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Computer Access Tools for People with Disabilties
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Computer Access Tools for People with Disabilties

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Computers have become an integral tool in all of our lives, making things easier, faster, and more convenient. If we didn’t have our computers, we might be inconvenienced, but we would have …

Computers have become an integral tool in all of our lives, making things easier, faster, and more convenient. If we didn’t have our computers, we might be inconvenienced, but we would have alternatives. We’d go back to handwriting or typing, using the library, phonebook, maps, writing letters and talking on the phone, etc. But for people with a disability, the ability to access a computer may be their only way to learn new skills, participate in classroom activities, demonstrate their knowledge, work, and interact with other people. Use of the computer is essential for people with disabilities, and finding a reliable access method is the key to opening many doors - sometimes literally!

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  • The Windows XP on-screen keyboard includes a mouse dwell feature to help people who struggle with single mouse clicks. Rather than having to click on each key to produce a letter, an option can be set that allows you to simply hover the pointer over a key for a determinable amount of time. It doesn't matter if you have a slight tremor, so long as the mouse pointer doesn't cross the boundaries of the key. This would be a great way to see if this technology would be the most appropriate for someone that is not able to access a regular keyboard. However, there are some limitations: However, the keyboards keys can't easily be resized so some users will find that their tremor is too great to use this keyboard. Many on-screen keyboards provide audio output of the keys as they are highlighted through the scanning. This is very useful for people with visual or reading difficulties.   Unfortunately, the Windows XP On-Screen Keyboard has no audio output other than an optional 'click' noise each time a key is pressed. This audio feedback can help some users as they don't need to move their eyes to check that their letter has appeared in the client application, but the program does not support audio cueing while scanning or hovering over keys.   Another XP limitation is the layout of the letters. They have been set out to emulate a standard keyboard , which makes it faster for mouse users who are already familiar with the QWERTY layout. Switch users will find this very frustrating, however, as they would often be better off with a layout that corresponds with frequency of use, starting with the letter 'e' in the top left corner and working down.   No customization. Many on-screen keyboards can be customized. Extra keys can be added to provide whole words or sentences or 'macro' scripts that perform a function such as turning on a lamp or shutting down the computer. Keys can even link to extra 'pages' of the keyboard that provide whole new layouts of custom-made keys.   No built in word prediction.
  • SLIDE 1 ONSCREEN KEYBOARD HEAD MICE SMART NAV TRACKER PRO HEAD MOUSE BUNDLE (MAC)
  • The discrete, customizable toolbar floats on top of the commonly-used programs that students use every day, such as Microsoft� Word for Mac 2008, Apple� Safari�, and Adobe� Reader, so all students can independently and confidently succeed at their own pace. They can access digital content and read the text aloud with highlighting using natural sounding voices.
  • TALK THE TALK SO YOU CAN TYPE THE TYPE VOICE RECOGNITION – WHAT’S NEW? IT’S NOT JUST A KEYBOARD

Transcript

  • 1. ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY OF ALASKA www.atlaak.org MYSTIE RAIL Assistant Director
  • 2.
    • ATLA General Introduction
    • Basic Guide to Decision Making for Computer Access
    • Built – In Operating System Tools
    • Input Devices
    • Speech Recognition
    • Text to Speech
    WEBINAR OUTLINE
  • 3.
    • GRANT ACTIVITIES
    • Federal Tech Act Project
    • Information & Awareness
    • Demonstrations
    • General AT Presentations (small or large group)
    • Short Term Loans
    • Reutilization of equipment
    WHO IS ATLA?
  • 4. ATLA can assist by finding the best AT solution to overcome barriers Try-Before-You-Buy short term loans trial software demonstration areas research and resources FEATURE MATCHING
  • 5. WHAT’S THE NEXT STEP? Servicing the state beyond the grant…
  • 6.
    • NONGRANT ACTIVITIES
    • Fee Services
    • Device and software reseller
    • AT training on a variety of custom topics
    • AT assessments
    WHO IS ATLA?
  • 7. WHERE IS ATLA? BASECAMP 2217 E. TUDOR RD., SUITE 4 ANCHORAGE 99507 AVAILABLE throughout AK
    • DEMONSTRATION CENTERS
    • VIRTUAL HELP DESK SYSTEM
    • WEBINARS
    • RESOURCES
  • 8. WHO CAN ATLA HELP? CRITERIA IN ALASKA BE ALIVE HAVE AN INJURY OR DISABILITY RELATED NEED
  • 9. … ATLA DOES NOT … FIX, MAINTAIN, OR TRAIN GENERAL COMPUTER NEEDS PROVIDE FUNDING BILL MEDICAID / MEDICARE THERAPEAUTIC EVALS OCCUPATIONAL, PHYSICAL, SPEECH DURABLE MEDICAL NEEDS (WHEELCHAIRS, WALKERS, VEHICLE MODS, VENTS, ETC..)
  • 10. ATLA’S AT AREAS
    • Augmentative & Alternative Communication
    • Computer Access
    • Deaf & Hard of Hearing Aids
    • Environmental Controls
    • Learning & Cognitive Supports
    • Vision Impairment Aids
    • Other
  • 11. STATEWIDE AT PROJECTS
    • WWW.AKTRADINGPOST.ORG
    • Service that connects people and organizations with available assistive technology (AT) and durable medical equipment (DME)
    • Searchable web-based database
    • Provides Alaskans access to technology that may be located anywhere in the state
  • 12. STATEWIDE AT PROJECTS
    • MIDNIGHT SUN
    • ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE
    • AUGUST 3 – 5, 2011
    • WWW.MSATC.ORG
    • 40 EXHIBITORS FROM ALL OVER THE US, OVER 60 SESSIONS, PRECONFERENCE CERTIFICATION, NATIONAL SPEAKERS
    • opportunity to see latest in assistive technologies (AT), practices, and services
    • unique opportunity for exhibitors, professionals, private individuals, and service providers to exchange and gather information on the world of AT
  • 13. Assistive Technology any device or system that allows someone with a disability to perform tasks they would otherwise be unable to do specialized
  • 14. Assistive Technology any device or system that allows someone with a disability, injury, impairment, or deficit to perform tasks they would otherwise be unable to do
  • 15. Productivity Enhancement Assistive Technology
  • 16. IMAGINE… Can you imagine for a minute a world without computers?
  • 17. IMAGINE… What would it mean to someone with a disability or impairment?
  • 18. IMAGINE… Computer Technology Opens a World of Work to Disabled People http://www.nytimes.com/2006/03/01/technology/01disable.html?_r=1
  • 19. DISABILITY AREAS OF NEED
    • BLIND OR LOW VISION
    • PHYSICAL IMPAIRMENTS
    • COGNITIVE DISABILITIES
  • 20. CONSIDERATIONS
    • Abilities & Difficulties
    • Environmental
    • Sensory
    • A Continuum of Tools & Strategies
  • 21. ABILITIES & DIFFICULTIES
    • Does the person have experience using a computer? If so, for what?
    • Does the person have the necessary cognitive skills to understand the purpose of using the computer?
    • At what level is the person reading and writing?
    • Is the person's speech clear and consistent?
    • Is the person in an optimal position for accessing the computer (chair, wheelchair, etc.)?
    • Does the person have any visual issues (acuity, tracking, nystagmus)? Hearing issues?
  • 22. ABILITIES & DIFFICULTIES
    • Can the person keyboard with two hands?
    • Can the person isolate and point with one finger?
    • Does the person maintain their attention to the computer long enough to complete a task?
    • Are they visually interested in what's happening on the screen?
    • Does the person have any behaviour issues that may interfere with computer use?
  • 23. ABILITIES & DIFFICULTIES Fishing for the “Digital Hook”
    • Go beyond the task
    • Hobbies, interests, & the fun factor
    • Get them excited THEN apply it to the task
  • 24. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
    • Will the person have a specific computer dedicated to their use, or will they use several computers throughout the school, workplace, or home?
    • What operating system is on the computer(s)?
    • Will the computer(s) be laptop or desktop?
    • What software programs will the person need to access?
    • If the access method requires set up, is someone available to assist?
    • Where in the room is the computer located? If the person is a student, can they see the teacher from that location?
  • 25. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
    • What position(s)/equipment will the person be in when accessing the computer?
    • Will the person require an adjustable workstation to accommodate a wheelchair?
    • Will anything need to be mounted?
  • 26. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
    • If a dedicated laptop is used, is there a power source?
    • How will it be transported?
    • If there is sound on the computer, will that impact the other persons in the room? Are headphones necessary?
    • Will the person need to print or scan from the computer?
    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1210357/Paralysed-Hilary-Lister-female-quadriplegic-sail-solo-round-UK.html First female quadriplegic to sail solo round the UK
  • 27. SENSORY FACTORS
    • Visual clutter
    • Fluorescent lighting versus full spectrum lighting
    • Background noise of classroom or office
    • Tactile stimulation
    • Awareness of physical space
    • Other individual specific sensitivities
  • 28. OTHER CONSIDERATIONS & TASKS
    • What are the expectations for the assignments or the job duties?
    • Access to special software? Will it be compatible?
    • How is this person going to complete written work?
    • Will they be able to navigate the Internet? Is the Internet blocked from IT?
    • Are they going to have to take tests?
    • How are they going to do Math tasks?
    • Will they need to take “handwritten” notes?
  • 29.
    • Why not use what you already have?
    • Built in features of your Operating System
      • XP
        • Accessibility Wizard
      • Vista
        • Ease of Access
      • Mac OS X
        • Access Solutions
    BUILT INTO THE COMPUTER
  • 30. BUILT INTO THE COMPUTER ATLAAK.ORG
  • 31. RATE ENHANCEMENT LESS KEYSTROKES PLEASE! WORD PREDICTION Don Johnston – Co:Writer WordQ
  • 32. INPUT DEVICES KEYBOARDS
  • 33. INPUT DEVICES KEYBOARDS
  • 34. INPUT DEVICES KEYBOARDS
  • 35. INPUT DEVICES KEYBOARDS
  • 36. ON SCREEN KEYBOARDS mouse dwell dwell delay
  • 37. INPUT DEVICES ROLLER BALL MICE
  • 38. INPUT DEVICES ANGLED MICE
  • 39. INPUT DEVICES BODY PART MICE
  • 40. MOUSE ACCESS ASSISTIVE MOUSE ADAPTER
  • 41. http:// eviacam.sourceforge.net/eviacam.php http:// cameramouse.org FREE DOWNLOADS
  • 42. SWITCH ACCESS It’s not just the EASY button anymore!
  • 43. TEXT TO SPEECH It’s like a PROCESSING PROSTHETIC an e-Ramp for the brain
  • 44. TEXT TO SPEECH
    • There’s a TOOLBAR for that!
    • customizable
    • floats on top of commonly used programs
    • Writing, Reading, Study, and Research Tools
  • 45. TEXT TO SPEECH
    • Reads Bookshare
    • Import books directly
      • Set Bookmarks
      • Navigate
    DAISY READER TEXT AUDIO Convert text from WORD, SAFARI, or a PDF
  • 46. FREE TEXT TO SPEECH Naturalreaders.com
  • 47. SPEECH TO TEXT TALK THE TALK SO YOU CAN TYPE THE TYPE
  • 48. OK, NOW LET’S TIE IT ALL TOGETHER
  • 49. ROAD MAP FOR COMPUTER ACCESS POSITIONING OF THE PERSON and/or EQUIPMENT INPUT DEVICE W/ OS ACCESSIBILITY FEATURES INPUT DEVICE WITH ADAPTATIONS RATE ENHANCEMENT (REDUCE KEYSTROKES) ALTERNATIVE INPUT DEVICE ONSCREEN KEYBOARD VOICE RECGONITION SOFTWARE EYE GAZE SWITCH ACCESS
  • 50.  
  • 51. THANK YOU! Thank you for attending this session! Please help us improve the quality of our presentations by completing your session evaluation form. WWW.ATLAAK.ORG CHECK OUT OUR BLOG FOR MORE INFO FOLLOW US…. ATLAAK.WORDPRESS.COM DELICIOUS.COM/ATLAAK TWITTER @ATLAAK FACEBOOK.COM/ATLAAK