Avulsion fractures ppt ashley and sarah musculo[1]


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Avulsion fractures ppt ashley and sarah musculo[1]

  1. 1. By Ashley Knott and Sarah Venjohn
  2. 2.  An avulsion fracture occurs when there is an injury to the bone where there is a tendon or ligament attaching to it.  When the fracture occurs, the tendon or ligament pull off the bone, making a fracture in the bone.  An avulsion fracture (of the hip) most commonly occurs in adolescents, most often athletes. The most common athletes that experience avulsion fractures are track participants, especially hurdlers or sprinters.
  3. 3.  The person will experience severe pain and there will be visible swelling in the area of the fracture.  They will be unable to move that area of their body without a great deal of pain.  Avulsion Fractures can be diagnosed by taking an x-ray, and the x-ray may show a broken bone fragment.  If they are unable to see the avulsion fracture on an x-ray and ultrasound may be done.  The best way to diagnose the severity and exact area of the fracture is by taking an MRI.
  4. 4. Avulsion Fracture Here you can see a piece of the bone broken off but still attached to the muscle.
  5. 5.  When patients experience an avulsion fracture (of the hip), it is described as a feeling of an unexpected, explosive muscle contraction.  This can also be described as a “kicking –out” of the muscle at the end of a race for a runner if they are experiencing an avulsion fracture.
  6. 6.  Common symptoms experiences with an Avulsion Fracture: ◦ Sudden onset of hip pain, usually very sever, sharp and painful. ◦ Occur with a sudden burst of intensity (for example, with a final sprint of a race) ◦ Bruising may also occur along with swelling and pain over the fractured area.  Common signs of an Avulsion Fracture: ◦ Limp present during gait ◦ Tenderness to palpation ◦ Pain with passive and active muscle stretching
  7. 7. Avulsion Fracture When an avulsion fracture occurs the tendon or ligament pulls off a piece of the bone.
  8. 8.  Cryotherapy ◦ Cold packs ◦ Ice massage ◦ Vapocoolant spray/gel  Hydrotherapy ◦ Whirlpool tank ◦ Contrast bath ◦ Pools  Sound agents ◦ Phonophoresis ◦ Ultrasound  Thermotherapy ◦ Dry heat ◦ Hot packs ◦ Paraffin bath  Electrical Stimulation ◦ Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) ◦ High voltage pulsed current (HVPC) ◦ Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) ◦ Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
  9. 9.  Aerobic capacity/endurance conditioning and reconditioning  Balance, coordination and agility training  Body mechanics and postural stabilization  Flexibility exercises  Gait and locomotion training  Relaxation  Strength, power and endurance exercises
  10. 10.  ADL training  Devices and equipment use and training  Functional training programs  IADL’s ( Independent activities of daily living) training  Injury prevention and/or reduction  Leisure and play activities and training
  11. 11.  http://www.fpnotebook.com/ortho/hip/HpAvlsnFrctr .htm  AMA citation: http://www2.liu.edu/cwis/cwp/library/workshop/cita ma.htm
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.