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The type you choose to use will largely depend on the complexity of your audience. </li></ul>
  10. 15. Charting/Graphing Tools <ul><li>Why use them? </li></ul><ul><li>address difficulty in making charts/graphs freehand </li></ul><ul><li>facilitates more time for learning </li></ul><ul><li>provides aid in learning: visualization of Math concepts, data representation and analysis </li></ul>
  11. 16. Charting/Graphing Software <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>OpenOffice Calc </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Excel </li></ul>
  12. 17. OpenOffice Calc
  13. 18. <ul><li>Create charts </li></ul><ul><li>In the Sales worksheet, highlight cells A3 through L4 . </li></ul>
  14. 19. <ul><li>2. On the Toolbar, click create a graph icon. </li></ul>Then, click the worksheet .
  15. 20. <ul><li>3. When the Auto Format Chart window appears, click -new sheet- in the Chart results in worksheet dropdown list. </li></ul>4. Click the next button.
  16. 21. <ul><li>5. Make sure the Rows radio button is checked. </li></ul>Click the next button twice.
  17. 22. <ul><li>6. In the next step, highlight Main Title , then type: Costume Sales in the Chart title box. </li></ul>Then, click the worksheet .
  18. 23. <ul><li>7. Click the Create button. </li></ul>
  19. 24. <ul><li>The chart should appear: </li></ul>
  20. 25. Font Collection <ul><li>Illustration </li></ul><ul><li>Decoration </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flyers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Letters </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Notices </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 26. Tips on Using Font <ul><li>Be consistent: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arial, Times New Roman </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Avoid using fancy font styles </li></ul><ul><li>Contrast font color with background </li></ul><ul><li>Visible font size </li></ul><ul><li>ALL CAPS = SCREAMING FONT </li></ul>
  22. 27. Legibility <ul><li>San-serif Font </li></ul><ul><li>Fonts with Serif </li></ul><ul><li>Script fonts </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Crazy’ font </li></ul><ul><li>Old English font </li></ul>
  23. 28. SCREAMING CAPS <ul><li>IT IS OFTEN LAMENTED THAT TEACHERS RELY TOO MUCH ON WORDS AS COMMUNICATION VEHICLES. </li></ul><ul><li>It is often lamented that teachers rely too much on words as communication vehicles. </li></ul>
  24. 29. Spacing between lines <ul><li>Too close </li></ul><ul><li>T o o F a r </li></ul><ul><li>Just right </li></ul>
  25. 30. References <ul><li>Heinich, R., Molenda, M., Russel, J. & Smaldino, S. (1999). Instructional media and technologies for learning, 6 th ed. NJ: Prentice Hall, Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Roblyer, M.D. (2006). Integrating technology into teaching. 4 th ed. NJ: Merrill Prentice Hall. </li></ul><ul><li>Williams, M.D. (2000). Integrating technology into teaching and learning: Concepts and applications. Singapore: Prentice Hall. </li></ul>
  26. 31. Activity <ul><li>Go to or </li></ul><ul><li>Create a chart on any topic/data. </li></ul><ul><li>Label your chart. </li></ul><ul><li>Write 3-5 sentence paragraph that supplements the chart you created. </li></ul>