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Group 1 role of ng_os in development and challenges faced
 

Group 1 role of ng_os in development and challenges faced

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    Group 1 role of ng_os in development and challenges faced Group 1 role of ng_os in development and challenges faced Presentation Transcript

    • Presented By:
    • BACKGROUND OF NGOS IN DEVELOPMENT  NGOs have recently emerged into the development limelight but they are not a recent phenomenon. They were the earliest form of human organizations.  Long before the governments, people organized themselves into group for mutual protection and self help.  During the 18th and 17th centuries in particular there has been an explosion in the number of NGOs and an upsurge for the realistic answers to problem over a king of neglected issues related to ecological degradation
    • Role of NGOs in Development  The term NGO seems to be deceptively simple.  It may overlook the enormous variety and differential capabilities of different NGOs.  In fact, NGOs offer a kaleidoscopic collection of organizations varying in origin, size, programmes, ideology, role strategy, funding, linkages evaluation, problem etc.  NGOs embrace a bewildering group of organizations varying in terms of innumerable parameters  According to Asian Development Bank the term non governmental organization refers to organization  Not based in government.  Not created to earn profit.
    • NEW TRENDS IN NGOS ACTIVITY (people participation)  On the whole these organizations are commanding growing attention as possible alternative to government in addressing the needs of vast of population. So, we can summarize NGOs development in three stages.  Social and cultural in early stage.  Community services and development in intermediate stage.  More recently target oriented activist groups.
    • NEED FOR NGOS  There is none the less a single answer to question why NGOs are formed?  How they are given meaning and  How they operate?  One cannot perceive NGOs as entities but we have taken into account the notion of multiple relation.  The entry of NGOs in the field of development process thus represents important response to the need resulted due to the overburdened government, underutilized people power the hesitant private sector and
    • OBJECTIVES OF NGOS IN DEVELOPMENT Objectives: Relief and welfare  Community development  Sustainable system  Peoples movement.  NGOS IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT:      Agriculture and related land development Irrigation system Agricultural extension education Employment generation: skill development through training Health and family welfare: family planning propaganda, motivation, research and training, rural health centers, dispensaries etc.
    • ROLES OF NGO ACCORDING TO THE EXPECTATION OF PEOPLE People and policy makers are agree on one thing that NGOs play a very important role in development. Role of NGOs vary over the years as the policy of government changes.  The major development roles ascribed to NGOs are to act as:   Planner and implementer of development programmers,  Mobiliser of local resources and initiative,  Catalyst, enabler and innovator,  Builder of self reliant sustainable society,  Mediator of people and government,  Supporter and partner of government programme in activating delivery system implementing rural development programmes, etc.,  Agents of information,  Factor of improvement of the poor, and  Facilitator of development education, training, professionalization, etc
    • Challenges facing NGOs  Lack of Funds:  NGOs are expressing difficulty in finding sufficient, appropriate and continuous funding for their work.  They find accessing donors as challenging as dealing with their funding conditions.  They perceive there to be certain cartels of individuals and NGOs that control access to donor funds.  Poor Governance:  Poor Governance was recognized within the sector as a whole, within the NGO Council and within individual NGOs.  Knowledge of good governance varied widely, with some regions indicating very little understanding of why NGOs are required to have Boards or what their roles and functions should be.  Many other participants explained that it is difficult to achieve good governance with founders
    • Challenges facing NGOs  Absence of Strategic Planning: Few NGOs have strategic plans which would enable them to have ownership over their mission, values and activities. This leaves them vulnerable to the whims of donors and makes it difficult to measure their impact over time.  Poor Networking: Poor Networking was identified as a major challenge. It is the cause of duplication of efforts, conflicting strategies at community level, a lack of learning from experience and an inability of NGOs to address local structural causes of poverty, deprivation and under-development. Negative competition for resources also undermines the reputation of the sector and the effectiveness of NGO activities at community level.
    • Challenges facing NGOs  Poor Communications:  NGOs also recognize that there is very poor communication within the sector.  The majority of NGOs have little or no access to reliable email and internet connections, they receive almost no literature on development issues and are generally out of touch with issues of global, regional and national importance.  Development Approaches: Many NGOs are still focusing upon what some refer to the ‘hardware’ approach to development, i.e. the building of infrastructure and the provision of services. Rather than what some refer to as the ‘software’ approach of empowering people and local institutions to manage their own affairs.
    • Challenges facing NGOs  Political Interference: In some regions, in particular South Rift and North Eastern, NGO leaders identified the interference of local politicians and civic leaders as a major hindrance to their work. Where NGOs are involved in sensitive issues, such as land disputes, local leaders can threaten NGOs with de-registration.  NGO Board and NGO Council: Many participants were poorly informed of the difference between these two institutions, NGO Coordination Board and the National Council of NGOs;  Unaware of their roles and responsibilities in relation to them.  Most participants expressed the opinion that the NGO Code of Conduct is outdated and needed updating soon. 
    • Challenges facing NGOs  Relationships with NGOs: There is considerable concern among local NGOs that the giants, mainly INGOs, occupy so much space that it is very difficult to find room for themselves. INGOs often intervene without any concern for the building of sustainable local CSOs. Reference: http://www.ilmkidunya.com/student_articles/role-of-ngos-indevelopment-111.aspx#sthash.sUXIAFsN.dpuf www.stakeholderforum.org/fileadmin/ www.willamette.edu/~fthompso/ICPM/NonGovOrg