Public Libraries

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Public Libraries

  1. 1. Public Libraries
  2. 2. History <ul><li>Necessary ingredients: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Centralization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political stability </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. United States <ul><li>Why here? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-Improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social Library </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mass Appeal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Circulating Library </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. United States <ul><li>Why Here? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Democracy </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Professionalism <ul><li>Dewey: standardized classification system </li></ul><ul><li>Dewey: standardized training </li></ul><ul><li>Carnegie: growth of facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Publishing: systematic approach to selection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collection management </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Staffing <ul><li>Hierarchal </li></ul><ul><li>Governing Board </li></ul><ul><li>Administration: Director </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Management/Supervisors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Service providers: Librarians </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subject specialists: Adult, Children, Teen, Catalogers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paraprofessionals: Library Assistants, Clerks, Pages </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Funding <ul><li>Municipal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>90%+ funded by the municipality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department part of the municipality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May impact staffing management (union) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Association </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No guarantee funding (as low as 0% but probably around 80%+) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not part of local municipality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No management impact on staffing </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Funding <ul><li>School Association Library </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Voted on by the community (just like a school budget) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>90-100% funded by local tax dollars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only one way to reduce: formal vote </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Policies <ul><li>Every Library has policies (formal or informal) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Written and adopted by the board </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Posted or easily available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collection Development, Privacy, Internet Use, Circulation, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Issues <ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities Management: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>security & safety </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internet & Social Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual Freedom: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USA Patriot Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filters </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Issues <ul><li>Collection Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectual Freedom vs. Censorship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Owning vs. Leasing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Literary vs. Mass Appeal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formats: traditional vs. latest </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Library 2.0 <ul><li>Keeping up with the latest </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding & explaining the latest </li></ul><ul><li>Blog mannia </li></ul><ul><li>Using Social Networking tools </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis, Blogs, Flickr </li></ul><ul><li>MySpace and Facebook </li></ul>

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