http://timeandquantummechanics.comInvisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013
Invisibility:
Theory &
Practi...
http://timeandquantummechanics.comInvisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013
Invisibility:
Theory &
Practi...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Transparent
Motives
Wednesda...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Transparent
Motives
•Wicked ...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Transparent
Motives
•Wicked ...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Transparent
Motives
•Wicked ...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Outline
Wednesday, October 9...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Outline
•A brief history of
...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Outline
•A brief history of
...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Outline
•A brief history of
...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
The Invisible
Man
“If a shee...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Sucker Bet
Wednesday, Octobe...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
The last cry you hear
could ...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
The last cry you hear
could ...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
The last cry you hear
could ...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
The last cry you hear
could ...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Spicebush swallowtail
Wednes...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Spicebush swallowtail
Wednes...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Camouflage
“The soldiers
of ...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Camouflage
Modern camouflage ...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Dazzle
Wednesday, October 9,...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Dazzle
•Ships in WWI &
WWII
...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Dazzle
•Ships in WWI &
WWII
...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Dazzle
•Ships in WWI &
WWII
...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Dazzle
•Ships in WWI &
WWII
...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Stealth
Wednesday, October 9...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Why so Boxy?
Wednesday, Octo...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Why so Boxy?
•Reflections ang...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Why so Boxy?
•Reflections ang...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Why so Boxy?
•Reflections ang...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Why so Boxy?
•Reflections ang...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Why so Boxy?
•Reflections ang...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Wednesday, October 9, 13
Pre...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Pay no attention…
Wednesday,...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Physics of
invisibility
Wedn...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Physics of
invisibility
•Inv...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Physics of
invisibility
•Inv...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Physics of
invisibility
•Inv...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Physics of
invisibility
•Inv...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Physics of
invisibility
•Inv...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Invisibility Cloaks
Wednesda...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Invisibility in Practice
“In...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Lighten Up!
Wednesday, Octob...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Lighten Up!
•Slow light
Wedn...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Lighten Up!
•Slow light
•Lig...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Lighten Up!
•Slow light
•Lig...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Lighten Up!
•Slow light
•Lig...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Cat’s eyes
Wednesday, Octobe...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Cat’s eyes
Wednesday, Octobe...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Cat’s eyes
Wednesday, Octobe...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Fermat’s
principle
Direct bu...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Fermat’s
principle
Direct bu...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Simple Lens
Wednesday, Octob...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Lüneberg Lens
Wednesday, Oct...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Positive
Refraction
Wednesda...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Negative Refraction
Wednesda...
http://www.loa.espci.fr/cargese2009/Cargese2009_Pendry.pdfInvisibility: Theory & Practice - FOSSCON, Aug 10th 2013
Time Re...
http://www.loa.espci.fr/cargese2009/Cargese2009_Pendry.pdfInvisibility: Theory & Practice - FOSSCON, Aug 10th 2013
Negativ...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Super lens
Wednesday, Octobe...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Wednesday, October 9, 13
http://www.loa.espci.fr/cargese2009/Cargese2009_Pendry.pdfInvisibility: Theory & Practice - FOSSCON, Aug 10th 2013
Wednesd...
http://www.loa.espci.fr/cargese2009/Cargese2009_Pendry.pdfInvisibility: Theory & Practice - FOSSCON, Aug 10th 2013
Wednesd...
http://www.loa.espci.fr/cargese2009/Cargese2009_Pendry.pdfInvisibility: Theory & Practice - FOSSCON, Aug 10th 2013
Warping...
http://www.loa.espci.fr/cargese2009/Cargese2009_Pendry.pdfInvisibility: Theory & Practice - FOSSCON, Aug 10th 2013
Wednesd...
http://www.loa.espci.fr/cargese2009/Cargese2009_Pendry.pdfInvisibility: Theory & Practice - FOSSCON, Aug 10th 2013
Like wa...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Hiding a lump
under the carp...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Invisible Tanks
Wednesday, O...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Invisible Tanks
Wednesday, O...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Foreseeable
Civilian
Uses …
...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
•Traffic light visibility
For...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
•Traffic light visibility
•Ea...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
•Traffic light visibility
•Ea...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
•Traffic light visibility
•Ea...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Black holes in
the laborator...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Black holes as
lenses
Einste...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Time Cloak
Wednesday, Octobe...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Time Cloak
Wednesday, Octobe...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
How to Vanish a Cat
Wednesda...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
How to Vanish a Cat
The appa...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Seeing the
invisible
Wednesd...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Seeing the
invisible
•It’s a...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Seeing the
invisible
•It’s a...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Seeing the
invisible
•It’s a...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Be Seeing You
Wednesday, Oct...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Be Seeing You
•Forbes - Dazz...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Be Seeing You
•Forbes - Dazz...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Be Seeing You
•Forbes - Dazz...
Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com
Be Seeing You
•Forbes - Dazz...
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Invisibility: Theory & Practice - v3

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Science trumps magic; talk done for Balticon 2013 & FOSSCON 2013; this version revised for Capclave 2013

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Invisibility: Theory & Practice - v3

  1. 1. http://timeandquantummechanics.comInvisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 Invisibility: Theory & Practice John Ashmead Wednesday, October 9, 13 Our villain’s tapetum not in evidence! -- specifically mentioned in the novel. If you can see out, then they can see in.
  2. 2. http://timeandquantummechanics.comInvisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 Invisibility: Theory & Practice John Ashmead A sufficiently advanced science can be even better than magic Wednesday, October 9, 13 Our villain’s tapetum not in evidence! -- specifically mentioned in the novel. If you can see out, then they can see in.
  3. 3. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Transparent Motives Wednesday, October 9, 13
  4. 4. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Transparent Motives •Wicked cool Wednesday, October 9, 13
  5. 5. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Transparent Motives •Wicked cool •Very practical: not just for war anymore! Wednesday, October 9, 13
  6. 6. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Transparent Motives •Wicked cool •Very practical: not just for war anymore! •And of great scientific value Wednesday, October 9, 13
  7. 7. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Outline Wednesday, October 9, 13 Image itself a nice illustration of how to show/see the invisible: we see the outlines of the invisible man, not the man himself Note high levels of hype in this area Has taken off since
  8. 8. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Outline •A brief history of invisibility Wednesday, October 9, 13 Image itself a nice illustration of how to show/see the invisible: we see the outlines of the invisible man, not the man himself Note high levels of hype in this area Has taken off since
  9. 9. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Outline •A brief history of invisibility •Reflections on materials Wednesday, October 9, 13 Image itself a nice illustration of how to show/see the invisible: we see the outlines of the invisible man, not the man himself Note high levels of hype in this area Has taken off since
  10. 10. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Outline •A brief history of invisibility •Reflections on materials •The future of invisibility Wednesday, October 9, 13 Image itself a nice illustration of how to show/see the invisible: we see the outlines of the invisible man, not the man himself Note high levels of hype in this area Has taken off since
  11. 11. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com The Invisible Man “If a sheet of glass is smashed, Kemp, and beaten into a powder, it becomes much more visible while it is in the air; it becomes at last an opaque white powder. … But if the white powdered glass is put into water, it forthwith vanishes. ” -- Griffin (the Invisible Man) … “Yes, yes,” said Kemp. “But a man's not powdered glass!” Wednesday, October 9, 13 "Precisely," said Griffin. "But consider, visibility depends on the action of the visible bodies on light. Either a body absorbs light, or it reflects or refracts it, or does all these things. If it neither reflects nor refracts nor absorbs light, it cannot of itself be visible. You see an opaque red box, for instance, because the colour absorbs some of the light and reflects the rest, all the red part of the light, to you. If it did not absorb any particular part of the light, but reflected it all, then it would be a shining white box. Silver! A diamond box would neither absorb much of the light nor reflect much from the general surface, but just here and there where the surfaces were favourable the light would be reflected and refracted, so that you would get a brilliant appearance of flashing reflections and translucencies—a sort of skeleton of light. A glass box would not be so brilliant, nor so clearly visible, as a diamond box, because there would be less refraction and reflection. See that? From certain points of view you would see quite clearly through it. Some kinds of glass would be more visible than others, a box of flint glass would be brighter than a box of ordinary window glass. A box of very thin common glass would be hard to see in a bad light, because it would absorb hardly any light and refract and reflect very little. And if you put a sheet of common white glass in water, still more if you put it in some denser liquid than water, it would vanish almost altogether, because light passing from water to glass is only slightly refracted or reflected or indeed affected in any way. It is almost as invisible as a jet of coal gas or hydrogen is in air. And for precisely the same reason!" "Yes," said Kemp, "that is pretty plain sailing." "And here is another fact you will know to be true. If a sheet of glass is smashed, Kemp, and beaten into a powder, it becomes much more visible while it is in the air; it becomes at last an opaque white powder. This is because the powdering multiplies the surfaces of the glass at which refraction and reflection occur. In the sheet of glass there are only two surfaces; in the powder the light is reflected or refracted by each grain it passes through, and very little gets right through the powder. But if the white powdered glass is put into water, it forthwith vanishes. The powdered glass and water have much the same refractive index; that is, the light undergoes very little refraction or reflection in passing from one to the other. "You make the glass invisible by putting it into a liquid of nearly the same refractive index; a transparent thing becomes invisible if it is put in any medium of almost the same refractive index. And if you will consider only a second, you will see also that the powder of glass might be made to vanish in air, if its refractive index could be made the same as that of air; for then there would be no refraction or reflection as the light passed from glass to air." "Yes, yes," said Kemp. "But a man's not powdered glass!" "No," said Griffin. "He's more transparent!" "Nonsense!" "That from a doctor! How one forgets! Have you already forgotten your physics, in ten years? Just think of all the things that are transparent and seem not to be so. Paper, for instance, is made up of transparent fibres, and it is white and opaque only for the same reason that a powder of glass is white and opaque. Oil white paper, fill up the interstices between the particles with oil so that there is no longer refraction or reflection except at the surfaces, and it becomes as transparent as glass. And not only paper, but cotton fibre, linen fibre, wool fibre, woody fibre, and bone, Kemp, flesh, Kemp, hair, Kemp, nails and nerves, Kemp, in fact the whole fabric of a man except the red of his blood and the black pigment of hair, are all made up of transparent, colourless tissue. So little suffices to make us visible one to the other. For the most part the fibres of a living creature are no more opaque than water."
  12. 12. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Sucker Bet Wednesday, October 9, 13 Octopus color blind! The separate chromatophores on the skin do the work. Massively parallel processing. Limits on processing a key factor in developing invisibility tech.
  13. 13. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com The last cry you hear could be “Mimicry” Wednesday, October 9, 13 Or you can just run away when you see either. Which is what most sensible creatures do. The King Snake is a kind of parasite on the Coral snake.
  14. 14. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com The last cry you hear could be “Mimicry” Wednesday, October 9, 13 Or you can just run away when you see either. Which is what most sensible creatures do. The King Snake is a kind of parasite on the Coral snake.
  15. 15. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com The last cry you hear could be “Mimicry” Yellow touches red, you be dead. Red touches black, eat Cracker Jacks. Wednesday, October 9, 13 Or you can just run away when you see either. Which is what most sensible creatures do. The King Snake is a kind of parasite on the Coral snake.
  16. 16. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com The last cry you hear could be “Mimicry” Yellow touches red, you be dead. Red touches black, eat Cracker Jacks. Wednesday, October 9, 13 Or you can just run away when you see either. Which is what most sensible creatures do. The King Snake is a kind of parasite on the Coral snake.
  17. 17. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Spicebush swallowtail Wednesday, October 9, 13 Larval mimicry [edit] As larvae, Spicebush Swallowtails have two stages of mimicry. While the larvae are in the early stages, they are dark brown in color and thus appear to resemble bird droppings, which encourages predators to leave them alone.[2] When the larvae have progressed to their fourth and last instar and are nearly ready to pupate, they turn a yellow-green color and are marked by two large black dots with a white highlight. The placement of these dots on the swollen thorax creates the illusion that the caterpillars are common green snakes. Mimicking snakes help the caterpillars to ward off predators, specifically birds. The caterpillar Spicebush Swallowtails enhance the physical resemblance behaviorally, as they have been observed to "rear up and retract the actual caterpillar head."[18] The osmeterium of the caterpillar also helps to enhance the resemblance to a snake. When attacked, the larvae will expose the osmeterium, a y-shaped organ typically folded up within the caterpillar.[18] For many Spicebush Swallowtails, the osmeterium is red in color, thus creating the illusion of a snake tongue and even further enhancing the disguise.[20] Larval mimicry, fourth instar. Adult mimicry [edit] Adult Spicebush Swallowtails practice another type of mimicry, as they resemble the Pipevine Swallowtail (Battus philenor), a foul-tasting butterfly.[9] Each of the sexes are able to exhibit mimicry of B. philenor successfully, even though the brighter-blue color on female wings is a little more vibrant than the pipevine swallowtail’s coloring.[5] As they themselves are not unapalatable and the pipevine are, this is an example of Batesian mimicry. If predators know that the Pipevine Swallowtail has a foul taste, they are unlikely to eat it and also unlikely to eat the Spicebush Swallowtail.[1] There are other adult butterflies which mimic Battus philenor, including Papilio polyxenes, P. glaucus and L. astyanax, but the P. troilus most closely resembles it. However, P. troilus has a greater physical resemblance to the other mimics than it does to B. philenor.[13] Besides mimicry, another form of predator avoidance for Spicebush Swallowtails is the "club-like extensions from their hind-wings." The swallowtail will employ these during an attack from a predator to attempt to convince the predator to leave them alone.[1]
  18. 18. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Spicebush swallowtail Wednesday, October 9, 13 Larval mimicry [edit] As larvae, Spicebush Swallowtails have two stages of mimicry. While the larvae are in the early stages, they are dark brown in color and thus appear to resemble bird droppings, which encourages predators to leave them alone.[2] When the larvae have progressed to their fourth and last instar and are nearly ready to pupate, they turn a yellow-green color and are marked by two large black dots with a white highlight. The placement of these dots on the swollen thorax creates the illusion that the caterpillars are common green snakes. Mimicking snakes help the caterpillars to ward off predators, specifically birds. The caterpillar Spicebush Swallowtails enhance the physical resemblance behaviorally, as they have been observed to "rear up and retract the actual caterpillar head."[18] The osmeterium of the caterpillar also helps to enhance the resemblance to a snake. When attacked, the larvae will expose the osmeterium, a y-shaped organ typically folded up within the caterpillar.[18] For many Spicebush Swallowtails, the osmeterium is red in color, thus creating the illusion of a snake tongue and even further enhancing the disguise.[20] Larval mimicry, fourth instar. Adult mimicry [edit] Adult Spicebush Swallowtails practice another type of mimicry, as they resemble the Pipevine Swallowtail (Battus philenor), a foul-tasting butterfly.[9] Each of the sexes are able to exhibit mimicry of B. philenor successfully, even though the brighter-blue color on female wings is a little more vibrant than the pipevine swallowtail’s coloring.[5] As they themselves are not unapalatable and the pipevine are, this is an example of Batesian mimicry. If predators know that the Pipevine Swallowtail has a foul taste, they are unlikely to eat it and also unlikely to eat the Spicebush Swallowtail.[1] There are other adult butterflies which mimic Battus philenor, including Papilio polyxenes, P. glaucus and L. astyanax, but the P. troilus most closely resembles it. However, P. troilus has a greater physical resemblance to the other mimics than it does to B. philenor.[13] Besides mimicry, another form of predator avoidance for Spicebush Swallowtails is the "club-like extensions from their hind-wings." The swallowtail will employ these during an attack from a predator to attempt to convince the predator to leave them alone.[1]
  19. 19. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Camouflage “The soldiers of France will never abandon their pantaloons rouge!” Wednesday, October 9, 13
  20. 20. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Camouflage Modern camouflage began in 1915, when, after a crushing defeat by the Germans, the French army abandoned their stylish white gloves and red pantaloons and enlisted a cadre of artists to develop stealthier attire. The U.S. followed suit in 1917. In addition to hand- painted uniforms, these camoufleurs created false bridges, decoy tanks, and, as seen above, paper-mache horse carcasses that snipers used as blinds. Wednesday, October 9, 13
  21. 21. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Dazzle Wednesday, October 9, 13 Not entirely clear how well dazzle painting worked. A dazzle painted ship not harder to see, but much much harder to estimate its direction & speed. And if your torpedoes are only slightly faster than your target, even a small error can lead to a miss. And, they made the crews feel that at least something was being done.
  22. 22. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Dazzle •Ships in WWI & WWII Wednesday, October 9, 13 Not entirely clear how well dazzle painting worked. A dazzle painted ship not harder to see, but much much harder to estimate its direction & speed. And if your torpedoes are only slightly faster than your target, even a small error can lead to a miss. And, they made the crews feel that at least something was being done.
  23. 23. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Dazzle •Ships in WWI & WWII •Confusion to the enemy Wednesday, October 9, 13 Not entirely clear how well dazzle painting worked. A dazzle painted ship not harder to see, but much much harder to estimate its direction & speed. And if your torpedoes are only slightly faster than your target, even a small error can lead to a miss. And, they made the crews feel that at least something was being done.
  24. 24. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Dazzle •Ships in WWI & WWII •Confusion to the enemy •Morale boost at least Wednesday, October 9, 13 Not entirely clear how well dazzle painting worked. A dazzle painted ship not harder to see, but much much harder to estimate its direction & speed. And if your torpedoes are only slightly faster than your target, even a small error can lead to a miss. And, they made the crews feel that at least something was being done.
  25. 25. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Dazzle •Ships in WWI & WWII •Confusion to the enemy •Morale boost at least Wednesday, October 9, 13 Not entirely clear how well dazzle painting worked. A dazzle painted ship not harder to see, but much much harder to estimate its direction & speed. And if your torpedoes are only slightly faster than your target, even a small error can lead to a miss. And, they made the crews feel that at least something was being done.
  26. 26. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Stealth Wednesday, October 9, 13
  27. 27. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Why so Boxy? Wednesday, October 9, 13 Also, flat because that was all they could design (forward reference)
  28. 28. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Why so Boxy? •Reflections angle away from source Wednesday, October 9, 13 Also, flat because that was all they could design (forward reference)
  29. 29. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Why so Boxy? •Reflections angle away from source •Also, paint eats radar waves Wednesday, October 9, 13 Also, flat because that was all they could design (forward reference)
  30. 30. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Why so Boxy? •Reflections angle away from source •Also, paint eats radar waves •But, hard to fly Wednesday, October 9, 13 Also, flat because that was all they could design (forward reference)
  31. 31. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Why so Boxy? •Reflections angle away from source •Also, paint eats radar waves •But, hard to fly •And, crashes a lot Wednesday, October 9, 13 Also, flat because that was all they could design (forward reference)
  32. 32. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Why so Boxy? •Reflections angle away from source •Also, paint eats radar waves •But, hard to fly •And, crashes a lot •And, hard to build Wednesday, October 9, 13 Also, flat because that was all they could design (forward reference)
  33. 33. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Wednesday, October 9, 13 Pretty crude frankly
  34. 34. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Pay no attention… Wednesday, October 9, 13 Pretty crude frankly
  35. 35. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Physics of invisibility Wednesday, October 9, 13 Where to fit cat’s eyes? Good examples! Cheshire cat, vanish till nothing but the eyes left. Good side reference to the invisible man, to the periscope in the Fighting man of mars; see also the alcubierre warp drive
  36. 36. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Physics of invisibility •Invisibility cloaks Wednesday, October 9, 13 Where to fit cat’s eyes? Good examples! Cheshire cat, vanish till nothing but the eyes left. Good side reference to the invisible man, to the periscope in the Fighting man of mars; see also the alcubierre warp drive
  37. 37. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Physics of invisibility •Invisibility cloaks •Negative refractive indexes Wednesday, October 9, 13 Where to fit cat’s eyes? Good examples! Cheshire cat, vanish till nothing but the eyes left. Good side reference to the invisible man, to the periscope in the Fighting man of mars; see also the alcubierre warp drive
  38. 38. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Physics of invisibility •Invisibility cloaks •Negative refractive indexes •Metamaterials Wednesday, October 9, 13 Where to fit cat’s eyes? Good examples! Cheshire cat, vanish till nothing but the eyes left. Good side reference to the invisible man, to the periscope in the Fighting man of mars; see also the alcubierre warp drive
  39. 39. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Physics of invisibility •Invisibility cloaks •Negative refractive indexes •Metamaterials •Optical transformations Wednesday, October 9, 13 Where to fit cat’s eyes? Good examples! Cheshire cat, vanish till nothing but the eyes left. Good side reference to the invisible man, to the periscope in the Fighting man of mars; see also the alcubierre warp drive
  40. 40. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Physics of invisibility •Invisibility cloaks •Negative refractive indexes •Metamaterials •Optical transformations •General relativity helps make it simple? Wednesday, October 9, 13 Where to fit cat’s eyes? Good examples! Cheshire cat, vanish till nothing but the eyes left. Good side reference to the invisible man, to the periscope in the Fighting man of mars; see also the alcubierre warp drive
  41. 41. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Invisibility Cloaks Wednesday, October 9, 13 1968 Vassalage on negative refractive indices; only buildable as metamaterials -- started to get references about year 2000 -- first meta material devices 2004, 2005 -- first invisibility cloak in wikipedia, 2006
  42. 42. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Invisibility in Practice “Invisibility is theoretically possible captain – the selective bending of light – but the power cost is enormous. They may have solved that problem” – Lt. Cmdr. Spock Wednesday, October 9, 13 “their invisibility screen may work both ways. With that kind of power consumption, they may not be able to see us.” - Spock Are some invisibility cloaks out there, but they have very definite limits. One direction/all One frequency/all One polarization/all Light, microwaves, radar, acoustics, water There are some caveats, of course. You didn’t really think you’d soon be sneaking away with Ron or Hermione (delete as applicable) into the woods, did you? For now, the Duke invisibility cloak only works with microwave radiation — and perhaps more importantly, the cloak is unidirectional (it only provides invisibility from one very specific direction). The big news here, though, is that it is even possible to create an invisibility cloak of any description. It is now just a matter of time before visible-light, omnidirectional invisibility cloaks are created. British Columbia company HyperStealth Biotechnology showed a functioning prototype of its new fabric to the U.S. and Canadian military this year. The material, called Quantum Stealth, bends light waves around the wearer without the use of batteries, mirrors, or cameras. It blocks the subject from being seen by visual means but also keeps them hidden from thermal scans and infrared. Source: toxel.com
  43. 43. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Lighten Up! Wednesday, October 9, 13 Redshift Rendezvous Slow glass EIT Phase, group, & signal velocities
  44. 44. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Lighten Up! •Slow light Wednesday, October 9, 13 Redshift Rendezvous Slow glass EIT Phase, group, & signal velocities
  45. 45. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Lighten Up! •Slow light •Light that goes faster than light Wednesday, October 9, 13 Redshift Rendezvous Slow glass EIT Phase, group, & signal velocities
  46. 46. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Lighten Up! •Slow light •Light that goes faster than light •Stopped light - light that doesn’t go at all Wednesday, October 9, 13 Redshift Rendezvous Slow glass EIT Phase, group, & signal velocities
  47. 47. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Lighten Up! •Slow light •Light that goes faster than light •Stopped light - light that doesn’t go at all •Backwards light Wednesday, October 9, 13 Redshift Rendezvous Slow glass EIT Phase, group, & signal velocities
  48. 48. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Cat’s eyes Wednesday, October 9, 13
  49. 49. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Cat’s eyes Wednesday, October 9, 13
  50. 50. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Cat’s eyes Wednesday, October 9, 13
  51. 51. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Fermat’s principle Direct but slow Faster Wednesday, October 9, 13
  52. 52. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Fermat’s principle Direct but slow Faster Fastest! Wednesday, October 9, 13
  53. 53. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Simple Lens Wednesday, October 9, 13
  54. 54. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Lüneberg Lens Wednesday, October 9, 13 Lens with smoothly graded materials; more construction possibilities; more powerful effects.
  55. 55. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Positive Refraction Wednesday, October 9, 13 Energy conservation is key. Note all of these bend away from the incoming beam; with negative refractive indexes, it will be reflected exactly back into the ongoing beam.
  56. 56. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Negative Refraction Wednesday, October 9, 13 Dionne group at Standford These are mathematical simulations of what the stick would look like if in liquid with a negative refractive index.
  57. 57. http://www.loa.espci.fr/cargese2009/Cargese2009_Pendry.pdfInvisibility: Theory & Practice - FOSSCON, Aug 10th 2013 Time Reversal Wednesday, October 9, 13 Time reversal is mathematical: equations look as if you flipped the sign of the time variable. Not actually going backwards in time. That talk will be given last year.
  58. 58. http://www.loa.espci.fr/cargese2009/Cargese2009_Pendry.pdfInvisibility: Theory & Practice - FOSSCON, Aug 10th 2013 Negative cancels positive Wednesday, October 9, 13 But with negative refractive index, get very high levels of control of the incoming light.
  59. 59. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Super lens Wednesday, October 9, 13
  60. 60. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Wednesday, October 9, 13
  61. 61. http://www.loa.espci.fr/cargese2009/Cargese2009_Pendry.pdfInvisibility: Theory & Practice - FOSSCON, Aug 10th 2013 Wednesday, October 9, 13 Regular materials, meta materials Examples: physical. Give negative refractive index. Lots of more possibilities. http://www.loa.espci.fr/cargese2009/Cargese2009_Pendry.pdf
  62. 62. http://www.loa.espci.fr/cargese2009/Cargese2009_Pendry.pdfInvisibility: Theory & Practice - FOSSCON, Aug 10th 2013 Wednesday, October 9, 13
  63. 63. http://www.loa.espci.fr/cargese2009/Cargese2009_Pendry.pdfInvisibility: Theory & Practice - FOSSCON, Aug 10th 2013 Warping space Wednesday, October 9, 13
  64. 64. http://www.loa.espci.fr/cargese2009/Cargese2009_Pendry.pdfInvisibility: Theory & Practice - FOSSCON, Aug 10th 2013 Wednesday, October 9, 13
  65. 65. http://www.loa.espci.fr/cargese2009/Cargese2009_Pendry.pdfInvisibility: Theory & Practice - FOSSCON, Aug 10th 2013 Like water around a rock… Wednesday, October 9, 13
  66. 66. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Hiding a lump under the carpet Wednesday, October 9, 13 http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/8574923.stm
  67. 67. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Invisible Tanks Wednesday, October 9, 13 New cloaking technologies could make a tank "disappear", "sweat" or even look like a cow EVEN at a distance, a tank is hard to miss. Yet if it is a tank with adaptive camouflage you might barely realise you are looking straight at it. At least that's the aim of the "chameleon" system being developed by BAE Systems in Sweden. The system, which will be tested later this month, is part of a broad push to find ways of making tanks less conspicuous in the battlefield, says Hisham Awad at BAE Systems in Bristol, UK. Given their large size and relatively slow speed, tanks are often sitting ducks for enemy fire. BAE Systems believes its system can not only make tanks harder to see, but also disguise them thermally, by making the vehicles "sweat", or even look like cows. At the moment, the visual camouflage system is the technology that is at the most advanced stage and is being developed to conceal the tank's sides, Awad says. A pair of "bug-eyed" compound video cameras on each side capture the tank's surroundings. Each one contains nine small cameras, giving a wide field of vision. The images from these cameras are then fed to displays built into the outer surface of the armour on the tank's opposite side. The displays use arrays of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) to project the image onto a screen contained within the armour, much like a rear-projection TV, says Awad. The screen will be built in to a layer of a transparent composite armour on the tank's side. How to hide the tank's tracks and roof are challenges that the researchers have yet to overcome. "There may be discontinuities at the edges," says Alan Johnston, head of the vision lab at University College London. But even so, provided the display refreshes fast enough it should work, he says, adding that just matching the colours to the background could be enough. BAE Systems would not reveal many of the details but claims that a working version of the system could be available within five years. While this should make a tank more difficult to see, hiding its thermal appearance is much more challenging. "A lot of heat comes out of the vehicle at any one time," says Awad. This produces a characteristic thermal signature, making tanks easy targets for heat-seeking missiles. BAE researchers are modelling ways to capture the water component of the engine exhaust and channel it to composite armoured tiles along the tank's sides. The water could then evaporate off, cooling the tank's surface just like sweating. Rather than just hiding the vehicle's heat signature, though, the researchers want to be able to move water over the tank's body very quickly and create specific shapes. Individual composite tiles could be switched on and off and used like pixels to depict simple shapes, the company claims. "You can make it look like a Ford Focus, or you can have the shape of a cow," says Awad.
  68. 68. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Invisible Tanks Wednesday, October 9, 13 New cloaking technologies could make a tank "disappear", "sweat" or even look like a cow EVEN at a distance, a tank is hard to miss. Yet if it is a tank with adaptive camouflage you might barely realise you are looking straight at it. At least that's the aim of the "chameleon" system being developed by BAE Systems in Sweden. The system, which will be tested later this month, is part of a broad push to find ways of making tanks less conspicuous in the battlefield, says Hisham Awad at BAE Systems in Bristol, UK. Given their large size and relatively slow speed, tanks are often sitting ducks for enemy fire. BAE Systems believes its system can not only make tanks harder to see, but also disguise them thermally, by making the vehicles "sweat", or even look like cows. At the moment, the visual camouflage system is the technology that is at the most advanced stage and is being developed to conceal the tank's sides, Awad says. A pair of "bug-eyed" compound video cameras on each side capture the tank's surroundings. Each one contains nine small cameras, giving a wide field of vision. The images from these cameras are then fed to displays built into the outer surface of the armour on the tank's opposite side. The displays use arrays of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) to project the image onto a screen contained within the armour, much like a rear-projection TV, says Awad. The screen will be built in to a layer of a transparent composite armour on the tank's side. How to hide the tank's tracks and roof are challenges that the researchers have yet to overcome. "There may be discontinuities at the edges," says Alan Johnston, head of the vision lab at University College London. But even so, provided the display refreshes fast enough it should work, he says, adding that just matching the colours to the background could be enough. BAE Systems would not reveal many of the details but claims that a working version of the system could be available within five years. While this should make a tank more difficult to see, hiding its thermal appearance is much more challenging. "A lot of heat comes out of the vehicle at any one time," says Awad. This produces a characteristic thermal signature, making tanks easy targets for heat-seeking missiles. BAE researchers are modelling ways to capture the water component of the engine exhaust and channel it to composite armoured tiles along the tank's sides. The water could then evaporate off, cooling the tank's surface just like sweating. Rather than just hiding the vehicle's heat signature, though, the researchers want to be able to move water over the tank's body very quickly and create specific shapes. Individual composite tiles could be switched on and off and used like pixels to depict simple shapes, the company claims. "You can make it look like a Ford Focus, or you can have the shape of a cow," says Awad.
  69. 69. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Foreseeable Civilian Uses … Wednesday, October 9, 13 "I live in Boston, and in Boston a lot of streets converge at very sharp angles, so when you look at the traffic light, it's confusing whether you're seeing the traffic light for you or the light that is for the other street," he said. With the current cloak, "you could hide certain lights from drivers so they do not get confused." I think his tie may be on a bit crooked
  70. 70. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com •Traffic light visibility Foreseeable Civilian Uses … Wednesday, October 9, 13 "I live in Boston, and in Boston a lot of streets converge at very sharp angles, so when you look at the traffic light, it's confusing whether you're seeing the traffic light for you or the light that is for the other street," he said. With the current cloak, "you could hide certain lights from drivers so they do not get confused." I think his tie may be on a bit crooked
  71. 71. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com •Traffic light visibility •Earthquake & tsunami avoidance Foreseeable Civilian Uses … Wednesday, October 9, 13 "I live in Boston, and in Boston a lot of streets converge at very sharp angles, so when you look at the traffic light, it's confusing whether you're seeing the traffic light for you or the light that is for the other street," he said. With the current cloak, "you could hide certain lights from drivers so they do not get confused." I think his tie may be on a bit crooked
  72. 72. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com •Traffic light visibility •Earthquake & tsunami avoidance •Locating reactor core with muons Foreseeable Civilian Uses … Wednesday, October 9, 13 "I live in Boston, and in Boston a lot of streets converge at very sharp angles, so when you look at the traffic light, it's confusing whether you're seeing the traffic light for you or the light that is for the other street," he said. With the current cloak, "you could hide certain lights from drivers so they do not get confused." I think his tie may be on a bit crooked
  73. 73. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com •Traffic light visibility •Earthquake & tsunami avoidance •Locating reactor core with muons •Tourist revenue enhancement… Foreseeable Civilian Uses … Wednesday, October 9, 13 "I live in Boston, and in Boston a lot of streets converge at very sharp angles, so when you look at the traffic light, it's confusing whether you're seeing the traffic light for you or the light that is for the other street," he said. With the current cloak, "you could hide certain lights from drivers so they do not get confused." I think his tie may be on a bit crooked
  74. 74. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Black holes in the laboratory Wednesday, October 9, 13 http://www.laserfocusworld.com/articles/print/volume-45/issue-10/features/photonic-frontiers-metamaterials-and-transformation-optics-newest-metamaterials-promise-customized-optical- properties.html
  75. 75. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Black holes as lenses Einstein Rings Wednesday, October 9, 13 English: What's large and blue and can wrap itself around an entire galaxy? A gravitational lens mirage. Pictured above, the gravity of a luminous red galaxy (LRG) has gravitationally distorted the light from a much more distant blue galaxy. More typically, such light bending results in two discernible images of the distant galaxy, but here the lens alignment is so precise that the background galaxy is distorted into a horseshoe -- a nearly complete ring. Since such a lensing effect was generally predicted in some detail by Albert Einstein over 70 years ago, rings like this are now known as Einstein Rings. Although LRG 3-757 was discovered in 2007 in data from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), the image shown above is a follow-up observation taken with the Hubble Space Telescope's Wide Field Camera 3. Strong gravitational lenses like LRG 3-757 are more than oddities -- their multiple properties allow astronomers to determine the mass and dark matter content of the foreground galaxy lenses. (citation from
  76. 76. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Time Cloak Wednesday, October 9, 13 http://phys.org/news/2012-01-pentagon-backed-cloak-clock.html The researchers created what they call a time lens, which can manipulate and focus signals in time, analogous to the way a glass lens focuses light in space. They use a technique called four-wave mixing, in which two beams of light, a "signal" and a "pump," are sent together through an optical fiber. The two beams interact and change the wavelength of the signal. To begin creating a time gap, the researchers first bump the wavelength of the signal up, then by flipping the wavelength of the pump beam, bump it down. The beam then passes through another, very long, stretch of optical fiber. Light passing through a transparent material is slowed down just a bit, and how much it is slowed varies with the wavelength. So the lower wavelength pulls ahead of the higher, leaving a gap, like the hare pulling ahead of the tortoise. During the gap the experimenters introduced a brief flash of light at a still higher wavelength that would cause a glitch in the beam coming out the other end. Then the split beam passes through more optical fiber with a different composition, engineered to slow lower wavelengths more than higher. The higher wavelength signal now catches up with the lower, closing the gap. The hare is plodding through mud, but the tortoise is good at that and catches up. Finally, another four-wave mixer brings both parts back to the original wavelength, and the beam emerges with no trace that there ever was a gap, and no evidence of the intruding signal. None of this will let you steal the crown jewels without anyone noticing. The gap created in the experiment was 15 picoseconds long, and might be increased up to 10 nanoseconds, Gaeta said. But the technique could have applications in fiber-optic data transmission and data processing, he added. For example, it might allow inserting an emergency signal without interrupting the main data stream, or multitasking operations in a photonic computer, where light beams on a chip replace wires. Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2012-01-pentagon-backed-cloak-clock.html#jCp
  77. 77. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Time Cloak Wednesday, October 9, 13 http://phys.org/news/2012-01-pentagon-backed-cloak-clock.html The researchers created what they call a time lens, which can manipulate and focus signals in time, analogous to the way a glass lens focuses light in space. They use a technique called four-wave mixing, in which two beams of light, a "signal" and a "pump," are sent together through an optical fiber. The two beams interact and change the wavelength of the signal. To begin creating a time gap, the researchers first bump the wavelength of the signal up, then by flipping the wavelength of the pump beam, bump it down. The beam then passes through another, very long, stretch of optical fiber. Light passing through a transparent material is slowed down just a bit, and how much it is slowed varies with the wavelength. So the lower wavelength pulls ahead of the higher, leaving a gap, like the hare pulling ahead of the tortoise. During the gap the experimenters introduced a brief flash of light at a still higher wavelength that would cause a glitch in the beam coming out the other end. Then the split beam passes through more optical fiber with a different composition, engineered to slow lower wavelengths more than higher. The higher wavelength signal now catches up with the lower, closing the gap. The hare is plodding through mud, but the tortoise is good at that and catches up. Finally, another four-wave mixer brings both parts back to the original wavelength, and the beam emerges with no trace that there ever was a gap, and no evidence of the intruding signal. None of this will let you steal the crown jewels without anyone noticing. The gap created in the experiment was 15 picoseconds long, and might be increased up to 10 nanoseconds, Gaeta said. But the technique could have applications in fiber-optic data transmission and data processing, he added. For example, it might allow inserting an emergency signal without interrupting the main data stream, or multitasking operations in a photonic computer, where light beams on a chip replace wires. Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2012-01-pentagon-backed-cloak-clock.html#jCp
  78. 78. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com How to Vanish a Cat Wednesday, October 9, 13 We are actually phasing out the cat; uses fact that human eye can’t see phase information to help route
  79. 79. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com How to Vanish a Cat The apparatus uses the fact that the human eye can’t see phase information to help route light around the “space between”. With no need to preserve the phase, the design is much simpler! Only works from a few directions, alas. http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.1780 Wednesday, October 9, 13
  80. 80. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Seeing the invisible Wednesday, October 9, 13 New hope for tachyons, for warp drives, :)
  81. 81. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Seeing the invisible •It’s all about the math (really the information!) Wednesday, October 9, 13 New hope for tachyons, for warp drives, :)
  82. 82. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Seeing the invisible •It’s all about the math (really the information!) •Brains at play Wednesday, October 9, 13 New hope for tachyons, for warp drives, :)
  83. 83. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Seeing the invisible •It’s all about the math (really the information!) •Brains at play •Any sufficiently advanced science will look like magic Wednesday, October 9, 13 New hope for tachyons, for warp drives, :)
  84. 84. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Be Seeing You Wednesday, October 9, 13 Geometry and Light: The Science of Invisibility (Dover Books on Physics) Leonhardt, Ulf Sold by: Amazon.com LLC Slow Light: Invisibility, Teleportation, and Other Mysteries of Light Sidney Perkowitz Sold by: Amazon.com LLC The Physics of Invisibility: A Story of Light and Deception Beech, Martin Sold by: Amazon.com LLC
  85. 85. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Be Seeing You •Forbes - Dazzled & Deceived - 2009 [Fun] Wednesday, October 9, 13 Geometry and Light: The Science of Invisibility (Dover Books on Physics) Leonhardt, Ulf Sold by: Amazon.com LLC Slow Light: Invisibility, Teleportation, and Other Mysteries of Light Sidney Perkowitz Sold by: Amazon.com LLC The Physics of Invisibility: A Story of Light and Deception Beech, Martin Sold by: Amazon.com LLC
  86. 86. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Be Seeing You •Forbes - Dazzled & Deceived - 2009 [Fun] •Perkowitz - Slow Light: Invisibility, Teleportation, & Other Mysteries of Light - 2011 [Solid] Wednesday, October 9, 13 Geometry and Light: The Science of Invisibility (Dover Books on Physics) Leonhardt, Ulf Sold by: Amazon.com LLC Slow Light: Invisibility, Teleportation, and Other Mysteries of Light Sidney Perkowitz Sold by: Amazon.com LLC The Physics of Invisibility: A Story of Light and Deception Beech, Martin Sold by: Amazon.com LLC
  87. 87. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Be Seeing You •Forbes - Dazzled & Deceived - 2009 [Fun] •Perkowitz - Slow Light: Invisibility, Teleportation, & Other Mysteries of Light - 2011 [Solid] •Beech - Physics of Invisibility: A Story of Light & Deception - 2011 [Lots of pictures] Wednesday, October 9, 13 Geometry and Light: The Science of Invisibility (Dover Books on Physics) Leonhardt, Ulf Sold by: Amazon.com LLC Slow Light: Invisibility, Teleportation, and Other Mysteries of Light Sidney Perkowitz Sold by: Amazon.com LLC The Physics of Invisibility: A Story of Light and Deception Beech, Martin Sold by: Amazon.com LLC
  88. 88. Invisibility: Theory & Practice - Capclave, Oct 12th, 2013 http://timeandquantummechanics.com Be Seeing You •Forbes - Dazzled & Deceived - 2009 [Fun] •Perkowitz - Slow Light: Invisibility, Teleportation, & Other Mysteries of Light - 2011 [Solid] •Beech - Physics of Invisibility: A Story of Light & Deception - 2011 [Lots of pictures] •Leonhardt - Geometry & Light: Science of Invisibility - 2010 [Technical] Wednesday, October 9, 13 Geometry and Light: The Science of Invisibility (Dover Books on Physics) Leonhardt, Ulf Sold by: Amazon.com LLC Slow Light: Invisibility, Teleportation, and Other Mysteries of Light Sidney Perkowitz Sold by: Amazon.com LLC The Physics of Invisibility: A Story of Light and Deception Beech, Martin Sold by: Amazon.com LLC

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