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An Insight into Autism-Care4Autism - for a layman
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An Insight into Autism-Care4Autism - for a layman

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An insight into Autism is meant for parents of newly diagnosed kids, teachers, caregivers, doctors in layman language. …

An insight into Autism is meant for parents of newly diagnosed kids, teachers, caregivers, doctors in layman language.
Autism Friendly School is located in Hyderabad, AP, INDIA.

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  • Before we begin the course, let's dispel a few myths about autism. When we use the term autism spectrum disorder (ASD) we are referring to all pervasive developmental disorders that make up the autism spectrum - ASP, PDD-NOS. The myths: Environmental factors such as stress cause autism. Autism is the result of bad parenting. Autism is a mental illness caused by psychological factors such as early-life trauma. The facts: While no single specific cause of autism is known, current research links autism to biological or neurological differences in the brain. Some studies of individuals with autism have shown abnormalities in several regions of the brain, including the cerebellum, amygdala, and hippocampus.
  • While no single specific cause of autism is known, current research links autism to
  • The goal of this course is to provide parents and others touched by autism with the answers to those questions. This course is designed to be helpful to everyone affected by autism, including:
  • However, continued research has provided a clearer understanding of the disorder and has led to better treatments and therapies. However, the majority of individuals with ASD will continue to exhibit some symptoms in varying degrees throughout their lives. The most effective programs share an emphasis on early, appropriate, and intensive interventions. To accommodate the diverse needs of individuals with ASD, effective approaches should be individualized, flexible, re-evaluated regularly, and provide the child with opportunities for generalization. Parents should investigate any and all treatments thoroughly and use caution before subscribing to any particular treatment.

Transcript

  • 1. An Insight into AUTISM INTRODUCTION Dr AK Kundra, MPhil,PhD
  • 2. Myths
    • The myths:
    • Environmental factors such as stress cause autism.
    • Autism is the result of bad parenting.
    • Autism is a mental illness caused by psychological factors such as early-life trauma.
  • 3. Facts
    • Biological or neurological differences in the brain.
    • Abnormalities in several regions of the brain, including the cerebellum, amygdala, and hippocampus.
  • 4. TRUE
    • Autism is the fastest-growing developmental disability in the U.S.
    • Over 1.5 million individuals in the United States have been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder.
    • The diagnosis rate for autism is rising 10-17% each year.
    • Males are 4 times more likely than females to be diagnosed with autism.
    • The symptoms and characteristics of autism can present themselves in a wide variety of combinations, from mild to severe.
  • 5. FALSE
    • Most individuals with autism live in institutions.
    • Children with autism rarely attend college.
  • 6. The First Questions???
    • Where do we go from here?
    • What do we do next?
  • 7. Objectives
    • Parents
    • Family members
    • Doctors
    • Caregivers
    • Friends
    • Therapists
    • Educators
  • 8. What is an Autism Spectrum Disorder?
    • Autism is a complex neurological disorder.
    • It AFFECTS individuals in the areas of social interaction and communication.
    • It occurs in 1 in 91 births, and is four times as prevalent among males than females.
    • Autism is a spectrum disorder - meaning the symptoms can occur in any combination and with varying degrees of severity.
    • It is also a lifelong disability.
  • 9. Characteristic Behaviors of Autism
    • The characterstic behaviors of ASD may or may not be apparent in infancy (18 to 24 months).
    • But it becomes obvious during early childhood (24 months to 6 years).
    • Autism affects individuals in every country and region of the world and knows no racial, ethnic, nor economic boundaries.
  • 10. How Can Autism Be Treated?
    • There is currently no cure for autism.
    • Early intervention can significantly improve the quality of life for individuals with autism.
  • 11. Treatment Options
    • Educational
    • Biological
    • Speech-Language Therapy Related Services - OT, PT
    • Communication
    • Intensive Autism Services
    • Sensory Therapies
    • Occupational Therapy
    • Hydro Therapy
  • 12. Educational Treatment
    • Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA); consists of several approaches including Lovaas, Discrete Trial Teaching, and Intensive Behavioral Intervention
    • Relationship-based developmental approach; also known as Floortime
    • Social Skills
    • TEACCH (Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication-Handicapped Children)
  • 13. Biological or Biomedical Treatment
    • Diet
    • Vitamins
    • Medication (e.g., to reduce aggression, self-injury, hyperactivity, mood disorders, etc.)
  • 14. Speech-Language Therapy
    • Speech-Language Therapy includes, but is not limited to :
    • Treatment for associated processing disorders
    • Treatment for auditory processing disorders
  • 15. Communication
    • Treatment by Communication includes, but is not limited to:
    • Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)
    • American Sign Language (ASL)
    • Visual strategies; using pictures for communication
    • Facilitated communication
    • Alternate & Augmentative Communication Devices (Tablets)
  • 16. Intensive Autism Services
    • Intensive Autism Services include, but are not limited to:
    • Treatment provided by a team of individuals in the home, classroom, or community
    • May include Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA) services
  • 17. Sensory Therapies
    • Sensory Therapies include, but are not limited to:
    • Occupational therapy
    • Sensory Integration therapy
    • Auditory Integration Training
    • Developmental Optometry
  • 18. Educating Children on the Autism Spectrum
    • The school must evaluate your child for a suspected disability, develop an individualized education plan (IEP).
    • provide related services (speech, OT, PT) as indicated by the evaluation.
    • The role of the evaluation is to identify if an educational disability exists,  NOT  to make a medical diagnosis.
    • The educational evaluation team must include a professional with knowledge and experience in the area of autism.
  • 19. Thank You