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Unctad edited

  1. 1. United Nations Conference on Trade and Development BY : ASHISH AROTE MANISH KUMAR MEHUL SHAH VIVEK VYAS ANSHU MITTAL
  2. 2. UNCTAD A knowledge-based institution to promote development I. Introduction to UNCTAD Historical and political context  UNCTAD’s structure Inter-governmental process, cooperation and dialogue  UNCTAD today Its current work and itsUNCTAD divisions 2
  3. 3. Basic goals Optimize the trade, investment anddevelopment opportunities of developingcountries Assist developing countries in theirefforts to integrate into the world economyon an equitable basis
  4. 4. Basic characteristics• 193 member States• Secretary-General: Rubens Ricupero (Brazil), since September 1995• Staff: 400 employees• Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland• Budget: ca. US$ 50 million from the UN budget, US$ 25 million from extra-budgetary sources
  5. 5. Historical and political context:1964 1970s 1980s 1990sCreation of UNCTAD G-77 e NIEO Washington Consensus Globalization New International Washington GlobalizationCreation of Economic Order ConsensusUNCTAD - Creation of the - Strengthening of -Debt crisis WTO- Dr. Prebisch the G-77 -IMF, World Bank -Increase in FDI - Trade and structural adjust. programs - Financial crises development (Mexico, Asia, - New topics - Trade and Russia, Brazil) financial liberalization
  6. 6. Brief History of UNCTAD  First phase: 1964 to late 1970s Rise and climax of UNCTAD’s negotiating role  Second phase: 1980s Strengthening the analytical capacity with greater focus on macroeconomic and financial issues (debt-crisis)  Third phase: 1990s onwards The positive agenda and identification of the shortcomings of the mainstream development strategy 6UNCTAD
  7. 7. Political dimension of the Conferences  Discussion about:  Development-oriented strategies  Advantages and shortcomings of economic strategies  Intergovernmental and international policies and priorities  Mandates and work of the UN and UNCTAD 7UNCTAD
  8. 8. Intergovernmental process Consensus-building ECOSOC Trade and Development Board Commission on Commission on Commission on Commission onTrade in Investment, Enterprise, Science andGoods, Services Technology and Business Technology forand Commodities Related Financial Facilitation and Development Issues Development Expert Meetings  Annual session of the commissions: political issues  Expert meetings: technical issues
  9. 9. Meetings  The inter-governmental work is done at 5 levels of meetings: [1]  The UNCTAD Conference – held every 4 years;  UNCTAD XIII will be held in Doha, Qatar in 2012  UNCTAD XII was held in Accra, Ghana in 21–25 April 2008  UNCTAD XI was held in São Paulo, Brazil in 13–18 June 2004  UNCTAD X was held in Bangkok, Thailand in 12–19 February 2000  UNCTAD IX was held in Midrand, South Africa in 27 April – 11 May 1996  UNCTAD VIII was held in Cartagena, Colombia in 8–25 February 1992 9UNCTAD
  10. 10. Structure of the Secretariat Secretary-General Office of the S-G Deputy S-G Division of Management Division Division Division Division Special Programme On International on Investment, On Serviceson Globalisation For Least Developed, Trade in Goods Technology and Infrastructure forand Development Landlocked and Island and Services, Enterprise Development and Strategies Developing Countries and Commodities Development Trade Efficiency
  11. 11. How does UNCTAD work? Intergovernmental level Commission Monitoring of inter- Consensus meetings Expert meetings governmental activities Building A TWO-TRACK PROCESS Research and Human resources Institutional Policyanalytical studies capacity-building Capacity- building Analysis UNCTAD Secretariat
  12. 12. Cooperation and dialogue Governments 192 countries International WTO, World Bank, organisations IMF, etc. Intergovernmental Organisations (IGOs) andUNCTAD Civil Society Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) Universities and Academia research institutes Small and Medium sized Enterprises (SMEs) and Private Sector Transnational Corporations (TNCs)
  13. 13. MAIN THEMES Poverty/Development Social dimension of globalization Equitable world trade (market access, agriculture) Financial system and world economy Social and corporate responsibility LDCs’ external debt Trade and environment
  14. 14. Analytical process  Annual reports  Specific studies  Technical and statistical material  Regional and national workshops  Analysis of national policies and best practices 14UNCTAD
  15. 15. Main publications  Trade and Development Report (annual)  World Investment Report (annual)  The Least Developed Countries Report (biennial)  E-commerce and Development Report (annual)  Research Papers Series  www.unctad.org 15UNCTAD
  16. 16. Development strategies and global UNCTAD’s work Investment, enterprise small island developing countries. Least developed, landlocked and development, and technology interdependence DEVELOPMENT Trade (goods, services and commodities), services infrastructure and trade facilitation
  17. 17. Globalization and Development Strategies  Macro-economic analysis and policy proposals  Studies and projections about the world economy and the financial system  Preparation of the Trade and Development Report (TDR)  Analysis of external debt problems  Development programs for Africa 17UNCTAD
  18. 18. International Trade in Goods, Services and Commodities  Integrate developing countries in the multilateral trade system and help them benefit from it  Understanding of current issues in multilateral trade negotiations  New proposals – positive agenda 18UNCTAD
  19. 19. Services Infrastructure for Development and Trade Efficiency  Trade facilitation  Multimodal transportation (ACIS)  E-commerce  TrainForTrade  Global Trade Point Network  Customs modernisation (ASYCUDA) 19UNCTAD
  20. 20. Special Programme on Least Developed Countries (LDCs)  Currently: 50 LDCs  34 in Africa, 9 in Asia, 6 in the Pacific Region, 1 in Latin America (Haiti)  Objective: Reduce poverty & increase development  Preparation of the LDC Annual Report  Analysis of the links between poverty-reduction and development strategies  Assistance to LDCs for accession to the WTO and its negotiations  Capacity-building in trade, investment and related services  Organization of the Conference on LDCs 20UNCTAD
  21. 21. Who participates  Government delegates from 193 countries  International institutions  Parliamentarians  Entrepreneurs  Academics  NGOs and IGOs  Media 21UNCTAD
  22. 22. For more information: www.unctad.org 22UNCTAD
  23. 23. SPANK YOU !!! 23UNCTAD