Power Systems 2009 Hardware

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  • 1. SMP15 Power Systems 2009 Hardware Announcements and Future Insights Mark Olson IBM WW Power Systems Product Manager STG Technical Conferences 2009 © 2009 IBM Corporation STG Technical Conferences 2009 Agenda: • Hardware Future insights – Processor – I/O • 2009 Hardware Announcements – TODAY!!!! 20 October, IBM announces … – April/May 2009 2 Power Systems 2009 Hardware Announcements and Future Insights © 2009 IBM Corporation 1
  • 2. STG Technical Conferences 2009 What is your background ? • OS interest? – AIX/Linux – IBM i • POWER6 hardware models? – Blades – 520/550 – 560/570 – 595 • IBM Power System Client or sales? • Extremely familiar with 2009 April Power announcements? 3 Power Systems 2009 Hardware Announcements and Future Insights © 2009 IBM Corporation STG Technical Conferences 2009 Processor Technology Roadmap POWER8* * or whatever it POWER7 will be named 45 nm POWER6 65 nm POWER5 130 nm POWER4 180 nm Dual Core Dual Core Multi Core High Frequencies Enhanced Scaling On-Chip eDRAM Dual Core Virtualization + SMT Power Optimized Cores Chip Multi Processing Memory Subsystem + Distributed Switch + Memory Subsystem ++ Distributed Switch Altivec In Design Core Parallelism + SMT++ Shared L2 Instruction Retry Reliability + FP Performance + Dynamic LPARs (32) Dyn Energy Mgmt VSM & VSX Memory bandwidth + SMT + Protection Keys+ Virtualization Protection Keys 2001 2004 2007 2010 201x 4 Power Systems 2009 Hardware Announcements and Future Insights © 2009 IBM Corporation 2
  • 3. STG Technical Conferences 2009 POWER7 Technology Directions • More cores per chip • Better per core performance better system performance • Enhanced “Multi Threading” capabilities • Advanced Hardware Features Next Generation memory: DDR3 Greater IO Bandwidth • Innovative Power Management capabilities • Smooth Technology Upgrades S ee SM more d P33 for etail 5 Power Systems 2009 Hardware Announcements and Future Insights © 2009 IBM Corporation STG Technical Conferences 2009 POWER6 Product Offerings – POWER7 Similar High-End • POWER6 was introduced over 2007+2008 Compute • POWER7 rollout will be phased as well Midrange Entry Blades Operating Systems 6 Power Systems 2009 Hardware Announcements and Future Insights © 2009 IBM Corporation 3
  • 4. STG Technical Conferences 2009 Key Evolutionary I/O Technology Transitions 1. SCSI to SAS Disk = 3.5-inch & SFF Removable media SAS & SATA 2. PCI / PCI-X / PCI-X DDR to PCIe 2008 PCIe available in 520/550/570 CEC, 2009 expand to I/O drawer , 3. RIO/HSL to 12X RIO/HSL to RIO-2/HSL-2 12X (SDR) and 12X DDR 4. IBM i : IOP-based to Smart IOA 7 Power Systems 2009 Hardware Announcements and Future Insights © 2009 IBM Corporation STG Technical Conferences 2009 I/O Drawer Evolution – 2009 Adds PCIe & SFF • 2009 drawers offer many advantages, but will require normal due diligence in planning the specific configuration • Significant I/O technology transition POWER7 capable Pre 2000 2000 2002/3 2007/8 2009 12X SPD HSL/RIO HSL/RIO-2 PCI-X DDR 12X DDR SPD & SCSI PCI & SCSI PCI-X & SCSI & separate PCIe & 10k rpm disk 10k rpm disk 15k rpm disk Disk drawr SAS SFF Loop starting Big delta Small delta Big delta Small delta PCI starting Big delta Small delta Small* delta Big delta Disk starting Small delta Modest delta Small delta Big delta * IBM i & IOP = big delta 8 Power Systems 2009 Hardware Announcements and Future Insights © 2009 IBM Corporation 4
  • 5. STG Technical Conferences 2009 PCI-X to PCIe Adapter Transition Type adapter PCI-X PCIe LAN (Ethernet) Y Y WAN / Async Y Y SCSI Y No plans Y except for large SAS Y cache not in 2009 Fibre Channel Y Y Twinax Y No plans iSCSI Y Not in 2009 Int xSeries Card (IXS) Y No adapter plans USB Y Y Crypto Y Not in 2009 IOP Y No plans FCoE (FCoCEE) No Plans Y Chart mixes AIX & IBM i adapters. Some adapters are operating system specific 9 Power Systems 2009 Hardware Announcements and Future Insights © 2009 IBM Corporation STG Technical Conferences 2009 Purchase a Power 595 Today - your Footprint for the Future IBM announces plans to enhance your investment in Power servers with upgrades to POWER7 Power 595: Simple processor book upgrade from POWER6 to POWER7 Components replaced include: Processor books, including memory System Controllers (2) 12X I/O drawers & GX adapters will migrate Refresh RIO-based I/O drawers & GX adapters with 12X technology now to optimize performance and prepare for the POWER7 transition Smooth upgrades will also be available for Power 570 systems, enabling clients to quickly transition to POWER7 technology while leveraging their current investment All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only. Any reliance on these Statements of Direction is at the relying party's sole risk and will not create liability or obligation for IBM. 10 Power Systems 2009 Hardware Announcements and Future Insights © 2009 IBM Corporation 5
  • 6. STG Technical Conferences 2009 High End Transition POWER6 POWER7 Preserve Power New Components Nodes Clock Clock Clock Clock Node Controllers System Controllers Preserve I/O ( 12X ) 11 Power Systems 2009 Hardware Announcements and Future Insights © 2009 IBM Corporation STG Technical Conferences 2009 Public Information • SOD Enterprise for Enterprise Power Systems 2009 July: www.ibm.com/systems/power/hardware/sod.html – POWER6 570/595 upgrades to POWER7 – Support of 12X I/O on POWER7 • Planning information 2009 August: www.ibm.com/systems/power/hardware/sod2.html – POWER5 to POWER7 upgrades through POWER6 – POWER7 support 12X drawers, but not RIO/HSL drawers/towers – POWER7 not support small SCSI (36GB or smaller) or 10k SCSI – POWER7 not support QIC tape – POWER7 not support IOPs and IOP-based PCI adapters All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only. Any reliance on these Statements of Direction is at the relying party's sole risk and will not create liability or obligation for IBM. 12 Power Systems 2009 Hardware Announcements and Future Insights © 2009 IBM Corporation 6
  • 7. STG Technical Conferences 2009 Statement of Direction for Enterprise Power Systems IBM is committed to enhancing their clients’ investment in the IBM Power Systems family of servers. Based on this commitment, IBM plans to provide an upgrade path from the current IBM Power® 595 server with 12X I/O to IBM's next-generation POWER7(TM) processor-based high-end server. The upgrade is planned as a simple replacement of the processor books and two system controllers with new POWER7 components, within the existing system frame. IBM also plans to provide an upgrade path from the current IBM Power® 570 server with 12X I/O to IBM's next generation POWER7 processor-based modular enterprise server. Enterprises with multiple systems leveraging PowerVM Live Partition Mobility may use this function to maintain application availability during an upgrade process that can execute during normal business hours instead of at night or over a weekend. IBM's Power 570 and 595 servers are engineered to deliver the highest levels of Power Systems reliability, availability and serviceability. IBM continues to execute a roadmap with innovations designed to help clients achieve continuous application availability, while easily and cost-effectively transitioning to new generations of technology . All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only. Any reliance on these Statements of Direction is at the relying party's sole risk and will not create liability or obligation for IBM. 13 Power Systems 2009 Hardware Announcements and Future Insights Copy for Dirk © 2009 IBM Corporation STG Technical Conferences 2009 Planning Statements POWER5 Upgrades (posted August 2009) • IBM plans that any upgrades preserving the same serial number into a POWER7 server will be from a POWER6 server. Clients on POWER5 and earlier technology will need to upgrade to POWER6 prior to being able to upgrade to POWER7 if they want to preserve their serial number. I/O Drawers (posted August 2009) • IBM plans that the POWER7 based systems will support the existing 12X I/O drawers currently supported on POWER6 systems. These include the #5796/7314-G30, #5797/5798, #5802, and #5803/5873. The older/slower RIO/HSL-attached I/O drawers will not be supported. POWER6 clients should consider replacing RIO/HSL I/O drawers with newer technology drawers to smooth eventual adoption of POWER7 servers. RIO/HSL I/O drawers include: #0595/5095/7311-D20, #5790/7311- D11, #5094/5294/5096/5296, #5088/0588 and #5791/5794/7040-61D. SCSI Disk Drives (posted August 2009) • IBM plans that POWER6 systems will be the last servers to support the attachment of SCSI disk drives which are 36GB or smaller or support the attachment of 10k rpm SCSI drives. Clients currently using smaller or slower SCSI drives should consider replacing these drives with newer technology drives which are currently supported on the POWER6 systems to smooth eventual adoption of POWER7 servers. QIC Tape (posted August 2009) • IBM plans that POWER6 systems will be the last servers to support the use of the QIC (Quarter Inch Cartridge) tape drives. The QIC media is also known as "SLR". Clients currently using QIC tape drives should consider migrating to newer technology media/drives which are currently supported on the POWER6 systems to smooth eventual adoption of POWER7 servers. IOP and IOP-based PCI adapters (posted August 2009) • IBM plans that the POWER6 based systems (all models) will be the last models to support the IBM i IOP and IOP based adapters. IOPless (Smart IOA) options are available for all I/O attachments (except Twinax and IXS) and provide more efficient attachment of I/O. Clients using IOP based I/O should make plans to move off IOPs to smooth the eventual adoption of POWER7 servers. IOP feature codes are #2843, #2844, #2847 (SAN Boot) and #3705. Note that there can be differences in the specific devices supported with or without an IOP by IBM i. For example some older tape libraries such as the 3590 require an IOP-based adapter. Or there may be a functional difference without an IOP, for example SDLC or X.25 on WAN/LAN adapters require an IOP. A partial list of adapters supported on POWER6 servers which require an IOP includes: – #4746Twinax Workstation Controller (which means no twinax displays/printers unless an OEM conversion device is used) – #4812/4813 Integrated xSeries Server (IXS) (use iSCSI alternative) – #2757/2780/5580/5778 Disk Controllers (use newer disk controllers) – #2787/5761/5760 Fiber Channel Adapters (use newer Fibre Channel Adapters) – #2749 HVD SCSI Adapter or Ultra Media Controller) (use newer technology - adapter and probably device also) All statements regarding IBM's future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only. Any reliance on these Statements of Direction is at the relying party's sole risk and will not create liability or obligation for IBM. 14 Power Systems 2009 Hardware Announcements and Future Insights © 2009 IBM Corporation 7
  • 8. STG Technical Conferences 2009 Agenda: • Hardware Future insights – Processor – I/O • 2009 Hardware Announcements – TODAY!!!!!!! Oct 20th IBM announces … – April/May 2009 15 Power Systems 2009 Hardware Announcements and Future Insights © 2009 IBM Corporation STG Technical Conferences 2009 TODAY!!!!! IBM Announces …... Announce: 20 October eConfig: 20 October GA: 30 October Highlights: – Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) – Diskless 19-inch PCIe 12X I/O drawer – Additional SFF disk drives – Solid State Drive (SSD) enhancements – IBM i supports #5903 PCIe 380MB Cache RAID Adapter – USB Removable Disk Drive – New HMC – I/O enhancements for Power BladeCenter 16 Power Systems 2009 Hardware Announcements and Future Insights © 2009 IBM Corporation 8
  • 9. STG Technical Conferences 2009 April Announcement Highlights Announce: 28 April GA: May & June/July • Faster Power 520/550 – Power 520 ….. 4.7 GHz – Power 550 ….. 5.0 GHz • More powerful Power BladeCenter – JS23/JS43 …. 4-core & 8-core 4.2 GHz – I/O enhancements • New I/O for POWER6 – PCIe 12X I/O drawers – New PCIe adapters – PCI-X large cache SAS disk controller – High performance solid state drive (SSD) • New I/O for POWER5 – SAS I/O introduced (some limitations) – Smart Fibre Channel (IBM i 6.1) • HMC enhancements 17 Power Systems 2009 Hardware Announcements and Future Insights © 2009 IBM Corporation STG Technical Conferences 2009 Combined 2009 Agenda (April + October) • Faster Power 520/550 – Power 520 ….. 4.7 GHz – Power 550 ….. 5.0 GHz • More powerful Power BladeCenter – JS23/JS43 …. 4-core & 8-core 4.2 GHz – I/O enhancements • New I/O for POWER6 – PCIe 12X I/O drawers & SFF Disk – New PCIe adapters: SAS PCIe, SAS PCI-X, FCoE – High performance solid state drive (SSD) – USB Removable Disk Drive • New I/O for POWER5 18 Power Systems 2009 Hardware Announcements and Future Insights © 2009 IBM Corporation 9
  • 10. IBM Training Power 520 Enhancements POWER6+ Pre May 2009 Post May 2009 Power 520 Power 520 1-core 4.2 GHz 1-core 4.2 GHz 2-core 4.2 GHz 2-core 4.2 GHz 2-core 4.7 GHz 4-core 4.2 GHz 4-core 4.2 GHz * 4-core 4.7 GHz * 4-Core 4.2 GHz withdrawal from marketing announced, effective October 2009 Note: IBM i 6.1 required for 4.7 GHz 19 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Power 520 Enhancements: Processor Features Post May 2009 Power 520 • 4.7 GHz POWER6+ with L3 cache 1-core 4.2 GHz – 4.2 GHz Power 520 has no L3 cache; 4.7 has 32MB / chip 2-core 4.2 GHz – POWER6+ = GHz faster and additional AIX enablers 2-core 4.7 GHz • New processor features 4-core 4.2 GHz * – #5577 2-core 4.7 GHz 4-core 4.7 GHz – #5587 4-core 4.7 GHz • Same ordering product structure and upgrade structure rPerf CPW 40 20000 35 4.2 GHz 4.2 GHz 30 4.7 GHz 15000 4.7 GHz 25 20 10000 15 10 5000 5 0 0 1-core 2-core 4-core 1-core 2-core 4-core 20 © 2009 IBM Corporation 10
  • 11. IBM Training Power 520 Rack & Tower Power 520 Rack & Tower 8204-E4A POWER6 1 or 2 Cores 4.2 GHz Architecture POWER6+ 2 or 4 Cores 4.7 GHz L3 Cache: 32MB per chip with 4.7 GHz DDR2 Memory Up to 64GB (Buffered ) 6 DASD ( 3.5”) Internal SAS Disks Optional: 8 SFF DASD ( 10 or 15K ) Optional SSD support • PCIe: 3 Slots • PCI-X 266: 2 Slots Expansion • GX Bus: 2 Slots (2nd slot requires 4 cores) 1 GX slot shares space with PCIe slot Integrated SAS / SATA Yes Optional: RAID support 3 USB, 2 Serial, 2 HMC Integrated Ports Optional: SAS port Integrated Virtual • Dual Port 10/100/1000 Ethernet Ethernet •Optional: Quad 1Gbt or Dual 10Gbt 1 Slim-line DVD SATA Media Bays 1 Half High Tape Yes / Max: 4 (PCIe) / 8 (PCI-X) Remote IO Drawers GX Bus connection: RIO2 / IB / IB2 Dynamic LPAR Up to 40 partitions Redundant Power Optional Redundant Cooling Yes 21 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Power 520 Enhancements: Product Structure Post May 2009 Power 520 • 4.7 GHz product structure uses the same product structure 1-core 4.2 GHz as 4.2 GHz for new server acquisitions 2-core 4.2 GHz – Same Express offerings 2-core 4.7 GHz • Same AIX/Linux packages - same minimums/rules 4-core 4.2 GHz * • Same IBM i editions - same minimums/rules – just pick the 4-core 4.7 GHz appropriate GHz when ordering – Same IBM i CBU offering/rules - #0444 specify – IBM i 6.1 required for 4.7 GHz 520 AIX/Linux Express Offerings IBM i Express Offerings • 1-core 4.2 GHz config • #9633 1-core entry 4.2 GHz • 2-core 4.2 GHz config • #9634 1-core growth 4.2 GHz • 2-core 4.7 GHz config • #9636 2-core 30-user 4.2 or 4.7 GHz • 4-core 4.2 GHz config • #9637 2-core 150-user 4.2 or 4.7 GHz • 4-core 4.7 GHz config • #9638 2-core unlimited 4.2 or 4.7 GHz • Oracle 2-core 4.2 GHz • #9639 4-core 50-user 4.2 or 4.7 GHz • Oracle 4-core 4.2 GHz • #9640 4-core 150-user 4.2 or 4.7 GHz • SAP 2-core 4.2 GHz • #9643 4-core unlimited 4.2 or 4.7 GHz • SAP 4-core 4.2 GHz • #9635 Solution edition 4.2 or 4.7 GHz Select rack or tower Select rack or tower Note: 4.7GHz QPRCFEAT = #5577 and 5587 22 © 2009 IBM Corporation 11
  • 12. IBM Training Power 520 Upgrade Paths May 2009: Same 9406 paths as before, but now to 4.2 or 4.7 520 4-core GHz 2-core 8203 (during 9406 8203-E4A NOTE: No upgrade paths from 4.2 to 4.7 upgrade) (i 6.1 needed for 4.7 GHz) POWER6/POWER6+ GHz keeping serial No upgrade paths number into 4-core 525 520 2-core * 520 2-core 9406-525 9408-M25 8203-E4A POWER5+ POWER6 POWER6/POWER6+ 520 520 No upgrade paths 9111 9406-520 No upgrade paths POWER5/5+ POWER5/5+ 520 1-core ** 520 1-core 515 9407-M15 8203-E4A 9407-515 POWER6 Unified system POWER5+ No upgrade POWER6 paths Power with i flavor 520 9405-520 System i server POWER5/5+ * 9408 conversion to 8203 (2-core to 2-core) ** 9407 conversion to 8203 (1-core to 1-core) System p server 23 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Power 550 Enhancements POWER6+ Pre May 2009 Post May 2009 Power 550 Power 550 3.5 GHz 3.5 GHz 4.2 GHz 4.2 GHz 5.0 GHz 24 © 2009 IBM Corporation 12
  • 13. IBM Training Power 550 Enhancements: Processor Features Post May 2009 Power 550 3.5 GHz New POWER6+ 5.0 GHz Processor card features 4.2 GHz – #4967 2-core 5.0 GHz – POWER6+ = faster GHz and additional AIX enablers 5.0 GHz * – Same ordering product structure and “same serial number” upgrade” structure rPerf CPW 80 3.5 GHz 40000 3.5 GHz 70 4.2 GHz 35000 4.2 GHz 60 5.0 GHz 30000 5.0 GHz 50 25000 40 20000 30 15000 20 10000 10 5000 0 0 4-core 6-core 8-core 4-core 6-core 8-core 2-Core values not shown to save space 2-Core values not shown to save space 25 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Power 550 Rack & Tower Power 550 Rack & Tower 8204-E4A 2, 4, 6, or 8 Cores Architecture POWER6: 3.5 / 4.2 POWER6+: 5GHz L3 Cache: 32MB per chip DDR2 Memory Up to 256GB (Buffered ) 6 DASD ( 3.5”) Internal SAS Disks Optional: 8 SFF DASD ( 10 or 15K ) Optional SSD support • PCIe: 3 Slots • PCI-X 266: 2 Slots Expansion • GX Bus: 2 Slots (2nd slot requires min 4 core) Each GX slot shares space with PCIe slot Integrated SAS / SATA Yes Optional: RAID support 3 USB, 2 Serial, 2 HMC Integrated Ports Optional: SAS port Integrated Virtual • Dual Port 10/100/1000 Ethernet Ethernet •Optional: Quad 1Gbt or Dual 10Gbt 1 Slim-line DVD Media Bays 1 Half High Tape Yes / Max: 4 (PCIe) / 8 (PCI-X) Remote IO Drawers GX Bus connection: RIO-2 / IB / IB2 Dynamic LPAR Up to 80 partitions NEBS / DC Power Yes Redundant Power Optional Redundant Cooling Yes 26 © 2009 IBM Corporation 13
  • 14. IBM Training Power 550 Enhancements: Product Structure Post May 2009 Power 550 • 5.0 GHz product structure uses the same product 3.5 GHz structure as 3.5 and 4.2 GHz for new server acquisitions – Same Express offerings 4.2 GHz • Same AIX/Linux packages - same minimums/rules 5.0 GHz – Plus 6-core packages in addition to 2-, 4- and 8-core packages * • Same IBM i editions - same minimums/rules – Same IBM i CBU offering/rules - #0444 specify – IBM i 6.1 required for 5.0 GHz 550 AIX/Linux Express Offerings IBM i Express Offerings • 2-core config • #9642 2-, 4-, 6-, 8-core – 3.5, 4.2 or 5.0 GHz – 3.5 or 4.2 or 5.0 GHz • 4-core config • #9645 4-core Solution with minimum of 3 – 3.5, 4.2 or 5.0 GHz IBM i processor license entitlements • 6-core config – 4.2 or 5.0 GHz – 3.5, 4.2 or 5.0 GHz • #9646 4-core Solution with minimum of 4 • 8-core config IBM i processor license entitlements – 3.5, 4.2 or 5.0 GHz – 4.2 or 5.0 GHz • SAP 2-core 4.2 GHz • SAP 4-core 4.2 GHz Select rack or tower Select rack or tower Note: 5.0 GHz QPRCFEAT = #4967 27 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Power 550 Upgrade Paths 550 8-core Same capability to add May 2009: Same 8204-E8A more processor cards up to an 8-core 9406 paths as POWER6/POWER6+ before, but now to 4.2 or 5.0 GHz (during 550 6-core 9406 upgrade) (i 6.1 required 8204-E8A for 5.0 GHz) POWER6/POWER6+ No 550 550 4-core upgrade 9113 paths 8204-E8A POWER5/5+ 4.2 GHz or 5.0 GHz POWER6/POWER6+ 550 9406-550 550 2-core POWER5/5+ 8204-E8A Unified system POWER6/POWER6+ Power with i flavor No upgrade paths into 3.5 GHz from 9406-550 System i server System p server 28 © 2009 IBM Corporation 14
  • 15. IBM Training Power 550 – Replacing Slower GHz with Faster GHz Term “upgrade” means different things • If define “upgrade” as getting faster 8204 processor cards at a lower price, then no upgrades. • If define “upgrade” as getting faster 8204 processor cards at full price, then yes to 4.2 and no to 5.0 upgrades. 550 OK 550 550 8204-E8A 8204-E8A 8204-E8A 3.5 GHz 4.2 GHz 5.0 GHz • All processor cards in a server must be at the same GHz • Due to backplane differences, can not replace existing 3.5 or 4.2 GHz processor cards with 5.0 GHz processor cards. 29 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Combined 2009 Agenda (April + October) • Faster Power 520/550 – Power 520 ….. 4.7 GHz – Power 550 ….. 5.0 GHz • More powerful Power BladeCenter – JS23/JS43 …. 4-core & 8-core 4.2 GHz – I/O enhancements • New I/O for POWER6 – PCIe 12X I/O drawers & SFF Disk – New PCIe adapters: SAS PCIe, SAS PCI-X, FCoE – High performance solid state drive (SSD) – USB Removable Disk Drive • New I/O for POWER5 30 © 2009 IBM Corporation 15
  • 16. IBM Training BladeCenter JS23 BladeCenter JS23 POWER6+ Architecture 4 core / 2 Socket / 4.2GHz L3 Cache 32MB / socket DDR2 Memory 4GB to 64GB (ChipKill) DASD / Bays 0-1 SAS disk or 0-1 SSD 1 PCI-E CIOv Expansion Card Daughter Card Options 1 PCI-E CFFh High Speed Expansion Card Dual Port 10/100/1000 Ethernet Integrated Features SAS Controller, USB & KVM Fiber Support Yes ( via Blade Center ) Media Bays 1 Blade Center Redundant Power Yes BladeCenter 7778-23X Redundant Cooling Yes BladeCenter Service Processor Yes Virtualization Built-in PowerVM Standard Edition IBM Director and CSM Systems Management IBM EnergyScale™ OS Support AIX 5.3 , 6.1, Linux and IBM i BC Chassis BCH, BCHT and BCS JS23 QPRCFEAT value = 52C1, QMODEL = 23X. 31 © 2009 IBM Corporation 31 IBM Training POWER6+ Blade Packaging --- JS23 Upgrade to JS24 + 7778-23X 4 core 4 core Feature #8446 = 8 core 7778-23X + feature #8446 32 © 2009 IBM Corporation 16
  • 17. IBM Training BladeCenter JS43 BladeCenter JS43 POWER6+ 8 core / 4 Socket / 4.2GHz Architecture SMP Interconnect L3 Cache 32MB / socket DDR2 Memory Up to 128GB (Double Wide) DASD / Bays 0-2 SAS disk or 0-2 SSD Daughter Card 2 PCI-E CIOv Expansion Card Options 2 PCI-E CFFh High Speed Expansion Card Quad Port 10/100/1000 Ethernet Integrated Features SAS Controller, USB & KVM Fiber Support Yes ( via Blade center ) Media Bays 1 Blade Center Redundant Power Yes Blade Center 7778-23X + feature #8446 Redundant Cooling Yes Blade Center Service Processor Yes Virtualization Built-in PowerVM Standard Edition IBM Director and CSM Systems Management IBM EnergyScale™ OS Support AIX 5.3 , 6.1, Linux, and IBM i BC Chassis BCH, BCHT and BCS JS43 QPRCFEAT value = 52C0, QMODEL = 23X. 33 © 2009 IBM Corporation 33 IBM Training POWER6+ Blades Performance Boost rPerf CPW 70 25000 60 20000 50 15000 40 30 10000 20 5000 10 0 0 JS12-2 Core JS22-4 Core JS23-4 Core JS43-8 Core JS12-2 Core JS22-4 Core JS23-4 Core JS43-8 Core POWER6+ POWER6+ POWER6 @ 4.2 GHz POWER6 @ 4.2 GHz POWER6 @ 4.0 GHz POWER6 @ 4.0 GHz @ 3.8 GHz @ 3.8 GHz 34 © 2009 IBM Corporation 17
  • 18. IBM Training rPerf Performance 70 60 Power 550 50 8 Cores 4.2 GHz BladeCenter vs 4.2 40 GHz 550: About the same great 30 performance, but note Power6+ other factors in 20 addition to rPerf or CPW need to be 10 considered when Power6 choosing the best option for your shop. 0 JS12 JS22 JS23 JS43 550 35 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training BladeCenter I/O Enhancements April Adapters Storage Options • QLogic 8 Gb Fibre Channel Expansion Card (CIOv) • 69GB SFF Solid State Drive • Emulex 8 Gb Fibre Channel Expansion Card (CIOv) • IBM 300GB SAS 10K SFF HDD • QLogic 4 Gb Fibre Channel Expansion Card (CIOv) • IBM 146GB SAS 10K SFF HDD • 3 Gb SAS Passthrough Expansion Card (CIOv) • IBM 73GB SAS 10K SFF HDD • QLogic Ethernet and 4 Gb Fibre Channel Expansion • IBM BladeCenter S SAS RAID Card (CFFh) Controller • 4x Infiniband Dual Port (CFFh) • IBM i Virtual Tape support October Adapters QLogic 10GbE FCoCEE expansion card Brocade 10 Port 8Gb SAN Switch Module Brocade 20 Port 8Gb SAN Switch Module Brocade 8Gb SFP+ Optical Transceiver BNT 10GbE switch module 10GEnet pass thru module Voltaire 4X IB QDR Switch Module 36 © 2009 IBM Corporation 18
  • 19. IBM Training Power BladeCenter Hardware Announcement Summary • FCoE / CNA – FC #8275 : QLogic 10GbE FCoCEE expansion card (BCH) • JS12/JS22/JS23/JS43 • Switch related additions – FC #5045: Brocade 10 Port 8Gb SAN Switch Module (BCH) – FC #5869 : Brocade 20 Port 8Gb SAN Switch Module (BCH) – FC #5358 : Brocade 8Gb SFP+ Optical Transceiver (BCH) – FC #3248 : BNT 10GbE switch module (BCH) (related also to #8725) – FC #5412 10GEnet pass thru module (BCH) (related also to #8725) • InfiniBand enhancements – FC #3204 : Voltaire 4X IB QDR Switch Module (BCH) – FC #3249: QDR InfiniBand QSFP Cable (BCH) 37 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training G Scalable BladeCenter JS23 and JS43 Express D UCIN Best blade for UNIX, Built-in Virtualization, ~2X better performance than HP BL860c, RO INT • IBM BladeCenter JS23 Express – Single Wide 4-core blade, 4.2GHz POWER6 processors with L3 Cache – Up to 64GB of on board memory – Elegantly simple scalability and support for Solid State Drives • IBM BladeCenter JS43 Express IBM BladeCenter – Double Wide 8-core blade, 4.2GHz POWER6 processors with L3 Cache JS23 Express – Up to 128GB of on board memory – Doubles I/O and Expansion Capabilities • New I/O and Storage – Expanded portfolio of I/O and Storage options for blades Adapters Storage Options • QLogic 8 Gb Fibre Channel Expansion Card (CIOv) (#8242)* • 69GB SFF SAS Solid State Drive (# 8273) • Emulex 8 Gb Fibre Channel Expansion Card (CIOv) (#8240)* • IBM 300GB SAS 10K SFF HDD (#8274) IBM BladeCenter • QLogic 4 Gb Fibre Channel Expansion Card (CIOv) (#8241) • IBM 146GB SAS 10K SFF HDD (#8236) JS43 Express • 3 Gb SAS Passthrough Expansion Card (CIOv) (# 8246) • IBM 73GB SAS 10K SFF HDD (#8237) • QLogic Ethernet and 4 Gb Fibre Channel Expansion Card (CFFh) (# • IBM BladeCenter S SAS RAID Controller 8252) (#3734) • 4x Infiniband Dual Port (CFFh) (#8258) ALL JS blades include: Built-in PowerVM Standard Edition Support for AIX, IBM i 6.1, and Linux 38 © 2009 IBM Corporation 19
  • 20. IBM Training BladeCenter S SAS RAID Controller Module • Provides additional protection options for BladeCenter S storage • Fully redundant SAN integrated into BladeCenter S chassis – High-performance, fully duplex, 3Gbps speeds – Support for RAID 0, 1, 10, & 5 – Supports 2 disk storage modules with up to 12 SAS drives – Supports external SAS tape drive – Supports existing #8250 CFFv SAS adapter on blade – 1GB of battery-backed write cache between the 2 modules – Two SAS RAID Controller Modules required • Supports Power and x86 Blades – Recommend separate RAID sets • For each IBM i partition • For IBM i and Windows storage – Requirements • Firmware update for SAS RAID Controller Switch Modules • VIOS 2.1.1, eFW 3.4.2 Note: Does not support connection to DS3200 IBM i is not pre-installed with RSSM configurations 39 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training IBM i Support for Virtual Tape • Virtual tape support enables IBM i partitions to directly backup to PowerVM VIOS attached tape drive saving hardware costs and management time • Simplifies backup and restore processing with BladeCenter implementations – IBM i 6.1 partitions on BladeCenter JS12, JS22, JS23, JS43 – Supports IBM i save/restore commands & BRMS – Supports BladeCenter S and H implementations • Simplifies migration to blades from tower/rack servers – LTO-4 drive can read backup tapes from LTO-2, 3, 4 drives • Supports IBM Systems Storage SAS LTO-4 Drive – TS2240 for BladeCenter and Power Servers – 7214 Model 1U2 with FC#1404, and FC#5720 DVD/Tape SAS External Storage Unit with FC#5746 for Power servers • Requirements – VIOS 2.1.1, eFW 3.4.2, IBM i 6.1 PTFs 40 © 2009 IBM Corporation 20
  • 21. IBM Training Combined 2009 Agenda (April + October) • Faster Power 520/550 – Power 520 ….. 4.7 GHz – Power 550 ….. 5.0 GHz • More powerful Power BladeCenter – JS23/JS43 …. 4-core & 8-core 4.2 GHz – I/O enhancements • New I/O for POWER6 – PCIe 12X I/O drawers & SFF Disk – New PCIe adapters: SAS PCIe, SAS PCI-X, FCoE – High performance solid state drive (SSD) – USB Removable Disk Drive • New I/O for POWER5 41 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training New 12X I/O Drawers – PCIe & SFF Disk 12X DDR • Greater throughput – up to 2x other drawers PCIe • PCIe slots SFF • SFF (Small Form Factor) SAS drive bays #5803, #5802, 19-inch form factor #5873 24-inch form factor #5877* • 4U, full width • 4U, full width • 20 PCIe slots & 26 SFF disk bays • 10 PCIe slots & 18 SFF disk bays • Choose: with/without disk bays • Choose: with/without* disk bays • POWER6 595, 575 • POWER6 520/550/560/570 • Minimum AIX 5.3, IBM i 6.1, • Minimum AIX 5.3, IBM i 6.1, Linux Linux SLES10/RHEL4.7 SLES10/RHEL4.7 * October 2009 42 © 2009 IBM Corporation 21
  • 22. IBM Training New 12X I/O Drawers – PCIe & SFF Disk • Greater throughput – up to 2x* other drawers 12X DDR * Full 2x requires 8x PCIe cards & 12X DDR • PCIe slots PCIe – Leveraging industry technology SFF • SFF (Small Form Factor) SAS disk drives – 10k rpm for AIX/Linux/VIOS – 15k rpm for AIX/Linux/VIOS and IBM i – Run by PCIe adapter in drawer #5803, #5802, #5873 24-inch form factor 19-inch form factor #5877* • 4U, full width • 4U, full width • 20 PCIe slots • 10 PCIe slots • 26 SFF disk bays • 18 SFF disk bays • Choose: with/without disk bays • Choose: with/without** disk bays • Max 1 drawer per loop • Max 2 drawer per loop • POWER6 595, 575 • POWER6 520/550/560/570 • Min AIX 5.3, IBM i 6.1, Linux • Min AIX 5.3, IBM i 6.1, Linux SLES10/RHEL4.7 SLES10/RHEL4.7 * October 2009 43 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Diskless 19-inch 12X I/O Drawer October 2009 #5877 announced October 2009 #5802 announced April 2009 – 10 PCIe slots – 10 PCIe slots – Zero SFF bays – 18 SFF bays #5877 pricing compared to #5802: • List price: #5877 about 10% lower • Maintenance: #5877 about 60% lower #5877 is lower cost option for clients using • all-SAN disk storage or virtual partition migration • lots of PCIe slots • #5877 requires AIX 5.3 or later; IBM i 6.1.1 or later; Linux SLES 10 or RHEL 4.6 or later #5802 prices shown are IBM's USA suggested list prices under 8204-E8A as of Oct 2009 and are subject to change without notice; reseller prices may vary. #5877 projected prices are unannounced and highly subject to change. Actual prices will be announced later in October 44 © 2009 IBM Corporation 22
  • 23. IBM Training Positioning New 12X I/O Drawers • New 12X drawer is clear • New drawer is usually winner winner most of the time !!! • Use older 12X drawer if need • Use older 12X drawer if need PCI-X adapter* to use a PCI-X adapter* • Review if need disk in drawer • IBM i – RIO #5790 for IOPs Compared to #5797/5798 Compared to #5796 + #5886 • Up to 2x more bandwidth • Up to 2x more bandwidth • Six 2-4x faster PCI slots, Fourteen • 0-2X faster PCI slots (vs PCI-X DDR) 0-2x faster PCI slots (vs PCI-X & PCI-X DDR) • 4 more PCI slots per box • same number PCI slots • 2 drawers per loop, vs four #5796 • But disk controller uses slot(s) • Slightly fewer (but faster) PCI slots • Can use 8 Gb FC with NPIV per loop • Slightly faster SFF disk bays • 18 SAS disk bays vs zero disk bays • Newer technology SAS drives • Plus can partition bays (unlike • Same Max 1 drawer per loop #5886 EXP 12S Disk Drawer • Has diskless option • Newer SAS SFF disk bays • Diskless option October 2009 * IBM i does not have controller with write cache for the SFF disk until 5903 SOD fulfilled 45 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Power 595 I/O Drawer Comparisons AIX/Linux heritage Form Drawer Max # disk AIX disk I/O Drawer Loop PCI slots Factor / loop in drawer controller 4 built in #5791 RIO 24-inch 20 PCI-X 1 16 SCSI (zero write cache) 2 built in #5794 RIO 24-inch 20 PCI-X 1 8 SCSI (zero write cache) 14 PCI-X DDR 4 built in #5797/5798 12X 24-inch 1 16 SCSI + 6 PCI-X (zero write cache) 26 SAS SFF 0 built in #5803/5873 12X DDR 24-inch 20 PCIe 1 (#5803) (use PCIe slot) 46 © 2009 IBM Corporation 23
  • 24. IBM Training Power 595 I/O Drawer Comparisons IBM i heritage Max # disk IBM i disk Form Drawer I/O Drawer Loop PCI slots in same controller – Factor / loop drawer biggest cache #5094/9094 1.5GB write HSL/RIO 19-inch 14 PCI-X 6 45 SCSI 5294= two 5094 cache 1.5GB write #5790 HSL/RIO 19-inch 6 PCI-X 6 0 cache for SCSI drawer 1.5GB write 14 PCI-X DDR 16 SCSI, but #5797/5798 12X 24-inch 1 cache for SCSI + 6 PCI-X AIX only drawer * 26 SAS 380MB write #5803/5873 12X DDR 24-inch 20 PCIe 1 SFF** cache ** ** IBM i 2009 SOD for support of PCIe controller with write cache for #5803 47 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training 19-inch I/O Drawer Comparisons AIX / IBM i / Linux heritage Max disk IBM i disk Form Drawer / I/O Drawer Loop PCI slots in same controller – Factor loop drawer biggest cache #0595 or 1.5GB write HSL/RIO 19-inch 7 PCI-X 6 12 SCSI 7311-D20 cache #5790 or 1.5GB write HSL/RIO 19-inch 6 PCI-X 6 0 cache for SCSI 7311-D11 drawer * #5796 or 1.5GB write 12X SDR 19-inch 6 PCI-X DDR 4 0 cache for SCSI 5714-G30 drawer * 12X or 18 SAS 380MB write #5802 19-inch 10 PCIe 2 12X DDR SFF cache #5877 380MB write 12X or 19-inch 10 PCIe 2 0 cache for SAS Oct 2009 12X DDR drawer * Plus 2009 new PCI-X 1.5GB write cache for SAS disk drawer 48 ** IBM i add support of 380 MB PCIe controller Oct 2009 © 2009 IBM Corporation 24
  • 25. IBM Training PCIe 12X I/O Drawer – SFF Drive Bays #5803 12X I/O Drawer #5802 12X I/O Drawer AIX/Linux MODE AIX/Linux • One set: 26 bays SWITCH • One set: 18 bays 1 • Two sets: 13 + 13 bays • Two sets: 9 + 9 bays 2 • Four sets: 7 + 6 + 6 + 7 bays 4 • Four sets: 5 + 4 + 4 + 5 bays IBM i IBM i • Two sets: 13 + 13 bays • Two sets: 9 + 9 bays Disk bays in drawer configured as one, two or four sets – Allows for partitioning of disk bays – Configuration done via physical mode switch on drawer • Mode change requires power on/power off of drawer – Each disk bay set can be attached to its own controller/adapter – Four SAS connections to drive bays • Connects to PCIe SAS adapters/controllers • PCIe adapter selected 49 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training #5803 12X I/O Drawer - PCIe & SFF Front SAS SAS SAS SAS D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S Each half has D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D Each half has redundant redundant power power supplies P P P P P P P P P P supplies 1 P P P P 1 P P P P P P C C C C 2 C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 2 I I I I I I e e e e X e e e e e e e e e e X e e e e e e Rear 0.6m 12X DDR cable 12X DDR cable to 12X DDR cable to processor book processor book Single loop mode example (eConfig does not default this) • Can join using 0.6m 12X DDR cable and put entire drawer on one 12X loop (maximum number of 24” I/O drawers) – Single Loop Mode • Or can “split” drawer, placing each half on separate 12X loop (highest performance option – maximum bandwidth) 50 © 2009 IBM Corporation 25
  • 26. IBM Training #5873 12X I/O Drawer - PCIe (no SSF) Front Each half has Each half has redundant redundant power power supplies P P P P P P P P P P supplies 1 P P P P 1 P P P P P P C C C C 2 C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 2 I I I I I I e e e e X e e e e e e e e e e X e e e e e e Rear 12X DDR cables to 12X DDR cables to Double loop mode example processor book processor book (eConfig defaults this mode) • Can “split” drawer, placing each half on separate 12X loop (highest performance option – maximum bandwidth) -- “Double Loop Mode” • Or can join using 0.6m 12X DDR cable and put entire drawer on one 12X loop (maximum number of 24” I/O drawers) • Reasons for #5873 (no SFF slots) instead of #5802 (with SFF slots) – Use SAN for boot drive / load source, or just need lots of PCI slots – Lower price & lower maintenance No conversions of #5873 #5803 (No adding SFF slots) 51 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training IO Drawer Internal Diagram ( 24 inch ) S S S S S S S SAS SAS S S S S S S S S S S S S SAS SAS S S S S S S S A A A A A A A Port Port A A A A A A A A A A A A Port Port A A A A A A A S S S S S S S Exp Exp S S S S S S S S S S S S Exp Exp S S S S S S S DASD Backplane 12X: IB 12X: IB PCIe Hub PCIe Hub 8X: 4GB/s 8X: 4GB/s P P P PCIe Hub PCIe Hub P P PP P P P P P P PCIe Hub PCIe Hub P P P P P P P C C C C C CC C C C C C C C C C C C C C I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I e e e IB2 Riser e e e e e e e e e e IB2 Riser e e e e e e e 12X IB DDR ports 12X IB DDR ports Sustained: 9.5 GB/sec per port Sustained: 9.5 GB/sec per port • 24", 4U drawer • Hot Plug Redundant Power • 26 DASD, SAS SFF • Hot Plug Drives • SAS Controller (optional) on PCIe card • Hot Plug I/O slots • 20 PCIe 2.5 Gb/s, 8X (8 lanes) – Full Length Slots 52 © 2009 IBM Corporation 26
  • 27. IBM Training IO Drawer Internal Diagram ( 19 inch ) S S S S S SAS SAS S S S S S S S S SAS SAS S S S S S A A A A A Port Port A A A A A A A A Port Port A A A A A S S S S S Exp Exp S S S S S S S S Exp Exp S S S S S DASD Backplane 12X: IB PCIe Hub 8X: 4GB/s P P P PCIe Hub PCIe Hub P P PP P P P C C C C C CC C C C I I I I I I I I I I e e e IB2 Riser e e e e e e e 12X IB DDR ports Sustained: 9.5 GB/sec per port (12GB/sec per port peak) • 19", 4U drawer • Hot Plug Redundant Power • 18 DASD, SAS SFF • Hot Plug Drives • SAS Controller (optional) on PCIe card • Hot Plug I/O slots • 10 PCIe 2.5 Gb/s, 8X (8 lanes) – Full Length Slots 53 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Additional 24-inch I/O Drawer Configuration Insights #5803 PCIe slots + drive bay, #5873 PCIe slots + no drive bays • Max 32 #5803, but only max 31 #5873 – Want the first PCIe 12X I/O drawer to be a #5803, not #5873 to ensure that a #5720 Media Drawer can be installed – #5873 does not support #5720 attachment • IBM Manufacturing will assume a #5912 in slot 10 will be dedicated for the #5720. Client can move/re-assign as desired. • Physical planning information – #5803 can take a little more power than a 5797/5798 #5803 specs • Max power & heat: 1520 W & 5190 BTU • “Typical” w/ 20 PCIe cards & 26 disk: 750 W & 2571 BTU • Wattage insights: PCIe W vary, SFF disk 8-9 W per drive • Max weight 160 lbs 54 © 2009 IBM Corporation 27
  • 28. IBM Training #5802/5877 12X I/O Drawers #5802 #5877 (Oct 2009) Front SAS Front D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D P P P P 1 P P P P P P P P P P 1 P P P P P P C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C Rear I I e e I I e e 2 X I e I e I e I e I e I e I e I e I e I e 2 X I e I I e e I e I e I e Rear 12X DDR 12X DDR cable to CEC cable to CEC • Max two #5802/5877 per 12X loop • Requires DDR 12X cable, not original SDR 12X cable – #1861, #1862, #1863, #1865, #1864 = DDR cables • Can NOT convert #5877 to #5802 (order correctly initially) 5802: 4U drawer 5877: 4U drawer kVA (maximum) .768 kVA kVA (maximum) .531 kVA Rated voltage and frequency 100-127V or 200-240V Rated voltage and frequency 100-127V or 200-240V Thermal output (maximum) 2542 BTU/hr Thermal output (maximum) 1760 BTU/hr Power requirements (maximum) 745 W Power requirements (maximum) 515 W Weight 54 kg 120 lb Weight 48 kg 105 lb 55 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training 5877 Oct 2009 19-inch I/O Drawer/Tower Configuration Rules POWER6 model Max loops If server limited on number of loops, 520/550 2-core 1 I/O drawer selection can be impacted 520/550 4-core or larger 2 560 16-core 3 12X PCIe #5802 #5802 or 5877 570 16- or 32-core 8 Max 2 per loop or 5877 10 slots per drawer No mixing PCI-X 12X and PCIe 12X on same loop 12X PCI-X DDR #5796 #5796 #5796 #5796 Max 4 per loop 5714-G30 5714-G30 5714-G30 5714-G30 6 slots per drawer No mixing RIO/HSL and 12X on same loop RIO/HSL Many #’s Many #’s Many #’s Many #’s Many #’s Many #’s Max 6 per loop & MTMs & MTMs & MTMs & MTMs & MTMs & MTMs 56 © 2009 IBM Corporation 28
  • 29. IBM Training New 12X DDR Cables • New PCIe 12X I/O Disk drawers require new 12X DDR cables – New PCIe 12X I/O drawers NOT supported by earlier SDR 12X cables – Can NOT mix PCIe and PCI-X I/O 12X drawers on the same loop SDR cables – New cables – use DDR cables DDR cables Length use for PCI-X for for PCIe 12X for 24” For 19” 12X I/O drawers I/O drawers #5803/5873 #5802 0.6 meter #1829 #1861 #1861 #1861 Same price for equivalent SDR 1.5 meter #1830 #1862 -- #1862 and DDR cables 2.5 meter #1831 #1863 #1863 -- 3.0 meter #1840 #1865 -- #1865 8.0 meter #1834 #1864 #1864 #1864 DDR = double data rate New 12X DDR cables have same dark green color connector as original 12X cable, but have a different labels. Be careful. Physically the old cables can be connected to the new drawers – size/keying identical. “D” 57 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training 12X DDR GX Adapter (Highest Speed Loop) • The new 2009 12X I/O Drawer can take advantage of faster GX adapters running DDR2 (double data rate) • Can also attach to GX adapters running SDR (single data rate) Offer 12X Max notes DDR Adapter quantity POWER5 No 12X n/a No 12X, need POWER6 POWER6 520 yes 1 Need 4-core 520, use newest DDR feat #5609 for new I/O drawer, not #5608 (8203) POWER6 550 yes 1 Need 4-core or larger 550, use newest DDR feat #5609 for new I/O drawer, not #5608 (8204) POWER6 560 no n/a POWER6 570 no n/a POWER6 575 n/a n/a Doesn’t use GX adapter POWER6 595 yes 32 Same feature code – originally announced adapter is DDR 58 © 2009 IBM Corporation 29
  • 30. IBM Training New #5609 12X+ GX Loop Adapter for Power 520/550 GX Adapter • #5609 can support double date rate of initial #5616 12X adapter • #5609 has same data rate of #5608 12X+ adapter introduced late 2008 • #5608/5609 positioning: – Both equally great for clustering – Both require 4-core or larger Power 520/550 – Both have about the same performance attaching #5796 or 7314-G30 12X I/O drawers – #5609 supports #5802 PCIe12X I/O drawers, BUT #5608 does not • Note SDR #5616 GX loop adapter supports attachment of #5802 drawer at SDR speed – Both supported on 4.7 GHz Power 520 and 5.0 GHz Power 550 12X GX adapter USA List Price USA List Price Lower price reflects March 2009 April 2009 #5608 subset of #5616 12X (SDR) $1100 $1100 #5609 capability #5608 12X+ (DDR) $2200 $1300 “Good deal” unless really need #5609 #5609 12X+ (DDR) n/a $2200 All prices shown are IBM's USA planned suggested list prices and are subject to change without notice; reseller prices may vary 59 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Power 520/550 GX Loop Adapters #5614 = HSL/RIO #5616 = 12X GX Adapter #5608 = 12X+ Power 520/550 CEC #5609 = 12X+ General 520/550 GX Rules: • Can chose either 12X or HSL-2/RIO-2 (RIO-2 = HSL-2) • Power 520 1-core: zero loops. • Power 520/550 2-core: – Max of one loop. Therefore can’t mix HSL/RIO & 12X I/O drawers on the same 2-core system. Nor can you mix PCIe 12X I/O drawers with PCI-X 12X I/O drawers. – Choice of #5614 or #5616. Can NOT chose 12X+ adapter (#5608 or #5609) • Power 520 4-core or Power 550 4-8-core: – Max of two loops. Can mix loops on the same 4-core system, but all RIO or all 12X drawers per individual loop. – Choice of #5614, #5616, #5608 or #5609 But a max of one 12X+ adapter (#5608 or #5609). • #5608/5609 GX+ adapters must be located in the one specific GX++ slot in the CEC – Initial loop slot (P1-C6) in the Power 520 and Card slot 1 (P1-C7) in the Power 550 • #5608/5609 not announced on 9407-M15, 9408-M25, 9409-M50; convert server to 8203/8204 • GX slot for Power 520 2-, 4-core shares space with PCIe slot #1 – Reduces PCIe slots from quantity 3 to quantity 2 if GX adapter is used with 2-core or 4-core. – Note 2nd GX adapter does not share space with PCI slot in 4-core configuration. (not available in 2 core) • GX slots for Power 550 share space with PCIe slots #1 & #2 – Reduces PCIe slots from quantity 3 to quantity 2 when one loop is used – Reduces PCIe slots from quantity 3 to quantity 1 when two loops is used 60 © 2009 IBM Corporation 30
  • 31. IBM Training New SFF SAS Hard Disk Drives SFF drive (front/back) Three new SFF (2.5-inch) features – One 10k rpm … 300GB – Two 15k rpm … 146/139GB JBOD formatted for RAID formatted for IBM USA List price SFF AIX/Linux i 6.1 (8203-E4A) 10k 146 GB #1882 n/a $ 650 10k 300 GB #1885 n/a $1,050 15k 73 GB #1883 69 GB ** #1884 $ 498 15k 146 GB #1886 139 GB ** #1888 $ 798 SFF uses ½ the energy of 3.5-inch disk drives and can be more densely packaged to save floor space. IBM USA suggested list prices. Reseller prices may vary. Prices of #1885, 1886/88 are projected prices and very subject to change. Official prices to be provided October 2009. Other prices shown are as of Oct 2009 and are subject to change without notice. 61 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training SAS Hard Disk Drive (HDD) Options SFF drive (front/back) 3.5-inch and SFF (2.5-inch) offer different capacity and rpm options USA List price 3.5” AIX/Linux formatted IBM i formated (8203-E4A) 10k n/a n/a n/a 15k 73 GB #3646 wfm 69 GB #3676 wfm --- 15k 146 GB #3647 139 GB #3677 $ 498 15k 300 GB #3648 283 GB * #3678 $1,150 15k 450 GB #3649 428 GB ** #3658 $1,599 USA List price SFF AIX/Linux formatted IBM i formatted (8203-E4A) 10k 73 GB #1881 wfm n/a $ 498 wfm 10k 146 GB #1882 n/a $ 650 10k 300 GB #1885 n/a $1,050 15k 73 GB #1883 69 GB ** #1884 $ 498 15k 146 GB #1886 139 GB ** #1888 $ 798 * not supported as IBM i 5.4 load source ** IBM i 6.1 required wfm = withdrawn from marketing IBM USA suggested list prices. Reseller prices may vary. Prices of #1885, 1886/88 are projected prices and very subject to change. Official prices to be provided October 2009. Other prices shown are as of Oct 2009 and are subject to change without notice. 62 © 2009 IBM Corporation 31
  • 32. IBM Training Positioning Insights for HDDs Announced October ‘09 IBM i Combined with #5903 PCIe 380MB Controller announcement in October, the PCIe 12X I/O drawers announced in April 2009 are now MUCH more attractive as a disk enclosure for IBM i 6.1 clients AIX / Linux #5903 support was already in place for AIX 5.3 and later clients, so additional capacity points a nice additional option. 63 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Combined 2009 Agenda (April + October) • Faster Power 520/550 – Power 520 ….. 4.7 GHz – Power 550 ….. 5.0 GHz • More powerful Power BladeCenter – JS23/JS43 …. 4-core & 8-core 4.2 GHz – I/O enhancements • New I/O for POWER6 – PCIe 12X I/O drawers & SFF Disk – New PCIe adapters: SAS PCIe, SAS PCI-X, FCoE – High performance solid state drive (SSD) – USB Removable Disk Drive • New I/O for POWER5 64 © 2009 IBM Corporation 32
  • 33. IBM Training Additional AIX/Linux PCI Adapters, April and October 2009 Type adapter PCI-X PCIe 1 Gb & 10 Gb LR & LAN (Ethernet) 1 Gb & 10 Gb 10Gb SR & CX4 Async 2/8-port 4-port SCSI • Tape/disk 0 cache •Y • No plans • Disk medium cache • not supported* • No plans • Disk big cache •N • No plans SAS •Tape/disk 0 cache •Y • Yes •Disk medium cache •Y 175 MB • Yes 380 MB •Disk big cache •Y 1500 MB • Not in 2009 Fibre Channel 4 Gb 4 Gb & 8 Gb FCoE (or FCoEE) N Yes 10Gb iSCSI Y Not in 2009 USB 2-port 4-port Crypto Y Not in 2009 *not supported on POWER6 65 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Additional IBM i PCI Adapters, April & October 2009 Type adapter PCI-X PCIe LAN (Ethernet) 1 Gb & 10 Gb 1 Gb & 10 Gb LR WAN 2-port & 4-port 2-port (SNA only with IOP) (No SNA) SCSI • Tape/disk 0 cache •Y • No plans • Disk medium cache •Y 90 MB • No plans • Disk big cache • Y 1500 MB • No plans SAS •Tape/disk 0 cache •Y • Yes •Disk medium cache • No 175 MB • Yes 380 MB •Disk big cache • Y 1500 MB • Not in 2009 Fibre Channel 4 Gb 4 Gb & 8 Gb NIC in 2009, SOD for FC FCoE (or FCoEE) N 2H10 Twinax Y, with IOP No plans iSCSI Y No adapter plans Int xSeries Card (IXS) Y with IOP No adapter plans Crypto Y Not in 2009 66 © 2009 IBM Corporation 33
  • 34. IBM Training POWER6 PCIe Adapters • LAN – 4-Port 10/100/1000 Base-TX PCI Express Adapter (#5717, AIX/Linux) – 10 Gigabit Ethernet-CX4 PCI Express Adapter (#5732 AIX/Linux)* – 2-Port 10/100/1000 Base-TX Ethernet PCI Express Adapter (#5767, AIX/Linux) – 2-Port Gigabit Ethernet-SX PCI Express Adapter (#5768, AIX/IBM i/Linux) – 10 Gigabit Ethernet-SR PCI Express Adapter (#5769, AIX/Linux)* – 10 Gigabit Ethernet-LR PCI Express Adapter (#5772, AIX/IBM i/Linux* • WAN/Async – PCIe 2-Line WAN w/ with Modem (#2893, IBM i) – PCIe 2-Line WAN w/ with Modem CIM (#2894, IBM i) – 4 Port Async EIA-232 PCIe Adapter (#5785, AIX/Linux) • SAS – PCIe Dual-x4 SAS Adapter (#5901, AIX/IBM i/Linux)* – PCIe 380MB 380 MB Cache Dual-x4 3Gb SAS RAID Adapter (#5903, AIX/Linux) (IBM i ) • Fibre Channel – 8 Gigabit PCI Express Dual Port Fibre Channel Adapter (#5735, AIX/IBM i/Linux)* – 4 Gigabit PCI Express Single Port Fibre Channel Adapter (#5773, AIX/Linux) – 4 Gigabit PCI Express Dual Port Fibre Channel Adapter (#5774, AIX/IBM i/Linux) • Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE, FCoEE, CNA) – 10Gb FCoE PCIe Dual Port Adapter (#5708, AIX/Linux, limited IBM i + SOD IBM i full)* • Graphics – POWER GXT145 PCI Express Graphics Accelerator (#5748, AIX/Linux) • USB – 4 Port USB PCIe Adapter (#2728, AIX/Linux) * PCIe 8x adapter 67 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Combined 2009 Agenda (April + October) • Faster Power 520/550 – Power 520 ….. 4.7 GHz – Power 550 ….. 5.0 GHz • More powerful Power BladeCenter – JS23/JS43 …. 4-core & 8-core 4.2 GHz – I/O enhancements • New I/O for POWER6 – PCIe 12X I/O drawers & SFF Disk – New PCIe adapters: SAS PCIe, SAS PCI-X, FCoE – High performance solid state drive (SSD) – USB Removable Disk Drive • New I/O for POWER5 68 © 2009 IBM Corporation 34
  • 35. IBM Training PCIe SAS Adapters/Controllers #5901 #5903 CCIN = 57B3 CCIN = 574E • PCIe 380MB cache 8x, Dual-x4, 3Gb SAS RAID • PCIe 8x, Dual-x4, 3Gb SAS • Runs SAS HDD and SSD • Runs SAS HDD and SAS removable media – HDD in #5802, #5803, #5886, 560/570 CEC – HDD in #5802, #5803, #5886, 520/550 CEC (use #5909/5911 for 560/570 CEC) – SSD in #5886 and 560/570 CEC – Removable media in drawers external to CEC • Protection features • Protection features – Battery (hot swap maintenance) protecting cache – Optionally paired with another #5901 for – Always paired with another #5903 for redundancy of adapter redundancy of adapter and write cache • Features: • Features: – Zero write cache – 380 MB write cache – Dual port adapter – Dual port adapter – AIX/Linux: RAID 0, RAID 10 provided by adapter – AIX/Linux: RAID 0, RAID 10, RAID 5, RAID 6, hot spare provided by adapter – IBM i: striping or mirroring provided by OS, not adapter – Power 560/570 Split Backplane support (AIX/Linux) – Power 520/550 Split Backplane support (AIX/Linux) • AIX 5.3, SLES10.2, RHEL5.2 or later • AIX 5.3, IBM i 6.1, SLES10.2, RHEL5.2 or later • IBM i supported Oct 2009 with i 6.1.1) • Functionally very, very much like #5900/5912 PCI-X • Functionally very much like #5902 PCI-X DDR DDR adapter adapter … #5903 has 2x write cache and also supports SSD 69 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training REVIEW: POWER6 Rules – Disk & Controllers AIX/Linux IBM i Disk drives – SCSI or Highly recommend protecting Require protecting (RAID 5, 6, SAS (or SSD) (RAID 5, 6, or 10) – but optional or mirroring) Disk controllers PCI AIX/Linux IBM i cards with write cache Supported, write cache must be PCI-X SCSI Not supported on POWER6 protected Supported, write cache must be Supported, write cache must be PCI-X SAS protected protected Supported, write cache must be October 2009: Supported, write PCIe SAS protected cache must be protected Rules do not apply to SAN disk storage -- SAN provides disk protection 70 © 2009 IBM Corporation 35
  • 36. IBM Training REVIEW: POWER6 Rules – Disk & Controllers Details AIX/Linux IBM i Disk drives – SCSI or SAS Highly recommend protecting (RAID Require protecting (RAID 5, 6, or (or SSD) 5, 6, or 10) – but optional mirroring) Disk controllers PCI cards AIX/Linux IBM i with write cache Supported, but must be mirrored for PCI-X SCSI 90MB #5776* Not supported on POWER6 protection of cache Supported, but must be paired for PCI-X SAS 175 MB #5902 Not supported protection of cache Supported, but must be paired for Oct 2009 Supported, but must be PCIe SAS 380 MB #5903 protection of cache mirrored for protection of cache PCI-X SCSI 757/1500 MB Supported, must use aux cache or Not supported on POWER6 #2780/5580/5581/5583/5590/5591* mirror controller Supported, includes aux cache for PCI-X SCSI 1500 MB Not supported on POWER6 protection. Can mirror for controller #5778/5780/5782* redundancy Supported, includes aux cache for Supported, includes aux cache for PCI-X SAS 1500 MB protection. Can mirror for controller protection. Can mirror for controller #5904/5906/5908 redundancy redundancy * using unified feature codes, 9406/9407/9408 has add’l feat codes for the same cards, but POWER6 protection rules are the same. Does not apply to SAN disk storage -- SAN provides disk protection 71 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training #5901 PCIe Disk Adapter & #5802/5803 12X I/O Drawer Mode 4 example #5901 SAS adapter #5802/5803 I/O Drawer 5802/5803 SFF bays #5901 need PCIe controller(s) #5901 SAS adapter SAS AE cables #3688 in the same drawer PCIe 0 MB cache #5901 SAS adapter • AIX/IBM i*/Linux support May * IBM i uses only with mode switch as “2”, #5901 SAS adapter thus max=min as two sets of drive bays • One #5901 per group of SFF drive bays. Mode switch on drawer sets to 1, 2 or 4 groups. Diagram above shows mode 4 example • With AIX/Linux, up to 4 #5901 accessing 4 sets of SFF drive bays. • With IBM i, only mode 2 (2 groups of drive bays) supported • For redundancy a pair of #5901 can be used, but then mode 4 not supported. • #5901 has two ports. 2nd port can optionally be used. 72 © 2009 IBM Corporation 36
  • 37. IBM Training #5901 PCIe Disk Adapter & #5802/5803 12X I/O Drawer additional examples • #5901 has two ports. 2nd port can drive – a second group of drives in the #5802/5803 I/O drawer (first red line) – or it can drive a #5886 EXP 12S Disk Drawer (or two EXP 12S if cascaded using EE Cables) (second red line) – Or it can drive a removable media drive (usually not recommended due to potential performance conflicts) (not shown) Mode 4 example #5901 SAS adapter #5802/5803 I/O Drawer SAS AE cables #3688 5802/5803 SFF bays #5901 #5901 SAS adapter need PCIe controller(s) PCIe in the same drawer 0 MB cache #5901 SAS adapter • AIX/IBM i*/Linux support May * IBM i uses only with mode switch as “2”, thus max=min as two sets of drive bays SAS YO cable #5886 EXP 12S SAS Disk Drw Cascade of EXP 12S not shown 73 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training #5903 RAID Disk Adapter & #5802/5803 12X I/O Drawer Adapters must be in PCIe I/O drawer #5802/5803 I/O Drawer Pair of SAS #5903 adapter adapters SAS AT cables #3688 Diagram shows using ½ of each #5903 adapter adapter’s ports • AIX/Linux support May 2009 • IBM i 6.1.1 support October 2009 • Pair of SAS adapters provides redundancy – Total of two PCIe slots used – Adapters linked together via connections in #5802/5803 and write cache contents mirrored – If one adapter fails/disconnected, contents of write cache written out and write cache disabled until pairing restored. Often significant performance impact possible without write cache, especially if running RAID-5 or RAID-6 • Max of 18 (#5802) or 26 (#5803) SAS disk drives located in 12X I/O drawer per pair of adapters • Can also use the 2nd pair of SAS ports on the pair of #5903 to attach to #5886. This expands the number of disk drives by 12 drives with one EXP 12S, or expands by 24 drives if two EXP 12S are cascaded together via SAS EE cables 74 © 2009 IBM Corporation 37
  • 38. IBM Training #5903 RAID Disk/SSD Adapter & #5886 SAS X cable #5886 EXP 12S SAS Disk Drw #5903 adapter Diagram shows using ½ of each Pair of SAS adapter’s ports adapters • AIX/Linux support May 2009 #5903 adapter • IBM i 6.1.1 support October 2009 • Pair of SAS adapters provides redundancy – Total of two PCI slots used – Adapters linked together via SAS X cable and write cache contents mirrored – If one adapter fails/disconnected, contents of write cache written out and write cache disabled until pairing restored. Usually significant performance impact possible without write cache, especially if running HDD RAID-5 or RAID-6 • Max of 48 SAS disk drives per pair of adapters – Max of 24 SAS drives per paired #5903 port using two pair of two #5886 linked together using EE SAS cables – performance considerations if try to attach this many drives • Max of 8 or 9 Solid State Drives per #5903 adapter pair – Max 8 in #5886 I/O drawer, Max 9 in #5802/5803 I/O drawer – Note #5903 may throttle SSD performance with this many SSDs (8 or 9) 75 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Paired Disk Controller – New for IBM i Oct 2009 Disk Disk adapter mirror mirror Disk adapter Disk • Ability to mirror disk controllers with mirrored drives for years • October 2009 with IBM i 6.1.1 has new configuration option Disk adapter RAID5 mirror Disk RAID6 Disk adapter 76 © 2009 IBM Corporation 38
  • 39. IBM Training Active/Active Performance Enhancement Active/Passive Active/Active 1 1 Cntrl Cntrl d/ d/ Rea e Rea e W rit Write W rit Write System System Re 2 W r ad/ 2 Cntrl ite Cntrl “Standby” except for cache content copy • Active/Active capability associated with “paired” or “dual” SAS controllers (not mirrored) – For #5901, #5902, #5903, #5904/6/8, #5912 (not #5900) – For POWER6 (AIX, IBM i, Linux), POWER5 (AIX, Linux) – “Dual Storage IOA configuration” or “multi-initiator” in documentation • Enhancement compared to Active/Passive (currently used by AIX and Linux) – “Load balancing” of work on dual SAS controllers – Depending on workload can allow more throughput over same hardware configuration – Helpful to both SSD and HDD – Most helpful when dealing with lots of reads and with situations trying to handle reading a lot of data …. low impact to boot drives, application binaries, load source – Must have more than one array under controller pair, else active/passive used 77 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Paired SAS Disk Adapters & #5802/5803 12X I/O Drawer Adapters for 5802/5803 disk must be in PCIe I/O drawer Pair of #5903 #5903 SAS adapter PCIe SAS AT cables #3688 4 SAS 380 MB cache ports #5903 SAS adapter • Note there are four SAS ports on the #5802/5803 drawers • Each pair of #5903 need two ports • Therefore the max number of controllers = two pair • Thus the max number of groups/partitions per #5802/5803 = • Supported AIX/Linux May two using #5903 • IBM i 6.1.1 Oct 2009 • If want 4 groups of disk slots, use four unpaired #5901 Adapters for 5802/5803 disk must be in PCIe I/O drawer • Optionally, can pair the #5901 PCIe SAS Adapters controller for redundancy Pair of #5901 SAS adapter PCIe • “Optional” pairing because no write 0 MB cache SAS adapter cache to protect • If paired, same two partition maximum as with #5903 adapter Supported AIX/Linux Not supported IBM i 78 © 2009 IBM Corporation 39
  • 40. IBM Training 10 Gb Ethernet LAN Position 3 different adapters • PCIe – 10 Gigabit Ethernet-CX4 PCI Express Adapter (#5732 AIX/Linux) – 10 Gigabit Ethernet-SR PCI Express Adapter (#5769, AIX/Linux) – 10 Gigabit Ethernet-LR PCI Express Adapter (#5772, AIX/IBM i/Linux • PCI-X currently available (for comparison) – 10 Gb Ethernet-SR PCI-X 2.0 DDR Adapter (#5721) AIX/IBM i/Linux • Multiple cable options provide flexibility to leverage existing cabling, lowering site installation costs • Cabling – Existing #5722 Long Range (LR) adapter: single-mode (1310 nm) optical fiber for up to 10 km. – New #5769 Short Range (SR) adapter: multi-mode (850nm) optical fiber for up to 300 meters. – New #5732 CX4: twinax copper for up to 15 meters • Different cabling from the AS/400 heritage twinax cabling • Functional differences (beyond cabling) – #5769 SR and #5732 CX4 provide Linux: iSCSI hardware initiator support and RDMA (Remote Direct Memory Access) (#5722 does not provide) 79 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training #5735 PCIe 8Gb Fibre Channel Adapter With new PCIe 12X I/O Drawers • New to POWER6 595 since no PCIe previously • Expanded use on Power 520-575 with PCIe I/O drawers NPIV • Dual port adapter - each port provides single initiator av ailable * • Speeds: 8 Gbps, 4 Gbps, 2 Gbps on this – Automatically adjusts to speed of attached I/O and SAN fabric adapter – LED on card indicates link speed – Limited number of SAN infrastructure or I/O units currently support 8 Gbps • Supported 8203-E4A, 8204-E8A, Power 560, 9117-MMA, Power 575 System unit – New PCIe 12X I/O drawers expand placement beyond system units – Not announced on the 9407-M15, 9408-M50, 9406-MMA • Ports have LC type connectors (using shortwave laser optics) – Cables are the responsibility of the customer. – Use multimode fibre optic cables with short-wave lasers: • OM3 - multimode 50/125 micron fibre, 2000 MHz*km bandwidth – 2Gb (.5 – 500m) 4Gb (.5 – 380m) 8Gb (,5 – 150m) • OM2 - multimode 50/125 micron fibre, 500 MHz*km bandwidth – 2Gb (.5 – 300m) 4Gb (.5 – 150m) 8Gb (,5 – 50m) • OM1 - multimode 62.5/125 micron fibre, 200 MHz*km bandwidth – 2Gb (.5 – 150m) 4Gb (.5 – 70m) 8Gb (,5 – 21m) * with proper software levels of AIX. IBM i = SOD 80 © 2009 IBM Corporation 40
  • 41. IBM Training Combined 2009 Agenda (April + October) • Faster Power 520/550 – Power 520 ….. 4.7 GHz – Power 550 ….. 5.0 GHz • More powerful Power BladeCenter – JS23/JS43 …. 4-core & 8-core 4.2 GHz – I/O enhancements • New I/O for POWER6 – PCIe 12X I/O drawers & SFF Disk – New PCIe adapters: SAS PCIe, SAS PCI-X, FCoE – High performance solid state drive (SSD) – USB Removable Disk Drive • New I/O for POWER5 81 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training PCI-X DDR 1.5GB Cache SAS RAID Adapter #5904 #5906 (BSC for 24-inch) #5908 (BSC for 19-inch) Industry unique CCIN = 572F/575C • 1.5GB write cache • 1.6GB read cache Huge Cache SAS RAID Disk/SSD Controller 1. High interest to IBM i (5.4 and later) clients moving off SCSI disk drives • Already had SCSI version of this controller • Provides great disk performance (also true for AIX/Linux) 2. Great controller for SSD providing highest performance • AIX, IBM i or Linux 82 © 2009 IBM Corporation 41
  • 42. IBM Training PCI-X DDR 1.5GB Cache SAS RAID Controller • “Replacement” for IBM i SCSI 1.5GB write cache controller …. Nice “add” for AIX/Linux • Double card PCI-X adapter takes 2 slots • EXP 12S SAS Disk drawer • 2U disk drawer • Write cache protection included (auxiliary cache) • 19-inch rackmount • 12 disk bays per drawer • 1.6GB read cache • Disk currently available • IBM i 5.4, AIX 5.3, SLES10, RHEL5.2 or later – 139/146 GB required – 282/300 GB • POWER6* 520, 550, 560, 570, 595 – 428/450 GB • Max of 60 HDD per controller • Max of 8 SSD per controller Can also be used in Power CEC * System i POWER5 also supported 83 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training 1.5GB Cache RAID Adapter Performance Up to 35% more powerful • Compared to SCSI 1.5GB Adapter versus SAS 1.5GB adapter • SAS 1.5GB runs more disk drives per adapter • SAS 1.5GB Faster 1.5GB Adapter Comparison Running 36 HDDs “Faster” Note: For applications with lots of reads/writes per transaction, even a small response time improvement can add up and can result in a noticeable user response time improvement. Chart shows I/O response time as larger and larger amounts of workload per minute are run On this chart, the farther to the right and to the bottom, the better 84 © 2009 IBM Corporation 42
  • 43. IBM Training #5904/5906/5908 1.5GB Cache RAID Adapter Placement • Double card adapter takes two adjacent PCI-X slots • CEC – in PCI-X slots on the Power 520, 550, 560, or 570. (8203, 8204, 8234, 9117) – Note: NOT in POWER6 9406, 9407, 9408, 9409 (convert to 9117, 8203, 8204) – Note: NOT in POWER5 CEC • 12X I/O drawers – #5796 / 7314-G30 Max 2 (#5908) – #5797/5798 Max 8 (#5906) – #5802/5803/5873 Max 0 zero, these drawers have PCIe slots • RIO/HSL I/O drawers – #0595/5095 Max 2 (#5904) only C1/C2, C2/C3, C3/C4 – #5094/5096 Max 1 (#5904) only slots C14/15 – #5294/5296 Max 2 (#5904) only slots C14/15 – #5790 Max 2 (#5908) – Note: Not in #0588/5088, 7311-D20, 7311-D11 85 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training #5904/5906/5908 Cabling to #5886 EXP 12S Drawer 3 SAS ports on Adapter For drawer attachment YO SAS cable – #3691 1.5m (4.9 ft) – #3692 3.0m (9.8 ft) – #3693 6.0m (19.6 ft) “pairing” of 1.5GB adapter like the – #3694 15m (49.2 ft) #5902/03 adapters with X cables not announced. Use mirrored controllers and drives instead for this level of redundancy. EE cables cascade from one EXP 12S to a second drawer* * max of 60 HDD (5 #5886 drawers) per adapter on POWER6. POWER5 does not supported use of EE cables (max 36 HDD) 86 © 2009 IBM Corporation 43
  • 44. IBM Training #5904/5908 Cabling to Power 520/550 & 560/570 CEC Drives Power 520/550 (with #5904) • Drive split backplane for AIX/Linux • Can drive SSD or HDD (but not both) • Only uses one #5904 SAS adapter port, can use other two ports for #5886 EXP12S Disk Drawers. (SAS YO cable) assuming no SSD 3 SAS ports on Adapter Power 560/570 (with #5908) • Drive split backplane (3 bays) #3650 for AIX/Linux Use SAS AI Cables for CEC • Drive full backplane (6 bays) #3651 for AIX/IBM i/Linux – #3679 1 meter • Can drive SSD or HDD (but not both) • Only uses one #5908 SAS adapter port, can use other ports for • #5886 EXP12S Disk Drawer max 2 (SAS YO cable) • Other 560/570 CEC drawer max 2 of the same system (SAS AI cable) 87 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Sample Config #1: 1.5GB Controller Price Comparison – 24-to-24 45000 40000 35000 30000 disk 25000 24 disk 24 disk drawers 20000 adapter 15000 24 bays 24 bays 10000 5000 1 adapter 1 adapter 0 SAS SCSI Plus the SAS adapter typically able to handle more drives, further increasing savings SAS Config (USA Power 520 list price) SCSI Config (USA Power 520 list price) • Adapter #5904 $ 8,500 • Adapter #5778 $ 8,407 • 2 EXP 12S Disk Drawers $ 9,000 • 1 EXP24 Disk Drawer $ 8,433 • 24 139GB SAS disk $ 11,952 • 24 141GB SCSI disk $23,544 All prices shown are IBM's USA suggested list prices as of April 2009 and are subject to change without notice; reseller prices may vary. 88 © 2009 IBM Corporation 44
  • 45. IBM Training Sample Config #2: 1.5GB Controller Comparison – Growth 30-to-24 60000 50000 30 40000 282GB disk disk 24 30000 141GB drawers disk adapter 20000 36 bays 24 bays 10000 1 adapter 1 adapter 0 SAS SCSI Plus there are six empty SAS bays still available for even more growth SAS Config (USA Power 520 list price) SCSI Config (USA Power 520 list price) • Adapter #5904 $ 8,500 • Adapter #5778 $ 8,407 • 3 EXP 12S Disk Drawers $ 13,500 • 1 EXP24 Disk Drawer $ 8,433 • 30 282GB SAS disk $ 34,500 • 24 141GB SCSI disk $23,544 All prices shown are IBM's USA suggested list prices as of April 2009 and are subject to change without notice; reseller prices may vary. 89 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training #5903 vs #5904/6/8 Comparison Pair of #5903 One #5904/6/8 Write cache 380MB write cache 1500MB effective* write (physically 2x380MB, but mirrored) cache Read cache 0 read cache 1600MB effective* read cache PCI slots required PCIe (two) PCI-X (two adjacent) List price (assuming model 550) $4,399 (for pair) $8,500 (for one) Max drives attached ** 48 HDD 60 HDD 9*** SSD 8 SSD Rule of thumb – “typical” max HDD 12 – 18 (maybe up to 24) 24 – 30 (maybe up to 36) attached – yours may vary Rule of thumb – “typical” max SSD 3 – 4 may max out with busy 5 – 6 may max out with attached – yours may vary SSD & “typical” write/read busy SSD mix * uses compression, physical cache smaller than effective ** with busy drives, adapter becomes the performance bottleneck *** quantity 9 picked for packaging convenience, 5904/6/8 actually capable of larger number SSDs than 5903 All prices are IBM's USA suggested list prices as of October 2009 and are subject to change without notice; reseller prices may vary. 90 © 2009 IBM Corporation 45
  • 46. IBM Training #5903 to #5904/5906/5908 comparison • #5903 Pro’s – Usually equally powerful as #5904/6/8 for a smaller number of drives – Mandatory paired adapters provide controller redundancy (and write cache redundancy) – Lower list price than #5904/6/8 – Newest PCIe technology provides longest term usage – Greatly enhances IBM i usage of SFF drives in new 12X PCIe I/O drawers • #5904/5906/5908 Pro’s – More powerful, can support more drives – Double slot card contains integrated write cache redundancy • When two adapters mirrored or paired, write cache continues to be used even if one adapter not in operation – PCI-X DDR technology provides flexibility to use many existing RIO/HSL and 12X I/O drawers – Can be used on System i POWER5 as well as POWER6 servers 91 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Combined 2009 Agenda (April + October) • Faster Power 520/550 – Power 520 ….. 4.7 GHz – Power 550 ….. 5.0 GHz • More powerful Power BladeCenter – JS23/JS43 …. 4-core & 8-core 4.2 GHz – I/O enhancements • New I/O for POWER6 – PCIe 12X I/O drawers & SFF Disk Oct 2009 – New PCIe adapters: SAS PCIe, SAS PCI-X, FCoE – High performance solid state drive (SSD) – USB Removable Disk Drive • New I/O for POWER5 92 © 2009 IBM Corporation 46
  • 47. IBM Training Fibre Channel over Ethernet • Save PCI slots • Save switches • Save space/electrical/cooling • Simplify wiring • Improve flexibility Ethernet FC Switch Fibre Channel Ethernet FCoE Switch Fibre Channel and Fibre Ethernet Switch cable cables cable Channel Fibre Channel (FC) Fibre Channel (FC) cables device or FC switch device or FC switch Ethernet Ethernet Ethernet cable FCoE cable CEC or I/O drawer CEC or I/O drawer Ethernet device / Ethernet device / switch switch or FCoE FC device / switch CEC or I/O drawer rack rack 93 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Converged Network Adapter (CNA) • FCoE uses Converged Network Adapters (CNA) • CNA run either Ethernet NIC traffic AND/OR Fibre Channel traffic – Enhanced Ethernet protocol supports FC traffic • Enhancements adds loss-less data transmission and additional management functions – FCoE also called FCoCEE – Fibre Channel over Converged Enhanced Ethernet • Physically CNA use 10Gb Ethernet ports – Each port can run all NIC, all FC, or mixed NIC/FC traffic • AIX & Linux support – AIX 5.3 or later, SLES 10, REHL 5.4 or later – SOD for NPIV function 1H 2010 through VIOS • VIOS support – VIOS 2.1.2.0 or later • Limited IBM i support – NIC only supported only through VIOS, requires IBM i 6.1.1 – SOD for FC and NPIV function 2H 2010 (both functions thru VIOS) 94 © 2009 IBM Corporation 47
  • 48. IBM Training FCoE Physical Connections • Cabling from FCoE PCIe adapter or BladeCenter Pass Thru module is Ethernet SR Optical Fibre • Cabling goes from FCoE Adapter to • Ethernet cabling from FCoE a) FCoE switch switch goes to b) Ethernet switch a) FCoE adapter b) Ethernet switch (no FC traffic Ethernet cable in this case) Ethernet FCoE Switch Ethernet device / cables switch or FCoE device / switch Fibre Channel • Fibre Channel cabling from FCoE cable switch goes to Fibre Channel (FC) FCoE CEC or I/O drawer device or FC switch a) Fibre Channel Switch b) Fibre Channel device (since most devices don’t have a FCoE adapter port yet) rack 95 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Implementing FCoE with Existing Networks • Mixing FCoE and Existing FC and Ethernet networks easy and expected • Most probable implementation is “from the edge” … adding FCoE with new equipment while keeping existing Ethernet and FC hardware/cabling in place until it make sense to replace with FCoE Fibre Channel FCoE Ethernet Switches, Switches, switches, adapters, cabling adapters, adapters, cabling cabling Ethernet Switches, Fibre Channel adapters, Switches, cabling adapters, cabling Fibre Channel Note, if need 1Gb Ethernet switch, Ethernet Switches, FCoE does not provided this physical connection Switches, adapters, cabling adapters, IBM announced two FCoE switches in July 2009, the IBM Converged cabling Switch B32 (5758-B32) and the Cisco Nexus 5000 for IBM System Storage (3722-S51) 96 © 2009 IBM Corporation 48
  • 49. IBM Training #5708 10Gb FCoE PCIe Dual Port Adapter • #5708 is a CNA (Converged Network Adapter) • Dual 10Gb ports – Physically are Ethernet ports – Each port can run all NIC, all FC, or mixed NIC/FC traffic – SR optical fiber cabling • PCIe adapter supported on – POWER6 520/550/560/570/575/595 (located in • PCIe 8x Gen 1 Adapter CEC or I/O drawer PCIe slots) • CCIN = 2B3B • AIX & Linux support – AIX 5.3 with the 5300-11 Technology Level, or later – AIX 6.1 with the 6100-04 Technology Level, or later – SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 Service Pack 3 or later – Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.4 or later – SOD for NPIV function 1H 2010 through VIOS • VIOS support – VIOS 2.1.2.0 or later • Limited IBM i support – NIC only supported only through VIOS, requires IBM i 6.1.1 – SOD for FC and NPIV function 2H 2010 (both functions thru VIOS) • Firmware level required: 3.5.0 or later 97 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training #5708 FCoE Configuration/Performance Considerations • At a high level – Very good PCIe configuration flexibility • Note only newer 12X I/O drawers have PCIe slots and only some of the PCI slots in POWER6 520/550/560/570/575 system unit are PCIe slots • Need to coordinate usage with FCoE switches – Great performance • FC: #5708 10Gb connectivity provides up to 45% more throughput than 8Gb FC adapter • Ethernet NIC: with two ports versus one port, #5708 has at least a 50% total throughput advantage. • High level, executive sales personnel stop reading here • Technical sales specialists knowing that “it always depends”, please study additional details on the following slide 98 © 2009 IBM Corporation 49
  • 50. IBM Training #5708 FCoE Configuration/Performance Considerations • #5708 has dual 10Gb ports – PCIe slot can not support both ports running at max – Assuming both ports busy, probably get around 1.5X a single port, not 2X • For NIC performance, recommend max of one #5708 adapters with high usage per four active processors cores • For NIC connectivity, recommend max of two #5708 adapters with high usage per one physical processor core • Obviously if consolidating workloads, need to plan for combined peak work • Fibre Channel: fairly easy to compare to PCIe Dual port 8Gb FC adapter #5735 – Can achieve 5-45% higher throughput – Can attach via FCoE switch to 1Gb, 2Gb, 4Gb, 8Gb switches/adapters • Ethernet: tougher comparison as PCIe Ethernet 10Gb adapters are single port cards – Compared to a PCIe Single port 10Gb Ethernet adapter the two port #5708 total throughput about 1.5x more assuming very busy adapters – Compared to two single port adapters, the #5708 through put lower, but the non#5708 solution needs two PCIe slots – If you are 1) only using Ethernet NIC workloads with normal frame (MTU=1500) and 2) you are pushing the performance maximums for that port; THEN comparing one port of the #5708 FCoE versus the one #5732/5769, you can get up to 20% more throughput with the #5732/5769. Similarly you can get up to 15% more throughput with the #5772 versus the #5708. If you are using jumbo frame (MTU=9000) one port throughput differences are negligible between the #5732/69/72 and the #5708. – Comparing one port of the #5708 to the one port #5732/69/72 when pushing the performance maximums for that port, you can get up to 30% better latency with the #5723/5769/5772 compared to the #5708. So if you have an application sensitive to latency like high performance clustering with high traffic, carefully look at this aspect. 99 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training #8725 QLogic 2-port 10Gb CNA CFFh • #8725 is a CNA (Converged Network Adapter) • Dual 10Gb ports – Physically are Ethernet ports – Each port can run all NIC, all FC, or mixed NIC/FC traffic – #8725 connected to midplane (no cables) – Use #5412 10GEnet Pass Thru Module on other side of midplane to connect to FCoE switch (with SR optical fiber or copper cables) • Adapter supported on BladeCenter – JS12, JS22, JS23, JS43 – In BladeCenter H enclosures • AIX & Linux support – AIX 5.3 with the 5300-11 Technology Level, or later – AIX 6.1 with the 6100-04 Technology Level, or later – SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 Service Pack 3 or later – Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5.4 or later – SOD for NPIV function 1H 2010 through VIOS • VIOS support – VIOS 2.1.2.0 or later • Limited IBM i support – NIC only supported only through VIOS, requires IBM i 6.1.1 – SOD for FC and NPIV function 2H 2010 (both functions thru VIOS) • Firmware level required: 3.5.0 or later 100 © 2009 IBM Corporation 50
  • 51. IBM Training FCoE “Top of Rack” Switches IBM announced FCoE switches in July 2009 IBM Converged Switch B32 (5758-B32) –24 ports FCoE and 8 ports 8 Gbps FC Cisco Nexus 5010 for IBM System Storage –20 ports FCoE plus choice of three expansion modules (3722-S51) •6-port FCoE, 4-port 4 Gbps FC + 4-port FCoE, or 8-port 4 Gbps FC Cisco Nexus 5020 for IBM System Storage –40 ports FCoE plus choice of three expansion modules (3722-S52) •6-port FCoE, 4-port 4 Gbps FC + 4-port FCoE, or 8-port 4 Gbps FC 101 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Combined 2009 Agenda (April + October) • Faster Power 520/550 – Power 520 ….. 4.7 GHz – Power 550 ….. 5.0 GHz • More powerful Power BladeCenter – JS23/JS43 …. 4-core & 8-core 4.2 GHz – I/O enhancements • New I/O for POWER6 – PCIe 12X I/O drawers & SFF Disk – New PCIe adapters: SAS PCIe, SAS PCI-X, FCoE – High performance solid state drive (SSD) – USB Removable Disk Drive • New I/O for POWER5 102 © 2009 IBM Corporation 51
  • 52. IBM Training Solid State Drives (SSD) Matching Applications’ Need • SSD represent a break-through technology – it will become pervasive • Today’s applications can often benefit with a faster storage option • SSD high speed can really help get rid of I/O bottlenecks, bridging the gap between memory and disk speeds – Improve performance – And save space, energy at the same time SSD Processors Memory Disk Very, very, Very, very, Very, very slow very, very, very fast Fast comparatively very fast 1,000,000 - < 10’s ns ~100 ns ~200,000 ns 8,000,000 ns Access Speed 103 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Attend separate SSD session for the detail you need SMP16 – Power sAM03+4 – Storage Exhibitor booth #37 104 © 2009 IBM Corporation 52
  • 53. IBM Training Combined 2009 Agenda (April + October) • Faster Power 520/550 – Power 520 ….. 4.7 GHz – Power 550 ….. 5.0 GHz • More powerful Power BladeCenter – JS23/JS43 …. 4-core & 8-core 4.2 GHz – I/O enhancements • New I/O for POWER6 – PCIe 12X I/O drawers & SFF Disk – New PCIe adapters: SAS PCIe, SAS PCI-X, FCoE – High performance solid state drive (SSD) – USB Removable Disk Drive • New I/O for POWER5 105 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training USB Removable Disk Drive • Entry tape alternative to VXA-2, VXA-320, DAT72, DAT160, or 8mm tape drives • Supports boot, save/restore like a tape drive • Also supports UDF files like a CD/DVD • For AIX/Linux (not IBM i) on POWER6 servers • Rugged • Fast • Great for most application logging • Lower total cost of ownership for many tape cartridge users 106 © 2009 IBM Corporation 53
  • 54. IBM Training USB Removable Disk Drive Considerations USB Removable Disk Tape Drives Drive Price drive / dock lower higher Maintenance drive / dock zero Not zero Price cartridge higher lower Speed Higher than entry drives Entry drives slower Compression Done by server, not docking Most drives have built in station compression Auto loader no Not offered on lower end drives Cartridge max capacity 500GB uncompressed, more Entry cartridges less than entry tape Susceptible to dirt / dust Very resistant susceptible Random access to middle or end of Yes (with UDF file system) no cartridge Rugged (drop & contamination resistant) yes Less rugged Encryption Done by server application, Lower end drives use server not docking station application, not drive Head cleaning & cleaning cartridge no Yes Backup/Restore time Faster than entry tape Entry tape slower External packaging / attachability Small, mobile, easy USB Larger, SAS PCI adapter attach attachment 107 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Excellent Fit Scenario for Removable Disk Drive • Application data logging – Small/mid-size business location wants to immediately write each transaction to tape (logging) as well as update the server – Methodology provides multiple redundancy – Allows easy transportability to backup location or server – Typical examples include retail, hotel, distribution, or credit union applications • Problems: – Writing individual transactions is hard on tape drives and tape cartridges due to constant start/stop – Server in a “dirty” office (dust/dirt) exacerbates the tape problems – Time to write on tape slows application responsiveness • Solution = Removable Disk Drive – Far better for stop/starts – Rugged has much less problem with dust/dirt – Fast 108 © 2009 IBM Corporation 54
  • 55. IBM Training USB Removable Disk Drive Features #1103 USB Internal Docking Station #1103 • Placed in HH slot of POWER6 520/550 CEC • Connected to USB connector inside 520/550 CEC, disabling the USB port on the operator panel (leaves two external USB ports available) • USB & power cables included with #1103 Config rule: When order an #1103 or USB Disk Drives #1104 docking station, must order at least one #1106 or #1107 (Cartridges) • #1106 160GB • #1107 500GB #1104 USB External Docking Station • Supported on POWER6 520/550/560/570 • Free standing, connected to USB port on back #1104 of CEC or to PCI adapter with USB ports 109 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training #1104 USB External Docking Station Height: 51.8 mm (2.04 in) Width: 109.8 mm (4.32 in) Length: 177.5 mm (7.0 in) Weight: 540 g (1.19 lbs) • Supported on POWER6 520/550/560/570 • Free standing, connected to USB port on back of CEC or to PCI adapter with USB ports • #1104 contains USB cable, universal power transformer, power plug converters, power cords included with #1104 • Can plug into PDU • Shelf or mounting bracket not part of #1104. If in rack, set on top of another mounted piece of equipment. Pre-made filler for empty rack space on the sides of the #1104 not provided. Config rule: When order an #1103 or #1104, must order at least one #1106 160GB or #1107 500GB Disk Drive cartridge 110 © 2009 IBM Corporation 55
  • 56. IBM Training USB Removable Disk Drive vs DAT USB can provide better total cost of ownership. Key variables include the number of cartridges needed and lifespan of cartridges. USB Removable Disk DAT 80/160 Tape Drive #1103/1104 Drive #5619 Price drive (on 8203-E4A) $ 225 / 275 $1661 Maintenance $0 $ 35 Speed Significantly faster with good most applications Compression Done by server application Usually done by drive Read/write DAT72 cartridges no yes Quantity times media used Up to 10,000* Up to 200* Price 160GB Media (on 8203-E4A) #1106 $315 Estimate** $45 160GB uncompressed 80GB uncompressed Price 500GB Media (on 8203-E4A) #1107 $709 n/a 500GB uncompressed Price of cleaning cartridge $0 Estimate** $35 * data provided by USB removable Disk Drive supplier ** based on quick Internet search, your price will vary Non-cartridge DAT prices are IBM's USA suggested list prices as of October 2009 and are subject to change without notice; reseller prices may vary. USB prices are projected USA list prices and very subject to change. Formal USB prices are planned to be released in 2009 October. 111 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Internal Break Even Example DAT vs USB Drive Three year analysis – only using hard costs – Assuming DAT cartridges last 1.5 years … buy at time 0, 1.5 and 3yr – Assuming 1 cleaning cartridge per year – Assuming same number “n” of cartridges in use at one time (USB or DAT) – The more cartridges needed, the better the case for DAT Internal $9,000 $8,000 $7,000 $6,000 $5,000 DAT $4,000 USB $3,000 $2,000 $1,000 $0 5 cart 10 15 20 25 cart cart cart cart DAT cartridge prices based on quick Internet search, your price will vary Breakeven about 13.2 cartridges Non-cartridge DAT prices are IBM's USA suggested list prices as of October 2009 and are subject to change without notice; reseller prices may vary. USB prices are projected USA list prices and very subject to change. Formal USB prices are planned to be released in 2009 October. 112 © 2009 IBM Corporation 56
  • 57. IBM Training External Break Even Example DAT vs USB Drive Three year analysis – only using hard costs – Assuming DAT cartridges last 1.5 years … buy at time 0, 1.5 and 3yr – Assuming 1 cleaning cartridge per year – Assuming same number “n” of cartridges in use at one time (USB or DAT) – The more cartridges needed, the better the case for DAT External $12,000 $10,000 $8,000 DAT $6,000 USB $4,000 $2,000 $0 15 20 25 30 35 cart cart cart cart cart DAT cartridge prices based on quick Internet search, your price will vary Breakeven about 25.8 cartridges Non-cartridge DAT prices are IBM's USA suggested list prices as of October 2009 and are subject to change without notice; reseller prices may vary. USB prices are projected USA list prices and very subject to change. Formal USB prices are planned to be released in 2009 October. 113 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training USB Removable Disk Drive Additional Information • 160GB and 500GB native (uncompressed) capacity disk drives/cartridges • Uses SATA HDD technology • Compression provided by system application, not drive/docking station • USB 2.0 • RDXTM (Removable Disk X -- name from supplier) • Configures as USBMS01/02/03 • Warranty = normal 1 yr for #1103/4/6/7. Maint = standard for feat code of server for #1103/4 docking station. Maint not provided for #1106/7 (supply) • Software support • AIX 5.3 or later • IBM i - no support • Linux SLES10 or later • Linux RH 4.7 or later. • VIOS – no support • Additional white paper information • AIX usage and configuration tips • Plan to make available by end October, probably IBM TechDoc Web site • See RDX vendor web page: www.rdxstorage.com/newsroom/papers.php 114 © 2009 IBM Corporation 57
  • 58. IBM Training Combined 2009 Agenda (April + October) • Faster Power 520/550 – Power 520 ….. 4.7 GHz – Power 550 ….. 5.0 GHz • More powerful Power BladeCenter – JS23/JS43 …. 4-core & 8-core 4.2 GHz – I/O enhancements • New I/O for POWER6 – PCIe 12X I/O drawers & SFF Disk – New PCIe adapters: SAS PCIe, SAS PCI-X, FCoE – High performance solid state drive (SSD) – USB Removable Disk Drive • New I/O for POWER5 115 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training POWER5 Enhancements POWER5 System i POWER5 System p • Add SAS disk support • Add SAS disk support – 5886 EXP 12S Disk Drawer – 5886 EXP 12S Disk Drawer – SAS 3.5-inch disk drives – SAS 3.5-inch disk drives – #5912 & 5902 PCI-X SAS – #5904 & 5908 PCI-X 1.5GB SAS Controllers Controller – Requires IBM i 5.4 or later – Requires AIX 5.3, SLES10, RHEL4.6 or later • Add IOP-less Fibre Channel #5749 • Add SAS tape support – Requires IBM i 6.1 – Using #5912 SAS Adapter – SAN DS8000 & DS6000* See add’l insights, next slide 116 © 2009 IBM Corporation 58
  • 59. IBM Training POWER5 System i SAS Configuration Insights/Limitations • SAS disk configuration rules identical to POWER6 EXCEPT – SAS 1.5GB adapter not supported when placed in System i POWER5 CEC. Place in: • #0595/5095 (max 2 #5904) slots C1/C2, C2/C3, C3/C4 • #5094/5096/8094 (max 1 #5904) slots C14/C15 • #5294/5296/8294 (max 2 #5904) slots C14/C15 (1 upper/1 lower) • #5790 (max 2 #5908) slots C1/C2, C2/C3, C4/C5, C5/C6 – IBM i load source with SAS not supported – Cascading of two #5886 I/O drawers not supported • Means max 12 drives per adapter SAS port, lower max per controller than POWER6 max – SSD not supported – #5912 SAS adapter not supported • SAS tape configurations – Not supported on System i • Smart Fibre Channel (IBM i 6.1) – Disk only, Tape drives/libraries not supported – #5749 Fibre Channel adapter supported in POWER5 CEC or I/O drawers/towers • Supported I/O drawers/towers with PCI-X slots such as: #0588/5088, #0595/5095, #5094/5096/9094, #5294/5296/8294 • Not supported in I/O drawers/towers without PCI-X slots such as #0578/5078 and #5074 and #5079 – SAN Load source not supported via this adapter – eConfig support for DS6000 planned for May 12, a couple weeks later than DS8000 117 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training POWER5 System p SAS Configuration Insights/Limitations • SAS disk configuration rules identical to POWER6 EXCEPT – SAS adapters are supported when placed in System p POWER5 CEC – AIX boot drive with SAS not supported – Cascading of two #5886 I/O drawers not supported • Means max 12 drives per adapter SAS port, lower max per controller than POWER6 max – SSD not supported – #5904/5908 1.5 GB cache adapter not supported 118 © 2009 IBM Corporation 59
  • 60. IBM Training April / October Content NOT Covered • Lots of detail on topics covered • 520/550 CEC SFF drive slots (April) • SATA DVD, 520/550/560/570 backplanes (April) • PCIe & split backplanes options (April & Oct) • New HMC enhancements (Oct) • Withdrawal from marketing (April & Oct) 119 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Combined 2009 Agenda (April + October) • Faster Power 520/550 – Power 520 ….. 4.7 GHz – Power 550 ….. 5.0 GHz • More powerful Power BladeCenter – JS23/JS43 …. 4-core & 8-core 4.2 GHz – I/O enhancements • New I/O for POWER6 – PCIe 12X I/O drawers & SFF Disk – New PCIe adapters: SAS PCIe, SAS PCI-X, FCoE – High performance solid state drive (SSD) – USB Removable Disk Drive • New I/O for POWER5 15 SMP THANKS 120 © 2009 IBM Corporation 60
  • 61. IBM Training Power 520/550 SAS Disk Bays/Slots • Must choose 3.5-inch or SFF bays – Even if empty of drives – Most packages have drives as part of definition • Power 550 announced SFF in 2008, but did not GA until 2009. Power 520 announced April 2009. Power 520/550 GA SFF capability together. Original six 3.5-inch SAS disk bays choose one SFF New eight SFF SAS disk bays Considerations 3.5-inch (2.5-inch) Max number HDD in CEC 6 8 Split backplane option Y Y (AIX/Linux) Max 10k rpm HDD capacity n/a 146 GB drive as of May 2009 Max 15k rpm HDD capacity 428 / 450 69 / 73 drive as of May 2009 GB GB SSD option N Y SFF requires IBM i 6.1 121 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Refreshed DVD Drive Options • The industry is moving off SCSI IDE DVD drives and to SATA DVD drives • To ensure supply, IBM is therefore gradually moving to SATA DVD drives on the Power 520/550/560/570 and will eventually withdraw the IDE drives from marketing – SATA DVD features: #5743 DVD-ROM #5762 DVD-RAM • SAME as IDE: – Capacity/Media – Performance • AIX: remember to set your write cache parameter appropriately (Cache on = better performance, but risk of invalid files on media if power interrupted during write. Cache off = significantly lower DVD performance) • IBM i / Linux always use cache on, no selection option • Price*: Same price DVD-ROM, lower price DVD-RAM • SATA Configuration/features – New 520/550 DASD/Media Backplane: #8308, #8310, #8346 • Different Ops panel cable used – New 560/570 Media Enclosure and Backplane #5674, and DASD backplane #5878 – MES Notes: • If you have a Power 520 CEC without a DVD, and if it has the original non-SATA backplane, then after the IDE features have eventually been withdrawn from marketing you will have to order a ned DASD/Media backplane as a pre-requisite for the DVD. • If you have a Power 560/570 CEC processor drawer without a DVD and with the original non-SATA backplanes, then after the IDE features have eventually been withdrawn from marketing, you will have to order both the #5674 and #5878 as pre-requisites for the DVD. Also make sure the firmware level is recent enough to support these backplanes. * All pricing shown are IBM's USA planned suggested list prices as of April 2009 and are subject to change without notice; reseller prices may vary. 122 © 2009 IBM Corporation 61
  • 62. IBM Training Ordering 8203/8204 DASD/Media Backplanes DASD/media backplane #8341-IDE #8345-IDE ----- Feature code and support of IDE or SATA DVD #8308-SATA #8310-SATA #8346-SATA Number of slimline Media bays 1 1 1 Number and type of HDD bays Six 3.5-inch Six 3.5-inch Eight SFF Can use 175MB protected write cache (disk No Yes Yes performance & RAID-5/6) Can attach one EXP 12S Disk Drawer to CEC SAS No Yes Yes port (with 175MB cache) (without split backplane) Lowest priced backplane Yes No No split backplane option (use cables #3669/3679) n/a Yes, (i*) Yes, (i*) IBM i support No Yes Yes * Split backplane not supported by IBM i Five options (must pick one) – IDE options eventually withdrawn – i Note: #8345, #8310 or #8346 required if IBM i on the system and to use • i-formatted disk drives in the CEC or #5886 attached via CEC SAS port • DVD/tape drives in CEC – Generally recommended #8345/8310/8346 for functional flexibility & performance • Small incremental price compared to #8341/8308 123 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training 520/550 Controllers for Split Backplanes Power 520/550 split backplane (AIX/Linux, not IBM i) – first half of drive bays always run by the embedded controller and optionally augmented by write cache and RAID enabler #5679. – Second half of drive bays when split run by SAS adapter (PCI-X or PCIe) • Zero write cache PCI-X #5900/5912 or PCIe-#5901 • 1.5GB write cache PCI-X #5904 (this option makes the most sense only for high performance SSD given the price of this adapter) • #5902/5903 medium cache adapter option not announced for 520/550 split backplane • Split backplane incompatible with attaching a #5886 EXP12S Disk Drawer to CEC SAS port AI #3679 SAS cable (1 meter) SAS cable, DASD backplane to SAS port on bulkhead SAS bulkhead port to SAS adapter port • For #5900/5912/5901/5904 adapter • For 520 (#3670) For 550 (#3669) (different cables because 550 deeper than 520 needing longer cable) • For #8310/8345/8346 backplane • Note: different cable used if going to attach #5886 to SAS port CEC SAS port (520--#3674, 550--#3668) Adapter 520/550 CEC Rear Front 124 © 2009 IBM Corporation 62
  • 63. IBM Training Controllers for Split Backplanes Power 560/570 split backplane – Options with a zero write cache controller, using only 1 PCIe slot • NEW April 2009: #5911 (see next slide) and #5909 earlier offering – Options for controllers with write cache, using up to 3 PCI slots per processor (2 slots adapter + 1 slot 3650/3651) • #3650 uses one PCIe slot – provides pathway to 3 of 6 drive bays. #5902/5903/5908 adapters then run those 3 bays. #5902/5903/5908 use additional PCI slots (AIX/Linux, not IBM i) • #3651 uses one PCIe slot – provides pathway to 6 of 6 drive bays. #5902/5903/5908 adapters then run those 6 bays, not the imbedded controller. #5902/5903/5908 use additional PCI slots (AIX/Linux/IBM i) (calling #3651 “split backplane” a little awkward) AI #3679 SAS cable (1 meter) Yellow card and 3650/3651 to SAS adapter port #3651 • For #5908 1.5GB SAS adapter dotted line #5908 represents #3650 or 560/570 CEC #3651 & takes one PCIe slot #3651 Not shown in diagram • YR #3667 SAS cable to #5908 is only attach pair #5902/5903 560/570 CEC IBM i supported adapters to #3650/3651 option for write • YO #369x SAS cable to cache controller #3651 attach #5908 adapter to driving SAS bays #5886 EXP12S Disk Drawer 570 CEC in 560/570 CEC Rear Front 125 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training #5903 used in POWER6 570/560 for CEC Internal Disk • Existing option for AIX/Linux. New for IBM i in October 2009 • #5903 is additional option to #5908 1.5GB Write Cache Controller with IBM i • Power 560/570 “split” backplane feature #3651 used – #3651 uses one PCIe slot – provides pathway to 6 of 6 drive bays. – #5902/5903/5908 (AIX/Linux) or #5903/5908 (IBM i) adapters then run those 6 bays. YR #3651 Yellow dotted line & Diagram shows two YR #3667 PCI card represents SAS cables. #5903 #3650 or #3651 & #5903 could be in same CEC 560/570 CEC taking one PCIe slot drawer or as shown could be in different CEC drawers #3651 IBM i doesn’t 4 PCI slots used in this support #3650 split diagram and the 3rd #5903 drawer’s disk drives are run YR 560/570 CEC by the drawer’s imbedded controller with zero write cache 570 CEC Rear Front 126 © 2009 IBM Corporation 63
  • 64. IBM Training Power 560/570 Split Backplane – No Cache Option External SAS Cable #3679 connects PCIe card to backplane connection assembly Connects Into DASD Backplane 3rd port available PCI-e on #5911 SAS Adapter (#5901 imbedded, but 5901 #5909 #5911 feat code not used) • For SAS adapter with zero write cache – NOT #5902/5903 or #5908 • More efficient use of PCI slots than using #3650 + #5900/5912/5901 adapter. Uses only one slot, not two slots. • Earlier feature = #5909 Alternate SAS Controller for 3 OF 6 Internal SAS for AIX or Linux®. Could not attach anything else to PCIe SAS card. • New feature April 2009 = #5911. Exactly the same function as 5909 PLUS an extra SAS port available for attaching additional SAS disk or SAS tape – AIX/Linux option, not IBM i 127 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Withdrawals Summary Announced April • Three hardware withdrawal announcement letters 28 April – Review all for full picture • Key withdrawals from marketing – SCSI disk & most controllers Aug 2009 (two short term exceptions) – Systems Aug/Oct/Nov 2009 • Processor upgrades within POWER5 9405-520, 9406-520, 9406-570 • Features unique to POWER5 9405-520, 9406-520, 9406-570 • Processor upgrades within POWER5 9406-525, 9406-550, 9407-515 • Features unique to POWER5 9406-525, 9406-550, 9407-515 • 4-core Power 520 4.2 GHz – I/O drawers/towers: Aug/Sep 2009 • #0595 & 7311-D20 • 7314-G30 (use #5796 instead) – A number of PCI-X I/O cards including: May/Nov 2009 • #2793/4/6803/4 2-line w/ modem WAN; #4812 IXS; #6800/01 1Gb Ethernet; #4746 twinax 128 © 2009 IBM Corporation 64
  • 65. IBM Training Withdrawals Details • Key withdrawals from marketing – SCSI disk 28 Aug 2009 • Two short-term exceptions … 146 GB drives only for 9119-FHA and 9xxx-51A – Most SCSI disk controllers 28 Aug 2009 • EXP24 1.5GB Cache disk controller & #3736/5775 zero cache tape controller NOT withdrawn – Systems • Withdrawn 28 Aug 2009 – Processor upgrades within POWER5 MT/models 9405-520, 9406-520, 9406-570 – Features unique to POWER5 MT/models 9405-520, 9406-520, 9406-570 • Withdrawn 30 Oct 2009: 4-core 8203 4.2GHz • Withdrawn 27 Nov 2009 – Processor upgrades within POWER5 MT/models 9406-525, 9406-550, 9407-515 – Features unique to POWER5 MT/models 9406-525, 9406-550, 9407-515 – I/O drawers/towers • Already announced, effective 29 May: #5094/5096 & #5294/5296 • April announce, effective 28 Aug: #0595 (#5790 still available for IOP-based cards) • April announce, effective 28 Sep: 7311-D20 (RIO) and 7314-G30 (use #5796 instead of G30) – A number of older I/O cards/features … note especially • April announce, effect 29 May 2009: – #2793/2794/6803/6804 2-line w/ modem WAN (use PCIe alternative) – #4812 IXS (use iSCSI or new LAN interface capability) – #6800/6801 1Gb Ethernet • April announce, effective 27 Nov 2009: #4746 twinax adapter 129 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training New Rack Mounted HMC – 7042-CR5 -- Oct 2009 • 7042-CR5 replacing 7042-CR4 – CR4 being withdrawn December 2009 – Normal technology refresh – use CR5 anywhere CR4 could be used • Minimum firmware level: Version 7 Revision 350 (V7R350) • Differences of note between CR5 and CR4 – More powerful processors in CR5 USA list pricing – • Helpful for larger, more complex configurations compare CR5 to CR4 • Helpful for running more robust System Director applications • “Bare” box: CR5 is higher – 4GB memory standard on all CR5 • “Full” box: (with monitor, keyboard, mouse, etc -- • CR4 had 1GB standard with option to grow to 4GB (base-to-base configs): – Four integrated 1Gb Ethernet ports CR5 modestly higher. • “Full” box including 4GB • CR4 had 2 integrated and then used PCI slots to add more memory + 4 Ethernet ports: • Should all existing proposals be changed to CR5? CR5 slightly higher. – If large complex configuration; suggest changing – If HMC might ship in 2010; suggest changing – If smaller, less complex configuration shipping in 2009; change if convenient. Otherwise leave proposal alone. 130 © 2009 IBM Corporation 65
  • 66. IBM Training Additional IBM i Oct 2009 Hardware Enhancements IBM i 6.1 with 6.1.1 machine firmware is enhanced with: – Native support for IBM Systems Storage DS5100 and DS5300 • 4 December 2009 for DS5100 and DS5300 support • Using 4Gb or 8Gb Fibre Channel adapters (#5749, #5774, #5735) • With POWER6 servers (not POWER5) – Support for XIV with PowerVM VIOS on POWER6 processors – Support for NPIV through VIOS partitions with PowerVM • Using 8Gb FC adapter: PCIe #5735 or BladeCenter #8240/8242/8271 • For tape libraries: 3584 (TS3500) and 3573 (TS3100 and TS3200) • For the DS8000 – Hot spare for mirroring IBM i 5.4 and IBM i 6.1 enhancements – Native support for IBM Systems Storage DS8700 • POWER5 or POWER6 • 12 November 2009, for DS8700 support vs 30 October • Using 4 or 8Gb FC adapters – Support for ProtecTIER virtual tape storage device 131 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Power 595 I/O Drawer Conversion Program RIO #5791/5794 12X #5797 • Expanded option announced 2 September 2009 • Replace old RIO drawers with newer #5797 12X I/O drawer for lower price • For POWER6 595 clients with RIO-attached 24-inch I/O drawers – Convert #5791 or #5794 or 7040-61D (61D with #4643 DCA conversion) – Ordering mechanics convert #5791/5794 to #5797, #5809 to #5797 • Can convert existing RIO GX adapter to 12X GX adapter at lower price also – #1814 (RIO) to #1816 (12X) • Benefits: – Newer #5797 is faster and allows greater throughput – Existing PCI-X adapters and SCSI disk drive investment can be preserved – Eases future upgrade to POWER7 595 as #5797 planned to be supported, but not RIO-attached drawers • Notes: – Scheduled downtime is required to remove the RIO I/O drawer – Conversion to even newer #5803/5873 12X drawer not announced as PCI-X adapters and SCSI disk drives not usable in these PCIe and SAS SFF drawers – #5791 and 1814 conversions announced April 2009, September announce augments – !!! Careful how order !!! If do when moving from POWER5 to POWER6 upgrade you won’t see the discount/trade in pricing. 1st order the POWER5 to POWER6 conversion and then order the I/O drawer conversions separately. 132 © 2009 IBM Corporation 66
  • 67. IBM Training Enterprise Systems Resiliency on Power 570 & 595 The roadmap to continuous availability got wider! • Concurrent maintenance previously available… Single processor components Single memory components 12X GX adapter component Power supplies and regulators Disk drives and PCI adapters RIO & 12X I/O drawers • Additional components added 3Q09 and now available… Multiple processor and memory components 12X I/O drawer permanent removal Power 595 Service Processors 133 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Power Systems I/O & RAS Optimization Assessment • Lab Services Offering Power 595 & 570 clients who want to optimize system resources to: – Leverage Power System RAS functions – Concurrent Maintenance, Hot-node Add/Repair – Enhance I/O performance with 12X – Prepare for smooth transition to POWER7 • Scope of work: IBM will conduct a POWER5 or POWER6 595 system I/O and RAS Assessment, analyzing the following : – CEC Concurrent Maintenance hardware configuration – HMC, FSP configuration – LPAR Configuration (LVT and SPT)– are these correctly laid out to support CCM – Required PTFs, Service / Fix packs required to to support 12X I/O migration and/or CCM? – Operating system configuration and release – I/O configuration being migration from HSL to 12X - supported and non-supported I/O components – Racks, Draws, IOPs, IOA, HDD, SSD, Smart IOAs, External Storage. – VIOS configuration – Live Partition Mobility design and architecture – Data Center layout for migration – Power, cooling, floor space, access – Proposed IBM Sales or BP Hardware configurations – Steps and processes required to complete a successful migration or implementation – Business-allowed window for migration activities vs. actual requirements • Time to complete - 40 / 80 hours, depending on Customer Complexity • Contact Lab Services for more information & pricing or Allen Johnston – allenrj@us.ibm.com 134 © 2009 IBM Corporation 67
  • 68. IBM Training Oct 2009 N-Port ID Virtualization (NPIV) IBM i VIOS AIX Linux AIX IBM i Tape Library 6.1 5.3 6.1.1 Fiber 8Gb PCIe Fiber Chan Chan Adapter Switch SAN Storage POWER Hypervisor VIOS Fiber Channel adapter ► LPARs have direct visibility on supports Multiple World Wide Port SAN (Zoning/Masking) Names / Source Identifiers ► I/O Virtualization configuration effort is dramatically reduced Physical adapter appears as multiple virtual adapters to SAN / ► NPIV does not eliminate the need end-point device to virtualize PCI-family ► Tape Library Support Virtual adapter can be assigned to multiple operating systems sharing the physical adapter 135 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training 7311-D20 I/O Drawer – “Gone” • Some confusion about 7311-D20 availability • Shows as “available”, BUT – Definition of minimum configuration which MUST be ordered now includes fairly expensive PCI telephony adapters – Plus can’t order unless an approved i-listed RPQ 8A1766 is also on the order – NET – For all practical purposes 7311-D20 is withdrawn from marketing unless you are installing a telephony application !! • Insights -- – Extremely limited supply of D20 parts – Normally product would be withdrawn from marketing, but need to support a specific telephony application on POWER6 server which needs to be in a RIO- attached drawer – If officially withdrawn, non-telephony orders placed through withdrawn-products ordering process might have used up the very limited supply. – Change to minimum product definition documented in announcement letter released 11 August 2009 – Focus on 12X I/O drawers for POWER6 servers. All RIO/HSL I/O drawers now effectively withdrawn from marketing. 136 © 2009 IBM Corporation 68
  • 69. IBM Training Special notices This document was developed for IBM offerings in the United States as of the date of publication. IBM may not make these offerings available in other countries, and the information is subject to change without notice. Consult your local IBM business contact for information on the IBM offerings available in your area. Information in this document concerning non-IBM products was obtained from the suppliers of these products or other public sources. Questions on the capabilities of non-IBM products should be addressed to the suppliers of those products. IBM may have patents or pending patent applications covering subject matter in this document. The furnishing of this document does not give you any license to these patents. Send license inquires, in writing, to IBM Director of Licensing, IBM Corporation, New Castle Drive, Armonk, NY 10504-1785 USA. All statements regarding IBM future direction and intent are subject to change or withdrawal without notice, and represent goals and objectives only. The information contained in this document has not been submitted to any formal IBM test and is provided "AS IS" with no warranties or guarantees either expressed or implied. All examples cited or described in this document are presented as illustrations of the manner in which some IBM products can be used and the results that may be achieved. Actual environmental costs and performance characteristics will vary depending on individual client configurations and conditions. IBM Global Financing offerings are provided through IBM Credit Corporation in the United States and other IBM subsidiaries and divisions worldwide to qualified commercial and government clients. Rates are based on a client's credit rating, financing terms, offering type, equipment type and options, and may vary by country. Other restrictions may apply. Rates and offerings are subject to change, extension or withdrawal without notice. IBM is not responsible for printing errors in this document that result in pricing or information inaccuracies. All prices shown are IBM's United States suggested list prices and are subject to change without notice; reseller prices may vary. IBM hardware products are manufactured from new parts, or new and serviceable used parts. Regardless, our warranty terms apply. Any performance data contained in this document was determined in a controlled environment. Actual results may vary significantly and are dependent on many factors including system hardware configuration and software design and configuration. Some measurements quoted in this document may have been made on development-level systems. There is no guarantee these measurements will be the same on generally- available systems. Some measurements quoted in this document may have been estimated through extrapolation. Users of this document should verify the applicable data for their specific environment. Revised September 26, 2006 137 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Special notices (cont.) 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If these and other IBM trademarked terms are marked on their first occurrence in this information with a trademark symbol (® or ™), these symbols indicate U.S. registered or common law trademarks owned by IBM at the time this information was published. Such trademarks may also be registered or common law trademarks in other countries. A current list of IBM trademarks is available on the Web at "Copyright and trademark information" at www.ibm.com/legal/copytrade.shtml The Power Architecture and Power.org wordmarks and the Power and Power.org logos and related marks are trademarks and service marks licensed by Power.org. UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States, other countries or both. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries or both. Microsoft, Windows and the Windows logo are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries or both. Intel, Itanium, Pentium are registered trademarks and Xeon is a trademark of Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States, other countries or both. AMD Opteron is a trademark of Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. Java and all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United States, other countries or both. TPC-C and TPC-H are trademarks of the Transaction Performance Processing Council (TPPC). SPECint, SPECfp, SPECjbb, SPECweb, SPECjAppServer, SPEC OMP, SPECviewperf, SPECapc, SPEChpc, SPECjvm, SPECmail, SPECimap and SPECsfs are trademarks of the Standard Performance Evaluation Corp (SPEC). NetBench is a registered trademark of Ziff Davis Media in the United States, other countries or both. AltiVec is a trademark of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. Cell Broadband Engine is a trademark of Sony Computer Entertainment Inc. InfiniBand, InfiniBand Trade Association and the InfiniBand design marks are trademarks and/or service marks of the InfiniBand Trade Association. Other company, product and service names may be trademarks or service marks of others. Revised April 24, 2008 138 © 2009 IBM Corporation 69
  • 70. IBM Training Notes on benchmarks and values The IBM benchmarks results shown herein were derived using particular, well configured, development-level and generally-available computer systems. Buyers should consult other sources of information to evaluate the performance of systems they are considering buying and should consider conducting application oriented testing. For additional information about the benchmarks, values and systems tested, contact your local IBM office or IBM authorized reseller or access the Web site of the benchmark consortium or benchmark vendor. IBM benchmark results can be found in the IBM Power Systems Performance Report at http://www.ibm.com/systems/p/hardware/system_perf.html. All performance measurements were made with AIX or AIX 5L operating systems unless otherwise indicated to have used Linux. For new and upgraded systems, AIX Version 4.3, AIX 5L or AIX 6 were used. All other systems used previous versions of AIX. The SPEC CPU2006, SPEC2000, LINPACK, and Technical Computing benchmarks were compiled using IBM's high performance C, C++, and FORTRAN compilers for AIX 5L and Linux. For new and upgraded systems, the latest versions of these compilers were used: XL C Enterprise Edition V7.0 for AIX, XL C/C++ Enterprise Edition V7.0 for AIX, XL FORTRAN Enterprise Edition V9.1 for AIX, XL C/C++ Advanced Edition V7.0 for Linux, and XL FORTRAN Advanced Edition V9.1 for Linux. The SPEC CPU95 (retired in 2000) tests used preprocessors, KAP 3.2 for FORTRAN and KAP/C 1.4.2 from Kuck & Associates and VAST-2 v4.01X8 from Pacific-Sierra Research. The preprocessors were purchased separately from these vendors. Other software packages like IBM ESSL for AIX, MASS for AIX and Kazushige Goto’s BLAS Library for Linux were also used in some benchmarks. For a definition/explanation of each benchmark and the full list of detailed results, visit the Web site of the benchmark consortium or benchmark vendor. TPC http://www.tpc.org SPEC http://www.spec.org LINPACK http://www.netlib.org/benchmark/performance.pdf Pro/E http://www.proe.com GPC http://www.spec.org/gpc NotesBench http://www.notesbench.org VolanoMark http://www.volano.com STREAM http://www.cs.virginia.edu/stream/ SAP http://www.sap.com/benchmark/ Oracle Applications http://www.oracle.com/apps_benchmark/ PeopleSoft - To get information on PeopleSoft benchmarks, contact PeopleSoft directly Siebel http://www.siebel.com/crm/performance_benchmark/index.shtm Baan http://www.ssaglobal.com Microsoft Exchange http://www.microsoft.com/exchange/evaluation/performance/default.asp Veritest http://www.veritest.com/clients/reports Fluent http://www.fluent.com/software/fluent/index.htm TOP500 Supercomputers http://www.top500.org/ Ideas International http://www.ideasinternational.com/benchmark/bench.html Storage Performance Council http://www.storageperformance.org/results Revised January 15, 2008 139 © 2009 IBM Corporation IBM Training Notes on HPC benchmarks and values The IBM benchmarks results shown herein were derived using particular, well configured, development-level and generally-available computer systems. Buyers should consult other sources of information to evaluate the performance of systems they are considering buying and should consider conducting application oriented testing. For additional information about the benchmarks, values and systems tested, contact your local IBM office or IBM authorized reseller or access the Web site of the benchmark consortium or benchmark vendor. IBM benchmark results can be found in the IBM Power Systems Performance Report at http://www.ibm.com/systems/p/hardware/system_perf.html. All performance measurements were made with AIX or AIX 5L operating systems unless otherwise indicated to have used Linux. For new and upgraded systems, AIX Version 4.3 or AIX 5L were used. All other systems used previous versions of AIX. The SPEC CPU2000, LINPACK, and Technical Computing benchmarks were compiled using IBM's high performance C, C++, and FORTRAN compilers for AIX 5L and Linux. For new and upgraded systems, the latest versions of these compilers were used: XL C Enterprise Edition V7.0 for AIX, XL C/C++ Enterprise Edition V7.0 for AIX, XL FORTRAN Enterprise Edition V9.1 for AIX, XL C/C++ Advanced Edition V7.0 for Linux, and XL FORTRAN Advanced Edition V9.1 for Linux. The SPEC CPU95 (retired in 2000) tests used preprocessors, KAP 3.2 for FORTRAN and KAP/C 1.4.2 from Kuck & Associates and VAST-2 v4.01X8 from Pacific-Sierra Research. The preprocessors were purchased separately from these vendors. Other software packages like IBM ESSL for AIX, MASS for AIX and Kazushige Goto’s BLAS Library for Linux were also used in some benchmarks. For a definition/explanation of each benchmark and the full list of detailed results, visit the Web site of the benchmark consortium or benchmark vendor. SPEC http://www.spec.org LINPACK http://www.netlib.org/benchmark/performance.pdf Pro/E http://www.proe.com GPC http://www.spec.org/gpc STREAM http://www.cs.virginia.edu/stream/ Veritest http://www.veritest.com/clients/reports Fluent http://www.fluent.com/software/fluent/index.htm TOP500 Supercomputers http://www.top500.org/ AMBER http://amber.scripps.edu/ FLUENT http://www.fluent.com/software/fluent/fl5bench/index.htm GAMESS http://www.msg.chem.iastate.edu/gamess GAUSSIAN http://www.gaussian.com ABAQUS http://www.abaqus.com/support/sup_tech_notes64.html select Abaqus v6.4 Performance Data ANSYS http://www.ansys.com/services/hardware_support/index.htm select “Hardware Support Database”, then benchmarks. ECLIPSE http://www.sis.slb.com/content/software/simulation/index.asp?seg=geoquest& MM5 http://www.mmm.ucar.edu/mm5/ MSC.NASTRAN http://www.mscsoftware.com/support/prod%5Fsupport/nastran/performance/v04_sngl.cfm STAR-CD www.cd-adapco.com/products/STAR-CD/performance/320/index/html NAMD http://www.ks.uiuc.edu/Research/namd HMMER http://hmmer.janelia.org/ Revised January 15, 2008 http://powerdev.osuosl.org/project/hmmerAltivecGen2mod 140 © 2009 IBM Corporation 70
  • 71. IBM Training Notes on performance estimates rPerf for AIX rPerf (Relative Performance) is an estimate of commercial processing performance relative to other IBM UNIX systems. It is derived from an IBM analytical model which uses characteristics from IBM internal workloads, TPC and SPEC benchmarks. The rPerf model is not intended to represent any specific public benchmark results and should not be reasonably used in that way. The model simulates some of the system operations such as CPU, cache and memory. However, the model does not simulate disk or network I/O operations. • rPerf estimates are calculated based on systems with the latest levels of AIX and other pertinent software at the time of system announcement. Actual performance will vary based on application and configuration specifics. The IBM eServer pSeries 640 is the baseline reference system and has a value of 1.0. Although rPerf may be used to approximate relative IBM UNIX commercial processing performance, actual system performance may vary and is dependent upon many factors including system hardware configuration and software design and configuration. Note that the rPerf methodology used for the POWER6 systems is identical to that used for the POWER5 systems. Variations in incremental system performance may be observed in commercial workloads due to changes in the underlying system architecture. All performance estimates are provided "AS IS" and no warranties or guarantees are expressed or implied by IBM. Buyers should consult other sources of information, including system benchmarks, and application sizing guides to evaluate the performance of a system they are considering buying. For additional information about rPerf, contact your local IBM office or IBM authorized reseller. ======================================================================== CPW for IBM i Commercial Processing Workload (CPW) is a relative measure of performance of processors running the IBM i operating system. Performance in customer environments may vary. The value is based on maximum configurations. More performance information is available in the Performance Capabilities Reference at: www.ibm.com/systems/i/solutions/perfmgmt/resource.html Revised April 2, 2007 141 © 2009 IBM Corporation 71