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Academic & School Libraries
 

Academic & School Libraries

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    Academic & School Libraries Academic & School Libraries Presentation Transcript

    • Academic & School Libraries
    • Academic: History
      • Early University Libraries:
        • Harvard in 1636 owned 5,000 volumes
        • Yale in in 1750 had 2,000 volumes
      • Why?
        • Publishing industry
        • Fiscal
        • Library’s roles
    • History
      • 19 th Century: support teaching & research
      • Why the change?
        • Library’s role
        • Classical education vs. practical application
        • Teaching Methods emphasized research & independent study
        • Morrill Land Grant Act of 1862
    • Professionalism
      • Systematic & professional library education
      • ALA founded in 1876
      • These led to trained professionals who took over the maintenance of the collection from the faculty.
    • Staffing
      • College Administration
        • Library Director/Dean
          • Professional Librarians: Subject Specialists, Catalogers, Public Service Desks
            • Paraprofessionals: student workers, library assistants, clerks
        • In the best case scenarios, the Library Director reports directly to the President of the university.
    • Staffing
      • Librarians are considered faculty
        • Tenure:
          • publish or perish
          • 2 nd Masters or PhD
          • Involved professionally
    • Funding
      • University determines budget
      • Fundraising may or may not exist.
      • % devoted to materials is higher than public
        • Facility management is done by the university and not the library
        • Hidden costs (utilities, maintenance) are not in the budget
    • Policies
      • Every Library has policies (formal or informal)
        • Written and adopted by the board
        • Posted or easily available
        • Collection Development, Privacy, Internet Use, Circulation, etc.
    •  
    • Trends & Issues
      • Preservation & Digitization
      • Online Collections & Remote access
        • Wifi Campus
      • Bibliographic Instruction (Computer Literacy)
      • Barnes & Noble atmosphere
    •  
    •  
    •  
    • School Libraries: History
      • 1835: New York State permitted tax dollars to be used for school libraries
      • 1852: 1 st compulsory school attendance law is passed
      • 1875: 20 more states had passed laws similar to New York
      • 1890s: begin to see growth in number of school libraries
    • School Libraries: History
      • 1892: New York passed legislation to provide matching funds to purchase books
      • Why such slow growth?
      • Teaching method: rote memorization
    • Professionalism
      • Public Libraries: services to children
      • ALA with NEA developed standards
        • Curriculum support
        • Emphasis centralization of collections
        • Library Instruction
    • The Other Dewey
      • John Dewey theories impacted the growth of school libraries:
        • Child’s growth & development (not subject matter)
        • Experiential education
        • Explore subjects of interest to the individual
        • Social experiences that teach self-direction
    • Staffing
      • Often one professional library
      • Reports to school principal
      • May have Coordinator for the whole school system (dual reporting role)
      • May be closely aligned with IT
      • Paraprofessionals and/or volunteers
    • Funding
      • Precarious at best
      • Poor economic times: 0%
        • Relies upon school fairs and donations
      • Set by Board of Education
        • Community votes
    • Policies
      • Very important to set intellectual freedom policies and procedures
      • What happens when a parent questions a book?
        • Stay on shelve while reviewed be committee
          • Has community members, teachers, and board
        • Ultimately goes to the Board of Education
    • Issues
      • Intellectual Freedom
      • Internet and Social Networking
        • Nettracker
        • Rooms
      • Gives reading levels of websites
      • Computer Literacy