INTRODUCTION Livestock sector includes animal husbandry, dairy and fisheries sector are considerable major sectors. It plays an important role in national economy and social economic development of the country. It also plays important role in the rural economy as supplementing family incomes and generating gainful employment in the rural sector. Indian livestock industry makes up for a significant amount of world’s livestock resources.
POPULATION OF LIVESTOCK Livestock Year / Population in Million 2000 2005 2010Cow & Buffalo 470 518 580Sheep 60 68 75Goat 25 31 38Pigs 17 21 25Poultry 940 1370 2020Source – Govt. of India, Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairy (2000)It is increasing 485002 day by day due to its importance as an alternative source of income and food also.
IMPORTANCE OF LIVESTOCK IN INDIALivestock in India goes beyond the functionof food production. Livestock an importance source of manure for crop production and fuel for domestic use. It is a source of minimizing use of non renewable energy. Livestock, an important source of income for the farmers and rural poor people.
PRODUCTION OF MILK India is the largest producer of milk in the world. Five largest milk producing countries in the world are India, USA, Russia, Germany and France. India produces13.1 % of total milk produced in the world. Out of 693 million tones milk production in the world Indian milk production stands 104.8 million. Per capita milk availability is 252gms per day lower than world average 265gms.
POULTRY AND EGG India stands 5th in egg production and 18th in broilers. The growth rate of poultry sector is 8 to 10% pa. 70% egg of the country produced in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. Presently egg production is estimated around 37 billion and broilers 895 millions. Indian poultry meat products have good markets in Japan ,Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore.
FISH PRODUCTION India has about 8401 km of coastline and about 5.70 million ha of fresh water area. Fishing , aquaculture and allied activates are reported to have provided livelihood to over 14 million persons in 2006-07. The total fish production is about 76.21 thousand tones.
MEAT AND MEAT PRODUCTS Meat products industry in India is largely in the unorganized sector. Expanding rapidly due to urbanization, rural people get higher income level and change in lifestyle. Slaughter rate for cattles as a whole is 20% for buffalos it is 41%, pigs 99%, sheep 30% and goats is 40%. India has 3600 slaughterhouses and 171 licensed meat processing units. From 2001 to 2007 production of meat has increases 1.9 million tons to 23 million tons.
BENEFITS OF LIVESTOCK SECTOR DEVELOPMENTS IN INDIA Provides subsidiary occupation to people living in drought prone, hilly, tribal remote areas where crop production is not sufficient. It is proved to be boon for sustaining livelihood of the landless and marginal farmers. Animal husbandry sector provides large self employment opportunities.
CONCLUSION Indian livestock industry makes up for asignificant amount of world’s livestockresources through value addition and exportof dairy, fishery, wool, poultry and otherproducts. Apart from its performance there are somethreats also exits we need to re-correct it andtake the global market opportunities.