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Livestock sector in india


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  • 1. LIVESTOCK SECTOR IN INDIARecent Trends and
  • 2. INTRODUCTION Livestock sector includes animal husbandry, dairy and fisheries sector are considerable major sectors. It plays an important role in national economy and social economic development of the country. It also plays important role in the rural economy as supplementing family incomes and generating gainful employment in the rural sector. Indian livestock industry makes up for a significant amount of world’s livestock resources.
  • 3. POPULATION OF LIVESTOCK Livestock Year / Population in Million 2000 2005 2010Cow & Buffalo 470 518 580Sheep 60 68 75Goat 25 31 38Pigs 17 21 25Poultry 940 1370 2020Source – Govt. of India, Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairy (2000)It is increasing 485002 day by day due to its importance as an alternative source of income and food also.
  • 4. IMPORTANCE OF LIVESTOCK IN INDIALivestock in India goes beyond the functionof food production. Livestock an importance source of manure for crop production and fuel for domestic use. It is a source of minimizing use of non renewable energy. Livestock, an important source of income for the farmers and rural poor people.
  • 5. PRODUCTION OF MILK India is the largest producer of milk in the world. Five largest milk producing countries in the world are India, USA, Russia, Germany and France. India produces13.1 % of total milk produced in the world. Out of 693 million tones milk production in the world Indian milk production stands 104.8 million. Per capita milk availability is 252gms per day lower than world average 265gms.
  • 6. POULTRY AND EGG India stands 5th in egg production and 18th in broilers. The growth rate of poultry sector is 8 to 10% pa. 70% egg of the country produced in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. Presently egg production is estimated around 37 billion and broilers 895 millions. Indian poultry meat products have good markets in Japan ,Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore.
  • 7. FISH PRODUCTION India has about 8401 km of coastline and about 5.70 million ha of fresh water area. Fishing , aquaculture and allied activates are reported to have provided livelihood to over 14 million persons in 2006-07. The total fish production is about 76.21 thousand tones.
  • 8. MEAT AND MEAT PRODUCTS Meat products industry in India is largely in the unorganized sector. Expanding rapidly due to urbanization, rural people get higher income level and change in lifestyle. Slaughter rate for cattles as a whole is 20% for buffalos it is 41%, pigs 99%, sheep 30% and goats is 40%. India has 3600 slaughterhouses and 171 licensed meat processing units. From 2001 to 2007 production of meat has increases 1.9 million tons to 23 million tons.
  • 9. BENEFITS OF LIVESTOCK SECTOR DEVELOPMENTS IN INDIA Provides subsidiary occupation to people living in drought prone, hilly, tribal remote areas where crop production is not sufficient. It is proved to be boon for sustaining livelihood of the landless and marginal farmers. Animal husbandry sector provides large self employment opportunities.
  • 10. CONCLUSION Indian livestock industry makes up for asignificant amount of world’s livestockresources through value addition and exportof dairy, fishery, wool, poultry and otherproducts. Apart from its performance there are somethreats also exits we need to re-correct it andtake the global market opportunities.
  • 11. PRESENTED BY:1.Anoop Kumar Mishra2.Chandra Prakash3.Suvrojit Choudhury4.Achintya Damera5.Manas Kumar Kavi