2013 uncrpd parallel report of the philippine coalition


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What: (UNCRPD 2014) Persons With Disabilities Sensitivity Dialogue With Media Practitioners...
Where: Luxent Hotel (51 Timog Avenue, South Triangle 1103 Quezon City, Philippines)...
When: June 30, 2014 - Monday...
What Time: 8:00 A.M. - 5:00 P.M. ...

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2013 uncrpd parallel report of the philippine coalition

  1. 1.   U.N. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities A  Parallel  Report  submitted  to  the  Committee  on  the     Rights  of  Persons  with  Disabilities  on  the  implementation  of  the   Convention  in  the  Republic  of  the  Philippines  from  2008-­‐2013  by  the   Philippine Coalition on the U.N. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities       6  December  2013   ! ! ! ! !"#$%$&&'&"(')*%+",-./0++'1"+*"+2'"3*//0++''"*4"+2'"" (052+,"*6"#'%,*4,"70+2"80,$.0&0+0',"*4"+2'"0/)&'/'4+$+0*4"*6"+2'"" 3*49'4+0*4"04"+2'"(')-.&0:"*6"+2'"#20&0))04',"6%*/";<<=>;<?@! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !"#!$%&! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! A"8':'/.'%";<?@" ! !"#$%$&&'&"(')*%+",-./0++'1"+*"+2'"3*//0++''"*4"+2'"" (052+,"*6"#'%,*4,"70+2"80,$.0&0+0',"*4"+2'"0/)&'/'4+$+0*4"*6"+2'"" 3*49'4+0*4"04"+2'"(')-.&0:"*6"+2'"#20&0))04',"6%*/";<<=>;<?@! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !"#!$%&! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! A"8':'/.'%";<?@"
  2. 2. 2   This  report  is  produced  by  the  Philippine  Coalition  on  the     U.N.  Convention  on  the  Rights  of  Persons  with  Disabilities     with  support  from  the  Australian  aid  program  in  the  Philippines.     The  findings,  interpretations,  and  conclusions  expressed  in  this  report   do  not  necessarily  reflect  the  views  of  the  Australian  Government. Cover  photos    Dennis  Rhoneil  C.  Balan   Book  design        Rhodora  M.  Gonzalez   Jakiri  S.  Sarmiento   Style  Editing      Perpilili  A.  Tiongson  
  3. 3. 3   TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction      4   Part  1.  Implementation  of  UNCRPD  since  2008   7   Background   7   Article  1:  Purpose   7   Article  2:  Definitions   8   Article  3:  General  Principles   9   Article  4:  General  Obligations   10   Article  5:  Equality  and  Non-­‐Discrimination   11   Article  6:  Women  with  Disabilities   12   Article  7:  Children  with  Disabilities   13   Article  8:  Awareness  Raising 16   Article  9:  Accessibility 16   Article  10:  Right  to  Life 18   Article  11:  Situations  of  Risk  and  Humanitarian  Emergencies 19   Article  12:  Equal  Recognition  Before  the  Law 20   Article  13:  Access  to  Justice 22   Article  14:  Liberty  and  Security  of  the  Person 24   Article  15:  Freedom  from  Torture  or  Cruel,  Inhuman  or  Degrading  Treatment   25   Article  16:  Freedom  from  Exploitation,  Violence  and  Abuse 27   Article  17:  Protecting  the  Integrity  of  the  Person 29   Article  18:  Liberty  of  Movement  and  Nationality 30   Article  19:  Living  Independently  and  Being  Included  in  the  Community 31   Article  20:  Personal  Mobility 32   Article  21:  Freedom  of  Expression  and  Opinion,  and  Access  to  Information 33   Article  22:  Respect  for  Privacy 34   Article  23:  Respect  for  Home  and  the  Family 35   Article  24:  Education 36   Article  25:  Health 38   Article  26:  Habilitation  and  Rehabilitation 39   Article  27:  Work  and  Employment 40   Article  28:  Social  Protection 43   Article  29:  Participation  in  Political  and  Public  Life 45   Article  30:  Participation  in  Cultural  Life,  Recreation,  Leisure  and  Sport 46   Article  31:  Statistics  and  Data  Collection 48   Article  32:  International  Cooperation 49   Article  33:  National  Implementation  and  Monitoring 50   Part  2.  Overall  Landscape  of  Rights  of  Persons  with  Disabilities  in  the  Philippines   Notes  on  CRPD  Compliant  Budgeting   52   53  
  4. 4. 4   INTRODUCTION 1      The  Coalition  on  the  U.N.  Convention  on  the  Rights  of  Persons  with   Disabilities  was  initially  organized  in  2010  and  formally  constituted  in February  2011.  The  core  group  is  currently  comprised  of  over  twenty disabled  people’s  organizations  (DPOs)  and  nongovernment     organizations  (NGOs),  covering  various  disability  constituencies,  and   several  national  federations.  These  include  persons  with  visual,  hearing,   speech,  mobility,  intellectual,  psychosocial,  multiple,  extensive,  chronic   illness  disabilities.    The  Coalition  as  a  whole  represents  over  65,000  Filipinos  with  disabilities.   2      Communication  within  and  among  these  national  organizations  /  federations  on  disability  rights  has  been   going  on  informally  for  decades.  However,  it  is  only  in  the  past  year,  with  the  creation  of  the  Coalition,  that   these  consultations  have  been  formalized.  Ongoing  regional  /  provincial  consultations  across  the  7,000   islands  are  a  major  activity  of  the  Coalition.  Aside  from  these  grassroots  workshops,  feedback  from  remote   areas  are  through  internet  and  mobile  phone  communications.  Other  prominent  activities  of  the  Coalition   include:  policy  review  of  domestic  law  in  the  context  of  international  commitments,  disability  budget   analysis,  engagement  with  various  national  and  local  government  agencies  for  participation  in  public   finance,  and  legislative  lobbying  with  Congress  and  Senate.  Individual  disability  member  organizations  also   participate  in  local  projects,  programs  and  services  directly  impacting  their  constituency.   3      The  framework  for  human  rights  for  all  Filipinos  is   anchored  in  the  Philippine  Constitution,  from  which  the   executive,  legislative  and  judicial  branches  of  government   draw  their  mandates  and  scope  of  responsibilities.  The   Constitution  also  provides  for  the  creation  of  the  independent   Commission  on  Human  Rights  to  monitor  government   compliance.   4      There  have  been  at  least  twelve  disability-­‐related  laws  and  executive  orders  since  the  1950s.  However,   these  have  faced  challenges  of  implementation,  monitoring  and  budgetary  appropriations  (1).   5      The  Presidential  Philippine  Human  Rights  Committee  was  also  directed  to  formulate  the  National  Human   Rights  Action  Plan.  Human  rights  entities  down  to  the  grassroots  include  inter-­‐agency  councils  (on   trafficking,  juvenile  justice,  violence  against  women  and  children,  and  others),  offices  in  the  Armed  Forces,   Philippine  National  Police  (including  Women’s  &  Children’s  Desks),  and  barangay  human  rights  action   centers.  The  Katarungang  Pambarangay  (Village  Justice  System)  assists  in  dispute  settlement  under  the   Local  Government  Code.  Particular  justice  systems  are  also  present  for  Indigenous  Peoples  and  Muslim   Filipinos.   6      The  Philippines  has  also  ratified  U.N.  core  treaties  including  the  Optional  Protocols  of  the  CEDAW  and   CRC.  It  must  be  noted  that  the  Optional  Protocol  of  the  U.N.  Convention  on  the  Rights  of  Persons  with   Disabilities  (UNCRPD)  has  not  been  ratified.  The  National  Human  Rights  Action  Plan  was  formulated  two   years  ago  but  it  has  not  been  approved  by  the  current  administration.  The  government  has  also  legislated   human  rights  laws  pertaining  to  the  rights  of  other  vulnerable  sectors  such  as  women,  children,  indigenous   peoples,  migrant  workers,  and  older  persons.   7      The  Philippines  has  a  vibrant  human  rights  movement  comprised  of  many  NGOs  and  peoples’   organizations  covering  a  wide  range  of  advocacies.  Civil  society  is  a  strong  political  force  as  vanguards  of   human  rights  as  well  as  providers  of  programs  and  services.  Within  the  sector  of  persons  with  disabilities,   civil  society  entities  are  frequently  the  frontlining  and  /  or  sole  advocates  for  policy  reform  and  sustainable,   grassroots  development  which  are  targeted  through  innovative  and  nonbureaucratic  strategies.   About the Coalition Overall Human Rights Situation in the Philippines
  5. 5. 5   8      Statistics  on  persons  with  disabilities     According  to  the  2000  census,  there  are  942,098  Filipinos  with   disabilities  who  make  up  1.23%  of  the  population.  This   includes  the  following  impairments:  visual,  hearing,  speech,   mobility,  intellectual,  psychosocial,  extensive  and  various  low   incidence  impairments.  Half  of  the  sector  are  female,  and   children  and  youth  comprise  significant  proportions.  Through   the  past  three  decades  however,  the  incidence  of  disability  has   been  reported  variably  by  different  entities  leading  to  serious  doubts  on  overall  accuracy.  National  statistics   have  been  a  longstanding  concern  as  national  /  local  legislation  and  policy  rely  heavily  on  documented   numbers  of  disadvantaged  Filipinos  to  justify  appropriations  for  programs,  activities  and  services.  In  a   developing  country  where  public  finances  are  subject  to  many  limitations,  budgets  for  various  vulnerable   sectors  will  at  times,  compete  with  each  other,  and  other  national  priorities.   9      The  majority  of  persons  with  disabilities  are  in  the  rural  areas.  The  poverty  threshold  in  2007  for  persons   with  disabilities  in  Metro  Manila  (in  the  National  Capital  Region)  was  reported  to  be  approximately  US$442  /   year;  or  about  $1/day.  In  this  independent  study  of  poverty  in  Metro  Manila,  the  proportion  of  employed   persons  with  disabilities  households  below  the  poverty  threshold  was  reported  to  be  36.5%  in  the  sample   (2).  Tracking  of  poverty  incidence  by  the  National  Statistics  Coordination  Board  from  2006  to  2009  sets   national  incidence  at  approximately  20%,  with  a  specific  estimate  for  the  National  Capital  Region  at  2.6%   (3).  Data  from  the  rural  areas  is  still  being  gathered.   10      The  only  existing  social  protection  mechanisms  are:  disability  benefits  /  pensions  for  those  who  are   employed  and  who  acquired  their  disability  while  working;  Philippine  health  insurance,  generally  afforded   only  by  persons  with  disabilities  who  have  employment;  and  a  20%  discount  on  transportation,  medicine,   medical  services,  and  services  in  eating  and  cultural  establishments.  Persons  with  disabilities  are  presumed   to  be  greater  risks  and  are  charged  higher  premiums  for  insurance.  There  are  no  disability-­‐specific   allowances  or  interventions,  considering  the  much  higher  cost  of  living  of  households  with  members  who   have  a  disability.  The  majority  of  persons  with  disabilities  are  unemployed  and  so  are  not  eligible  for  these   benefits  /  pensions  and  insurance.  Furthermore,  since  many  of  them  are  also  poor,  they  would  not  even  have   the  minimum  capacity  to  purchase  medicine,  medical  services,  etc.  in  the  first  place  so  that  they  can  avail  of   the  20%  discount.  This  20%  discount  is  not  available  in  areas  where  there  are  no  establishments  mandated   to  provide  such  discounts.  Also,  labor  market  programs  for  persons  with  disabilities  have  not  been   systematic  enough  to  have  a  significant  impact.   11      Data  collection  on  persons  with  disabilities     Throughout  the  years,  persons  with  disabilities  have  remained  largely  invisible  because  of  discrimination.   This  invisibility  has  been  the  cause  of  continual  marginalization.  Thus,  there  is  a  dire  lack  of  documentation   for  even  the  most  fundamental  information  about  Filipinos  with  disabilities.  The  fact  that  there  is  no  mention   of  any  disability  rights,  nor  any  participation  by  the  sector  in  the  1st  UPR  are  clear  evidence  of  this.  The   proposed  Freedom  of  Information  Bill  hopes  to  address  difficulties  in  accessing  data  for  the  effective   participation  of  all,  including  persons  with  disabilities.   12      This  lack  of  attention  to  the  human  rights  situation  of  the  sector  is  particularly  evident  in  access  to   justice.  In  2007,  the  Commission  on  Human  Rights  conducted  a  survey  of  41  national  government  agencies   regarding  persons  with  disabilities.  It  reported  57  victims  of  human  rights  violations  during  1987-­‐2006   (roughly  three  cases  a  year),  17.5  %  of  whom  involved  children  (4).  These  statistics  viewed  relative  to  the   cases  documented  for  a  single  disability  alone  for  only  the  past  five  years,  totaling  250  (see  Human  Rights   Situation  among  persons  with  disabilities)  point  to  great  disparities  in  national  documentation.   13      Data  has  not  been  gathered  sufficiently  nationwide,  e.g.,  regarding  the  number  of  rape  cases  against   persons  with  disabilities.  For  instance,  reported  rape  cases  of  all  other  women  have  largely  been   documented  only  for  the  National  Capital  Region.   14      By  and  large,  there  is  no  way  to  systematically  secure  information  about  cases  in  trial  courts  except  for   those  which  have  reached  the  Supreme  Court.  Request  for  assistance  by  civil  society  from  the  Supreme  Court – Office  of  the  Court  Administrator  to  track  and  follow-­‐up  cases  involving  deaf  parties  for  instance,  have Overall Situation of Persons with Disabilities in the Philippines INTRO
  6. 6. 6   yielded  only  a  few  responses  from  the  lower  courts.  Without  information  on  the  status  of  these  cases,  or mechanisms  to  secure  this  information,  the  pursuit  of  justice  by  persons  with  disabilities  becomes  very   difficult  and  pushes  them  even  deeper  into  marginalization.   15      Legislation  aside  from  the  generally  inadequate  implementation  of  disability  related  laws,  a  National   Plan  of  Action  for  the  Philippine  Decade  for  Persons  with  Disabilities  (2003-­‐2012)  formulated  by  the  (then)   National  Council  for  the  Welfare  of  Disabled  Persons,  which  is  based  on  the  Biwako  Millennium  framework,   has  not  been  fully  implemented.   16      Accessibility  in  various  areas  particularly  transportation,  the  physical  environment,  information  and   communication  are  major  concerns  of  the  different  disability  constituencies  in  both  urban  and  rural   locations.   17      Rehabilitation   Regional  and  provincial  hospitals  provide  some  rehabilitation  services  including  the  provision  of  assistive   devices.  However,  the  2010  Regional  Conference  on  ASEAN  and  disability  reports  that  less  than  1%  of   persons  with  disabilities  in  the  National  Capital  Region  are  able  to  access  center-­‐based  rehabilitation   services.  Furthermore,  since  most  service  facilities  are  concentrated  in  the  capital  i.e.,  Metro  Manila,  many   persons  with  disabilities  living  in  rural  and  isolated  communities  have  limited  access  to  any  form  of   rehabilitation  or  health  services  (5).             18      Describing  the  overall  situation  of  human  rights  reveals   violations  of  civil,  political,  cultural  and  economic  rights  as   undeniable  realities  in  the  lives  of  many  persons  with   disabilities.  These  violations  of  specific  rights  on   participation,  language  and  culture,  education,  work,   personal  mobility,  liberty  of  movement,  independent  living,   adequate  standard  of  living,  social  protection,  integrity  and   protection  against  violence,  and  access  to  justice  are  unrelentingly  experienced  in  the  home,  school,  the   workplace,  with  mass  media,  in  trial  courts,  places  of  recreation  and  leisure,  and  other  spaces.  Exclusion  and   discriminatory  practices  have  been  so  rampant  and  have  existed  for  such  a  long  time  that  it  has  covered  the   entire  sector  with  a  shroud  of  invisibility  which  has  to  date  been  very  difficult  to  overcome.   19      The  snapshot  of  the  current  human  rights  situation  among  persons  with  disabilities  in  the  Philippines  is   particularly  provocative  in  the  few,  or  even  single  reports  of  disturbing,  heinous  incidents.  One  set     of  these  incidents  almost  always  involve  women  and  young  girls:  rape  to  the  point  of  death;  gang  rape  by  as   many  as  ten  men;  rape  cases  of  girls  five  years  old  and  younger;  years-­‐long  incest  regularly  by  fathers;  sexual   violence  under  threat  of  deadly  weapons,  and  rape  by  a  religious  figure  or  teacher.   20      Another  set  of  disturbing  incidents  involve  cruel  and  inhumane  treatment  particularly  of  children  with   disabilities.  There  are  several  reports  of  children  being  battered  and  physically  abused  while  being   restrained,  chained  or  caged  by  their  own  parents.   21      Persons  with  disabilities  being  put  up  on  display  in  public  fairs  as  objects  of  novelty  because  of  their   physical  disfigurement  has  been  decreasing,  but  still  exists.   22      Persons  with  psychosocial  disabilities  are  kept  in  institutions  in  inhuman  and  despicable  conditions   which  takes  place  in  both  national  and  local  facilities.   23      Women  and  children  with  disabilities  who  live  on  the  streets,  or  face  sexual  assault  on  a  daily  basis,   including  several  prostituted  women  have  been  reported.  Women  with  disabilities  have  been  trafficked.   They  have  been  victimized  by  e-­‐VAW  (electronic  Violence  against  Women),  lured  into  online  pornographic   exposure  of  their  physical  condition  for  economic  reasons.   24      The  figures  on  gender-­‐based  violence  unearthed  among  deaf  women  and  girls  in  the  past  six  years,  and   particularly  this  last  year  epitomize  the  tip  of  the  iceberg  situation  that  likely  exists  across  all  the  disabilities.   Human Rights Situation of Persons with Disabilities INTRO
  7. 7. 7   Some  human  rights  violations  are  experienced  by  thousands  or  millions  of  persons  with  disabilities  while other  heinous  incidents  are  experienced  by  one  or  a  few  persons  with  disabilities.  Systematic  efforts  for  data   gathering  and  documentation  on  a  national  basis  have  been  so  very  meager  and  this  has  caused  continuing   cycles  of  increasing  powerlessness  and  marginalization.   25      Notably,  the  organization  and  activities  of  this  Coalition  has  tremendously  changed  the  landscape  of   human  rights  for  Filipinos  with  disabilities  for  the  past  three  years.    Several  of  milestone  changes  in   education,  social  protection,  budget  advocacy  and  others  can  be  directly  attributed  to  the  activities  of  this   Coalition.   PART 1. IMPLEMENTATION OF UNCRPD SINCE 2008 26      The  Republic  of  the  Philippines  ratified  the  UN  Convention   on  the  Rights  of  Persons  with  Disabilities  (henceforth  the Convention)  on  15  April  2008,  and  became  the  23rd  country  in   the  world  committed  to  fully  implement  all  of  the  provisions  of   this  binding  International  Treaty.  The  Convention  entered  into   international  force  on  3  May  2008,  becoming  binding  for  the   Republic  of  the  Philippines  on  May  15,  2008.  In  accordance  with  Article  35.1  of  the  Convention,  by  15  May   2010  the  Philippine  state  was  to  prepare  and  submit  the  state  report  that  represents  the  implementation  of   the  obligations  undertaken.  Till  this  day  however,  the  Philippines  has  not  even  finalized  its  official  report  and   signed  the  Optional  Protocol  of  the  Convention. 27      In  February  2011,  the  Philippine  organizations  of  persons  with  disabilities  with  the  support  of  the   International  Disability  Alliance  decided  to  form  the  Philippine  Coalition  on  the  UNCRPD  (henceforth  the   Coalition)  with  the  primary  aim  of  producing  the  Alternative  Report  on  the  state  of  the  implementation  of   the  Philippine  government  of  the  Convention.  The  Coalition  is  a  voluntary,  non-­‐hierarchic  group  based  on   the  agreement  to  cooperate  in  the  efforts  to  share  information,  manpower,  networks  and  skills  in  the   production  of  data  and  related  information  for  the  Alternative  Report.   28      Despite  the  delay  in  the  finalization  of  the  state  report,  the  Coalition  moved  on  towards  the  completion   of  the  Report  in  2013.  This  Parallel  Report  signifies  the  first  compilation  of  data  and  observations  by  the   Coalition.  It  shall  be  a  dynamic  and  evolving  document  enriched  by  experiences  of  persons  with  disabilities   and  disabled  peoples’  organizations  on  the  ground  until  the  eventual  review  of  the  State  by  the  CRPD   Committee.    It  is  the  contribution  of  this  Coalition  to  the  human  rights  movement  in  the  Philippines,  and  sets   the  stage  for  national  monitoring  of  the  implementation  of  the  Convention.   29      The  Philippine  Constitution  explicitly  declares  respect  for   International  Treaties.  Article  2.2  of  the  Philippine   Constitution  states  that  all  ratified  treaties  automatically   become  a  part  of  the  organic  law  of  the  country.  Paragraph  30   of  the  1994  Philippine  Report  to  the  UN  clearly  states  that   being  an  organic  part  of  domestic  law,  provisions  of  ratified   international  treaties  may  already  be  invoked  in  judicial   bodies  and  instrumentalities.   30      The  Coalition  however  takes  serious  concerns  that  in  the  Philippine  Report  to  the  International   Committee  on  ICCPR,  “representatives  of  the  State  party  have  argued  before  the  Supreme  Court  that  the   Covenant  cannot  be  considered  part  of  the  law  of  the  land  without  the  need  of  a  law  enacted  by  the   legislature.”  (1)   31      It  is  only  five  years  after  the  ratification  of  the  Convention,  that  efforts  to  harmonize  Philippine  laws  and   policies  to  the  provisions  of  the  Convention  were  recently  initiated  by  the  State  through  the  National  Council   ARTICLE 1 Purpose Background Article 1
  8. 8. 8   on  Disability  Affairs.  The  Coalition  particularly  highlights  the  continuing  existence  of  the  State  definition  of   persons  with  disabilities  that  is  based  on  a  purely  medical  and  functional  model.  Even  in  the  amendments  of   this  chief  legal  instrument,  the  Magna  Carta  of    Persons  with  Disabilities  (2)  and  other  legislations  enacted   after  2008,  there  is  still  a  carryover  of  this  definition  that  is  inconsistent  with  the  Convention,  e.g.,  Republic   Act  9710  (Magna  Carta  of  Women)  (3). 32      These  views  are  further  enshrined  in  gatekeeping  measures  and    social  protection  plans  and  programs   such  as  the  disability  benefits  provided  by  the  Government  Service  Insurance  System  (4),  Social  Security   System  (5),  and  the  Employee’s  Compensation  Commission  (6).   33      Branches  of  government  such  as  the  National  Council  for  Disability  Affairs  (7),  the  Department  of  Health   (8),  the  Department  of  Trade  and  Industry  and  Department  of  Agriculture  (9),  Bureau  of  Internal  Revenue   (10),  and  the  Department  of  Interior  and  Local  Government  have  applied  varying  definitions  of  who  persons   with  disabilities  are.    This  includes  ambiguous  or  conflicting  views  on  ‘impairment’,  ‘permanent  disability’,   ‘chronic  illness’  and  ‘disability’.       34      This  has  had  very  concrete  and  widespread  impact  on  access  to  services  and  entitlement  to  the  20%   disability  discount.    Persons  with  psychosocial  impairments  and  with  various  chronic  illness  conditions  are   among  those  who  are  particularly  affected  by  uncoordinated  and  inconsistent  definitions  of  disability  (11).     The  National  Council  on  Disability  Affairs  has  contested  identification  cards  issued  by  the  Department  of   Interior  and  Local  Government,  and  discourages  persons  with  chronic  illnesses  from  applying  for   identification  cards.   Sources:   (1)  Concluding  observations  on  the  fourth  periodic  report  of  the  Philippines.  Office  of  the  High  Commissioner  on  Human  Rights.   (CCPR/C/SR.2944).  www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/hrc/docs/co/CCPR-­‐C-­‐PHL-­‐CO-­‐4.doc   (2)    Section  4.    Definition  of  Terms.    Republic  Act  7277.    http://www.ncda.gov.ph/disability-­‐laws/republic-­‐acts/republic-­‐act-­‐ 7277/   (3)    Chapter  II.    Definition  of  Terms.  Republic  Act  9710.   http://pcw.gov.ph/sites/default/files/documents/laws/republic_act_9710.pdf   (4)    Disability.  Government  Service  Insurance  System.  http://www.gsis.gov.ph/default.php?id=41   (5)    Disability  Benefits.    Social  Security  System.    https://www.sss.gov.ph/sss/index2.jsp?secid=67&cat=4&pg=null     (6)    Title  II,  Chapter  1.    Policy  and  Definitions  –  Disability.  Presidential  Decree  626.  Employee’s  Compensation  Commission.   http://www.ecc.gov.ph/ckfinder/userfiles/files/P_D_%20626_%20as%20amended%202011%20edition.pdf   (7)    Guidelines  on  the  issuance  of  identification  card  relative  to  Republic  Act  9442.    National  Council  on  Disability  Affairs.   Administrative  Order  001  s.2008.  http://www.ncda.gov.ph/2010/12/rules-­‐ncda-­‐guidelines-­‐on-­‐  persons  with  disabilities-­‐id-­‐ card-­‐is-­‐enforceable/   (8)  Definition  of  terms.    Administrative  Order  2009-­‐0011.  Department  of  Health.  http://www.ncda.gov.ph/2009/07/doh-­‐issues-­‐ guidelines-­‐on-­‐medical-­‐discounts-­‐to-­‐persons-­‐with-­‐disabilities/   (9)  Definition  of  terms.  Joint  Department  of  Trade  and  Industry  –  Department  of  Agriculture  Administrative  Order  02  s.2008.   http://www.ncda.gov.ph/2009/07/discounts-­‐on-­‐basic-­‐commodities/  Philippine  Coalition  on  the  UNCRPD.  Communications   with  DPOs.     (10)    Definition  of  Terms.  Revenue  Regulations  No.  1-­‐2009  Bureau  of  Internal  Revenue.   ftp://ftp.bir.gov.ph/webadmin1/pdf/44005RR%201-­‐2009.pdf       (11)    Philippine  Coalition  on  the  UNCRPD.    Communications  with  Philippine  Alliance  on  Persons  with  Chronic  Illness.   35      The  core  domestic  legislation  on  disability,  Republic  Act   7277  or  the  Magna  Carta  for  Persons  with  Disabilities  (1),   defines  discrimination  only  in  the  context  of  employment,   transportation  and  use  of  public  accommodations  and   services  (Title  3),  and  furthermore  that  for  discrimination  to   be  investigated  or  for  legal  action  to  ensue,  incidents  must   ARTICLE 2 Definitions Article 2 RECOMMENDATIONS § Clarify  the  status  and  justiciability  of  provisions  of  the  Convention  in  relation  to  domestic   application.   § Ensure  that  all  current  policies  and  legislation  of  various  agencies  adopt  standard  definitions  of   disability,  persons  with  disabilities  that  are  compliant  with  the  Convention.  
  9. 9. 9   occur  repeatedly  and  be  considered  of  public  importance  (Title  4);  this  contrasts  greatly  with  non-­‐ discrimination  as  a  principle  of,  and  obligation,  as  defined  in  the  CRPD  in  Art.  2,  3.b  and  5.   36      The  law  also  defines  Reasonable  Accommodation  only  in  the  context  of  work  (R.A.  7277,  Sect.  4).    It   neglects  this  important  principle  and  obligation  in  critical  areas  of  education,  health  and  other  rights  and   freedoms. 37      Instead  of  promoting  Universal  Design  and  inclusion,  the  law  also  directs  the  State  toward  “special”     basic  education,  technical  education,  non-­‐formal  education  (Sect  12  –  17),  housing  requirements  (Sect  39),   employment  facilities  (Sect  4.g.4.i),  transportation  (Sect  4.g.4.n),  training  (Sect  21)  and  broadcast   programming  (Sect  22).    This  is  not  consistent  with  the  principle  espoused  by  the  Convention  and  lays  a  very   different  rationale  for  State  governance  and  spending.   38      There  is  also  no  explicit  mention  of  the  modes,  means  and  formats  of  communication  and  languages   which  are  vital  for  the  obligations  according  to  the  Convention.  Accessibility  (Title  2,  Chap  6)  is  defined  only   for  the  built  environment  (Art.  3.f,  9).    The  same  is  noted  for  the  Accessibility  Law  (BP  344)  (2)  which  only   addresses  accessibility  in  the  context  of  built  environments,  and  not  on  information  and  communication.   Sources:   (1)  Republic  Act  7277.    http://www.ncda.gov.ph/disability-­‐laws/republic-­‐acts/republic-­‐act-­‐7277/     (2)  Batas  Pambansa  Blg.  344.  http://www.ncda.gov.ph/disability-­‐laws/batas-­‐pambansa/batas-­‐pambansa-­‐blg-­‐344/   39      The  Magna  Carta  for  Persons  with  Disabilities,  or  Republic   Act  7277  (1),  and  even  its  amending  law,  RA  9442,  constitute   the  core  legislation  upon  which  all  State  policies,  activities  and   programs  are  based  on.    They  also  form  the  bases,  as  well  as   reflect  existing  perspectives,  customs  and  practices  for  much   of  public  governance.   40      Although  the  Magna  Carta  describes  in  its  declaration  of  policy  that  disabled  persons  "should  be  able  to   live  freely  and  as  independently  as  possible.."  it  does  not  give  full  emphasis  to  the  individual  autonomy  and   freedom  to  make  one's  choices  as  stated  in  the  principle  of  the  Convention.     41      The  Coalition  sees  the  imperative  of  an  Anti-­‐Discrimination  Law  not  just  to  address  “vilification  and   public  ridicule”  as  stated  in  the  Amendment  of  the  Magna  Carta.   42      Participation  in  the  Declaration  of  Policy  of  the  Magna  Carta  is  viewed  only  in  the  context  of   rehabilitation,  different  from  the  full  and  effective  participation  and  inclusion  described  by  the  Convention.   43      The  underlying  view  of  persons  with  disabilities  by  the  Magna  Carta  is  from  that  of  a  functional  model   (Title  1,  Sect  4)  which  contrasts  with  the  human  rights  perspective  of  the  Convention  in  viewing  disability  as   a  result  of  barriers  interacting  with  impairments,  and  of  acceptance  of  persons  with  disabilities  as  part  of   human  diversity.   ARTICLE 3 General Principles Article 3 RECOMMENDATIONS § Ensure  that  in  the  ongoing  amendment  of  Republic  Act  7277,  sections  on  discrimination,   reasonable  accommodation,  universal  design,  inclusion  and  accessibility  are  harmonized  with  the   definitions  in  the  Convention.    Within  five  years,  conduct  and  complete  a  comprehensive  review   of  all  other  domestic  legislation  and  policies  pertaining  to  persons  with  disabilities  and   harmonize  these  with  the  Convention.   § Beginning  fiscal  year  2014,  conduct  orientations  for  all  State  agencies  and  entities,  including  the   Department  of  Budget  and  Management,  and  the  Commission  on  Audit  on  these  critical   definitions  to  ensure  that  they  underlie  all  planning,  formulation  and  implementation  of  public   programs,  activities  and  projects  for  persons  with  disabilities.  
  10. 10. 10   44      Equality  of  opportunity  in  the  Magna  Carta  is  only  considered  in  the  context  of  employment  (Title  2,  Sect   5) whereas  the  Convention  considers  opportunities  in  education,  living  in  the  community,  participation  in political  and  public  life,  cultural  life  (Art.  3.e,  24,  19,  29  &  30);   45      Gender  equality  or  women  with  disabilities  and  their  multiple  marginalization  are  not  even  mentioned   in  the  Magna  Carta.  Even  amongst  their  fellow  women,  they  too  are  yet  dealt  with  as  not  equal  due  to  the   maintenance  of  the  definition  identifying  them  as  continually  “suffering  from”  and  “not  normal”  as  defined  in   Republic  Act  9710  or  the  Magna  Carta  of  Women.   46      Children  with  disabilities  are  only  mentioned  in  the  context  of  education  (Title  2,  Sect  14)  and  social   services    TItle  2,  Sect  24),  not  considering  their  multiple  marginalization,  right  to  expression  and  evolving   capacity.   47      The  Coalition  clearly  adheres  to  the  provisions  of  Article  25,  that  Persons  with  Disabilities  must  be   provided  all  types  of  health  services  as  a  matter  of  rights  of  similar  quality  as  other  citizens.    However,  the   Philippine  government  continues  to  highlight  disability  prevention  as  the  underlying  principle  for  awareness   raising  activities  for  the  sector.   48      The  Coalition  further  declares  that  rehabilitation  as  a  matter  of  right  should  be  provided.  However,   contrary  to  the  Convention,  the  Philippines  still  insists  on  viewing  rehabilitation  instead  as  a  matter  of   principle  in  dealing  with  persons  with  disabilities.   49      In  the  Civil  Code,  Family  Code  Rules  of  Court  and  other  legislation  and  policy,  substituted  decision-­‐ making  still  exists  and  there  are  yet  no  indications  that  supported  decision-­‐making  is  being  considered  (cf Articles 5, 12). Source:   (1)  Republic  Act  7277.    http://www.ncda.gov.ph/disability-­‐laws/republic-­‐acts/republic-­‐act-­‐7277/   50      This  Parallel  Report  examines  in  detail  the  obligations  of   the  State  according  to  the  Articles  of  the  Convention.     However,  the  Coalition  observes  that  in  general,  the  State,  and   even  the  Commission  on  Human  Rights  (the  National  Human   Rights  Institution  or  NHRI)  place  more  attention  to  civil  and   political  rights  rather  than  the  economic,  social  and  cultural   rights.    On  the  other  hand,  government  agencies  with  disability-­‐related  mandates  or  programs  generally  tend   to  operate  based  on  a  disability  prevention  framework,  or  mainly  from  a  health  perspective.    Because  of  this   mentality,  critical  activities  described  in  Article  4  of  the  Convention  such  as  comprehensive  policy  reviews,   research  and  development,  and  training  are  not  carried  out  regularly  or  adequately. 51      The  State  also  still  has  yet  to  operationalize  the  concepts  of  maximum  available  resources  and  progressive   realization  in  its  governance.   52      There  is  a  strong  tendency  for  consultation  with  persons  with  disabilities  to  take  place  in  the  cities  and   urban  areas,  overlooking  representation  from  many  of  persons  with  disabilities  who  are  in  the  rural  areas.     Furthermore,  persons  with  disabilities,  especially  women  with  disabilities  are  frequently  viewed  solely  as   beneficiaries  of  services,  and  not  included  or  capacitated  as  partners  in  development.   ARTICLE 4 General Obligations RECOMMENDATIONS § Integrate  these  Principles  of  the  Convention  in  national  implementation  and  monitoring  as  a  guiding   framework.   § Institutionalize  activities  which  bring  an  understanding  of  these  Principles  to  all  public  servants.   Article 4
  11. 11. 11   53      The  Coalition  acknowledges  the  presence  of   affirmative  provisions  against  discrimination  in  some   Philippine  laws.  However,  it  also  notes  that  these  anti-­‐ discrimination  provisions  are  limited  only  to  employment,   transportation  and  utilization  of  public  facilities. 54      Furthermore,  the  Coalition  is  disturbed  by  a  provision  in  Republic  Act  7277,  Sect.  44  “that  before  a   violator  of  anti-­‐discrimination  can  be  prosecuted,  the  victim(s)  must  first  prove  that  he  has  been   discriminated  by  the  same  entity  at  least  more  than  twice  before    these  could  be  considered  as  a  “pattern  or   practice  of  discrimination”  (1)  .      This  contrasts  with  the  perspective  of  the  Convention  wherein  the  denial  of   reasonable  accommodation  in  a  particular  case  (and  thus  could  be  a  single  occurring  incident)  is  also   deemed  as  discrimination.    Moreover,  such  discrimination  must  reach  a  level  of  public  importance,  and  only   then  can  the  incident  be  investigated.   55      This  law  also  defines  discrimination  in  communication  as  only  those  “barriers  that  are  structural  in   nature,  in  existing  facilities”  (Title  3,  Sect.  36.e.4).      This  neglects  many  forms  of  communication  modes  and   formats  which  do  not  involve  structural  facilities  such  as  signed  languages.   56      Laws  which  discriminate  on  the  bases  of  disabilities  and  do  not  recognize  persons  with  disabilities  as   being  legally  competent  continue  to  exist,  i.e.,  articles  of  the  Civil  Code  on  Contracts  (2)  and  Succession  (3);   several  Rules  of  Court  concerning  guardianship  (4,  5),  and  others.   57      A  range  of  discriminatory  policies  and  practices  are  encountered  in  various  government  departments   and  offices:       • An  example  is  Metrostar  Express  Order  0127  which  denies  even  entry  to  mass  transit  stations for  the  “insane  /  mentally  deranged”  (6). • Sections  of  the  Omnibus  Election  Code  deny  participation  in  electoral  processes  to  persons with  psychosocial  and  intellectual  disabilities  (7)  (cf  Article  29). • Driver’s  Licenses  issued  by  the  Land  Transportation  Office  which  states  that  deaf  individuals are  required  to  always  be  accompanied  by  a  “person  with  normal  hearing”  when  they  drive. The  (then)  National  Council  for  the  Welfare  of  Disabled  Persons  claims  that  the  fact  that  there are  licenses  issued  to  persons  with  disabilities,  including  the  deaf,  that  the  “Philippine government  does  not  discriminate  on  the  disabled”  (8). • Department  of  Health  Administrative  Order  34  imposes  a  requirement  that  masseurs  should have  a  high  school  diploma.    This  is  doubly  discriminatory  for  blind  masseurs  because  of  the reality  that  persons  with  disabilities  have  difficulty  accessing  education  to  begin  with.    In dialogues  with  Department  of  Health  officials,  they  have  verbally agreed to amend this policy, yet to date there has been no such action (cf Article 24, 27). Sources:   (1)  Republic  Act  7277.    http://www.ncda.gov.ph/disability-­‐laws/republic-­‐acts/republic-­‐act-­‐7277/   (2)  Civil  Code  of  the  Philippines.  Contracts.  Art.  1327.    http://www.chanrobles.com/civilcodeofthephilippinesbook3.htm     (3)  Civil  Code  of  the  Philippines.  Succession.  Art.  820.    http://www.chanrobles.com/civilcodeofthephilippinesbook4.htm   (4)  Rules  of  Court.  Rule  92.  http://sc.judiciary.gov.ph/rulesofcourt/RULES%20OF%20COURT.htm#rule_92   (5)  Rules  of  Court.  Rule  101.  http://sc.judiciary.gov.ph/rulesofcourt/RULES%20OF%20COURT.htm#rule_101.       (6)  Letter  of  complaint  to  Department  of  Transportation  and  Communication.  Jan.  11,  2013   (7)  Omnibus  Election  Code.  http://www.comelec.gov.ph/?r=laws/OmnibusElectionCode   (8)  Ronda,  R.A.  2002.    3,500  disabled  driving  on  RP  streets.  Philippine  Star.  Oct.  15,  2002.   http://www.philstar.com/nation/179901/3500-­‐disabled-­‐driving-­‐rp-­‐streets   ARTICLE 5 Equality and Non-discrimination Article 5 RECOMMENDATIONS § Review,  amend  or  abolish  all  laws,  policies  and  practices  discriminatory  to  persons  with  disabilities   § Direct  particularly  the  executive  and  legislative  branches  to  undertake  comprehensive  training  on   the  rights  of  persons  with  disabilities.  
  12. 12. 12   ARTICLE 6 Women with Disabilities Discriminatory  laws  &  practices   58      The  discrimination  that  women  and  girls  with  disabilities   in  the  Philippines  face  is  a  complex  intersection  of  gender,   disability  and  age.    These  inequalities  are  rooted  in  deeply ingrained  stereotyped  views  of  Filipino  women  in  general,  and   is  further  compounded  by  charity  and  pathological  views  of   disability.    They  live  in  a  societal  and  legal  environment  which  has  blatant  denials  of  equal  recognition  before   the  law,  compared  to  other  Filipino  women  and  girls.  Considering  that  data  so  far  shows  substantial  gender-­‐ based  violence  among  women  and  girls  with  disabilities,  discrimination  in  the  Anti-­‐Rape  Law  (Republic  Act   8353)  (1)  views  women  and  girls  with  intellectual  disabilities  as  ‘deprived  of  reason’  and  ‘incapable  of  giving   rational  consent’.    Women  with  psychosocial  disability  are  viewed  as  also  lacking  in  legal  capacity  because  of   the  view  that  they  are  unable  to  give  consent  (cf  Article  12)  (2).   59      The  Coalition  reiterates  its  concern  with  the  persistence  of  the  Philippine  government  and  laws  to  define   Women  with  Disabilities  solely  from  a  medical  model  as  stated  in  Republic  Act  9710  or  the  Magna  Carta  of   Women  (3).   60      The  Philippine  Commission  on  Women  in  particular,  should  be  inclusive  of  disability  and  the  diversity  of   its  constituency  in  all  its  plans,  programs,  activities  and  resource  allocations.    It  should  recognize  women   with  disabilities  as  a  disadvantaged  group  distinct  from  the  elderly.    This  should  include  capacitation  and   mechanisms  to  ensure  full  participation  by  women  with  disabilities  in  State-­‐sponsored  gender  promotion   activities  at  the  national  and  local  levels.    The  Commission  in  its  call  for  nominations  for  its  Commissioners   from  civil  society,  combines  the  elderly  with  the  “disabled”,  and  has  not  actively  promoted  representation   (4).    It  cursorily  mentions  women  with  disabilities  in  its  Fact  Sheets  (5).   Violence  and  abuse   61 This  multiple  vulnerability  is  evident  in  gender-­‐based  violence.    To  date,  the  only  substantial  data  is  with   deaf  women  and  girls  as  documented  by  an  NGO  (6).    From  a  total  of  346+  cases  involving  deaf  parties  from   2006-­‐2012,  violence  against  deaf  women  account  for  over  168  cases.    Of  243  cases  filed  by  deaf   complainants,  rape  cases  filed  by  deaf  women  and  girls  outnumber  all  other  complaints  in  a  ratio  of  10:1.   62      In  gathering  of  baseline  data  by  this  Coalition  on  Supreme  Court  cases  from  2008-­‐2011,  20%  of  126   cases  are  on  gender-­‐based  violence,  almost  exclusively  all  on  women  and  girls  with  intellectual  disabilities.   63      Despite  this  clear  need  for  protection  from  violence  and  abuse,  women  and  girls  with  disabilities  remain   largely  outside  of  state  programs  and  activities  for  Filipino  women  in  general.    There  are  no  specific   programs  or  monitoring  to  address  this  need  in  the  Philippine  Commission  on  Women,  the  Council  for  the   Welfare  of  Children,  the  National  Council  for  the  Welfare  of  Persons  with  Disabilities,  and  even  the  NHRI  –   the  Commission  on  Human  Rights.  There  is  some  awareness  and  beginning  research  in  academe  such  as  the University of the Philippines but this is through the initiation of DPOs such as the Filipino Deaf Women’s Health and Crisis Center. Economic,  social  and  cultural  rights   64      Filipino  girls  with  disabilities  experience  inequalities  from  a  very  young  age  in  the  family  and  home,   through  schooling  and    even  as  they  become  adult  women  facing  limitations  in  work  and  employment.  In  a   2011  study  by  the  Philippine  Institute  for  Development  Studies,  it  reports  that  twice  as  many  women  than   men  with  disabilities  do  not  complete  any  grade  (or  level  of  primary  education)  at  all,  especially  in  rural   areas  (7).   65      The  same  study  shows  strong  disparities  in  type  of  employment  and  income  of  women  with  disabilities,   compared  to  men  with  disabilities.  Female  respondents  with  disabilities  in  the  study  allot  relatively  more   time  to  household  duties  and  personal  activities  (i.e.,  meals,  grooming)  both  during  working  as  well  as  non-­‐ working  days.  Male  respondents  with  disabilities  on  the  other  hand,  spend  more  time  on  work  and  leisure,   even  during  working  days.    These  all  reflect  the  restriction  in  participation  of  girls  and  women  with   disabilities  in  education,  work,  participation  in  the  community  and  even  in  recreation  and  leisure.     Article 6
  13. 13. 13   Chapter  2   MENTALLY  RETARDED,  PHYSICALLY  HANDICAPPED,   EMOTIONALLY  DISTURBED  AND  MENTALLY  ILL  CHILDREN   Art. 168. Mentally Retarded Children. - Mentally retarded children are (1) socially incompetent, that is, socially inadequate and occupationally incompetent and unable to manage their own affairs; (2) mentally subnormal; (3) retarded intellectually from birth or early age; (4) retarded at maturity; (5) mentally deficient as a result of constitutional origin, through hereditary or disease, and (6) essentially incurable. Art. 169. Classification of Mental Retardation. - Mental Retardation is divided into four classifications: (1) Custodial Group. The members of this classification are severely or profoundly retarded, hence, the least capable group. This includes those with I.Q.s to 25. (2) Trainable Group. The members of this group consist of those with I.Q.s from about 25 to about 50; one who belongs to this group shows a mental level and rate of development which is 1/4 to 1/2 that of the average child, is unable to acquire higher academic skills, but can usually acquire the basic skills for living to a reasonable degree. He can likewise attain a primary grade level of education if he receives effective instruction. Sources:   (1)    Philippine  Coalition  on  the  U.N.  Convention  on  the  Rights  of  Persons  with  Disabilities  and  Philippine  Alliance  of  Human   Rights  Advocates.  2013.  Joint  Submission  for  Half-­‐day  General  Discussion  on  "Women  and  girls  with  disabilities"  by  the   Committee  on  the  Rights  of  Persons  with  Disabilities.   (2)    Republic  Act  8353.  http://pcw.gov.ph/law/republic-­‐act-­‐8353   (3)  Republic  Act  9710.    Magna  Carta  of  Women.  http://pcw.gov.ph/law/republic-­‐act-­‐9710   (4)  http://www.pcw.gov.ph/sites/default/files/documents/resources/cedaw_factsheet_2006.pdf   (5)  Call  for  nominations  for  NGO  representatives  to  the  PCW  Board   http://www.gov.ph/section/briefing-­‐room/philippine-­‐commission-­‐on-­‐women/   (6)  Access  to  Justice:  Case  Monitoring  Report  by  the  Philippine  Deaf  Resource  Center  (2006-­‐2012)   http://www.phildeafres.org/pdf/PDRC_Case_Monitoring.pdf   (7)  Joint  submission  on  the  Philippines  by  the  Philippine  Coalition  on  the  CRPD  &  International  Disability  Alliance.        Human   Rights  Committee,  106th  session  (15  October  -­‐  2  November  2012)     http://www.ccprcentre.org/wp-­‐content/uploads/2012/09/DPO_Philippines_HRC106.pdf   (8)  Tabuga,  A.  and  C.  Mina.  2011.    Disability  and  gender:  The  case  of  the  Philippines.  Philippine  Institute  for  Development  Studies.   Discussion  Paper  Series  No.  2011-­‐32.   https://editorialexpress.com/cgi-­‐bin/conference/download.cgi?db_name=IAFFE2011&paper_id=235   Discriminatory  laws   66      The  Coalition  is  extremely  alarmed  that  available  data   from  agencies  do  not  demonstrate  that  children  with   disabilities  are  provided  equal  protection  and  equal  benefits   in  various  laws  and  services.   67 Filipino children with disabilities live in the legal context of existing laws such as the Child and Youth Welfare Code which uses language and perspectives that are archaic, discriminatory and extremely disturbing (1). Article 7 ARTICLE 7 Children with Disabilities RECOMMENDATIONS § Amend  the  Magna  Carta  for  Women  to  harmonize  it  with  international  commitments  to  the   Convention.   § Amend  the  Anti-­‐Rape  law  and  other  legislation  to  give  equal  recognition  before  the  law  to  women   and  girls  with  disabilities.   § Mainstream  disability  in  the  laws,  policies  and  programs  for  Filipino  women  in  general,  coupled   with  regular  monitoring  and  gathering  of  disaggregated  data.   § Research,  document  and  monitor  cases  of  violence  against  women  with  disabilities  and  create   accessible  programs  that  shall  protect  them.  
  14. 14. 14   (3) Educable Group. This group's I.Q. ranges from about 50 to about 75, and the intellectual development is approximately 1/2 to 3/4 of that expected of a normal child of the same chronological age. The degree of success or accomplishment that they will reach in life depends very much on the quality and type of education they receive, as well as on the treatment at home and in the community. Many of the educable retardates may reach 5th or 6th grade educational level and can develop occupational skills which may result in partial or complete economic independence in adulthood. (4) Borderline or Low Normal Group. This is the highest group of mentally retarded, with I.Q.s from about 75 to about 89. The members of this classification are only slightly retarded and they can usually get by in regular classes if they receive some extra help, guidance and consideration. They have to spend much more time with their studies than do most children in order to pass. Those who cannot make it are usually handicapped by one or more other conditions aside from that of intelligence. Art. 170. Physically Handicapped Children. - Physically handicapped children are those who are crippled, deaf-mute, blind, or otherwise defective which restricts their means of action on communication with others. Art. 171. Emotionally Disturbed Children. - Emotionally disturbed children are those who, although not afflicted with insanity or mental defect, are unable to maintain normal social relations with others and the community in general due to emotional problems or complexes. 68      In  the  policy-­‐making  Council  for  the  Welfare  of  Children,  efforts  to  upgrade  a  sub-­‐committee  for  children   with  disabilities  into  a  full  pledged  Committee  has  not  progressed.    The  upgrading  of  the  Committee  is  aimed   at  pursuing  the  equalization  of  opportunities  for  children  with  disabilities.    Knowledge  about  children  with   disabilities  remain  very  rudimentary  even  for  the  Council,  and  thus  policies  and  programs  responsive  to   their  needs  are  not  evident.   Violence  and  abuse  (cf  Article  16)   69        There  is  a  dearth  of  data  on  violence  to  Filipino  children  with  disabilities  and  there  is  no  systematic   nationwide  entity,  mechanism  or  program  that  addresses  this  specific  need,  even  in  the  Council  for  the   Welfare  of  Children,  the  National  Council  for  Disability  Affairs,  or  Commission  on  Human  Rights.    The  only   efforts  as  of  now  are  by  civil  society  organizations  such  as  the  Philippine  Coalition  on  the  UNCRPD,  and  the   NGO  Philippine  Deaf  Resource  Center  which  have  revealed  many  cases  for  the  deaf  constituency  alone.  Over   half  of  documented  gender-­‐based  violence  cases  among  the  deaf  from  2006-­‐2012  involve  deaf  children  and   youth  (2):   Number  of  gender-­‐based  violence  cases  on  deaf  complainants  according  to  age  group   (n  =  119+  cases  with  known  data)   AGE  GROUP   NUMBER  OF  CASES   Less  than  12  years  old   13   12  to  17   53   Unspecified  minor   13+   18  and  above   40   TOTAL   119+   70      It  should  be  noted  that  a  Communication  has  been  sent  to  the  CEDAW  Committee  for  the  Optional   Protocol  on  the  rape  case  of  a  deaf  minor  wherein  the  perpetrator  was  acquitted  (3).   Education  (cf  Article  24)   71      The  situation  of  Filipino  children  in  terms  of  education  is  not  proceeding  as  expected  according  to  the   MDG  target  for  2015  (4).   72      For  children  with  disabilities,  data  has  revolved  only  on  enrollment  (at  start  of  school  year)  figures  and   thus,  is  largely  excluded  from  the  rest  of  basic  education  programs  and  targets,  and  corresponding   monitoring  and  evaluation.   Article 7
  15. 15. 15   73      Comprehensive  national  data  published  publicly  by  the  Department  of  Education  has  not  been  updated   since  2005  which  reports  about  97%  of  children  with  disabilities  as  still  unreached  by  the  public  school   system.  Partial  national  data  from  the  Department,  and  regional  field  data  reveal  conflicting  figures,  bringing   doubt  on  the  reliability  of  the  information.    Despite  increasing  national  appropriations  for  Special  Education   (for  primary  level)  subsidies,  and  an  increase  of  Special  Education  Centers  every  year,  these  resource   allocations  have  resulted  only  in  about  1.5%  increase  in  enrollment  per  decade.    The  current  number  of   Special  Education  centers  would  correspond  to  a  ratio  of  12,000-­‐18,000  children  with  disabilities  (5,  6).   74      Government  promotion  of  health  and  social  awareness  campaigns  are  not  carefully  implemented,   resulting  in  national  annual  celebrations  which  highlight  primary  prevention  of  disability,  as  well  as   materials  for  mothers  and  children  (7)  which  perpetuate  the  notion  that  a  bright  /  healthy  child  has  no   disability.   Poverty   75      An  extensive  study  of  over  700  households  with  children  with  disabilities  demonstrates  how  abject   poverty  compounds  the  problem  of  education  and  access  to  services  for  children  with  disabilities.    State   programs  have  not  addressed  this  complex  need  specifically.    Even  in  the  conditional  cash  transfer  program   (4Ps),  institutional  biases  in  implementation  allow  for  easy  substitution  of  a  child  with  a  disability  who  is   unable  to  go  to  school,  by  a  sibling.   Sources:   (1)  Chapter  2.  Mentally  Retarded,  Physically  Handicapped  and  Emotionally  Disturbed  and  Mentally  Ill  Children.    Presidential   Decree  603  Child  and  Youth  Welfare  Code  Art.  141  to  186.   http://www.chanrobles.com/childandyouthwelfarecodeofthephilippines.htm   (2)  Access  to  Justice:  Case  Monitoring  Report  by  the  Philippine  Deaf  Resource  Center  (2006-­‐2012)   http://www.phildeafres.org/pdf/PDRC_Case_Monitoring.pdf   (3)  Republic  Act  9710.    Magna  Carta  of  Women.    Women  claiming  rights  with  the  United  Nations:  Accessing  the  Optional  Protocol   of  the  CEDAW  and  the  ICCPR.    http://sexandsensibilities.com/2011/05/22/women-­‐claiming-­‐rights-­‐with-­‐the-­‐united-­‐nations-­‐ accessing-­‐the-­‐optional-­‐protocol-­‐of-­‐the-­‐cedaw-­‐and-­‐the-­‐iccpr/   (4)  MDGWatch.  http://www.nscb.gov.ph/stats/mdg/mdg_watch.asp   (5)  Philippine  Coalition  on  the  UNCRPD.    In  progress.    Enabling  CRPD  compliant  budget  advocacy.   (6)  SPED,  Department  of  Education.      In:  2012.    Poverty  reduction,  MDGs  and  education  of  children  with  disabilities:  Some   observations  and  recommendations.  UNESCAP  /  Leonard  Cheshire  Disability  Conference  on  Disability-­‐Inclusive  Development   MDGs  and  Aid  Effectiveness.  March  14,  2012,  Bangkok.   (7)    Council  for  Welfare  of  Children.    2005.  “I  am  a  healthy  growing  child”.  Mother  and  Child  Book.  2nd  printing,  p.  38. 76      Since  2008,  there  has  been  some  increase  in  visibility  of   partnerships  among  stakeholders  in  government  and  non-­‐ government  sectors.    However,  the  Coalition  believes  that   awareness  raising  is  not  merely  passing  on  of  information,  or   distribution  of  materials  about  persons  with  disabilities,  or   massive  conducting  of  UNCRPD  exposition  and  lectures.      Such   activities  must  result  in  demonstrably  changed  attitudes  and  perspectives  regarding  disability  that  are   evident  in  the  programs,  activities  and  operations  of  government  agencies.    Inevitably,  such  changes  should   ARTICLE 8 Awareness Raising RECOMMENDATIONS § Review  and  amend  laws,  policies  and  programs  that  discriminate  and  marginalize  children  with   disabilities.   § Research,  document  and  monitor  cases  of  violence  against  children  with  disabilities  and  create   accessible  programs  that  shall  protect  them.   § Ensure  the  participation  of  actual  children  with  disabilities,  and  not  just  their  families,  in  all  State   decision-­‐making  that  shall  impact  them.   § Overhaul  the  entire  Special  Education  program  options  so  that  the  majority  of  children  with   disabilities  progressively  gain  access  to  schools  within  5  years.   § Institutionalize  data  gathering  mechanisms  for  disaggregated  information  on  children  with   disabilities.     Article 8
  16. 16. 16   Article 9 lead  to  full,  meaningful  and  continuing  participation  of  Persons  with  Disabilities  in  all  affairs  of  society  as   envisioned  by  the  Convention.   77      A  case  in  point  is  the  considerable  expense  spent  for  the  annual  National  Disability  Prevention  and   Rehabilitation  Week  (NDPR),  and  all  other  celebratory  weeks  for  the  various  disabilities  throughout  the   year,  even  during  the  Biwako-­‐based  2nd  Decade  for  Persons  with  Disabilities.    Resources  are  not  put  to   maximal  use    because  these  celebrations  are  repetitive,  lacking  in  substance  from  the  perspective  of  human   rights  advocates,  and  still  perpetuate  a  medical  view  of  disability.    Because  of  these,  the  appropriateness  of   an  NDPR  Week  that  perpetuates  a  medical  view  of  disability,  its  annual  budget  appropriations  in  both  urban   and  rural  areas,  has  become  highly  questionable  in  the  context  of  human-­‐rights  based  implementation.     78      Awareness  raising  campaigns  by  the  State  for  its  ranks  remain  largely  sporadic,  and  uncoordinated,   across  time  and  across  the  various  island  of  the  archipelago.  Critical  national  agencies  such  as  the   Department  of  Budget  and  Management,  Department  of  Science  and  Technology,  Commission  on  Audit,  the   Department  of  Justice,  the  Judiciary,  and  many  others  do  not  display  a  fundamental  understanding  of   disability  as  basis  for  their  mandates.   79      Furthermore,  the  Coalition  is  disturbed  that  there  are  fora,  meetings  and  Conferences,  a  number  led  by   the  National  Council  on  Disability  Affairs  which  aim  to  promote  the  Convention.    In  reality  however,  the   Convention  is  misrepresented  by  declaring  that  it  is  merely  a  document  like  that  of  the  Magna  Carta   (Republic  Act  7277).    In  fact,  this  domestic  law  contains  provisions  diametrically  in  conflict  with  the   Convention.   80      The  Accessibility  Law  (1)  as  well  as  the  Magna  Carta  for   Persons  with  Disabilities  (2)  only  consider  accessibility  in  the   context  of  built  environments.    Accessibility  needs  in   information  and  communication  for  persons  with  sensory   disabilities,  and  intellectual  disabilities  are  not  addressed.   81      The  Coalition  observes  increasing  efforts  on  monitoring  accessibility  issues  on  the  part  of  relevant   government  agencies  in  conjunction  with  several  participating  DPOs.      However,  by  and  large,  accessibility   and  the  principles  of  Universal  Design  principles  remain  at  the  policy  level  of  only  a  few  branches  of   government,  and  are  even  unheard  of,  in  others.    Accessibility  audits  are  only  conducted  sporadically  even   for  government  structures,  and  penalties  for  violation  of  the  Accessibility  Law  have  yet  to  be  realized.   82      Even  in  the  National  Capital,  foot  bridges,  overpasses,  underpasses,  sidewalks  and  thoroughfares  are   barriers  to  persons  with  mobility  impairments.  Government  buildings,  schools,  recreation,  entertainment   and  sports  venues  are  hardly  accessible  to  persons  who  use  wheelchairs  and  crutches.    It  is  a  common  sight   to  see  persons  in  wheelchairs,  or  the  blind  walking  on  the  streets  because  sidewalk  vendors,  street  fences   and  road  structures  overrun  the  sidewalks  (3).   83      For  instance,  in  extensive  efforts  by  the  current  President  to  close  down  resource  gaps  in  education  by   2013,  the  Department  of  Education,  together  with  the  Department  of  Public  Works  and  Highways  will  be   ARTICLE 9 Accessibility RECOMMENDATIONS § The  National  Council  on  Disability  Affairs  with  the  Philippine  Information  Agency,  as  well  as  the   National  Anti-­‐Poverty  Commission,  should  formulate  a  long  range,  systematic  and  sustained   awareness  raising  master  plan  for  multiple  stakeholders  on  the  Convention,  and  on  the  rights  of   persons  with  disabilities,  using  sensitive,  rights-­‐based  language  aimed  at  changing  current   constructions  of  disability.    This  should  include  allocation  of  resources  such  as  media  campaigns   sustained  through  private-­‐public  partnerships,  and  target  both  public  and  private  sectors.   § Annually  review  all  national  and  local  celebrations,  activities  and  projects  of,  and  for  the  sector  so   as  to  ensure  that  these  are  in  line  with  the  human  rights  standards  of  the  Convention.     § Ensure  that  expositions,  translations  and  representations  of  the  Convention  are  accurate  and   sound.  
  17. 17. 17   deploying  a  total  of  P26.3  billion  to  construct  or  rehabilitate  more  than  31,000  classrooms  and  make  other   school  facilities  available  for  students.    However,  accessibility  of  these  buildings  and  compliance  to  the   Accessibility  Law  had  to  be  lobbied  by  civil  society.    Mechanisms  for  actual  implementation  and  monitoring   have  not  yet  been  clarified  (4).     84      The  same  is  seen  for  public  transport  (buses,  airplanes,  railways,  seacraft),  most  of  which  are  only  mere   policy  statements  with  no  concrete  action  plans  and  budget  allocations.  Two  of  Manila’s  three  light-­‐rail  lines   were  wheelchair  accessible,  but  stops  have  unrepaired,  and  out-­‐of-­‐service  elevators.  No  city  or  provincial   buses  have  wheelchair  lifts,  and  one  NGO  claimed  that  private  transportation  providers,  such  as  taxis,  often   overcharged  persons  with  disabilities  or  refused  them  service.  A  small  number  of  sidewalks  had  wheelchair   ramps,  which  were  often  blocked,  crumbling,  or  too  steep;  the  situation  was  worse  in  many  smaller  cities   and  towns  (5).   85      In  terms  of  information  and  communications  technology  and  website  accessibility,  a  civil  society  entity,   the  Philippine  Web  Accessibility  Group  is  the  one  who  initiated  and  monitors  accessibility.    To  date  since  the   group’s  establishment  in  2007,  only  9  government  agencies  are  certified  as  accessible  (6).    This  has  strong   impact  on  transparency  in  governance  if  there  are  accessibility  barriers.                 86      It  is  a  conspicuous  failure  of  the  State  to  have  neither  attained  or  even  initiated  significant  efforts  for  ten   years  during  the  Decade  of  Persons  with  Disabilities  (2003-­‐2012)  for  a  National  Plan  of  Action  target   towards  the  establishment  of  a  sign  language  interpreting  system  by  2007  (cf  Article  21).   87      In  broadcast  media,  despite  the  telecommunications  provision  in  the  1992  Magna  Carta  for  Persons  with   Disabilities,  no  significant  efforts  by  the  State  to  promote  institutionalized  accessibility  have  been  adapted  by   either  government  or  private  TV  stations  for  twenty  years  (cf  Article  21).  Currently,  a  single  private  station   has  daily  primetime  newscasts  which  are  interpreted.  The  National  Council  on  Disability  Affairs  with  some   efforts  to  summon  such  stations  for  these  matters  have  proven  largely  ineffectual.    No  efforts  have  been   initiated  by  the  National  Telecommunications  Commission  whatsoever  toward  this  end-­‐goal  despite  being   mandated  to  monitor  this  provision  of  the  Magna  Carta  (7).   88      In  the  Judiciary,  over  2,000  court  employees  designated  as  Court  Interpreters  in  trial  courts  throughout   the  country  assist  in  communication  needs  for  spoken  languages  in  legal  proceedings.    On  the  other  hand,   there  are  no  such  counterparts  for  sign  language  interpreting,  and  specific  institutional  budget  items  for  the   compensation  of  such  services.    Since  2006,  lobbying  and  proposals  for  comprehensive  guidelines  from  DPOs   and  NGOs  on  the  hiring  and  compensation  of  qualified  interpreters,  as  well  as  the  conduct  and  ethics  of  sign   language  interpreting  have  remained  unheeded  by  the  Judiciary  (cf  Article  13).    Of  213  cases  from  2006-­‐ 2012  involving  deaf  parties,  only  24%  have  appointed  court  interpreters.    Of  63  cases  of  unschooled  deaf   parties  requiring  deaf  relay  interpreters,  75%  have  no  interpreters  (8).   Article 9 RECOMMENDATIONS § Amend  existing  legislation  or  formulate  new  laws  to  address  all  accessibility  needs  of  all   persons  with  disabilities.   § Formulate  action  plans  within  the  next  5  years  for  the  development  of  modules  and  manuals  on   Accessibility  and  Universal  Design  for  the  institutionalization  of  training  seminars.    These   should  primarily  target  government  staff  tasked  to  implement  policies  according  to  the   Accessibility  Law  and  include  orientations  on  assisting  individuals  with  disabilities  on  the  road   and  in  built  environments;  sign  language  communication,  alternative  and  augmentative  modes   of  communication,  etc.   § Develop  a  monitoring  mechanism  for  integration  of  research  and  development  on,  and   comprehensive  and  strict  implementation  of  accessibility  policies.  Instead  of  imprisonment,   penalize  violators  and  utilize  the  revenue  generated  toward  accessibility  interventions  (similar   to  the  Road  Users  Fund).    This  shall  include  monitoring  of  all  government  agency  websites  for   full  web  accessibility.   § Establish  a  unit  within  the  Department  of  Science  &  Technology  and  other  research  entities,   including  State  Universities  and  Colleges  on  Universal  Design  for  goods,  services,  equipment   and  facilities.   §  
  18. 18. 18   Sources: (1)  Republic  Act  7277.    http://www.ncda.gov.ph/disability-­‐laws/republic-­‐acts/republic-­‐act-­‐7277/     (2)  Batas  Pambansa  Blg.  344.  http://www.ncda.gov.ph/disability-­‐laws/batas-­‐pambansa/batas-­‐pambansa-­‐blg-­‐344/   (3)    Disability  Rights  Promotion  International.  XI.  Accessibility:  Physical  and  ICT   http://drpi.research.yorku.ca/AsiaPacific/resources/PhilippinesLPPRep/xi     (4)  Education:  Close  all  education  resource  gaps  by  2013  to  support  K-­‐12  Reform  Program.  Poverty  Reduction  and   Empowerment  of  the  Poor  and  Vulnerable.    http://budgetngbayan.com/poverty-­‐reduction-­‐and-­‐empowerment-­‐of-­‐the-­‐poor-­‐and-­‐ vulnerable-­‐2/   (5)  U.S.  State  Report  on  Human  Rights  (Embassy  –  Manila)   Bureau  of  Democracy,  Human  Rights  and  Labor.    Country  reports  on  human  rights  practices  for  2011.  Philippines.     http://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/humanrightsreport/index.htm#wrapper   (6)  Philippine  Web  Accessibility  Group.    List  of  accessible  websites.    http://pwag.org/   (7)  House  Bill  4121.    Sign  language  TV  news  inset.   http://housebills4deaf.webs.com/hb4121.htm   (8)  Access  to  Justice:  Case  Monitoring  Report  by  the  Philippine  Deaf  Resource  Center  (2006-­‐2012)   http://www.phildeafres.org/pdf/PDRC_Case_Monitoring.pdf   89      Violations  to  the  right  to  life,  and  an  adequate  standard  of   living,  are  seen  in  deaths  of  Filipinos  with  disabilities  resulting   from:  calamities,  gender-­‐based  violence,  detention  and   institutionalization,  or  illness.  Most  of  these  are  vaguely   documented  and  remain  anecdotal.    However,  this  lack  of   statistics  should  not  diminish  the  loss  of  individual  lives,  and   the  right  of  a  person  with  a  disability  to  live.    An  adequate   standard  of  living  shall  prevent  the  loss  of  life.   90      On  November  22  of  2012,  news  broke  out  when  a  6  year  old  boy  believed  to  be  mentally  ill  died  after  a   fire  hit  their  house  in  Las  Piñas,  Metro  Manila.  The  boy  had  been  chained  by  his  mother  and  stepfather  to   prevent  him  from  leaving  the  house  (1).     91      In  another  incident,  a  7  year  old  boy  believed  to  be  half-­‐blind  was  killed  in  a  fire  that  struck  their  home.   The  boy  was  unable  to  escape  the  fire  because  he  was  tied  to  the  bed  by  his  mother  and  her  partner  (2).     92      Several  cases  of  rape  and  trafficking  have  also  resulted  in  the  deaths  of  deaf  women  and  minors.    Law   enforcement  officers  have  virtually  been  ineffective  in  the  prevention  and  investigation  of  such  acts  of   violence  and  death  (3,  4).   93      From  a  medical  perspective,  the  Department  of  Health  recognizes  that  persons  with  disabilities  are   vulnerable  to  deficiencies  in  health  care  services,  to  secondary  conditions,  co-­‐morbid  conditions,  age-­‐related   conditions,  engaging  in  health  risk  behaviors  and  higher  rates  of  premature  death.    These  barriers  to  health   care  include  prohibitive  costs,  limited  availability  of  service,  physical  barriers,  inadequate  skills  and   knowledge  of  health  workers  (5).   94      In  the  report  published  in  the  website  of  the  National  Center  for  Mental  Health,  the  recorded  leading   causes  of  mortality  include  Decubitus  Ulcer  also  known  as  pressure  sores  caused  by  prolonged  lying  down   (6).  The  Coalition  would  like  to  know  whether  this  is  related  to  prolonged  periods  of  physical  restraint   leading  to  death.  (cf  Article  15)   ARTICLE 10 Right to life Article 10 § Establish  a  nationwide  system  of  professional  standards,  and  dispatch  for  sign  language   interpreting  for  deaf  and  deafblind  individuals.   § Ensure  the  passing  and  enactment  of  proposed  legislation  on  accessibility  in  telecommunications,   TV  insets  for  newscasts  and  court  interpreting.