Jg Ak Vid Wkshp Vsa Pt2
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VSA 2009 Video Taping Visitors Workshop...

VSA 2009 Video Taping Visitors Workshop
Josh Gutwill and Adam Klinger
Part 2: Human Subjects and IRB considerations

More in: Education
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  • Before we get into actually setting up video, want to talk about protecting and complying with fed guidelines
  • Interested in obedience to Nazis Experiment ordering subjects to give lethal level electric shocks to someone (fake) Subjects showed huge signs of stress, but most gave the shocks
  • Risks in informalL Interviewing people about sensitive topics Recording people
  • Inform them Get their consent - allow them to say ‘no’ Minimize risk to bystanders Next are a few approved ways to get informed consent Implied vs. explicit consent
  • Implied consent - simple set up with signs (English & Spanish), come back after 4pm Camera and mics in plain view Entrance and Exit (feels easier to leave)
  • Implied consent - complex set up with camera and mics mounted - still obvious Usually have four mics Multiple exhibits in the area - reduces reactivity at “target” exhibit Don’t use on school days - minimize risk of kids without parental consent
  • What is the system for protecting hs? How do we know that our methods are OK?
  • ***Children can be included in public observations as long as the researcher doesn’t participate in activities
  • Case studies
  • More yellow pages in your packet, plus [next slide]
  • Health and Human Services - Office for Human Research Protections - Belmont
  • Online training courses
  • VSA making relationships with IRBs Explo’s umbrella protocol IRB’s will help you Use Resources Sheet we gave you

Transcript

  • 1. Treating Visitors Ethically
    • Government system for ~40 years
    • Applied to research, not evaluation
    • Now line is blurring
      • Evaluators using new methods (audio/video)
      • More comparative studies -> more generalizable
    • Learn about the system, when it applies, and how to use it effectively
  • 2. Ethical Concerns
    • Why worry about studies with humans?
    • Recent medical and psychological research
      • Tuskegee experiment (1932-1972)
      • Milgram Experiment (1961)
  • 3. Tuskegee Experiment http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0762136.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuskegee_experiment
  • 4. Milgram Obedience Study (1961)
  • 5. Belmont Commission (1974-9)
  • 6. Belmont Commission (1974-9)
    • Three basic principles for HS research
      • Respect for Persons
        • Protect autonomy (reduce coercion; extra protection for people w/ diminished autonomy)
        • Treat with respect & courtesy
        • Informed consent
  • 7. Belmont Commission (1974-9)
    • Three basic principles for HS research
      • Respect for Persons
        • Protect autonomy (reduce coercion; extra protection for people w/ diminished autonomy)
        • Treat with respect & courtesy
        • Informed consent
      • Beneficence
        • Maximize benefits and minimize risks
  • 8. Belmont Commission (1974-9)
    • Three basic principles for HS research
      • Respect for Persons
        • Protect autonomy (reduce coercion; extra protection for people w/ diminished autonomy)
        • Treat with respect & courtesy
        • Informed consent
      • Beneficence
        • Maximize benefits and minimize risks
      • Justice
        • Fairness in distribution of benefits and costs
  • 9. Applying principles
    • Respect (informed consent, autonomy, protection)
    • Beneficence (risk/benefits)
    • Justice (fair distribution of benefits & costs)
  • 10. Applying principles
    • Respect (informed consent, autonomy, protection)
    • Beneficence (risk/benefits)
    • Justice (fair distribution of benefits & costs)
    • Where did Tuskegee and Milgram go awry?
  • 11. Applying principles
    • Respect (informed consent, autonomy, protection)
    • Beneficence (risk/benefits)
    • Justice (fair distribution of benefits & costs)
    • Where did Tuskegee and Milgram go awry?
    • What might be the risks in informal environments?
  • 12. How can we protect visitors when videotaping?
  • 13. Videotaping visitors Simple implied consent
  • 14. Videotaping visitors Standard implied consent
  • 15. Videotaping visitors
    • Explicit consent with signed forms
      • Crowley & Callanan Method
      • Explo’s method for large exhibit areas
      • Explo’s lab method
  • 16.  
  • 17. System for protecting subjects Institutional Review Board (IRB) Gov’t guidelines Museum Researcher
  • 18. How do we deal with this?
    • Learn the guidelines
      • Protecting human subjects
        • Apply Belmont principles
      • Defining research
      • Defining “exempt” research
    • Write research/evaluation protocols
    • Work w/ Institutional Review Board (IRB)
    • Budget for IRB costs
  • 19. Definition of “Research”
    • Systematic investigation designed to contribute to generalizable knowledge, and
    • Obtaining identifiable private information about living individuals, or
    • Involves intervention or interaction with individuals
  • 20. What is “exempt”?
    • Research in established educational settings
      • Comparing diff curricula, or teaching techniques
    • Tests, surveys or obsv of public behavior:
      • no identifiable information is obtained
      • it doesn’t involve prisoners or children*
      • there is no risk of harm to the subject’s reputation
    • Data exists or identity is unknown to Rschr
    • Other types of studies
      • Certain Research projects by government
      • Taste and food quality tests
  • 21. 3 Working Groups Name Group Alice Stevenson 1 Amy Henson 3 Amy Niedbalski any Anna Lindgren-Streicher 2 Beth Johnson 3 Betsy Adamson 2 Brent Williams 3 Name Group David Callahan 1 Eileen Sheu 2 Jane Schaefer 1 Julie Fritsch 3 Laetitia Habimana 1 Scott Ewing 2
  • 22. Resources for learning more
  • 23. Resources
  • 24.  
  • 25. Resources