Electricity ppt

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Electricity ppt

  1. 1. ELECTRIC SHORTAGE IN INDIASubmitted By: Anoop Mishra(12201005) Chandra Prakash(12201011) Liza Bariha(12201020) Sudhir Kumar(12201038)
  2. 2. The electricity sector in India had an installed capacity of 223.625 GW asof April 2013,the worlds fifth largest. Captive power plants generate an additional 34.444 GW. Non Renewable Power Plants constitute 87.55% of the installed capacityand 12.45% of Renewable Capacity. Installed electricity capacity:- Coal-fired plants account for 57% . Hydro plant accounts for 19%, renewable energy for 12% . natural gas for about 9%. Others 3% Per capita average annual consumption in India - 96 kWh in rural areas& 288 kWh in urban areas Worldwide per capita annual average consumption - 2600 kWh India -worlds fourth largest energy consumer after United States, Chinaand Russia.Current scenario
  3. 3.  Total generationcapacity in India:181,558 MW State contribution:83,314 MW Central contribution:56,573 MW Private Sector : 41,672MWCurrent scenario
  4. 4.  India mainly depend uponthe Thermal power plants(55 %) for Electricitygeneration. Hydropower plant , secondlargest generating capacityfor Electricity . Gas power plantaccounting 10 % forElectricity generations .All India Installed Generating Capacity
  5. 5. Per-capita consumptionin states of IndiaSTATES/UT KWH1. Daman & NHaveli11863.642. Goa 2263.633.Pondicherry 1711.544. Delhi 1654.285. Gujarat 1615.21India average per capitaconsumption :771.23 kwhGROWTH OFALL INDIA TOTAL ELECTRICITYCONSUMPTION
  6. 6. SECTORS PROBLEMS MAJOR AREASIndustrial & CommercialSectors1. Install own powerback-up, increasedtheir cost ofproduction & alsoincreased operationexpenses .2. diesel demandincreases imports ,which in turnincreases currentaccount deficitMedical , hospital ,schools , stations ,Transportation &factoriesDomestic Sectors Regular routine disrupt Household’s (Rural &Urban)Agriculture Sectors increased cost ofproduction, IndebtnessIrrigation , HarvestingEffects of Electricity shortage
  7. 7. Trend Analysis2005-06 to 2010-11
  8. 8. Trend Analysis During the year 2010–11, demand for electricity in India far outstrippedavailability. Both in terms of base load energy and peak availability. Base load requirement was 861,591 (MU) against availability of 788,355MU, a 8.5% deficit. During peak loads, the demand was for 122 GW againstavailability of 110 GW, a 9.8% shortfall. In late 2011 newspaper articles, Gujarat was declared a power surplusstate.
  9. 9. Trend Analysis 80% of Indian villages have at least an electricity line. Just 52.5% of rural households have access to electricity. In urban areas, the access to electricity is 93.1%. The overall electrification rate in India is 64.5% while 35.5% ofthe population still live without access to electricity.
  10. 10. Trend Analysis During the year 2010–11, demand for electricity in India far outstrippedavailability. Both in terms of base load energy and peak availability. Base load requirement was 861,591 (MU) against availability of 788,355MU, a 8.5% deficit. During peak loads, the demand was for 122 GW againstavailability of 110 GW, a 9.8% shortfall. In late 2011 newspaper articles, Gujarat was declared a power surplusstate.
  11. 11. Trend Analysis Electricity is the main source of lighting for 53% of rural householdscompared to 36% in 1993. The electrical energy demand for 2016–17 is expected to be at least1392 Tera Watt Hours, with a peak electric demand of 218 GW. The electrical energy demand for 2021–22 is expected to be at least1915 Tera Watt Hours, with a peak electric demand of 298 GW.
  12. 12. Reason of Increasing Demand Indias manufacturing sector is likely to grow faster than in the past. Domestic demand will increase more rapidly as the quality of life formore Indians improve. About 125,000 villages are likely to get connected to Indiaselectricity grid. Currently blackouts and load shedding artificially suppressesdemand. Transportation. Increasing Population. Agriculture.
  13. 13. Causes of Power ShortageJhkjTTransmission & distribution Factor Indias T&D network losses exceeded 32% in 2010. Technical losses like faulty meters are about 15% to 20%that underestimate actual consumption also contribute toreduced payment collection. Non‐technical losses are caused by illegal tapping of lines.Supply Factor
  14. 14. Production factor Indias electricity sector consumes about 80% of the coalproduced in the country A large part of Indian coal reserve is of low calorific value andhigh ash content. Indias coal supply consume about 0.7 kg of coal to generate akWh, whereas United States thermal power plants consume about0.45 kg of coal per kWh Lack of initiative to develop large coal and natural gas resourcespresent in India Land acquisition, environmental clearances at state and centralgovernment level. Unskilled manpower Facing problem in operating latesttechnology plantsCauses of Power Shortage
  15. 15.  http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/site/home.aspx.http://www.cea.nic.in/http://powermin.nic.in/http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ministry_of_Power_(India)Reference:-

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